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Islam and Science

Close your eyes and begin to observe yourself. Move your mind down your body, from head to toe. Do you really feel you are simply a motley collection of bits of inert matter that make up the various parts of your body, as atheist evolutionists insist you are? Your consciousness instinctively recoils at the idea! You intuitively know, without having to consult any ponderous biology textbook, that you simply cannot be reduced to your body, as atheist evolutionists insist you must. .....

Irfan Habib has argued how a literalist interpretation of the Quran and the Hadith has led to obscurantism and hampered original and eclectic scientific research in Muslim countries. Generally, his analysis, however, raises several significant issues, which need to be addressed in order to give a more comprehensive and yet balanced overview of this very important theme....

 

There are neo-con Christian Science and the Muslim (Islamic) Science groups who claim that the Divine Messengers could communicate with the Creator in Heavens. No Holy Book or the Divine Messenger ever questioned God’s imperfect human creation. The Prophets of all faiths promised carefree living for their followers, but after death, in un- specify heavenly abode, called Moksha or Paradise.  But the history of World Religions makes it   clear that no God Incarnate or Avatar ever felt it necessary to Fly or pray for growing the Wings on the human body..... 

Scholars Failing Islam
Syed Kamran Hashmi
Scholars Failing Islam
Syed Kamran Hashmi

The Arabic word zarrah from the Quran, which means particle or weight of a red ant, becomes atom, to prove the Bohr atomic model. If Nebula was our concern in astronomy or the understanding of a supernova caught our interest, then again we found the word al-dukhan in the Quran and Hadith as an explanation, which means ‘the smoke’ and is a close equivalent of the above-mentioned scientific terms....

The Miracle of Religion and Science
Azis Anwar Fachrudin
The Miracle of Religion and Science
Azis Anwar Fachrudin

Ascension to heaven alive, for example, is not unique to Christianity and Islam. Judaism has Enoch and Elia (shared also by Christianity and Islam); Hellenism has Hercules; Hinduism has Yudhisthira; Zoroastrianism has Arda Viraf. Stories of humans entering speaking to God, and/or God-incarnate are common among indigenous religions throughout the world. Now, in the 21st century, when science has advanced and modern cosmologists have been able to measure the earth and the universe, the question becomes: how do we reconcile religious miracles with science?....

Science allows us to question and discover how the world works and the Quran provides the moral guidelines for doing so. If an apparent contradiction arises between a scientific finding and an interpretation of the Quran, then we can turn to both science itself (which is evolving) and the interpretation of the Quran (which is not impartial, because it is a human exercise) to account for the discrepancy. This is an ongoing and fluid process, and is part and parcel of the purpose of life for Muslims....

The solar calendar was adopted on 15 March 1079 as the Jallali Calendar in recognition of the royal patronage of Sultan Jalaluddin Malikshah I and was given its Islamic character as it was retroactively reckoned from the year of Prophet Muhammad's migration to Medina, making 622 CE as the year zero and its first year as the year 457 AH....

 
God-Realization and Modern Science
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam
God-Realization and Modern Science
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

Modern science has provided us with a new framework to understand the reality of things. This framework has made it possible for us to understand things on a rationally-accepted basis, things that people earlier thought of as mysteries. This change of age has opened up new, unending expanses of knowledge for the realization of God and increasing one’s faith....

The Meaning and Reality of Science
Waheed Rizvi, Tr. New Age Islam

The laws under which the objects and energies of the external universe are active are called the Laws of cause and effect but in the world of man they are called the Laws of consequences of deeds. That is, every action or deed of man, even the thoughts occurring in his mind has a definite consequence. In the Quran, God calls himself Ahsan ul Khaliqueen (the best of creators). This means that there are also creators other than God. And it is man who has this attribute. According to God, He has put a small part of his godly powers in man through which he creates. But man cannot create like God. Man can create only by using the objects created by God under the laws, formulas and chemistry created by God.…..

Until recently, the bones and muscles were thought to develop together inside the womb. However, advances in the science of embryology, which studies development inside the womb, have revealed that this is incorrect and the description in the Qur’an is absolutely correct. Microscopic examination also shows that development in the womb takes place exactly in line with the description in verses cartilage forms first in the embryo after which this cartilage tissue turns into bone. Subsequently, muscle cells are selected from the tissue around the bones and come together around them. As we have seen, the findings of modern embryology are in complete agreement with the stages of human development revealed in the Qur’an……

Scientific Way of Looking At Islam and the Muslims Part II
Mussolini Sinsuat Lidasan
Scientific Way of Looking At Islam and the Muslims Part II
Mussolini Sinsuat Lidasan

Based on studies by Tariq Ramadan, there are six major tendencies for whom Islam is the reference point for their thinking, their discourse, and their engagement. These are as follows: Scholastic Traditionalism; Salafi Literalism; Salafi Reformism; Political Literalist Salafism; "Liberal" or "Rationalist" Reformism; and, the Sufism….

Scientific Way of Looking At Islam and the Muslims Part I
Mussolini Sinsuat Lidasan
Scientific Way of Looking At Islam and the Muslims Part I
Mussolini Sinsuat Lidasan

Islam recognizes diversity, but to explain this diversity it is not enough simply to use the plural, as has been done in some recent studies: faced with the apparent impossibility of putting forward a legal, political, or ideological analysis, the matter is simplified by speaking of diverse "Islams." Thus, we call for a scientific way of looking at Islam and the Muslims, not only in Mindanao but in the rest of the world….

 

Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission chief Salim Mehmud tried to shine too, by making a hash of the theory of relativity by linking it with the “Miraj” (ascension) of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Another senior nuclear scientist, Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood, proposed that all energy-related problems could be solved by taming the “Djinns”, because they were made of fire. Many others, lured by the limelight, delivered gems of medieval gibberish in the name of Islamic science.....

 

The number of madrasas has increased hundred fold and religious scholars were produced in great number during the last 882 years. The means for reaching the sources and resources of knowledge have also multiplied. The publication of books has become commonplace. In Pakistan alone, twenty thousand madrasas have imparted knowledge to more than two generations. ... Now the question arises: What have Muslims achieved in the fields of science and arts in the next 882 years. None. ... If we look at our own country, these thousands of madrasas have not produced researchers, religious scholars, inventors and scientists even on local or national level, leave alone producing scientists and researchers at international level….

To convince the most intelligent beings on this Planet that there is a God and that He does exist, scientific evidence supporting this fact has to be brought to the discussion.  The story of life on Planet Earth, including human life, is told in the Holy Quran in a way that would light up the eyes of scientists if they read it. It’s the same story, which is told to students of biology. It leaves no doubt about the fact that life started in a very simple way a long time ago and kept evolving ever since…..

A Quranic Vision of Scientific Knowledge
Kazi Wadud Nawaz, New Age Islam

Scientific knowledge is a continuous process of revelation of the divine knowledge that Allah taught Adam just after his creation to establish his supremacy over Angels as Viceroy of Allah. The Names of ‘things’ that Allah taught Adam relate to infinite attributes of Allah translated into reality in the form of physical process of the universe.  Adam’s knowledge is centered exclusively on Allah’s Attributes, whereas, Allah’s Essence (Zaat) is beyond the reach of science. So, from Qur'anic point of view, Allah's infinite attributes   (SIFAT) form the exclusive Domain of Science. The scientific knowledge is in continuous process of development. The scientific theories of to-day, is replaced by more advanced theories to-morrow. In consideration of the eternal flow of time, the history of emergence of mankind and period of his existence on earth is very small and limited in respect of time and space......

Respect among states, just as among individuals, is earned. Nations that do not contribute to human knowledge are passengers in humanity’s progress, and never drivers or navigators…..

 

Many Muslim scientists relentlessly question the validity of scientific opinions in scientific environments if it does not corroborate with their logic and knowledge. But at the same times they passively accept old and worn out, commentaries, Tafsir, of the Qur’an as the absolute unquestionable truth. Such intellectual lethargy and dishonesty is exhibited all across the community of Muslim scientists despite the fact that many of the commentaries written in the past, some in a very remote past, conflict with current scientific knowledge that Muslim scientists use in their daily professional life. It is an amusing contradiction that many of our Muslim scientists accept science at one level but reject it at another. Why don’t they apply the same intellectual curiosity to their faith as they enthusiastically apply in other dominions of scientific knowledge? .....

Miracles of Quran: Testimony from Science
Khwaja Azhar Abbas, Tr. New Age Islam

8th stage: Greek philosopher Plato had the view that this world is a mirage. ...The entire Persian and Urdu poetry of us Muslims is based on this philosophy. In Arabic poetry, Ibn al Faraz promoted it but it could not get wide acceptance. Quran has rejected this false theory and condemned it because due to this false philosophy or theory, the universe and its scientific investigations do not have any importance in the eyes of the nation and thus the nation became dishonoured and disrespected. ... Disputing the theory the Quran said: “Whatever exists in the heavens and earth and between them we have not created them in vain. Those who have this belief are Kafirs”. (38:37)....

 

Sadly, the present-day Muslims seem to be detached from that very rational and scientific learning that once was a hallmark of the Islamic world. According to Science Watch, out of the top 20 countries in terms of overall scientific output, Turkey is the only Muslim representative, with a modest rank of 19. A civilization that had a humble beginning but soon reached the pinnacle of scientific and social learning seems to have come full circle. What exactly has gone wrong?....

The universe is truly magnificent, and for a religious person to appreciate it as a Creation in the broad sense of the word, they have to negate their presumptions. If there is an Islamic position on science, it is that when you do not invoke God as an explanation that His magnificence unfolds in your quest to understanding His Creation……

 
When Modern Science Agrees With the Qur’an
Fethullah Gulen
When Modern Science Agrees With the Qur’an
Fethullah Gulen

We refer to many branches of science and scientific facts today and use them to analyze various things and events — even religious matters. We refer to them, either one at a time or in groups, to provide evidence of Allah's existence and oneness to those who need such evidence. Similarly, when looking at science in the light of the Qur'an, we point out that it contains information about the nature of things that agrees with modern scientific findings….

The Science of Farce
Nadeem F. Paracha
The Science of Farce
Nadeem F. Paracha

God knows what they thought atoms looked like, but in all probability to them, atoms might have been steely ball bearings that are fitted in a big metallic shell which when dropped from a plane, explodes. Nevertheless, even though their chatter conformed to the distinct political paranoia of the Cold War era, they remained simple, half-literate men, somewhat endearingly trying to make sense about what the whole ‘atom bum’ hoopla was all about....

 
Newton’s Law of Action and Reaction
Rashid Samnakay, New Age Islam

Then, oh you the “religious entrepreneurs”, and the governments that allow them to flourish unsupervised; why are you persisting with Kufr. Why don’t you “contemplate” -Afalaa Tafakkaroon - on such weighty matters given in the very Book of Codes you profess to believe in? Why do you not take practical actions to turn this nation into a learned one as commanded and make it Islamic?....

 

But wait a minute! Lightening, earthquakes and even babies used to be explained as acts of God. But now we know better. What is it about this discovery that is different, and that has stunned the scientific world? This discovery and what molecular biologists have learned about the sophisticated coding within DNA have many scientists now admitting that the universe appears to be part of a grand design.....

 
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