New Age Islam - Read About Islam, Islamic Religion and Muslims, Terrorism and Jihad
   Urdu Section
   Hindi Section
   Bangla Section
   Assamese Section
   Tamil Section
   Kannada Section
   Malayalam Section
   Arabic Section
   Persian Section
   French Section
   Debating Islam
   Islamic Q and A
   Books and Documents
   Islamic World News
   Radical Islamism and Jihad
   Islam,Terrorism and Jihad
   War on Terror
   Islam and the West
   Interfaith Dialogue
   The War Within Islam
   Islam and Sectarianism
   Islam and Politics
   Islam and Spiritualism
   Current Affairs
   Muslims and Islamophobia
   Spiritual Meditations
   Islamic Ideology
   Islam, Women and Feminism
   Islam and Human Rights
   Islamic Society
   Islam and Pluralism
   Islamic Sharia Laws
   Ijtihad, Rethinking Islam
   Islam and Tolerance
   Islamic History
   Islamic Personalities
   Islam and Science
   Islam and Environment
   Islamic Culture
   Islam and the Media
   Letter to the Editor
   From the Desk of Editor
   Indian Press
   Pakistan Press
   Middle East Press
   World Press
Allama Sir Muhammad Iqbal
The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam
Biography, Audio
More Videos.. 
The Quran: A New Translation - The eternal present tense
Preface: The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam By Dr. Muhammad Iqbal
Lecture 1: Knowledge and Religious Experience
Focus on Islam, Jihad and Terrorism
Condemning "Islamist" terrorist attack on Mumbai in harshest terms
Can Ulema save Muslims from Radical Islamism?
Indian Ulema have no time to lose, must call warlike Quranic surahs obsolete.
Jihadism gets sustenance from verses of war in the Quran
Dr. Zakir Naik on Yazeed and Osama bin Laden - A New Age Islam Debate
Unveiling Zakir Naik: Terror cannot be fought with Terror
Comments - 148
On Televangelist Zakir Naik: Don't give in to pretenders
Comments - 31
Beware of the Kafir-manufacturing factories: Maulana Nadeem-ul-Wajidi responds to the Fatawahs of Kufr against Dr. Zakir Naik
Comments - 41
Unity among Muslims and Dr. Zakir Naik's Evil: A Point of View
Comments - 163
This Islamic website offers facts about Islam and Muslims, Islam way and Islamic ideology. Online Islam - Latest Islamic World News, Articles on Radical Islamism & Jihad and Islam, Terrorism and Jihad
Books and Documents
14 Jul 2008, NewAgeIslam.Com
Bibliography: The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam By Dr. Muhammad Iqbal


Works of Allama Iqbal

The Reconstruction of Religious
Thought in Islam


Dr. Muhammad Iqbal

(A) Works in Prose

Bedil in the Light of Bergson, ed. and annotated by Dr. Tehsin Firaqi, Lahore, 1988.The Development of Metaphysics in Persia (a contribution to the history of Muslim philosophy), London, 1908. Reprinted Lahore, 1954, 1959, 1964.

Ilm al-Iqtisad, Lahore, 1903. Rep. Karachi, 1962.

Six Lectures on the Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, Lahore, 1930. 2nd edn., with revision at about six places and quite a few proof-reading corrections and changes, and more importantly with the addition of Lecture: ‘Is Religion Possible?’ and an Index, published under the title: The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, London, 1934. Reprinted Lahore, 1944, many later edns. Reprinted Delhi, 1974. French trans. by de Eva Meyerovitch: Reconstruire la pensé e religieuse de l’Islam, Paris, 1955. Arabic trans. by ‘Abb«s Mahmëd: Tajdâd al-Tafkâr al-Dân fi’l-Islam, Cairo, 1955. Urdu trans. by Sayyid Nadhâr Niy«zâ: Tashkâl-i Jadâd Il«hây«t-i Isl«mâyah, Lahore, 1958. Persian trans. by Ahmad Aram, Ihya-i Fikr-i Din dar Islam, Tehran, 1967. Also translated at least in five more languages.

The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, ed. and annotated by M. Saeed Sheikh, Lahore, 1986, reprinted Lahore, 1989; Spanish trans. by Jose Esteban Calderon: La Reconstruction del Pensamiento Religioso en el Islam, Lahore 1989; Stray Reflections, A Note-Book of Allama Iqbal (1910), ed. by Javid Iqbal, Lahore, 1961.

T«râkh-i Tasawwuf (1916), ed. by S«bir Kalurvâ, Lahore, 1985.

(B) Major Poetical Works (With English Translation)

Asr«r-i Khudâ trans. by R. A. Nicholson: The Secrets of the Self, London, 1920; rev. edn., Lahore, 1940, many later edns.

B«l-i Jibrâl (1935), trans. of the earlier two Parts (16 + 61 Ghazals) by Syed Akbar Ali Shah: Gabriel’s Wing, Islamabad, 1979; trans. of six quatrains and of twenty-three poems from the last part (as also of some poems from other works) by V. G. Kiernan: Poems from Iqbal, London, 1955 (Part II).

J«vâd N«m«h (1932), trans. by Shaikh Mahmud Ahmad: The Pilgrimage of Eternity, Lahore, 1961, 1977; also by Arthur J. Arberry: Javid-Nama, London, 1966; trans. of the concluding section: Khit«b ba J«vâd by B. A. Dar: Address to Javid, Karachi, 1971.

P«y«m-i Mashriq (1923), trans. by M. Hadi Hussain: A Message from the East, Lahore, 1977.

Rumëz-i Bekhudâ, trans. by Arthur H. Arberry: The Mysteries of Selflessness, London, 1953.

Zabër-i ‘Ajam (1927), trans. by Arthur J. Arberry: Persian Psalms, Lahore, 1948; trans. of the all too important mathnawâ Gulshan-i R«z-i Jadâd (New Garden of Mystery) as well as Bandagâ N«m«h (Book of Servitude), the closing parts of this work, by Bashir Ahmad Dar, Lahore, 1964; also by M. Hadi Hussain: The New Rose Garden of Mystery and the Book of Slaves, Lahore, 1969.

Complete poetical works in Persian and Urdu published in 2 vols. Kulliy«t-i Iqb«l: F«risâ & Kulliy«t-i Iqb«l: Urdu, Lahore, 1973.

(C) Addresses, Articles, Letters, etc.

(i) Compilations in English

Discourses of Iqbal, ed. by Shahid Hussain Razzaqi, Lahore, 1979.

Iqbal by Atiya Begum, Bombay, 1947.

Letters and Writings of Iqbal, ed. by B. A. Dar, Karachi, 1967.

Letters of Iqbal, ed. by Bashir Ahmad Dar, Lahore, 1978.

Letters of Iqbal to Jinnah, with a Foreword by (Quaid-i-Azam) M. A. Jinnah, Lahore, 1942.

Mementos of Iqbal, compiled by Rahim Bakhsh Shaheen, Lahore, n.d.

Speeches, Writings and Statements of Iqbal ed. by Latif Ahmad Sherwani (3rd rev. and enlarged edn.), Lahore, 1977.

Thoughts and Reflections of Iqbal, ed. by Syed Abdul Vahid, Lahore, 1964.

(ii) Major Compilations in Urdu

Anw«r-i Iqb«l, ed. by Bashir Ahmad Dar, Karachi, 1967.

Guft«r-i Iqb«l, ed. by M. Rafâq Afîal, Lahore, 1969.

Iqb«ln«mah (Majmë’ah-i Mak«tâb-i Iqb«l), ed. by Shaikh ‘At« Ull«h, 2 Parts, Lahore, 1945, 1951.

Khutët-i Iqbal, ed. and annotated by Rafâ’-ud-Dân H«shimâ, Lahore, 1976.

Maq«l«t-i Iqb«l, ed. by Sayyid ‘Abdul V«hid Mu’ânâ, Lahore, 1963.

Rëh-i Mak«tâb-i Iqb«l, ed. by M. ‘Abdull«h Quraishâ, Lahore, 1977 (a useful compendium of 1233 letters arranged chronologically).



(A) Works

‘Abd al-Q«dir, ‘Alâ Hasan, Nazarah ‘ÿmmah fi T«râkh al-Fiqh al-Isl«mâ, Cairo, 1942.

‘Abd al-Quddës Gangohâ, Lat«’if-i Quddësâ, ed. by Shaikh Rukn al-Dân, Delhi, 1311 A. H.

‘Abd al-Sal«m Khurshâd, Dr, Sargudhasht-i Iqb«l, Lahore, 1977.

‘Abdullah Anwar Beg, The Poet of the East, Lahore, 1939.

‘Abdull«h Chaghat«‘â, Dr, Iqb«l ki Suhbat Men, Lahore, 1977.

‘Abë D«wëd, Sulaiman b. al-Ash’ath al-Sijist«nâ, Kit«b al-Sunan, 4 vols. in 2, Cairo, 1935; English trans. by Ahmad Hasan, Sunan ‘Abë D«wëd, 3 vols., Lahore, 1984.

Abë Rashâd Sa‘âd b. Muhammad b. Sa‘âd al-Nais«bërâ, Kit«b al-Mas«’il fi’l-Khil«f bain Basriyyân wa’l-Baghd«diyyân ed. and trans. into German by Arthur Biram: Die atomistische Substanzenlehre aus dem Buch der Streitfragen Basrensern und Baghdadensern, Leyden, 1902.

Aghnides, Nicolas P., Mohammedan Theories of Finance (with an Introduction to Mohammedan Law and a Bibliography), New York, 1916; rep. 1969.

Ahmad b. Hanbal, Musnad, 6 vols., Beirut, n.d.

Ahmad Hasan, The Doctrine of Ijm«‘ in Islam, Islamabad, 1976.

Ahmad Nabi Khan, Dr (ed.), Relics of Allama Iqbal (Catalogue), Islamabad, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Government of Pakistan, 1982.

Ahmad Sirhindâ, Shaikh, Maktëb«t-i Im«m-i Rabb«nâ, Vol. I, Lahore, n.d.

‘Ain al-Qud«t Hamad«nâ, Gh«yat al-Imk«n fi Dir«yat al-Mak«n, ed. by Rahâm Farmanish in his compilation Ahw«l-o-Ath«r ‘Ain al-Qud«t, Tehran, 1338(S); Eng. trans. based on collation with Rampur Library MS by A. H. Kamali, Karachi, 1971.

Alexander, Samuel, Space, Time and Deity (The Gifford Lectures at Glasgow, 1916-1918), 2 Vols., London, 1920.

al-Amidâ, Saif al-Dân, Al-Ihk«m fi UÄël al AÁk«m, 4 Vols., Beirut, 1400/1980.

Arberry, A. J. (tr.) Muslim Saints and Mystics: Episodes from the Tadhkirat al-Auliy«’ (Memorial of the Saints) by Farâd al-Dân al- ‘AÇÇ«r, London, 1979.

---, Revelation and Reason in Islam (The Forwood Lectures for 1956), London, 1957.

Asad, Muhammad, The Message of the Qur’«n, Gibralter, 1980.

al-Ash‘arâ, Abu’l-Hasan ‘Alâb. Ism«’âl, Maq«l«t al-Isl«miyân, ed. by Muhammad Muhy al-Dân ‘Abd al-Hamâd, 2 vols., Cairo, 1369/1950.

Ashnawi`, Shaikh T«j al-Dân Mahmëd b. Khud«d«d, Gh«yat al-Imk«n fi Ma’rifat al-Zam«n wa’l-Mak«n, ed. by Nadhr S«birâ, Campbellpur, 1401 A.H.

Ashraf ‘Alâ Th«nawâ, Maul«n«, Al-Hâlat al-N«jizah lil-Halâlat al-’ÿjizah, Deoband, 1351 (1931).

Atiyeh, George N., Al-Kindi: The Philosopher of the Arabs, Rawalpindi, 1966.

‘AÇÇ«r, Farâd al-Dân, ManÇiq al-ñair, Isfahan, 1334(S).

Augustine, Saint, The Confessions of St. Augustine, trans. by E. B. Pusey, New York, 1945.

Becon, Roger, Opus Majus, Eng. trans. by R. B. Burke, 2 vols., Philadelphia, 1928.

Bahiy, Muhammad al-, Al-Fikr al-Isl«mi al-Àadâth wa Silat bi’l-Istâm«r, Cairo.

al-Baqill«nâ, Abë Bakr Muhammad b. al-Tayyib, Kit«b al-Tamhâd, ed. by Richard J. McCarthy, Beyrouth, 1957.

Barstrow, Robbins Wolcott (ed.), The Macdonald Presentation Volume, Princeton, 1933.

Bergson, Henri Louis, Creative Evolution, trans. by Arthur Mitchell, London, 1911.

---, Matter and Memory, trans. by Nancy Margaret Paul & W. Scott Palmer (pseud), London, 1911.

---, Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness, trans. by F. L. Pogson, London, 1910.

Berkes, Niyazi, The Development of Secularism in Turkey, Montreal, 1964.

al-Bârënâ, Abë Raih«n, Al-Qanën al-Mas‘ëdâ, vol. I, Hyderabad (Deccan), 1373/1954.

Al-Bârënâ Commemoration Volume (A. H. 362-A.H. 1362), Calcutta, Iran Society, 1951.

Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna, The Secret Doctrine: The Synthesis of Science, Religion and Philosophy, 6 vols., Adyar (Madras), 1971.

de Boer, Tjitze J., Geschichte der Philosophie im Islam (Stuttgart, 1901), trans. by Edward R. Jones: The History of Philosophy in Islam, London, 1903.

Bonola, Roberto, Non-Euclidean Geometry: A Critical and Historical, Study of Its Development, Chicago, 1912.

Bradley, Francis Herbert, Appearance and Reality: A Metaphysical Essay, Oxford, 1930.

---, Ethical Studies, Oxford, 1927.

---, The Principles of Logic, 2 vols., Oxford, 1922.

Briffault, Robert, The Making of Humanity, London, 1923.

Brockelmann, Carl, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, 2 vols., Leiden, 1943, 1949; Supplementbä nde, 3 vols., Leiden, 1937, 1938, 1942.

Browne, Robert T., The Mystery of Space (A Study of the Hyperspace Movement in the Light of the Evolution of New Psychic Faculties and an Inquiry into the Genesis and Essential Nature of Space), New York & London, 1919.

Brunschvig, R., La Berberie orientale sous les Hafasides, Paris, 1947.

al-Bukharâ, Abë ‘Abd All«h Muhammad b. Ism«’âl, ÂaÁâÁ al-Bukh«râ, Arabic text with Eng. trans. by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan, 9 vols., Lahore, 1979.

Burnet, John, Greek Philosophy: Thales to Plato, London, 1961.

Cajori, F., A History of Elementary Mathematics, New York, 1917.

Carr, W. Wildon, The General Principle of Relativity in Its Philosophical and Historical Aspect, London, 1920.

---, (ed.), Life and Finite Individuality, London, 1918.

---, A Theory of Monads: Outlines of the Philosophy of the Principle of Relativity, London, 1922.

Carra de Vaux, Baron Bernard, Avicenne, Paris, 1900.

Cornford, F. M., Plato’s Theory of Knowledge (The Theaetetus and the Sophist of Plato, trans. with a running commentary), London, 1946.

Coulson, N. J., A History of Islamic Law, Edinburgh, 1964.

D«rimâ, Abë Muhammad ‘Abd All«h b. ‘Abd al-Rahm«n, Sunan al-D«rimâ, 2 vols., Damascus, 1349/1930.

Daw«nâ, Jalal al-Dân, Ris«lat al-Zaur«’, Cairo, 1326/1908.

Denison, John Hopkins, Emotion as the Basis of Civilization, New York & London, 1928.

Descartes, Rene, The Geometry, trans. by D. E. Smith & M. L. Latham, Chicago, 1925.

---,The Philosophical Works of Descartes, trans. by E. S. Haldane & G.R.T. Ross, 2 vols., London, 1911, 1912.

Durant, Will, The Age of Faith, New York, 1950.

---, Caesar and Christ, New York, 1944.

Eddington, Arthur Stanley, The Nature of the Physical World (Gifford Lectures 1927), London, 1928.

---, Space, Time and Gravitation: An Outline of the General Relativity Theory, Cambridge, 1920.

Eliade, Mircea (Editor in Chief), The Encyclopedia of Religion, 16 vols, New York & London, 1987.

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 24 vols., Chicago, London & Toronto, 1953.

Encyclopaedia of Islam, The, 4 vols., Leiden & London, 1913-1934; Supplement (in 5 parts), 1934-1938.

Encyclopaedia of Islam, The, New Edition, Leiden & London, 1954 (in progress).

Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, 13 vols., Edinburgh & New York, 1908-1927.

Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences, 14 vols., in 8, New York, 1950.

Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, The, 8 vols. in 4, New York & London, 1967.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The, 4 vols., New York, 1984.

Encyclopedia of Religion, An, ed. by Vergilius Ferm, New York, 1945.

Fahri, F. Ziyaeddin, Ziya Gö kalp: sa vie et sa sociologie, Paris, 1935.

Fakhry, Majid, A History of Islamic Philosophy, New York & London, 1970.

---, Islamic Occasionalism and Its Critique by Averroes and Aquinas, London, 1958.

Farnell, Lewis Richard, The Attributes of God (The Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of St. Andrews in the year 1924-25), London, 1925.

Feigel, Herbert & May Brodbeck (eds.), Readings in the Philosophy of Science, New York, 1953.

Fischer, August, Aus der religiö sen Reformbewegung in der Tü rkei, Leipzig, 1922.

Flint, Robert, History of the Philosophy of History in France, Belgium and Switzerland, Edinburgh, 1893.

Fu’«d ‘Abd al-B«qâ, Muhammad, al-Mu‘jam al-Mufahras li Alf«z al-Qur’«n al-Karâm, Cairo, 1364/1945.

Fyzee, Asaf A. A., Outlines of Muhammedan Law, London, 1955.

al-GhaZz«lâ, Abë H«mid Muhammad b. Muhammad, Al-Munqidh min al-Dal«l, trans. by Claud Field: Confessions of al-Ghazali, London, 1909, also in W. Montgomery Watt, The Faith and Practice of al-GhazZ«lâ, London, 1953, pp. 19-85.

---, Al-Mustasf«min ‘Ilm al-UÄël, 2 vols., Cairo, 1937.

---, Al-Qist«s al-Mustaqâm, trans. with Intro. and Notes by D. P. Brewster: The Just Balance, Lahore, 1978.

---, Tah«fut al-Fal«sifah, trans. by Sabih Ahmad Kamali: Incoherence of the Philosophers, Lahore, 1958.

Ghul«m Mustaf« Kh«n, Iqb«l aur Qur’«n, Lahore, 1977.

Gibb, H. A. R., Modern Trends in Islam (The Haskell Lectures in Comparative Religion, 1945), New York, 1947, reprint 1978.

---, & J. H. Kramers (eds), Shorter Encyclopaedia of Islam, Leiden & London, 1953.

Gillispie, Charles Coulston (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography, 16 vols., New York, 1970-80.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang Von, Conversation of Goethe with Eckermann and Soret, trans. by John Oxenford, London, 1901.

Gö kalp, Ziya, Ziya Gö kalp kü lliyati’i: Sü rler ve halk masallari, ed. by F. A. Tansel, Ankara, 1952.

---,Turkish Nationalism and Western Civilization: Selected Essays of Ziya Gö kalp, trans. & ed. by Niyazi Berkes, London & New York, 1959.

Goldziher, Ignaz, Muhammadanische Studien, 2 vols., (1889-90), Hildsheim, 1961; trans. by C. R. Barber & S. M. Stern, Muslim Studies, 2 vols., London, vol. I: 1967, vol. II: 1971.

---,The Z«hirâs: Their Doctrine and Their History, trans. by Wolfgang Behn, Leiden, 1971.

Gunn, J. Alexander, The Problem of Time: A Historical and Critical Study, London, 1929.

Gwatkin, H. M. & J. P. Whitney (eds.), The Cambridge Medieval History, 2 vols., London, 1911, 1913.

À«jâ Khalâfah, Mustaf«b. ‘Abd All«h, Kashf al-Zunën ‘an al-As«mi’l-Kutub wa’l-Funën, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1941-43.

al-Hajwâ, Muhammad b. al-Hasan, Al-Fikr al-S«mâfâ T«râkh al-Fiqh al-Isl«mâ, 4 vols., Rabat-Fez-Tunis, 1345-49/1926-31.

Haldane, Viscount Richard Burdon, The Reign of Relativity, London, 1921.

al-Hall«j, Husain b. Mansër, Kit«b al-Taw«sin, Arabic text and Persian version of Baqlâ, ed. by Louis Massignon, Paris, 1913; French translation by L. Massignon in La passion d’al-Àall«j, II, 830-93; Eng. trans. by Aisha Abd Ar-Rahman, Berkeley & London, 1974; also in Gilani Kamran: Ana al-Haqq Reconsidered, Lahore, 1398 A. H., pp. 55-108.

Hamidullah, Dr M. (ed.), Sahifa Hammam-Bin-Munabbih (Arabic text with Urdu trans.), Hyderabad (Deccan), 1956.

Hanâf Nadvâ, Muhammad, ‘Aqliy«t-i Ibn-i Taimâyyah, Lahore, 1981.

Hassan, Riffat, The Sword and the Sceptre (A collection of writings on Iqbal), Lahore, 1977.

Heath, Sir Thomas Little (tr.), The Thirteen Books of Euclid’s Elements, vol. I, Cambridge, 1926.

Heyd, Uriel, Foundations of Turkish Nationalism: The Life and Teachings of Ziya Gö kalp, London, 1950.

Hitti, Philip Khuri, History of the Arabs, London & New York, 1951.

Hocking, William Ernest, The Meaning of God in Human Experience, New Haven, 1955.

Hoernle, R. F. Alfred, Matter, Life, Mind and God (Five Lectures on Contemporary Tendencies of Thought), London, 1923.

Holy Bible, The (Authorised King James Version), London & New York, n.d.

Horten, Max, Die Hauptlehren des Averroes nach seiner Shrift: Die Widerlegung des Gazali, Bonn, 1913.

Hourani, George F. (ed.), Essays on Islamic Philosophy and Science, Albany, 1975.

al-Hujwârâ, ‘Alâb. ‘Uthm«n, Kashf al-Mahjëb (Iran Pakistan Institute of Persian Studies, Publication no. 29), Lahore, 1398/1978; Eng. trans. by R. A. Nicholson, London, 1911.

Ibn AbâZar, Abu’l-Hasan ‘Alâb. ‘Abd All«h, Raud al-Qirt«s (Upsala, 1843); French trans. by A. Beaumier: Histoire des souverains du Magreb . . .’ Paris, 1860.

Ibn al-‘Arabâ, Muhy al-Dân, Fusës al-Hikam, ed. & annotated by Abu’l-’Al«’Afâfâ, 2 vols., Cairo, 1365/1946.

Ibn Hazm, ‘Alâb. Ahmad, Kit«b al-Fisal fi’l-Milal wa’l-Ahw«’ wa’-l-Nihal, 4 vols., Cairo, 1311-1312.

---, Al-Taqrâb li-Hadd al-Mantiq, ed. by Dr Ihsan Abbas (from the only MS 6814, al-Maktabat al-Ahmadâyah, Tunis), Beirut, 1959.

Ibn Jam«’ah, Badr al-Dân, Tahrâr al-Ahk«m fi’l-Tadbâr Ahl al-Isl«m, ed. & trans. into German by Hans Kofler in Islamica, VI (1934), 349-414 and VII (1935), 1-64.

Ibn Khaldën, The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History, trans. by Franz Rosenthal, 3 vols., New York & London, 1958.

Ibn M«jah, Abë’Abd All«h Muhammad b. Yazâd, Sunan, ed. by Muhammad Fu’a`d ‘Abd al-Ba`qi, 2 vols., Cairo, 1952-53.

Ibn Maskawaih, Abu ‘Alâ Ahmad, Al-Fauz al-Asghar, Cairo, 1325 A.H.; Eng. trans. by Khwaja Abdul Hamid in Ibn Maskawaih: A Study of His Al-Fauz al-Asghar, Part I, Lahore, 1946.

Ibn Qutaibah, ‘Abd All«h b. Muslim, Kitab al-Ma‘«rif, ed. by Tharwat ‘Uk«shah, Cairo, 1960 (Urdu trans. by Dr Zia-ul-Haq: Ph. D. Dissertation, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 1950).

---, Kit«b Ta’wâl Mukhtalif al-Hadâth, ed. by Faraj All«h Zaki`al-Kurdi`, et. al., Cairo, 1326 A.H.

Ibn Rushd, Averroes’ Tah«fut al-Tah«fut (The Incoherence of the Incoherence), trans. with Intro. and Notes by Simon van den Bergh, 2 vols., London, 1954.

Ibn Taimâyyah, Kitab al-Radd ‘al«al-ManÇiqiyân, ed. by ‘Abd al-Samad Sharaf al-Di`n al-Kurtubi, Bombay, 1949.

Ikram, S. M., Modern Muslim India and the Birth of Pakistan, Lahore, 1977.

Iqbal As A Thinker (Essays by Eminent Scholars), Lahore, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1944.

Isfr«’âni, Abë Ish«q Ibrahâm, Al-Tabsir fi’l-Din wa Tamâz al-Firqat al-N«jâyah ‘an al-Firaq al-Halikân, Cairo, 1374 A.H.

Isl«hâ, Amân Ahsan, Tadabbar-i-Qur’«n (1967-1980), Fourth reprint, 9 vols., Lahore, 1989.

James, William, Human Immortality (Ingersoll Lecture at Harvard University for 1898), London, 1917.

---, The Principles of Psychology, 2 vols. in 1, New York, 1950.

---, The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature (Gifford Lectures, 1901-1902), London & New York, 1902.

J«mâ, ‘Abd al-Rahm«n, Law«ih (A Treatise on Sufâsm) ed. & trans. by E. H. Whinfield and Mirza M. Kazwini, London, 1906. Rep., Lahore, 1978.

Jung, Carl Gustav, Contribution to Analytical Psychology, trans. by H. G. & Cary F. Baynes, London, 1928.

---, Psychology of the Unconscious, trans. by B. M. Hinkle, London, 1919.

Kahh«lah, ‘Umar Riîa, Mu’jam al-Mu‘allifin: Tar«jim Musannifâ’l-Kutub al-’Arabâyyah, 15 vols. in 8, Damascus, 1957-61.

Kant, Immanuel, Critique of Pure Reason, trans. by N. Kemp Smith, London, 1953.

Khuda Bukhsh, Salahuddin, Politics in Islam (von Kremer’s ‘Staatsidee des Islam’: enlarged and amplified), Lahore, 1948.

al-Khudarâ, Muhammad, T«râkh al-Tashrâ’ al-Isl«mâ, (Cairo, 1926) Urdu trans. by ‘Abd al-Salam Nadvâ: Tarâkh-i Fiqh-i Islami, A’zamgarh, 1346 A.H.

Kirkpatrick, F. (ed.), Lectures on the History of the Nineteenth Century, Cambridge, 1904.

Kohler, W., The Mentality of Apes, trans. by Ella Winter, London, 1924.

Lammens, H., Islam, Beliefs and Institutions, trans. by Sir E. Denison Ross, London, 1929.

Lane, Edward William, An Arabic-English Lexicon, Parts 1-8, 8 vols., ed. by Stanley Lane-poole, New York, 1950-56.

Lewes, George Henry, The Biographical History of Philosophy, London, 1857.

Macdonald, Duncan Black, Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory, New York, 1903; rep. Lahore, 1960.

---, The Religious Attitude and Life in Islam (The Haskell Lectures on Comparative Religion, 1906), Beyrouth, 1965.

McTaggart, John McTaggart Ellis, Nature of Existence, ed. by C. D. Broad, Cambridge, 1927.

---, Philosophical Studies, ed. by S. V. Keeling, London, 1934.

---, Studies in the Hegelian Dialectic, Cambridge, 1922.

Mahmansani, Sobhi (Mahmas«nâ, Subhâ), Falsafat al-Tashrâ’ fi’l-Isl«m (Beirut, 1952); trans. by Farhat J. Ziadeh: The Philosophy of Jurisprudence in Islam, Leiden, 1961; Urdu trans. by M. Ahmad Riîvâ: Falsafah-i Shari‘at- Islam, Lahore, 1981.

Maimonides, Moses, The Guide of the Perlexed, trans. by Shlomo Pines, with introductory essay by Leo Strauss, Chicago, 1963.

al-Marghin«nâ, Burh«n al-Dân, Al-Hidayah: Sharh Bid«yat al-Mubtadâ, 4 vols., Cairo 1326-27 A.H., trans. by Charles Hamilton: The Hedaya or Guide: A Commentary on the Mussulman Laws, 2nd edn., London, 1870; rep. Lahore, 1957.

Margoliouth, David Samuel, The Early Development of Mohammedanism, London, 1914.

---, Mohammed and the Rise of Islam, New York, 1905.

Mas’ëd; Dr Kh«lid, Iqb«l ka Tasawwur-i Ijtih«d, Islamabad, 1985.

Merchant, Muhammad Valibhai, A Book of Quranic Laws, Lahore, 1947.

Metz, Rudolf, A Hundred Years of British Philosophy, trans. from German by J. W. Harvey, et. al., and ed. by J. H. Muirhead, London, 1938.

Monzavi, Ahmad, A Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts, vol. II, Pt. I, Tehran, 1934(S).

Morgan, C. L., Emergent Evolution, London, 1923.

Munk, Salomon, Mé langes de philosophie Juive et arabe, Paris, 1859.

Murphy, Gardner, Historical Introduction to Modern Psychology, London, 1949.

Muslim, Abu’l-Husain b. al-Hajj«j al-Nâs«bërâ, Al-ÂahâÁ, 8 vols., Cairo, 1334 A.H.; Eng. trans. by ‘Abdul Hamâd Siddâqâ: Sahih Muslim, 4 vols., Lahore, 1976-81.

Nadhâr Niy«zâ, Sayyid, Iqb«l ke Huîër, Karachi, 1971.

Nas«’â, Ahmad b. Shu’aib, Sunan, Cairo, 1930.

al-Nashsh«r, ‘Alâ S«mâ, Man«hij al-Bahth ‘inda Mufakkiri’l-Isl«m wa Naqd al-Muslimân lil-Mantiq al-Aristët«lâsâ, Cairo, 1367/1947.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines: Conceptions of Nature and Methods Used for the Study by the Ikhwan al-Safa’, al-Biruni and Ibn Sina, Cambridge (Mass.), 1964.

Naumann, Joseph Friedrick, Briefe Ü ber Religion, Berlin, 1916.

---, Mitteleuropa, trans. by C. M. Meredith: Central Europe, London, 1916.

New Encyclopaedia Britannica, The (Propaedia, Micropaedia and Macropaedia), 30 Vols., Chicago, London, Toronto, etc., 1973, 1985.

Newton, Sir Isaac, The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, trans. by Andrew Motte, 3 vols., London, 1803.

Nicholson, Reynold A., A Literary History of the Arabs, Cambridge, 1953.

Nietsche, Friedrich Wilhelm, The Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, trans. by W. A. Haussmann, et. al., ed. by Oscar Levy, 18 Vols., Edinburgh, 1909-14.

Ouspensky, Peter Demianovich, Tertium Organum: A Key to the Enigmas of the World, (1912), trans. by Nicholas Bessaraboff & Claude Bragdon, London, 1926.

Passamore, John, A Hundred Years of Philosophy, Harmondsworth, 1975.

Rafâ’ al-Dân Hashimâ, Dr. Tas«nâf-i Iqb«l Ka Tahqâqi-o-TauîâÁâ MuÇ«la’ah, Lahore, 1982.

al-Raghib, Abu’l-Q«sim al-Husain, Al-Mufrad«t fi Gharâb al-Qur’«n, Beirut, n.d.

Rahâm Bakhsh Sh«hân, Aur«q-i Gumgashtah, Lahore, 1975.

---, Mementos of Iqbal, Lahore n.d.

Rahm«n, Fazlur, Selected Letters of Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi, Karachi, 1968.

---, Major Themes of the Qur’«n, Minneapolis, 1980.

Raschid, M. Salman, Iqbal’s Concept of God, London, 1981.

R«zâ, Fakhr al-Dân, Al-Mab«hith al-Mashriqâyyah, vol. I, Hyderabad (Deccan), 1343 A.H.

---, Al-Tafsâr al-Kabâr, 8 vols., Cairo, 1307 A.H.

Renan, Ernst, Averroes et l’averroisme: essai historique, Paris, 1882; Urdu trans. by Ma’shë`q Husain: Ibn-i Rushd wa Falsafah-i Ibn-i Rushd, Hyderabad (Deccan), 1347/1929.

Rescher, Nicholas, The Development of Arabic Logic, Pittsburgh, 1964.

Rodwell, J. M. (tr.), The Koran (1861), London, 1948.

Ross, William David, Aristotle, London, 1923.

Rougier, Louis, Philosophy and the New Physics: An Essay on the Relativity Theory and the Theory of Quanta, authorised trans. by Morton Masius, Philadelphia, 1921.

Royce, Josiah, The World and the Individual (Gifford Lectures), 2 vols., London, 1900.

Rëmâ, Maul«n« Jal«l al-Dân, Mathnawâ-i Ma’nawâ, text ed. and trans. and commentary by Reynold A. Nicholson: The Mathnawâof Jal«lu’ddân Rëmâ, 8 vols., London, 1925-40.

Runes, D. D. (ed.), The Dictionary of Philosophy, New York, 1982.

Russell, Bertrand, History of Western Philosophy, London, 1949.

---, Mysticism and Logic, London, 1949.

---, Our Knowledge, of the External World, London, 1949.

Sa‘âd Ahmad Akbar«badâ, Khutab«t-i Iqb«l per ek Naïr, Srinagar, 1983; reprinted, Lahore, 1987.

Sa‘âd b. Ahmad al-Andalusi, ñabaq«t al-Umam, Beirut, n.d.

al-Sa‘âdâ, ‘Abd al-Muta‘«l, Al-Mujaddidën fi’l-Isl«m, Cairo, n.d.

al-Sal«wâ, Ahmad b. Kh«lid al-N«sirâ, Al-Istiqs«’ li Akhb«r Duwal al-Maghrib al-Aqs«, vol. II, al-D«r al-Baid«, 1954.

S«lik, ‘Abd al-Majâd, Dhikr-i Iqb«l, Lahore, 1955.

Salâm Akhtar (ed.), Fikr-i Iqb«l Ke Munawwar Goshay, Lahore, 1973.

al-Sarakhsâ, Shams al-A’immah AbëBakr Muhammad b. Ahmad, UÄël al-Sarakhsâ, Cairo, 1373/1954.

Sarkhwush, Muhammad Afdal (ed.) Kalim«t al-Shu‘ar«’, Lahore, n.d.

Sarton, George, Introduction to the History of Science, 3 vols. in 5, Baltimore, 1927-48.

Sayyid Sulaim«n Nadvâ, Sair-i Afgh«nist«n, Hyderabad (Deccan), 1945.

Schacht, Joseph, The Origins of Muhammedan Jurisprudence, Oxford, 1953.

---, with C. E. Bosworth (eds.), The Legacy of Islam, 2nd edn., Oxford, 1974.

Schilpp, P. A. (ed.), Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, New York, 1951.

Schimmel, Annemarie, Gabriel’s Wing (A Study in to the Religious Ideas of Sir Muhammad Iqbal), Leiden, 1963.

---, Mystical Dimensions of Islam, Chapel Hill, 1975.

Schmö lders, August, Essai sur les Ecoles philosophiques chez les Arabes, et notament sur la doctrine d’Algazzali, Paris, 1842.

Schopenhauer, Arthur, World as Will and Idea, trans. by R. B. Haldane & John Kemp, vol. I, London, 1923.

Servier, Andre, Islam and the Psychology of Musulman, trans. by A. S. Moss-Blandell, London, 1924.

Shabistarâ, Mahmëd, Gulshan-i R«z, ed. and trans. by E. H. Whinfield: Gulshan-i R«z: The Mystic Rose Garden, London, 1880; rep. Lahore, 1978.

Shafâ’â, Abë ‘Abd Allah Muhammad, Islamic Jurisprudence: Sh«fi’âs Ris«la, trans. with intro. and notes by Majid Khadduri, Baltimore, 1961.

al-Shahrast«nâ, Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Karâm, Kit«b al-Milal wa’l-Nihal, ed. by W. Cureton, London, 1846.

Shams al-Haqq, ‘Aun al-Ma’bëd li-Hall-i Mushkil«t Sunan AbëD«wëd, 4 vols., Multan, 1399 A.H.

Sharâf, M. M. (ed.), A History of Muslim Philosophy (with Short Accounts of Other Disciplines and Modern Renaissance in Muslim Lands), 2 vols., Wiesbaden, 1963, 1966.

al-Sh«tibâ, Abë Ish«q Ibr«hâm b. Mës«, Al-Muw«fiq«t fi Usël al-Ahk«m, 4 vols., Cairo, 1341 A.H.

al-Shaukanâ, Muhammad b. ‘Alâ, Irsh«d al-Fuhël, Cairo, 1356 A.H.

Sheikh, M. Saeed, A Dictionary of Muslim Philosophy, Lahore, 1981.

Shiblâ Nu’m«nâ, ‘Ilm al-Kal«m, Agra, n.d.

---, Al-Kal«m, Cawnpore, 1904.

---, Shi’r al-’Ajam, vol. III, ÿzamgarh, 1945.

Shih«b al-Dân Suhrawardâ Maqtël, Kit«b Hikmat al-Isr«q, ed. by Henri Corbin, Tehran, 1952.

Siddâqâ, Dr Abu’l-Laith (ed. and annotator), Malfëz«t-i Iqb«l, Lahore, 1977.

Siddiqâ, Mazheruddân, Concept of Muslim Culture in Iqb«l, Islamabad, 1970.

Siddâq Hasan Kh«n, Muhammad, Husël al-Ma’mël min ‘Ilm al-UÄël, Lucknow, 1298 A.H.

Siddiq, Muhammad, Descriptive Catalogue of Allama Iqbal’s Personal Library, Lahore, 1983.

Smith, Norman Kemp, A Commentary to Kant’s ‘Critique of Pure Reason’, New York, 1923.

Spencer, Herbert, First Principles: A System of Synthetic Philosophy, London, 1911.

Spengler, Oswald, The Decline of the West, trans. by C. E. Atkinson, 2 vols. in one, London, 1954.

Sprenger, Aloys, Das Leben und die Lehre des Mohammed, 3 vols., Berlin, 1861-65.

Steinberg, S. H. (ed.), Cassell’s Encyclopaedia of Literature, vol. I, London, 1953.

Stockl, Albert, Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelaters, vol. II, Bonn, 1865.

al-Suyëtâ, Jal«l al-Dân, Àusn al-Muhadarah fi Akhb«r Misr wa’l-Q«hirah, vol. I, Cairo, 1299 A.H.

Tauq«n, Qadrâ H«fiz, Tur«th al-’Arab al-’Ilmâ, Cairo, 1382/1963.

Thadani, Nanikram Vasanmal, The Garden of the East, Karachi, 1932.

al-Tirmidhâ, Muhammad b. ‘¥s«, Al-J«mi’ al-Sahâh, ed. by Ahmad Muhammad Sh«kir, 3 vols., Cairo, 1356/1937.

Tourneau, R. Le, The Almohad Movement in North Africa in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, Princeton, 1969.

Toynbee, A., A Study of History, Vol. III, London, 1934.

Tsanoff, Radoslav A., The Problem of Immortality: Studies in Personality and Value, London, 1924.

al-ñësâ, Nasâr al-Dân, ‘Al-Ris«lat al-Sh«fiyah an al-Shakk fi’l-Khutët al-Mutaw«ziyah’ in (ñësâ’s) Ras«’il, vol. II, Hyderabad (Deccan), 1359 A.H.

Tyan, Emile, Institutions du droit public musulman, Tome II: Sultanat et califat, Paris, 1956.

Vaihinger, Hans, The Philosophy of ‘As If’, trans. by C. K. Ogden, London, 1924.

Wahâd-ud-Dân, Faqâr Sayyid, Rëzg«r-i Faqâr, Lahore, 1963.

Walâ All«h, Sh«h, Àujjat All«h al-B«lighah, Vol. I, Cairo, 1322 A.H., Urdu trans. by Maul«n«’Abd al-Rahâm, Lahore, 1961.

Whinfield, E. H. (tr.), Masnavi-i Ma‘navi (Spiritual Couplets of Maul«n« Jal«lud-Dân Muhammad Rëmâ: trans. & abridged), London, 1898.

Whitehead, Alfred North, The Concept of Nature, Cambridge, 1920.

---, Religion in the Making (Lowell Lectures in Boston in 1926), New York & Cambridge, 1926.

---, Science and the Modern World (Lowell Lectures in Boston in 1925), New York, 1925.

Wolfson, Harry Austryn, The Philosophy of the Kalam, Cambridge, Mass., 1976.

Yënus Farangâ Mahallâ, Muhammad, Ibn Rushd, A’zamgarh, 1324 A.H.

Z«hid al-Kautharâ, Husn al-Taq«dâfi Sârat al-Im«m Abi Yësuf al-Q«îâ, Cairo, 1948.

al-Zarkashâ, Badr al-Dân Muhammad, b. Bah«dur, Al-Burh«n fi ‘Ulëm al-Qur’«n, ed. by Muhammad Abë ’l-Fadl al-Rahâm, 2 vols., Cairo, 1391/1972.

al-Ziriklâ, Khair al-Dân, Al-A’l«m: Q«mës Tar«jim li-Ashhar al-Rij«l wa’l-Nis«’ min al-’Arab wa’l-Musta’ribân wa’l-Mustashriqân, 10 vols. in 5, Cairo, 1373-78/1954-59; rev. edn., 8 vols., Beirut, 1979.

(B) Articles

Arendonk, C. van, ‘Ibn Hazm’, The Encyclopaedia of Islam (First edition), II, 384-86.

Arnaldez, Roger, & A. Z. Iskander, ‘Ibn Rushd’, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, XII, 1-9.

Arnheim, R., ‘Gestalt’, Encyclopedia of Psychology, II, 58-60.

Barker, Henry, ‘Berkeley’, section: ‘Metaphysics of Immaterialism’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, II, 526b-528b.

Bassett, R., ‘Ibn Tumart’, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, II, 425-27; also Shorter Encyclopaedia of Islam, pp. 152-54.

Bausani, A., ‘Concept of Time in the Religious Philosophy of Muhammad Iqb«l’, Die Welt des Islams, N. S., III (1954), 158-86.

Beare, Mary, ‘Faust’ in S. H. Steinberg (ed.), Cassell’s Encyclopaedia of Literature, I, 217-19.

de Boer, T. J., ‘Atomic Theory (Muhammadan)’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, II, 202b-203b.

Bohr, Niels, ‘Atom’, Encyclopaedia Britannica, II, 642-47.

Broad, C. D., ‘Time’ Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, XII, 334a-345a.

Browne, E. G., ‘Pan– Islamism’ in F. Kirkpatrick (ed.), Lectures on the History of the Nineteenth Century.

Bü tler, R. A., ‘Kit«b al-Taw«sân of al-Àall«j, Journal of the University of Baluchistan, 1/2 (Autumn 1981), 49-117.

Carr, H. Wildon, ‘The Idealistic Interpretation of Einstein’s Theory’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, N. S., XXII (1921-22), 123-27.

Carra de Vaux, B., ‘Averroes, Averroism’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, II, 264-66; ‘Ibn Rushd,’ The Encyclopaedia of Islam, II, 410-13.

D«r, Bashâr Ahmad, ‘Iqbal Aur Mas’alah-i Zam«n-o-Mak«n,’ in Salim Akhtar (ed.) Fikr-i-Iqb«l ke Munawwar Goshay (Lahore, 1977), pp. 141-51.

Deussen, Paul, ‘Atman’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, II, 195b-197b.

Diwald, Susanna, ‘Kit«b al-Qist«s al-Mustaqâm’, Der Islam, XXXVI (1961), 171-74.

Dray, W. H., ‘Spengler, Oswald’, The Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, VII, 527-30.

Dummet, Michael, ‘A Defence of McTaggart’s Proof of the Unreality of Time’, Philosophical Review, LXIX ( 1960), 497-504.

Ehsan Elahie, Rana M. N., ‘Iqbal on the Freedom of Ijtih«d,’ Oriental College Magazine (Allama Iqbal Centenary Number), LIII (1977), 295-330. Contains facsimiles of Allama Iqbal’s recently discovered four letters to Professor Maulavi Muhammad Shafâ’ from 13 March 1924 to 1 May 1924.

Emmet, Dorothy M., ‘Alexander, Samuel’, The Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, I, 69-73.

Forster, E. M., ‘The Secrets of the Self (Asr«r-i-Khudi)’, The Athenaeum (10 December 1920), pp. 803-04; a book review reproduced in Dr Riffat Hasan (ed.), The Sword and the Sceptre, pp. 277-85.

Frank, Philipp, ‘Philosophical Interpretations and Misinterpretations of the Theory of Relativity’, in Herbert Feigel & May Brodbeck (ed.), Readings in the Philosophy of Science, pp. 212-31.

Gilman, Richard C., ‘Hocking, William Ernest’, Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, IV, 46-47.

Goldziher, Ignaz, ‘D«wëd B. ‘Alâ B. Khalf’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, V, 405-06 ‘Ibn Hazm’, ibid., VII, 70-72.

---, ‘Materialien zur Kenntniss der Almohadenbewegung’, Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenlä ndischen Gesellschaft, XLI (1887), 30-140.

Haldane, J.S., ‘Are Physical, Biological and Psychological Categories Irreducible?’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, XVIII (1917-18), 419-36.

Halperin, D.J., ‘The Ibn Sayya`d Traditions and the Legend of al-Dajj«l,’ Journal of the American Oriental Society, XCII/ii (1976), 213-25.

Hanney, A. Howard (ed.), ‘Abstract of the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society for the Fifty-Fourth Session,’ Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, N.S., XXIII (1932-33), 341-43 (contains a brief report about Allama Iqbal’s lecture: ‘Is Religion Possible?’ on 5 December 1932).

Haque, Serajul, ‘Ibn Taimiyya’s Conception of Analogy and Consensus’, Islamic Culture, XVII (1943), 77-87; ‘Ibn Taimiyyah’ in M. M. Sharif (ed.), A History of Muslim Philosophy, II, 796-819.

H«shimâ, Rafâ’al-Dân, ‘All«mah ke Chand Ghair-Mudawwan KhuÇëÇ’, Iqbal Review, XXIII/iv (Jan. 1983), 41-59 (reproduces Allama Iqbal’s letter dated 6 May 1937 addressed to Professor Dr Syed Zafarul Hasan, which indicates that Allama had gathered ‘material’ for his proposed Rhodes Memorial Lectures on ‘Space and Time in Muslim Thought’).

Haydar Ali Dirioz, ‘Tevfik Fikret’, Journal of the Regional Cultural Institute, I/4 (Autumn 1968), 12-15.

Haynie, H. A., ‘Helmholtz, Hermann von’, Encyclopedia of Psychology, II, 103.

Heisenberg, W., ‘Ü ber den anschaulischen Inhalt der quanten theoretischen Kinematik und Mechanik’, Zeitschrift fü r Physik, XLIII (1927), 172-98.

Hopkins, J. F. P., ‘Ibn Tumart’, The Encyclopaedia of Islam (New edition), III, 958-60.

Hourani, G. F., ‘The Dialogue Between Al-Ghazz«li and the Philosophers on the Origin of the World’, The Muslim World, XLVIII/iii and iv (1958), 183-91, 308-14.

Hussain, Riaz, ‘1910 men Dunya-i Isl«m ke H«l«t (‘Political Conditions of the Islamic World in 1910)’, Iqbal Review, XIX/2 (July 1978), 85-90 (focussed on Allama Iqbal’s letter dated 22 August 1910 addressed to the Editor, Paisa Akhb«r - an Urdu daily of Lahore).

Imtiy«z ‘Alâ Kh«n ‘Arshâ, M., ‘Zam«n-o Mak«n kâ Bahth ke Muta’allaq ‘All«mah Iqb«l ka aik Ma’akhadh: ‘Ir«qâya Ashnawâ’, Iqbal Centenary Papers Presented at the International Congress on Allama Mohammad Iqbal (2-8 December 1977), vol. IV (Papers in Urdu), pp. 1-10.

Jacobi, Hermann, ‘Atomic Theory (Indian)’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, II, 199a-202b.

Kazim, M. A., ‘Al-Bârënâ and Trignometry’, Al-Bârënâ Commemoration Volume, pp. 161-70.

Kennedy, E. S., ‘Al-Bârënâ Abë Raih«n’, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, II, 147-68 (bases al-Bârënâ’s ‘theory of function’ on his ‘Treatise on Shadows’).

Koffka, K., ‘Gestalt’, Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences, VI, 642-46.

Kofler, Hans, ‘Handbuch des islamischen Staats und Verwaltungsrechtes von Badr-ad-Din ibn Gama’ah. Herausgegeben, abersetzt und mit Anmerkungen versehen’, Islamics VI (1934), 349-414, VII (1935), 1-64 and Schlü ssheft (1938), 18-129 (Arabic text with German trans. of Ibn Jam«’ah’s Tahrâr al-Ahk«m fi Tadbâr Ahl al-Isl«m).

Kroll, Wilhelm, ‘Atomic Theory (Greek)’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, II, 197a-99a.

Laoust, H, ‘Ibn Taimâyya’, The Encyclopaedia of Islam (New edition), III, 951-55.

McCarthy, R. J., ‘Al-Bakill«nâ,’ The Encyclopaedia of Islam (New edition), I, 958-59.

Macdonald, D.B., ‘Continuous Re-creation and Atomic Time in Moslem Scholastic Theology’, Isis, IX (1927), 326-44; reprinted in The Moslem World, XVIII/i (Jan. 1928), 6-28.

---, ‘Ijtih«d,’ The Encyclopaedia of Islam, II, 448-49; reproduced in the New edition, III, 1026-27.

McTaggert, J. M. E., ‘The Unreality of Time’, Mind, New Series, XVII (October 1908), 457-74.

Margoliouth, D. S., ‘Al-Mahdâ’, Shorter Encyclopaedia of Islam, pp. 310-13.

Marmura, Michael E., ‘Ghaz«lâ’s Attitude to the Secular Sciences and Logic’, in George F. Hourani (ed.), Essays on Islamic Philosophy and Science, pp. 100-11.

---, ‘Soul: Islamic Concepts’, The Encyclopedia of Religion, XIII, 460-65.

Mas‘ëd, Kh«lid, ‘Khutub«ti Iqb«l men Ijtih«d ki Ta’rif: Ijtih«d k« T«râkhâ Pas-i Manzar,’ Fikr-o-Nazar, XV/vii-viii, (Islamabad, Jan., Feb. 1978), 31-53.

Namus, Dr M. S., ‘Ibn al-Haitham: The Greatest Physicist of Islam’, in Hakim Mohammad Said (ed.), Ibn Haitham: Proceedings of the Celebrations of 1000th Anniversary (1-10 Nov. 1969, Karachi), pp. 124-34.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, ‘Shih«b al-Dân Suhrawardâ Maqtël’ in M. M. Sharif (ed.), A History of Muslim Philosophy, I, 372-98.

---, ‘Al-ñësâ Nasâr al-Dân’, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, XIII, 508-14 (also gives an assessment of al-Tu`si`’s work on parallel postulate).

Nunn, T. Percy, ‘The Idealistic Interpretation of Einstein’s Theory’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, New Series, XXII (1921-22), 127-30.

Obermann, J., ‘Political Theology in Early Islam, Hasan al-Basri’s Treatise on Qadar’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, LV (1935), 138-62.

Peyser, C. S., ‘Kohler, Wolfgang (1887-1967),’ Encyclopedia of Psychology, II, 271.

Planck, Wilhelm, ‘Reformation’, An Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. Vergilius Ferm, pp. 640-42.

Poynting, J. Henry, ‘Atomic Theory (Medieval and Modern)’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, II, 203b-210b.

Plessner, M., ‘Al-J«hiz’, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, VII, 63-65 (focusses on Kit«b al-Hayaw«n).

Qureshi, I. H., ‘Historiography’, in M. M. Sharif (ed.), A History of Muslim Philosophy, II, 1195-1219.

Reyburn, ‘Idealism and the Reality of Time’, Mind, October 1913, pp. 493-508.

Reichenbach, Hans, ‘The Philosophical Significance of the Theory of Relativity’, in H. Feigel & M. Brodbeck (eds.), Readings in the Philosophy of Science, pp. 195-211; also in P. A. Schilpp (ed.), Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, pp. 287-311.

Russell, Bertrand, ‘Relativity, Philosophical Consequences’, Encyclopaedia Britannica (1953), XIX, 98d-100a.

Sabra, A. I., ‘Ibn al-Haytham’, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, VI, 189-210. (Also gives an exhaustive bibliography including up-to-date information about MSS of Kit«b al-Man«zir).

Schimmel, A., ‘Some Thoughts About the Future Study of Iqbal’, Iqbal (Iqbal Number), XXIV/4 (October 1977), 1-8.

Sharif, M. M., ‘Influence of Muslim Thought on the West’, Section D: ‘Philosophical Influence from Descartes to Kant’, idem (ed.), A History of Muslim Philosophy, II, 1381-87.

Sheikh, M. Saeed, ‘Allama Iqbal’s Interest in the Sciences’ (Iqbal Memorial Lecture, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 1988), Iqbal Review, XXX/i (April-June 1989), 31-43.

---, ‘Al-Ghazali: Metaphysics’, section D: ‘Attack on the Philosophers’, in M. M. Sharif (ed.) A History of Muslim Philosophy, I, 592-616.

---, ‘Al-Ghazali: Mysticism’, ibid., I, 617-24.

---, ‘Philosophy of Man’ (General Presidential Address, Pakistan Philosophical Congress, 1987), Iqbal Review, XXIX/i; (April-June, 1988), 3-16.

Siddiqi, Dr M. Razi-ud-Din, ‘Iqbal’s Conception of Time and Space’, Iqbal As A Thinker, pp. 1-40.

---, ‘Mathematics and Astronomy’, in M. M. Sharif (ed.), A History of Muslim Philosophy, II, 1277-92.

Smuts, J. C., ‘Holism’, Encyclopaedia Britannica, XI, 640c-644a.

Stern, S. M., ‘Ibn al-Samh’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1956, pp. 31-44.

Syrier, Miya, ‘Ibn Khaldun and Mysticism’, Islamic Culture, XXI/ii, (1947), 264-302.

Taylor, Alfred Edward, ‘Continuity’, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, IV, 89b-98a (inter alia Zeno of Elia’s notion, 91-92 and Cantor’s theory, 96b-98a).

Thomson, W., ‘Kharijitism and the Kharijites’ in R. W. Barstrow (ed.), The Macdonald Presentation Volume, pp. 371-89.

Vernet, Juan, ‘Mathematics, Astronomy, Optics’, in J. Schacht (ed.), The Legacy of Islam, pp. 461-89.

Watt, W. Montgomery, ‘The Political Attitudes of the Mu’tazilah’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1962, pp. 38-54.

Yazd«ni, Dr Khw«jah Hamâd, ‘Ris«lah dar Zam«n-o-Mak«n’, Al-M«‘arif, XVII/7 (Lahore, July 1984), 31-42, 56 (Urdu trans. of Khwaja Muhammad P«rs«’s tractate on space and time based on the unique MS 707, M«j«mâ’ Tal’at, D«r al-Kutub, Cairo).

Zedler, B. H., ‘Averroes and Immortality’, New Scholasticism, 1954, pp. 436-53.


URL of this page:


Forward to a friend | Print
Reshma Hussain



 I want to buy this book "The Reconstruction of ReligiousThoughts in Islam ". Can you help me to get this book. I am fond of Islam and Iqbal, Kindly can you provide me the list of literary works or books and the books of collection on Iqbal's Shairi in Urdu.

I request you to reply me.  

Total Comments: 1
     Compose Your Comments here:
Email (Not to be published)
Strike Through
Left Align
Right Align
Change Text Direction
Ordered List
Unordered List
Decrease Indent
Increase Indent
Font Color
Background Color
Insert Link
Remove Link
Horizontal Rule
Please use the browser Internet Explorer to post your comments.
In case of difficulty, please post your comments to:
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in the articles and comments are the opinions of the authors and not necessarily reflect that of
This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to promote Co-Existence and Dialogue of Religions and Civilisations, and advance understanding of Islam and Democracy, Pluralism, Terrorism, Human Rights, Islamic Laws and Ideology, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. The material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. New Age Islam has no affiliation whatsoever with the originator of these articles nor is New Age Islam endorsed or sponsored by the originator of these articles. For more information go to:
Copyright 2008 - 2009 NewAgeIslam.Com All Rights Reserved.
Site best viewed in 1200 x 900 pixels or higher display resolution.
Editor and Publisher: Sultan Shahin, E-22, Indra Prastha Apts., 114, I. P. Extension, New Delhi – 110092
Phone No. (+91-11) 222 44 868 E-mail:
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Disclaimer | Donate | Submit Articles | Privacy Policy