Books and Documents

Urdu Section (31 Jul 2010 NewAgeIslam.Com)

نزول مسیح کا عقیدہ

By Maulana Nadeemul Wajidi

Contrary to the collective belief of the ummah, Maulana Wahiduddin Khan says that the second coming of Christ is in fact not his real, physical coming but the coming of his role. He says that it is generally believed that Jesus Christ is alive in the Heavens and will come down physically on earth in the final phase and kill Dajjal (anti-Christ). Though this belief is widespread, it is proved neither by the Quran nor Hadith in its present form. In the books of hadith, there are two dozen reliable narrations which talk of the re-appearance of Christ but it is noteworthy that none of them explicitly states that Christ will descend physically from the Heavens. In fact the second coming of Christ means the coming of the role of Christ. In other words, when in the final years, Dajjal will appear, a member of the Muhammadi ummah will rise and playing the role akin to Christ’s, face the trials of Dajjal and finish him off. (Al Risala, May 2010, Page 46)

It is evident from the excerpt that Maulana Wahiduddin Khan does not believe that Jesus Christ is alive in the Heavens. I am not sure if he believes also in the ascension of Christ or not, or like Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani believes that Jesus has expired and is buried in a neighbourhood in Srinagar (Kashmir, India). The Maulana does not even believe that Jesus Christ will descend physically from the Heavens. He only believes that his descent means the coming of his role or character which he will play on the appearance of Dajjal for which his physical presence is not needed. A member of the Muhammadi ummah will rise and fight him. Maulana Wahiduddin Khan claims that this is not his personal point of view but subscribed also by Fakhruddin Raazi, Jamaluddin Afghani, Mufti Mohammad Abdah, Sheikh Syed Rasheed Raza Misri, Sheikh Mohammad Shaltut, Dr Mohammad Iqbal, Maulana Obaidullah Sindhi, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sheikh Mohammad Bin Ahmad Abu Zahrah, Sheikh Mohammad Al Ghazali. But he has not written in which books and in what words have they presented their points of view. Even if we suppose that these few personalities also do not believe in the physical descent of Christ, it does not have any bearing on the core of the issue as the belief of the descent of Christ is an established belief of the Ahl-e-Sunnat Wal-Jama'at which is based on the Quran and Hadith. Maulana Wahiduddin Khan’s claim that the physical descent of Christ is not proved by the Quran and the Hadith is false.

The truth is that the descent of Christ around the Day of the Judgement is proved by the Quran as well as Hadith. Let’s consult the Quran first. The tale of Jesus Christ is narrated in a little detail in surah Al-e-Imran and surah Al Nisa in which it is also stated that God protected Jesus Christ from the evil of the Jews; he could neither be slain nor crucified but he was lifted towards the Heavens alive. This has been stated clearly in two verses of surah Al Nisa: “And they neither killed him, nor crucified him, but they fell in doubt.”(Al Nisa: 157). In the next verse it is said: “But Allah lifted him towards Himself” (Al Nisa: 158). It is said that the Quran mentions ‘ascent to heaven’ but does not mention ‘descent to earth’. It gives the impression that it’s a fabricated story. The answer is that the Quran has its own style. It states many things in brief, sometimes giving only hints which have been explained by Hadhrat Mohammad (PBUH) in his sayings. If the Quran does not mention it, it makes no difference. The books of hadiths mention it. And these hadiths are not one or two, ten or twenty but more than hundred in which the Holy Prophet (PBUH) has given us the tidings of the second coming of Jesus Christ in the world stating in detail the event of descent and the circumstances to evolve thereafter. But if one insists to see the prediction of the descent in the Quran, he may see this verse:” And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death; and on the Day of Judgment he will be a witness against them; (Al Nisa: 159).

The sahaba (holy companions of the Prophet), Tabeyeen (persons who saw the holy companions) and the exponents of the Quran have explained this verse thus: Though these people of the book do not believe in Jesus Christ, one day they will definitely believe in him and the day will come when Jesus will descend on earth again before the Day of Judgement. Imam Qurtubi has quoted this hadith from Sahabi Abu Huraira (R.A.) saying:” Abu Huraira said: before the death of Jesus Christ (the people of the book will definitely bring faith in Jesus Christ); this Abu Huraira said thrice.” Though in other books of exegesis, other probable explanations have also been presented, but according to the context of this verse, the probable explanations are not corroborated nor are they supported by the hadiths. What emerges from the context of the verse and numerous hadiths and the sayings of sahabas clearly is that Jesus Christ will come down on earth alive and upon witnessing this miracle, the people of the book, especially the Christians will come to believe in him before he dies. The famous exponent of the Quran Hafiz Ibn Kaseer has quoted this explanation from the Imamul Tafseer Hafiz Ibn Jareer and himself supported it. He said,” The most authentic statement is that after the descent of Jesus Christ no one from the people of the book will remain there who would not believe in him and this is the truth. We shall prove the truth with undisputable evidences, Insha Allah.”

From the context of the verses it is evident that the claim of the Jews that they had crucified Jesus Christ is false. A section of the gullible Christians also accepted the claim of the Jews. God repudiated it and said that it was not so. The truth is that the matter was made to appear doubtful to them. They killed someone resembling Christ and believed they killed Christ. In fact, God lifted him towards Himself. He is alive and will appear on earth before the Day of Judgement as is known from various traditions. (Tafsir Ibn Kasir 1/762).

Hafiz Ibn-e-Hajar Asqalani has written in Fath-al-Bari that it is not the view of Ibn Jarir alone but most of the scholars are of the same view. (Fathal Bari:6/492, Kitab Ahadith ul Ambiya). Hadhrat Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlvi (R.A.) has also preferred this view. In his translation of the Quran, he says: None of the people of the book will remain without believing in him before he (Christ) dies and Jesus will remain a witness unto them.” After rendering this translation Hadhrat Shah Waliullah Dehlvi writes in his exegetical note: The Jews present at the time of descent of Jesus Christ will definitely believe in him”. Thus, it is evident from this verse that Jesus Christ will, of course, physically descend on the earth.

Another verse in this chain is: “And (Jesus) shall be a Sign (for the coming of) the Hour (of Judgment): therefore have no doubt about the (Hour), but follow ye Me: this is a Straight Way.”

Most exponents have written that Jesus is a sign of the Day of the Judgement, that is, he will descend shortly before the Doomsday. His arrival was therefore declared as one of the signs of Doomsday. Explaining this verse, Hafiz Ibn-e-Kasir has written that innumerable hadiths of the Prophet (PBUH) give the news that Jesus will arrive before the Day of Judgement as an imam-e-adil (just leader). The statement has been attributed by Hadhrat Abu Huraira (R.A.) and Hadhrat Ibn-e-Abbas(R.A.) among the sahaba, and to Hadhrat Mujahid, Abul Aliyah, Abu Malik, Akrama, Hasan Basri, Qatada, Zahak and others among the Tabeyeen. (Tafseer Ibn Kasir:4/167) 

Imam Fakhruddin Raazi writes: “Jesus Christ is the source of the knowledge of the Day of Judgement, that is, he is one of the signs of the Day of Judgement. (Tafsir Al kabir: 27/222).” Qazi Baizawi has written in his exegesis: “Jesus is a sign of the Day of Judgement; his arrival or descent is one of the signs of the Doomsday. It will tell us that the Doomsday has come closer” (Tafsir Al Baizawi:484). One recitation of the verse is also with the stress on the letters ‘laam’ and ‘ain’ which makes the meaning even clearer.

The following verse also bears testimony to the descent of Jesus Christ, though it does not convey the sense very clearly. Nevertheless, if the literal meaning of a particular word in the verse is kept in mind, it becomes obvious that it indicates the period in Jesus Christ’s life when a man reaches the stage which is mentioned in the verse: "He (Jesus Christ) will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous."(Al-e-Imran: 46). Here the word ‘kahl’ is used. It’s a stage in a man’s age when youth is on the wane and signs of old age become evident. In Urdu we call it ‘adhed umr’ (middle age). Imam Isfahani says that ‘kahulat’ is an age when the hair starts greying.(Mafarradat-ul-Quran:1/442). Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Abbas narrates that Jesus was 30 years old when he was lifted towards the heaven. (Tafseer Ma’alim Altanzeel Lilbaghwi:2/77). It means he had not reached ‘kahulat’ or middle age’. Even today, the hair of 30 year olds is generally black and no one calls them middle-aged. In contrast, 30-35 years old people are considered young. Therefore, when Jesus was lifted to the Heavens, he was young. Why was ‘cradle’ mentioned then? The meaning is clear: ‘He had not reached ‘kahulat’(middle age) which will definitely come later when he will appear on earth again and die a natural death after living for a long period. The exponent of the Quran Hadhrat Maulana Md Shafi Usmani has discussed in length the wisdom and ramifications of the descent of Jesus Christ and has drawn the inference from detailed mention of Jesus in surah Al-e-Imran and other surahs that if we study the verses deeply, there cannot be an iota of doubt about the descent of Christ.

The summary of what Mufti Usmani has written is that God has mentioned a number of prophets in the eleventh ‘ruku’ of surah Al-e-Imran but they have been mentioned in a single verse briefly. Afterwards, in twenty two verses in three ‘rukus’, there is a detailed account of Jesus Christ, even the account of his family is given in detail whereas Hadhrat Mohammad, the last Prophet (PBUH) to whom this book was revealed was not mentioned in such great detail. The mention of Christ’s grandmother, her offering, birth of his mother, her name, the events of her  education and upbringing, coming of Jesus into her womb, the event of his birth, the mention of mother’s diet after the birth, her visit to her family with the child after the birth, the taunts and allegations by her family members, the incident of bestowing of the power of speech on Christ soon after birth, the days of his youth, the work of dawah and its opposition, the help and support of his companions, the hostility of the Jews and his ascension to the heaven, all are mentioned in the Quran in detail. Then there are hadiths in which further qualities of Jesus, his appearance, his dress etc. are narrated in detail. These are the things which have not been mentioned about any other prophet in such great detail in the Quran and the Hadith. This gives us a point to ponder as to the reason and wisdom behind it.

It can be clear at the slightest consideration that as Hadhrat Mohammad (PBUH) is the final prophet and no other prophet will come till the Day of Judgement, he has taken special care while passing over his teachings to give necessary instructions to the ummah relating to the events to unfold till the Day of Judgement. On the one hand, he especially told the ummah of the people who were worthy to be emulated after him, some of them were mentioned only in terms of attributes while the others were mentioned by name. On the other hand, he also informed the ummah of those who have gone astray and pose a threat to the ummah.

The biggest of the threats that the ummah’s life and belief will face after the Prophet’s demise is from Dajjal (anti-Christ). The hadiths have given so many details and attributes of it that the ummah will know without any doubt when it appears. Similarly, the most important of the reformers who will be born or appear will be Jesus Christ who was honoured with prophethood and kept alive in the Heavens for the assistance of the ummah and annihilation of the anti-Christ. When anti-Christ will appear close to the Day of Judgement, then he (Christ) will also be sent down to earth to kill him. So it was also imperative to tell people in most certain terms about the personality and attributes of Jesus Christ in order to enable the ummah to recognise him upon his descent without any mistake because if the ummah is not able to recognise him and remains confused about him, the whole purpose of his arrival will remain unfulfilled. That is why his descent will take place ceremoniously at a time and place in the capital of the Islamic rule that everyone will be able to witness the event with open eyes.

A detailed account of Jesus Christ was also necessary due to the fact that if there were insufficient details about him and the signs were unclear, there was the possibility that many people would claim to be Christ as Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani has done. If hadiths did not have a detailed account of Jesus Chirst, the repudiation or falsification of Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani’s claim would have been a difficult task. The religious scholars have been able to rubbish his claim on the basis of these very signs.

Jesus Christ is the prophet and messenger of God but when he arrives in the world for the leadership of the ummah of Hadhrat Muhammad (PBUH), he will assume the role of the caliph of the Prophet (PBUH). Nevertheless, he will not be stripped of the status of prophethood. As the denial of his prophethood was kufr earlier, it will be so then as well. If the Muslim ummah who believes in his prophethood on the basis of the verses of the Quran, does not recognise him upon his descent, may be guilty of denial. It was, therefore, necessary to give a detailed account of the circumstances of his descent and his attributes. (Ma’ariful Quran:2/80-81)

The upshot of the whole discussion is that the belief in the physical descent of Jesus Christ is not only testified by the Quran but the sacred hadiths as well. There are a number of verses that openly prove the belief in the second arrival of Christ in place. The detailed account of Christ in the Quran also speaks volumes of the wisdom that the ummah which is going to receive him on his second coming should know him well in advance so that there remains no doubt about him and no other person claims to be Christ.  And if someone does claim to be Christ, the attributes mentioned in the Quran become repudiation in itself.

When the Quran is predicting the arrival of Christ and the words of the Prophet (PBUH) are prophesying his descent, to deny him or ridicule his impending descent or brand his arrival as symbolic requires a lot of courage and can be done only by a person who does not fear accountability in the Hereafter but likes to enjoy worldly praise for his so-called research.

(Translated from Urdu by Sohail Arshad)

Source: Hindustan Express Urdu Daily, New Delhi

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/urdu-section/نزول-مسیح-کا-عقیدہ/d/3222

مولانا ندیم الواجدی

امت کے اجماعی عقیدے کے برخلاف مولانا وحید الدین خاں یہ کہتے ہیں کہ مسیح کی آمد ثانی دراصل ان کی حقیقی آمد نہیں ہے بلکہ ان کے رول کی آمد ہے ان کاکہنا ہے کہ عام طور پر یہ سمجھا جاتا ہے کہ حضرت مسیح آسمان میں زندہ ہیں اور آخری زمانے میں وہ جسمانی طور پرآسمان سے اتر کر زمین پر آئیں گے اور دجال کو قتل کریں گے، یہ تصور اگر چہ لوگوں میں کافی پھیلا ہوا ہے مگر اپنی موجودہ صورت میں نہ قرآن سے ثابت ہوتا ہے اور نہ احادیث سے ،حدیث کی کتابوں میں تقر یباً دودرجن معتبر روایتیں ہیں جن میں مسیح کے ظہور کا بیان پایا جاتا ہے لیکن قابل غور بات یہ ہے کہ ان میں سے کسی روایت میں صراحنایہ الفاظ موجود نہیں ہیں کہ مسیح جسمانی طور پر آسمان سے اتر کر زمین پر آئیں گے ،حقیقت یہ ہے کہ مسیح کی آمد سے مراد مسیح کے رول کی آمد ہے یعنی دور آخر میں جب کہ دجّال ظاہرہوگا اس وقت امت محمدی کا کوئی شخص اٹھے گا او رمسیح جیسا رول ادا کرتے ہوئے دجّال کے فتنوں کا مقابلہ کرے گا اور اس کو شکست دے گا۔ (الرسالہ مئی 2010،ص :46)۔

اس اقتباس کے صاف ظاہر ہے کہ مولانا وحید الدین خاں اس بات کے قائل نہیں ہیں کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام آسمان میں زندہ ہیں ، معلوم نہیں وہ رفع عیسی کے بھی قائل ہیں یا نہیں ،یا مرزاغلام احمد قادیانی کی طرح وہ یہ مانتے ہیں کہ حضرت عیسیٰ وفات پاچکے ہیں اور سرینگر کے کے ایک محلے میں مدفون ہیں، مولانا یہ بھی نہیں مانتے کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام جسمانی طور پر آسمان سے نازل ہوں گے، وہ صرف اتنا مانتے ہیں کہ نزول مسیح سے مراد ان کے رول یا ان کے کردار کی واپسی ہے جو وہ دجّال وقت کے کے خلاف اداکریں گے،اور اس کے لیے خود ان کا موجود ہونا ضروری نہیں ہے بلکہ امت محمدی کاکوئی بھی شخص اٹھ کر دجّال فتنوں کا مقابلہ کرے گا، مولانا وحید الدین خاں کا دعویٰ ہے کہ یہ نظریہ صرف ان ہی کا نہیں ہے بلکہ فخرالدین رازی ،جمال الدین افغانی ،مفتی محمد شیخ سید رشید رضا مصری، شیخ محمد شقوت ، ڈاکٹر محمد اقبال ،مولانا عبیداللہ سندھی، مولانا ابوالکلام آزاد دیگر موصوف نے یہ بھی لکھا کہ ان حضرات نے یہ نظریات اپنی کن کتابوں میں کہا ں اور کن الفاظ میں پیش کئے ہیں، اگر بالغرض یہ تسلیم بھی کرلیا جائے کہ یہ چند حضرات بھی نزول مسیح کے قائل نہیں ہیں تب بھی نفس مسئلہ پر کوئی فرق نہیں پڑتا کیوں کہ نزول مسیح کا عقیدہ اہل سنت والجماعت کا مسلمہ عقیدہ ہے اور اس تصنیف کی بنیاد قرآن وحدیث پر ہے ، مولانا وحیدالدین خاں کا یہ دعویٰ بالکل غلط ہے کہ جسمانی طور پر حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے نزول کا معاملہ نہ قرآن سے ثابت ہوتا ہے اور نہ احادیث سے۔

حقیقت یہ ہے کہ قیامت کے قریب حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے نزول کا مسئلہ قرآن کریم سے بھی ثابت ہے اور احادیث سے بھی، سب سے پہلے ہم قرآن کریم سے استفادہ کرتے ہیں، ،سورۂ آل عمران اور سورۂ النساء میں تفصیل کے ساتھ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کا قصہ بیان کیا گیا ہے اور اس میں یہ بھی بیان کردیا گیا ہے کہ اللہ تعالیٰ نے حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کو یہودیوں کے شر سے محفوظ رکھا نہ ان کو قتل کیا جاسکا اور نہ سولی پر چڑھایا جاسکا ،بلکہ ان کو زندہ آسمان پر اٹھالیا گیا یہ بات سورۂ النساء کی ان دوآیتوں میں واضح طور پر بیان کی گئی ہے فرمایا : وَما لَفوہ وَمَا صَلَبو ۂ زلکن نسبہ لھم(النسار :157)’’اور انہوں نے نہ ان کو قتل کیا اور نہ ان کو سولی پر چڑھایا لیکن ان کو انتباہ ہوگیا ‘‘ اس آیت کی بعد والی آیت میں فرمایا گیا : بَأ رَلفہ اللہ الہ (الساء:158)’’بلکہ ان کو اللہ نے اپنی طرف اٹھالیا‘‘ یہ اعتراض کیا جاتا ہے کہ قرآن کریم میں رفع ال السماء کا توذ کر ہے لیکن نزول اِلی الارض کا ذکر نہیں ہے اس سے ایسا لگتا ہے کہ یہ من گھڑت واقعہ ہے اس کا جواب دیا گیا ہے کہ قرآن کریم کا ایک مخصوص انداز بیان ہے، اس میں بہت سی باتیں نہایت اعتماد کے ساتھ محملاً بیان کی گئی ہیں،بلکہ کہیں کہیں تو محض اشارے کئے گئے ہیں، جن کی تفصیل وتشریح سرکاردوعالم ﷺ نے اپنے اقوال مبارکہ سے کی ہے،اگر قرآن کریم میں اس کا ذکر ہے اور یہ حدیثیں ایک دو نہیں دس بیس نہیں بلکہ سو سے بھی زیادہ ہیں جن میں سرکار دوعالم ﷺ نے حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کی دنیا میں دوبارہ تشریف آوری کی خبر دی ہے اور واقعہ نزول اور بعد کے حالات نہایت تفصیل سے بیان فرمائے ہیں ،لیکن اگر کسی کو یہ اصرار ہی ہے کہ وہ نزول کی پیشین گوئی قرآن کریم میں دیکھنا چاہتا ہے تو اسے یہ آیت دیکھنی چاہئے فرمایا: (النساء :159)’’اور اہل کتاب میں سے کوئی شخص حضرت عیسیٰ (علیہ السلام) کی وفات سے پہلے ان پر ایمان لائے بغیر باقی نہیں رہے گا اور قیامت کے روز حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام ان اہل کتاب پر گواہ ہوں گے‘‘۔

صحابہ کرامؑ ،تابعین عظام اور حضرات مفسرین نے اس آیت کی یہ تفسیر کی ہے کہ اس میں موتہ کی ضمیر عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کی طرف راجع ہے اور کا مطلب یہ ہے کہ اگر چہ یہ اہل کتاب یہود ونصاری حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام پر اب ایمان نہیں لارہے ہیں ،مگر ایک دن انہیں حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام پر ایمان ضرور لانا پڑے گا اور وہ دن اس وقت آئے گا جب قیامت کے قریب حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام دوبارہ زمین پر تشریف لائیں گے ،امام قرطبی نے یہ تفسیر صحابی رسول حضرت ابوہریرہؓ سے الفاظ میں نقل کی ہے : قال ابوہریرہ قبل موت عیسی یعلما لات مرات(لقیر قرطی :13/6)’’حضرت ابوہریرہؓ نے فرمایا : حضرت عیسیٰ السلام کی وفات سے پہلے (اہل کتاب ایمان ضرور لائیں گے) یہ بات حضرت ابوہریرہؓ نے تین مرتبہ دہرائی‘‘ اگر چہ بعض کتب تفسیر میں دوسرے احتمالات بھی نقل کئے گئے ہیں ،مگر اس آیت کریمہ کے سیاق وسباق سے ان احتمالات کی تائید نہیں ہوتی اور نہ احادیث سے ان کی توثیق ہوئی ہے، کلام کے سیاق وسباق سے اور بے شمار احادیث اور اقوال صحابہ سے جوبات سامنے آئی ہے وہ یہی ہے کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام آسمان سے زمین پر زندہ سلامت تشریف لائیں گے ،یہ معجزہ دیکھ کر اہل کتاب یہ طور خاص نصاری ان پر ایمان لائیں گے ،پھر ان کی وفات ہوگی ، مشہور مفسر حا ابن کثیر نے امام المفسیر حافظ ابن جریر کے حوالے سے یہی تفسیر نقل کی ہے اور بھی اسی کی تائید فرمائی ہے ،فرماتے ہیں،’’صحیح ترین قول یہی ہے کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے نزو ل کے بعد اہل کتاب میں سے کوئی شخص ایسا باقی نہیں بچے گا جو ان پر ایمان نہ لایا ہو ،یہی قول درست اور ہے ،انشا ء اللہ ہم قطعی دلائل کے ذریعے کی حقانیت ثابت کریں گے، ان آیات کے سیاق سے یہ مفہوم ہوتا ہے کہ یہود کا یہ دعویٰ غلط ہے کہ انہوں نے حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کو سولی پر چڑھا یا تھا، بعض نادان نصاریٰ نے بھی یہودیوں کا یہ دعویٰ تسلیم کرلیا تھا اللہ تعالیٰ نے ان کی تردید فرمائی کہ معاملہ ایسا نہیں ہے، حقیقت یہ ہے کہ ان پر معاملہ مشتبہ کردیا گیا تھا ،انہوں نے حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام سے مشابہ ایک شخص کو مار ڈالا اور وہ یہ سمجھتے رہے کہ انہوں نے حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کو قتل کردیا ہے، حقیقت یہ ہے کہ اللہ نے انہیں اپنی طرف اٹھالیا تھا ،وہ باقی ہیں اور زندہ ہیں ،اور قیامت سے پہلے دینا میں نازل ہوں گے جیسا کہ متواتر روایات سے پتہ چلتا ہے ‘‘ (تفسیر ابن کثیر 762/1)۔

حافظ ابن حجر عسقلائی نے فتح الباری میں لکھا ہے کہ یہ رائے صرف ابن جریر ہی کی نہیں ہے بلکہ اکثر اہل علم کی رائے یہی ہے فتح الباری :492/6،کتاب احادیث الانبیاء)حضرت الام مام شاہ ولی اللہ محدث دہلویؒ نے بھی اسی رائے کو ترجیح دی ہے اپنے ترجمہ کلام پاک میں فرماتے ہیں :’’ نبا شدہیج کس از اہل کتاب بالا البتہ ایمان آرویہ عیسی پیش از مردن عیسی روز قیامت باشد عیسی البتہ ایمان آرند ‘‘ (ترجمہ فتح الرحمن )‘‘اہل کتاب میں سے کوئی شخص ایسا نہیں ہوگا جو حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے مرنے سے پہلے ان پر ایمان نہیں لائے گا اور قیامت کے دن حضرت عیسیٰ ان پر گواہ ہوں گے‘‘،آیت کا یہ ترجمہ کرنے کے بعد حضرت شاہ ولی اللہ دہلویؒ نے تفسیر ی فوائد میں لکھا ہے کہ ’’جو یہودی نزول عیسیٰ کے وقت حاضر ہوں گے ،وہ ضرور ایمان لائیں گے‘‘ اس آیت سے واضح ہوتا ہے کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام آسمان سے زمین پر دو بارہ ضرور تشریف لائیں گے۔

اسی سلسلے کی دوسری آیت یہ ہے فرمایا :(الزخرف:61)’’اور بلاشبہ وہ یعنی عیسیٰ علیہ السلام قیامت کی علامت ہیں ،چنانچہ تم اس بات میں تردہ نہ کرو‘‘۔اکثر مفسرین نے اس آیت کی تفسیر میں یہی لکھا ہے کہ ان میں ضمیر کا مرجع حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام ہیں ، اور معنی یہ ہیں کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام قیامت کی ایک علامت ہیں یعنی وہ قیامت کے قریب نازل ہوں گے ،اسی لیے ان کی تشریف آوری قیامت کی علامات میں سے ایک علامت قرار دی گئی ہے ،حافظ ابن کثیر نے اس آیت کی تفسیر کرتے ہوئے لکھا ہے کہ سرکار دوعالم ﷺ سے متواتر احادیث منقول ہیں جن میں یہ خبر دی گئی ہے کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام قیامت سے پہلے ایک امام عادل کی حیثیت سے تشریف لائیں گے، یہ قول حضرات صحابہ میں حضرت ابوہرہ اورحضرت ابن عباس اور تابعین میں حضرت مجاہد ،ابولعالیہ ،ابومال، مکرمہ ،حسن بصری،قتادہ، ضحاک اور دوسرے حضرات سے منقول ہے۔ (تفسیر ابن کثر:167/4)امام فخرالدین رازی نے لکھا ہے کہ (تفسیر الکبیر:222/27)حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام قیامت کے علم کا ذریعہ یعنی اس کی نشانیوں میں سے ایک نشانی ہیں’’ قاضی بیضادی نے اپنی تفسیر میں لکھا ہے :(الضاری :484)’’حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام قیامت کی علامت ہیں یعنی ان کی آمد اور ان کا نزول قیامت کی نشانیوں میں سے ہے ،اس سے پتہ چلے گا کہ قیامت قریب آچکی ہے‘‘ اس آیت کی ایک قرأت ع اور ل کے فتحے کے ساتھ لعلم بھی منقول ہے،اس سے معنی اور بھی زیادہ واضح ہوجاتے ہیں۔

حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے نزول پر مندرجہ ذیل آیت کریمہ سے بھی استدلال کیا جاتا ہے ،اگرچہ یہ اس مفہوم میں پوری طرح واضح نہیں ہے تاہم اس آیت کے ایک لفظ کے لفوی مفہوم کو ذہن میں رکھا جائے تو یہ بات واضح ہوجاتی ہے کہ اس سے حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کی حیات کا وہ وقفہ مراد ہے جب انسان اس مرحلے تک پہنچ جاتا ہے جس کا آیت میں ذکر ہے،وَبِکلّم النّاس بی امھدٖوَکَھّلاَ(آل عمران :18)’’اور آپ( عیسی علیہ السلام )لوگوں سے بات کریں گے گہورے میں اور بڑی عمر میں بھی ’’یہاں لفظ کہیں استعمال کیا گیا ہے یہ آدمی کی عمر کا وہ زمانہ ہے جب جوانی رخصت ہوجاتی ہے اوربڑھاپے کے آثار شروع ہوجاتے ہیں، اردو میں اس کے لیے ادھیڑ عمر کا لفظ استعمال کیا جاتا ہے امام راغب اصفہانی نے لکھا ہے کہ کہولت اس وقت شروع ہوتی ہے جب بالوں میں سفیدی جھٹکنے لگتی ہے ( مفردات القرآن : 442/1)حضرت سید اللہ بن عباس سے مروی ہے کہ جس وقت حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کو آسمان پر اٹھایا گیا اس وقت ان کی عمر تیس سال تھی( تفسیر عالم الثنریل للغوی :77/2)گویا کہولت اور ادھیڑ عمری کے آثار شروع نہیں ہوئے تھے، آج بھی تیس سال کی عمر کے لوگوں کے بال بالعموم سیاہ ہوتے ہیں اور کوئی بھی انہیں ادھیڑ عمر کا نہیں بلکہ تیس پینتیس سال کی عمر کے لوگوں کو جوان کہا جاتا ہے ، گویا حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام اس وقت جوان تھے جب انہیں آسمان پر اٹھایا گیا، پھر مہد کے دلت کی عمر کاذکر کیوں کیا گیا کا واضح مطلب یہی ہے کہ لہولت کا زمانہ ان پر آیا ہی نہیں تھا، یقینی طور پر یہ زمانہ بعد میں آئے گا ، اور اس وقت آئے گا جب وہ دوبار ہ دنیا میں تشریف لائیں گے اور ایک زمانہ دراز تک زندہ رہ کر طبعی طور پر وفات پائیں گے۔

مفسرقرآن حضرت مولانا مفتی محمد شفیع عثمانی نے نزول عیسیٰ کی حکمت ومصلحت پر بڑی سیر حاصل بحث کی ہے، نیز سورۂ آل عمران اور دوسری سورتوں میں حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے مفصل تذکرے سے یہ نتیجہ اخذ کیا ہے کہ اگر اس پر متمل وانصاف کے ساتھ غور کیا جائے تو نزول عیسیٰ کے مسئلے میں ادنیٰ درجے کے شک وشبہے کی بھی گنجائش باقی نہیں رہتی، حضرت مفتی صاحب نے اس سلسلے میں جو کچھ تحریر فرمایا ہے اس کا خلاصہ یہ ہے کہ سورۂ آل عمران کے گیارہویں رکوع میں اللہ تعالیٰ نے کئی انبیائے کرام علیہم السلام کا ذکر فرمایا ہے لیکن ان سب کا ذکر ایک ہی آیت میں اجمال کے ساتھ ہے اس کے بعد تین رکوع کی بائیں آیتوں میں حضرت عیسی علیہ السلام کا مفصل ذکر ہے، یہاں تک کہ آپ کے خاندان کا بھی تذکرہ ہے، ارو اس شرح وبسط کے ساتھ ہے کہ خود سرکار دوعالم ﷺ کا بھی جو خاتم الا نبیاء ہیں اور جن پر یہ کتاب نام ہوئی ہے اتنے بسط وتفصیل کے ساتھ ذکر نہیں کیا گیا، حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کی تافی کا ذکر ،ان کی نذر کا بیان ،والدہ کی پیدائش ،ان کا نام، ان کی ترتیب کے واقعات ،حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کا رحم مادرمیںآنا ،پھر ولادت کا حال، ولادت کے بعد ماں کی غذا کا ذکر ،اپنے خاندان میں بچے کو ساتھ لے کر آتا اہل خاندان کے طعن تشفیع ،ولادت کے فوراً بعدحضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کو قوت گویائی عطا کرنے کا واقعہ ،جوانی کے ایام ،دعوت اِلی اللہ ،ان کی مخالفت ، حواربین کی مددونصرت ،یہودیوں کی دشمنی اور ان کو آسمان پر زندہ اٹھانا یہ سب باتیں قرآن کریم میں بالتفصیل مذکور ہیں پھر احادیث متواتر ہ میں حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے مزید اوصاف شکل وصورت ،لباس اور علیہ وغیرہ کی تفصیلات ذکر کی گئی ہیں، یہ ایسے حالات ہیں کہ قرآن وحدیث میں کسی نبی ورسول کے حالات اس تفصیل سے بیان نہیں کئے گئے ، یہ بات ہر انسان کو دعوت فکر دیتی ہے کہ ایسا کیوں اورف کس حکمت سے ہوا۔

ذرا بھی غور کیا جائے تو یہ بات بالکل صاف ہوجاتی ہے کہ خاتم الانبیا ء سرکار دوعالم ﷺ کیوں کہ اللہ کے آخری نبی اور رسول آنے والا نہیں ہے، اس لیے آپ نے اپنی تعلیمات میں اس کا بڑا اہتمام فرمایا ہے کہ قیامت تک امت کو جو مراحل پیش آنے والے ہیں ان کے متعلق ضروری باتیں ارشاد فرمادیں ،ایک طرف تو آپ نے اس کا اہتمام فرمایا ہے کہ ان لوگوں کے بارے میں امت کو بتلادیا جائے جو آپ کے بعد قابل اتناع ہیں، ان میں سے بعض کا ذکر محض اور صاف کے ساتھ ہے اور بعض حضرات کا تذکرہ نام کی تعیین کے ساتھ بھی فرمایا گیاہے، دوسری طرف ان گمراہ لوگوں سے بھی باخبر کردیا گیا جن سے امت کو خطرہ لاحق ہے۔

آپ ﷺ کی وفات کے بعد جو فتنے رونما ہوں گے اور جن سے امت کے دین وایمان کو خطرہ لاحق ہوگا ان میں سب سے بڑا خطرہ دجال سے ہوگا ،احادیث میں فتنہ دجال کے اتنے حالات اور اوصاف بیان مرادئے گئے ہیں کہ جب یہ فتنہ رونما ہوگا تو امت کسی شک میں مبتلا نہیں ہوگی اور اسے صاف پہچان لے گی، اسی طرح بعد میں مصلحین پیدا ہوں گے یا تشریف لائیں گے ان میں سب سے اہم شخصیت حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کی ہوگی جن کو اللہ تعالیٰ نے نبوت ورسالت سے سرفراز فرمایا، اورفتنہ دجال کی سرکوبی کے لیے ادراست کی امانت کے لئے ان کو آسمان میں زندہ رکھا، جب قیامت کے قریب دجال ظاہر ہوگا تب آپ کوبھی آسمان سے زمین پر اتارا جائے گا اور آپ کے ذریعہ دجال کو موت کے گھاٹ اتارا جائے گا ، اس لیے ضرورت تھی کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے حالات وصفات بھی کھلے طور پر بیان کئے جائیں تاککہ جب وہ نازل ہوں تو کسی انسان کو ان کے پہچاننے میں غلطی نہ ہو۔ اس لیے کہ اگر امت انہیں شناخت نہ کرسکی اور ان کے سلسلے میں تذبذب کا شکار رہی تو ان کے نزول کا مقصد ہی فوت ہوجائے گا، کیوں کہ جس قوم کی نصرت اور مدد کے لیے وہ تشریف لائیں گے اگر وہی قوم ان کو پہچان نہ سکے گی تو وہ کس کی مدد کریں گے اور کس کی دستگیری فرمائیں گے ،یہی وجہ ہے کہ ان کی تشریف آوری آسمان سے علی الاعلان اسلامی حکومت کے دارالخلافہ میں ایسے مقام پر ایسے وقت ہوگی جب سب لوگ کھلی آنکھوں ان کا مشاہدہ کرسکیں گے۔

حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے حالات کا تفصیلی ذکر اس لیے بھی ضروری تھا کہ اگر ان کے حالات مجمل طور پر بیان کئے جاتے اور علامات مہیمم ہوتیں تو بہت سے لوگ اپنے بارے میں صحیح موعود ہونے کا دعویٰ کربیٹھتے جیسا کہ مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی نے یہ دعویٰ کیا ہے، اگر حدیث کی کتابوں میں نہایت شرح وبسط کے ساتھ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کا ذکر نہ ہوتا تو غلام احمد قادیانی کے دعوے کی تردید وتکذیب مشکل ہوجاتی ، علما ء امت نے ان میں علامات کی بنیاد پر اس کے دعویٰ کی تردید کی ہے، حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام اللہ کے نبی اور اس کے رسول ہیں،مگر وہ جس وقت دنیا میں تشریف لائیں گے فرائض نبوت ورسالت پر مامور ہوکر تشریف نہ لائیں گے بلکہ امت محمدیہ کی قیادت وامامت کے لیے بہ حیثیت خلیفۂ رسول تشریف لائیں گے مگر ذاتی طور پر ان کو جومنصب نبوت ورسالت حاصل ہے اس سے معزول بھی نہ ہوں گے ، جس طرح ان کی نبوت سے انکار پہلے کفر تھا اس وقت بھی کفر ہوگا، امت مسلمہ جو پہلے سے ان کی نبوت پر قرآنی ارشاد ات کی بنا پر ایمان لائے ہوئے ہے اگر نزول کے وقت ان کو نہ پہنچانے تو انکا ر میں مبتلا ہوجائے گی اس لیے ضرورت تھی کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے حالات واوصاف کو واضح طور پر بیان کیا جائے ۔( سلخصا از معارف القرآن :81,80/2)۔

اس تفصیل کا حاصل یہ نکلا کہ حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے نزول کا عقیدہ نہ صرف احادیث مبارکہ سے بلکہ قرآنی آیات سے بھی ثابت ہے، اور اس سلسلے میں ایک سے زائد آیات موجود ہیں جن کے کھلے طور پر نزول عیسیٰ کا عقیدہ ثابت ہوتا ہے ،قرآن کریم میں حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام کے تفصیلی ذکر سے بھی یہی حکمت سمجھ میں آتی ہے کیونکہ ان کو دوبارہ تشریف لانا ہے ۔تو اس قوم میں وہ تشریف لائیں گے ان کے سامنے آنے والی شخصیت پوری طرح متعارف ہوجائے تاکہ کسی قسم کا کوئی اشتباہ باق نہ رہے اورکوئی دوسراشخص مسیح نہ بن بیٹھے اوراگرکوئی شخص اس قسم کا جھوٹا دعوی کرنے لگے تو جو اوصاف قرآن کریم میں مذکور ہیں وہ خود ہی اس کی تردید بن جائیں ،جس شخصیت کی آمد کی پیشین گوئی قرآن بھی کررہا ہوں اور زمان رسالت ﷺ سے بھی ان کے نزول کی پیشین گوئی کی گئی ہو اس شخصیت کا انکار کرنا ، یا ان کے نزول کا تمسنزا ڑا نا ، یا ان کے نزول کے واقعے کوحقیقت کے بجائے تمثیل پر محمول کرنا بڑی جسارت کا کام ہے اور یہ کام وہی کرسکتا ہے جسے آخرت کی جواب دہی کا خوف نہ ہو، بلکہ تحقیق کے نام پر واہ واہ لوٹنے کاشوق ہو۔

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  • Refrence # 1 Surah Nisa ayat # 157. . . "WAMA QATALOhu. . WAMA saLABuHo. . "
     NA wo QATAL kiay gaye na SALeeB di gaye unhain yahoodio ki TARAF say. . .((YANI YAHoodi unhain qataL karnay main NAKAAM rahay))
     "WALAKin Shub'biha lahum"
     BALKAY unki Shabeeh WALAY kisi aur Shaqs ko Phansi day di YAhoodio nay. . .
     Next ayat main mazeed baat wazeh ki gaye. . .
     "BAL RAFA'ALLAHU Ilaihi. . " Aur ALLAh nay Unhain UTHA Lia. . .
     ((yahan RAFA ka MATLAB Uthanay (ASMAN ki taraf UTHANAY ) k meanings main hi lia jayega))
     Next ayat. . .# 159. . .
     اور کوئی اہل کتاب نہیں ہوگا مگر ان کی موت سے پہلے ان پر ایمان لے آئے گا۔ اور وہ قیامت کے دن ان پر گواہ ہوں گے
    YAHAN ALLAH ka DAWA hai k AHL e Kitaab main say Koi B Aesa NAhi BACHAY ga Jo Inki MAUt ((HAZRAT Essa a.s ki WAFAT) say QABAL un par emaan na LAy aaye. . . . .
     Refrence # 2 acc. to surah nisa ayat # 159. . .
     wahan b ALLAH nay wazeh FArma Dia k HAZRAT essa a,s ki WAFAT say QABAL TAMAM AHL e KITAAB ((us ZAMANAY K)) HAZRAT essa a.s par EMAAN lay ayengay. . .
     YANi unkay hath par ISLAM QAbooL kar Lengay. . .
     SAWAL: Kia TAMAM AHL e Kitaab ((YAHOODI ESSAYE)) emaan la Chukay hain aur MUsaLman ho Chukay hain. . .??
     JAWAB : NAHi. .
    AHADees ki roshni main es ayat ki explanation mazeed wazeh hojati hai k QAYAMAT say QABAL NAzwaL e ESSA A>S k ZAMANAY main duyna 2 Grops main divide hojayegi. . .
     KUFFAR aur ISLAM. . . .
     ISLAM ko HAZRAT essa a.s Lead karengay. . . .
     Kuffar ko DAJJAL. . . .
     SARAY AHL e Kitaab jo EMAAN nahi laaye thay ya to WO JANG main maray jayengay ya Phir ((Jo BAch jayengay wo)) HAZRAT essa a.s k hath par emaan lay ayengay. . . . .
     JAisa k surah Nisa ayat # 159 main AAYA k HAZRAT essa a.s ki WAFAT say QABAL koi AHL e Kitaab NAHI BACHAY ga MAGAR emaan LAy aayega . . . .
     Es say b ye baat sbit hui k Hazrat essa a.s ki WAFAT nahi hui. . . .
     unhain RAFA ((ASMANO KI TARAF utha Lia gaya Tha))> . . .
     ACC. to Surah Nisa ayat # 157-158. . .
     Refrence # 3
     Surah Zukhruf Ayat # 57-61 "hazrat essa a,s qayamat ki Nishani hain ((MAfhoom))
      Ab Kuch logo ka aqeeda hai k, HAzrat Essa a.s Ki WAfaat hogye hai, AGAR ye AQEEDA hai tab b ALLAH unhain Dobara Bhejangay. . .
     Jis tarha Ashaab e KAHAF ko 309 saaL tak Ghaar main Mutawaffi rakh kar Dobara Bheeja Dunya main. . .
     PArho surah KAhaf ki ayat # 11- 25
     SAWAL. . .
     Kia Koi Shaqs Es Dunya sayy WAFAT pa kar janay k BAAD dobara es Dunya main WAPAS aaya hai. . . . .???
     Answers from HoLY Quran. . .
    # 1. . .
    HAzrat Uzair Alaihis SALAM k zamanay ka Waqea . . .HAyat Baad az maut. . .((yani MArnay k baad Dobara es Dunya MAin zinda Honay ka waaqea. . .))
    Surah BAqra AYat # 259. . .
    Answer # 2. . .
     Azrat Mosa Alaihis SALAM k DAur main MuRday ka Dobara ESI Dunya MAin zinda Honay ka Waqea. . .
    Surah BAqra Ayat # 72, 73. . .
    Itna to sabit Hogaya k es dunya say WAFAT paakar janay WALAY logo main say B uch ko ALLAH nay Dobara HAYAAT BAkhsh kar dunya main Bheja. . .jin k ref aupar ayaats ki form main day diay mainaY. . .
    Lihaza agar WAFAT e MAsseeh ka AQEEDA b hai apka. . .tab b ALLAH nay UNHAIN Dobara Bheejna hai. . . . .
    JAB hi unhain Surah Zukhruf maiN QAYAMAT ki Nishani kaha gaya. . . .
    hair ab ek aur DAleeL K Thuru aek SAWAL karna Chahonga main ap sab say. . . .
    acc. to surah nisa ayat # 159. . .
    wahan b ALLAH nay wazeh FArma Dia k HAZRAT essa a,s ki WAFAT say QABAL TAMAM AHL e KITAAB ((us ZAMANAY K)) HAZrat essa a.s par EMAAN lay ayengay. . .
    YANi unkay hath par ISLAM QAbooL kar Lengay. . .
    SAWAL: Kia TAMAM AHL e Kitaab ((YAHOODI ESSAYE)) emaan la Chukay hain aur MUsaLman ho Chukay hain. . .??
    JAWAB : NAHi. .
    Hence Proved From HAZRAT essa a.s HAYAT hain Aur unka Dobara NAZWAL hona hai Before Qayamat , unki WAFAT say QABAL tamam AHl e Kitaab un par EmaaN Layengay  . WALLAHU ALAM...
    By Moin Ashraf - 10/21/2012 4:41:20 AM

  • Hello Manzurul Haque

    I state 

    Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, and so forth, are not rag-tag and which third rate religions are you talking about?

    You state: "Muslims have clarity of faith"

    My reply: false, Mohammed states "no compulsion" and then "kill the apostate" and this is not clarity, this is confusion.

    Also, dhimmitdue is about control and power, and the enslavement of non-Muslims - therefore, Islam does "poke its nose in" and how brutal, to say the least. 

    You state "Muslims know their mind. But why are you so much against paganism when you are admittedly everything but Muslim. You have enough opportunity to indulge in polytheism of the pagans, whatever you are (Christian, Buddhist, Hindu or fire worshipper) ,  so why are you turning on yourself in your exuberance to vomit your hate-ideas."


    My reply: Islam and Paganism is interwoven; the main Pagan God was used and then you put stars and the moon on your mosques; and of course, you have to walk 7 times around the black stone, pure Paganism.


    You state "The original idea has come from Allah since the day of Creation. Hellenic and Greek can’t even match with Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus and Maya etc in terms of antiquity."


    My reply:  Again, God gave free will and ancient empires created their own ideas; if they did not, and they prayed to many Pagan Gods, then you are stating that this was the will of God.


    All religions have borrowed from the past and to deny this would be false.

    You state "You can’t give up this Baniya language of ‘borrow’ etc."

    My reply: Borrow, copied, took from, whatever  - clearly Mecca was the cradle of Arab Paganism, and also the black stone belonged to Paganism, it is not connected with the God of Abraham and never was until lies were made in order to take over Mecca from the Pagans.

    Praying towards one way, and note no clarity, you see from praying towards Jerusalem and then Mecca; hmm, God made yet another mistake, it is just man made and it is nothing to do with being a prophet.

    God does not sit in Mecca and the Devil does not wait in Mecca in order to have stones thrown at him - It is pure Paganism.

    The ancient British were Pagans and I am proud of my past culture, however, Muslims are in confusion because Paganism is within Islam and just look at your mosque, does it have the Pagan Moon God at the top? 

    Anyway, have a nice day and do you really think that God cares if you pray towards Mecca, Mumbai, London, Nairobi, or anywhere?  

    No, God just welcomes your prayer............

    Lee Jay Walker

    By Lee Jay Wallker -

  • Q & A series (repetition will not receive a response)

    Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, and so forth, are not rag-tag and which third rate religions are you talking about?

    Muslims have clarity of faith so they can recognise a rag-tag religious belief when they see one. But because they are not used to poking their nose in the affairs of others, they rather keep this knowledge within themselves. 

    Remember, Islam clearly borrowed from Paganism and this applies to following the main Moon God, praying to a stone, walking around the stone 7 times, and so forth.

    Muslims know their mind. But why are you so much against paganism when you are admittedly everything but Muslim. You have enough opportunity to indulge in polytheism of the pagans, whatever you are (Christian, Buddhist, Hindu or fire worshipper) ,  so why are you turning on yourself in your exuberance to vomit your hate-ideas.

    Christianity and Islam have both been influenced by the Hellenic world and Greek thought and so forth helped to shape many factors.

    The original idea has come from Allah since the day of Creation. Hellenic and Greek can’t even match with Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus and Maya etc in terms of antiquity.

    All religions have borrowed from the past and to deny this would be false.

    You can’t give up this Baniya language of ‘borrow’ etc. It’s deep in your marrow, I think. Islam affirms about the continuity of holy knowledge for which no earthly being can lay claim. You keep repeating the obvious thinking that perhaps you are making a great statement and the hearer keeps wondering why this man is repeating the same thing again and again which others have already spoken before. My be, either you can’t understand a thing, or because you are  a paid propagandist. But propaganda may not work against all.  

    I have no employer to please; so do not make false statements.

    Your earnest effort at attacking Islam sometimes as a Christian, sometimes as Western Guru, sometimes as a Jew, sometimes as a Buddhist, conveys an entirely contrary picture from what you are affirming on oath. But then you are apparently immune to such repetition of untruths

    By Manzurul Haque -

  • Why is it so important to know whether Jesus will come again or not? As Muslims we are required to live righteous and just lives. Will the expectation of a second coming make us more righteous or more just? And to argue about whether the second coming will be actual or symbolic is just another of the useless games that the Hadith scholars play.

    Similarly there is no way in which we can settle the question of whether Jesus was crucified or lifted, so why dwell on it? Even Christians, who believe in crucifixion, believe that he rose on the third day. Instead of wasting our time in these futile debates, we would do better if we actually read Jesus's Sermon on the Mount.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin -

  • Hello Manzurul Haque.

    Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, and so forth, are not rag-tag and which third rate religions are you talking about?

    Remember, Islam clearly borrowed from Paganism and this applies to following the main Moon God, praying to a stone, walking around the stone 7 times, and so forth.

    Christianity and Islam have both been influenced by the Hellenic world and Greek thought and so forth helped to shape many factors.

    All religions have borrowed from the past and to deny this would be false.

    I have no employer to please; so do not make false statements.

    Thank you!


    Lee Jay Walker

    By Lee Jay Walker -

  • There are doctrinal differences within Islam. There are also doctrinal differences amongst the three Abrahimic religions. But these differences are there,  because there is something to differ on. Elsewhere there is rag-tag of religious beliefs based on third-rate gossips.

    Philosophy is a different thing in the sense that it does not seek to create a religious faith. An atheistic philosopher or a scientific moralist cannot add value to human faith. On the other hand theistic philosophers like Iqbal have pushed the frontiers of humanism by their appeal to reason backed by faith in God. Islamic and Western philosophers of the theistic type,  have made signal contributions to humanity. On the other hand I had the opportunity to read some philosophy books outside the tradition of Islam and West, and I found those philosophies nothing more than juvenile outpourings of a confused mind.

    By the way, Walker is at it again. Cutting and pasting and impressing his employer! (Sorry that I don't read)

    (Reference Walker’s: I have stated this in order that Hindus and others who use this website understand that I am only applying this subject to the meaning within Islam, Christianity, and Judaism).

    By Manzurul Haque -

  • Continued from my last post.

    Before starting on the Christian-Muslim theme it is clear that both faiths will be deemed to be in error according to other religions and for many, both Jesus and Mohammed have no meaning whatsoever.

    Yet within the three faiths of Abraham then it is important; however, according to the Buddhist way all three will be in error because the Day of Judgement means nothing, after all, reincarnation, the self, the right path, and so forth, are very different.

    I have stated this in order that Hindus and others who use this website understand that I am only applying this subject to the meaning within Islam, Christianity, and Judaism.

    Also, both Christianity and Islam derive from Judaism and Judaism would reject both faiths.


    A. Mohammed's Teaching Often Contradicts with the Bible.

    "We might expect some difference in doctrine, since Muslims claim the Quran replaced the gospel. But there should be no conflict of history or eternal principles. Note some examples: [CRI-48; WR-95; EB, XIII-483]"

    * Mohammed said Jesus' death was not a crucifixion, He did not die as a sacrifice for the sins of others, and He did not rise from the dead (4:157-159). The Bible teaches all these as fact (see above).

    * Mohammed said Jesus was not Divine and not the Son of God (9:130; 19:135 - p168; 6:100 - p 78; 4:171 - p61), but the Bible teaches that He was (see above).

    * Mohammed thought Christians believe that the Godhead consists of the Father, Son, and Mary, whereas actually it is the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. [CRI-73; WR-101]

    * The Quran says one of Noah's sons drowned in the flood (11:42 - p121), but the Bible says all his sons were spared (Gen. 7:1-7; 1 Peter 3:20).

    * The Quran says Lot's wife stayed behind and perished among the people of Sodom (26:171 - p202), whereas the Bible says she fled but looked back and was turned to a pillar of salt (Gen. 19:15f,26).

    * The Quran says John the Baptist's father was speechless for 3 days as a sign from the angel (3:41 - p37; 19), but the Bible says he was speechless from before the time his wife conceived till the baby was born (Luke 1:13,20,24,57-64).

    * Mohammed referred to Haman as the minister of Pharaoh, whereas the Bible says he was minister of Ahasuerus, king of Persia in the book of Eshter. [WR-95; EB, XIII-483]

    * Mohammed confused Miriam the sister of Moses with Mary the mother of Jesus. [EB, XIII-483]

    * The Quran teaches men today may practice polygamy and divorce for any cause (4:3,20 - p48; 2:229-232 - pp29,30). Jesus said this was allowed under the Old Testament only because of the hardness of men's hearts, but would not be allowed under the New Testament (Matt. 19:3-9). Islam claims Mohammed's revelation is greater than Jesus, yet its moral standard is clearly inferior.

    * The Quran teaches there will be marriage in heaven (52:5 - p284; 44:54 - p268), but Jesus said there is not (Matt. 22:30).

    Muslim's try to rationalize by claiming that the Quran has been preserved accurately but the Bible has been perverted. Hence, whenever there is conflict, the Bible is wrong and the Quran is right.

    Yet consider again how much of the Bible this means has been corrupted. And remember that God promised He would not let His word be destroyed. There is no historical evidence that the Bible has been corrupted and much evidence that it has not been. If God can preserve the Quran without allowing it to be corrupted, why can he not preserve the Bible in the same way? (See above).

    Christians also claim to believe the Old Testament, but in order to prove our case we never need to argue that the Old Testament has been corrupted. On the contrary, Jesus and His apostles and all Christians take the Old Testament, just as it is, and use it to substantiate our case (Acts 17:1-3,11; see article on evidences).

    Islam claims to believe in both the Old and New Testament. Yet to make their case, they must repeatedly claim that the Old and New Testaments are corrupt. Why can't they prove their claim, using the Bible as we have it, like Christians can do using the Old Testament? Why must they discredit the very messages they claim are from God?

    B. Mohammed's Teaching Contradicts Itself.


    * Mohammed commanded his disciples to use violence against those who reject Islam, yet he said violence should not be practiced in the name of religion (Quran 9:5,29 - pp102,111; cf. 2:256 - p32) .

    * He forbade the use of images, then under threat of starvation he excused it, then later he again condemned it (see above).

    * He first taught men to pray facing Jerusalem, then later said they must pray facing Mecca. [EB, XV-647]

    * In fact Mohammed admitted having changed his doctrine at times. Muslim commentators themselves admit some 5-50 examples of such. [EB, XIII-483]

    Jesus' teachings harmonize with all previous Divine revelation, without arguing that it has been corrupted. But Mohammed's teaching conflicts with previous revelation that he admits was from God. Jesus never changed His teaching and never contradicted Himself (1 Cor. 1:13), but Mohammed contradicted himself and changed his teachings several times. How then can Mohammed be a prophet as great as Jesus?

    ConclusionThe evidence confirms the gospel of Jesus, not Islam.

    Muslims make many claims for Islam, but there is no real proof that Islam is true. Anyone can make claims. Proving them is another matter.

    Christians accept Jesus and His gospel, but reject Mohammed and Islam, on the basis of proof. The evidence is that:

    * Jesus was sinless but Mohammed committed sin.

    * Jesus fulfilled many Old Testament prophecies, but Muslims cannot prove Mohammed ever fulfilled any.

    * Jesus performed miracles as attested by eyewitnesses, but there is no eyewitness proof that Mohammed ever did any miracle.

    * Jesus arose from the dead as attested by witnesses, but Muslims do not even claim that Mohammed arose.

    * Jesus' teaching agrees with itself, but the teachings of Mohammed contradict themselves.

    * Jesus' teachings harmonize with, and His claims are substantiated by, all Divine revelation that went before Him. He and His followers never discredit previous revelation. Mohammed's teachings are not substantiated by prior revelation but contradict it, so Muslims repeatedly discredit prior revelations, while still claiming that those revelations were from God.

    The evidence proves, not just that Mohammed was not a prophet like Jesus, but that in fact Mohammed was not a true prophet of God at all. His teaching bears none of the proofs of true prophetic teaching, but it does bear all the earmarks of being the work of a false prophet. (Matthew 7:15-23; 15:14; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; 1 Timothy 4:1-3; Acts 20:28-30; 1 John 4:1; 2 Timothy 4:2-4; Titus 1:9-14; 2 John 9-11; Romans 16:17,18; Galatians 1:6-9; 2 Peter chap. 2)

    Philippians 2:9-11 - Jesus has a name that is above every name. To Him every knee will bow and every tongue confess. It follows that Jesus is greater than Mohammed and someday every Muslim will confess it.

    To see further evidence that the Bible and the gospel of Jesus are the true revelation of religion, see our article on that subject on our Bible Instruction web site at www.gospelway.com/instruct/.

    By Lee Jay Walker -

  • The article states the following: 

    "From the context of the verses it is evident that the claim of the Jews that they had crucified Jesus Christ is false. A section of the gullible Christians also accepted the claim of the Jews. God repudiated it and said that it was not so."

    Again, this is clearly not based on the New Testament and according to Judaism the answer would be very different.

    To claim that "God repudiated it and said that it was not so" is false, after all, God did not directly talk to anyone about this and this is pure speculation, putting it mildly.


    A. Islam

    Muslims claim that Mohammed was the last of the prophets and his revelation replaced that of Jesus. Islam claims that the exact words of the Quran were given to Mohammed by the angel Gabriel, and therefore the Quran is verbally inspired. [CRI-46-50,33; WR-99]

    Islam claims Jesus was a great prophet, but not Divine and not the unique Son of God. It admits Jesus did miracles, but denies He died as a substitutionary sacrifice to save people from their sins or that He arose from the dead. (Quran, 4:160,169; 6:90) [WR-100f; CRI-49,77]

    B. The Gospel

    We earlier studied passages where the gospel claims Jesus was more than a prophet: He was in fact the Divine Son of God who died to save men from their sins and then arose from the dead. The gospel of Jesus offers eyewitness testimony as proof.

    Note that, whereas Mohammed made the general claim to as great as Jesus, the actual specific claims of Jesus were greater than any Mohammed ever made.

    Furthermore, if Jesus really made these claims, then Islam must be untrue. If Jesus' claims are true, then Mohammed cannot be as great as Jesus, as he claimed. On the other hand, if Jesus' claims are false, then Islam is still untrue, since it claimed that Jesus was a true prophet. Either way, if Jesus made these claims, Islam is untrue.

    Islam, therefore, denies Jesus ever made these claims. We have cited passages where He made the claims, but Islam denies those passages are genuine. So we must consider whether or not the Bible is an accurate record. And we must compare the evidence for Mohammed's claims to the evidence Jesus' claims. Anyone can make claims. What proof is there?


    II. Character


    A. Jesus

    The New Testament repeatedly claims Jesus never sinned (Hebrews 4:15; 1 Peter 2:22; etc.).

    Muslims generally admit Jesus never sinned. The Quran nowhere claims that He sinned. [CRI-47ff].

    So we have complete agreement that Jesus was a person of pure morals, wisdom, courage, love, and every other quality of goodness.

    B. Mohammed

    Many Muslims claim that Mohammed also never sinned. But compare his life to Jesus' life:

    Broken treaties

    While ruling in Medina, Mohammed made a treaty not to attack Mecca for ten years. He then attacked them the very next year. [CRI-33f]

    Violence and assassination

    Mohammed used violence, including assassination, to defeat and convert men to Islam [WR-98; EB, XV-648]. Jesus converted people by teaching, persuasion, and example. He never used force, nor would He allow His disciples to use force, even when His enemies attacked Him.


    Mohammed had 12 wives and 2 concubines at the time of his death. [CRI-32]

    Revelations for personal convenience and benefit

    * Mohammed revealed that men could have plural wives, but not more than four at a time (Quran 4 - p48). However, a special revelation said that he himself could have more than 4 wives. He had 12 when he died. (Quran 33:50,51 - p228)

    * He revealed that no man could marry his own daughter-in-law. Then a special revelation allowed him to take the wife of his adopted son. (Quran 33:37 - p227)

    * Arabs once starved him, because they opposed his teaching against idolatry. He then received a "revelation" condoning idolatry. As soon as they released him, he reversed the revelation and again said idolatry was wrong. [EB, XV-647]

    Mohammed himself never claimed to be sinless.

    In fact he admitted he and other prophets committed sin. But he never claimed that Jesus sinned. [CRI-26,50; WR-99]

    So, whereas Christians and Muslims agree Jesus was sinless, there is much reason to doubt Mohammed's sinlessness. Based on their character then, who was greater: Mohammed or Jesus? The article states the following:


    The Bible repeatedly rebukes those who change its message.

    Deuteronomy 4:2; Proverbs 3:5,6; Galatians 1:8,9; Revelation 22:18,19 and many other passages condemn changing the Scriptures. If Jews and Christians changed their Scriptures, as Muslims claim they did, then they knowingly and repeatedly violated these passages in their own Scriptures.

    Rather, because of these warnings, both Jews and Christians have shown great care in making copies of their Scriptures through the centuries. Work was checked repeatedly, counting numbers of words and letters on each page, and proofreading each page to make sure no changes occurred.

    The result is that many ancient manuscripts verify the accuracy of the Bible as we have it today.

    * Several copies of the New and Old Testaments date before the time of Mohammed.

    * Some translations of the Scriptures date long before the time of Mohammed.

    * Scriptural quotations exist in the writings of many men who lived long before Mohammed.

    If the claims of Islam are true, then all these writings should read as Islam claims that they originally read. But instead, all these ancient sources read just like modern copies of the Scriptures. There is no evidence of any kind that changes were made after Mohammed lived.

    How could it be that all the copies of the Scriptures that existed in Mohammed's time were found and changed, all at the same time and all in the same way, just to disprove Islam? Why can't Muslims produce some manuscripts that still contain the passages Islam says existed? Why didn't ancient Muslims find some of these manuscripts and save them? Why is it that we have so much evidence of the ancient content of the Bible, and none of the evidence agrees with Islam?

    If the Jews changed their Scriptures to eliminate prophecies of Mohammed, why did they not do the same with the prophecies of Jesus?

    Old Testament prophecy is one of the strongest proofs of Jesus' identity. Christians do not have to claim that these prophecies once existed but were removed. They are all right there in the Old Testament!

    Jesus and His apostles respected and used the Jews' Old Testament Scriptures. They claimed the Scriptures were from God and quoted them just as they were. To prove their case, they never needed to claim that parts of the Scriptures were changed.

    Why can't Muslims do the same? What motive would Jews have for removing the prophecies of Mohammed but not the ones of Jesus?

    The fact remains that Christians have proof of hundreds of prophecies in the Jews' Old Testament as it exists now that Jesus fulfilled. Yet Muslims can find no prophecies fulfilled by Mohammed anywhere in the Bible. They claim Mohammed is as great as Jesus. Why then do they not have evidence as great as what we have for Jesus?

    (For further discussion of the accuracy of the preservation of the Bible, see a link to our article on that subject at the end of this study.)


    Either the New Testament is a lie or it is true, you cannot have it both ways and if it is false, then Jesus would not be special in Islam, if it is true, then Islam is in error?

    Lee Jay Walker

    By Lee Jay Walker -

  • Whether ascend or descend, any physical lifting as emphasized by Maulana Nadimul Wajidi, gives a sense of direction. Ascend what I understand, means to climb up above vantage point, descend means to climb down below vantage point. If ascend is the direction towards Allah, then Allah that way is alleged to be stationed somewhere ‘up’. But is that so? What I understand is that Allah is everywhere, even below. With this emphasis on physical ascension, Maulana Nadimul Wajidi, in his innocence and understanding, is Nauzobillah, belittling the omnipresence ability of Allah.

    But since every man has his limitation of understanding things, Allah takes into account intentions and acts and so Maulana Nadimul Wajidi’s good intentions and good acts may be counted to overcome his deficit in understanding, and Allah may forgive him. He is Merciful.

    However, what Allah, may not like, is the comment about Maulauna Wahiduddin Khan. To say that Maulana Wahiduddin Khan who has throughout his life portrayed the beauty of Islam, influenced Muslim thinking, pacified their hearts, instilled hope and faith and has written over 200 books supporting the cause of Islam as wrong is actually very wrong. Not just that, it is very divisive and Allah may not like this. Allah may already be not too pleased with Ummah’s self divisive tendencies and to add to that Maulana Nadeemul Wajidi’s comment and notion of things will tantamount to ‘fitna’.

    Maulana Nadimul Wajidi may be free to have his views of ascend or descend but to taunt someone, and someone as respectable as Maulana Wahiduddin Khan by saying "who does not fear accountability in the Hereafter but likes to enjoy worldly praise for his so called research" is a sin. Is it that this law of sin not applicable on Maulana Nadimul Wajidi for taunting someone? He should think what he say and think of the implication of dividing Ummah and that too just on the basis of his opinion/reading/understanding of the Holy Book. The Holy book is read by others too and they too have understanding of their own, then how come Maulana Nadimul Wajidi formed impression that it is he alone or some others of similar school of thought understand things best?

     Sorry to say all this Maulana, but it was not expected of you. You were supposed to act and speak in more responsible way because people looked upto you, and any difference of reading or opinion or understanding you must settle that in your writings without indulging into defaming and taunting.

    And of course any physical attribute, be it about direction or about hands of Allah cannot be taken literally, as Allah what I understand cannot be confined in any given direction or in form. 

    By sadaf -

  • Dear Manzurul Haque Saheb, I cannot speak on behalf of the Maulana, of course, but it seems to me that "lifting towards Himself i.e., Allah" doesn't necessarily imply as you have interpreted "(in the physical sense)".

    You must be aware of the controversy surrounding the Quranic revelation found in the story of God's creation of Adam.  God asks Iblis to prostrate himself before Adam and Iblis refuses to do so. God asks Iblis: "What prevented you from prostrating before him whom I created with My Own Two Hands?" (38: 75) One other verse speaks of God's Two Hands: "His Two Hands are outspread; He expends How He will (5: 64).

    Then there are ahadees talking of God's Hands or both his hands being right hand, etc.  Ibn-e-Arabi and his followers have studied implications of every nuance of Quranic verses in great detail and they make a fascinating reading, two hands implying polarities, for instance; but it doesn't, of course, mean that we believe that God has a physical form. That God is formless is without question the Islamic position, as it is that of ancient Islamic scriptures like the Vedas.

    By Sultan Shahin -

  • As I read this learned article, I seem to be on the verge of asking, who will reply for the Maulana  in the first place? Then some more questions. Can he understand my question and clarify it? For example,  lifting towards Himself  ie Allah (in the physical sense) gives out a direction at the far end of which God is present. But this also makes God an entity of spatial dimension and spatial limitation. Is it Okay with the Maulana?

    By Manzurul Haque -

  • An article on the second coming of Christ at a time when Muslims are killing each other by the hundreds every week and when their community is palpably behind in education, wisdom and economic advancement is, in my humble opinion, inopportune and inappropriate.
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin -

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