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Allama Sir Muhammad Iqbal
The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam
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Indian Muslim Ulema Gather In Hyderabad to Introspect: Newageislam.Com Suggests Need to Go beyond Fatwas against Terror and Tackle Deeper Issues That Alienate Muslims


Sultan Shahin, Editor, New Ager Islam

Six thousand Muslim clerics are set to gather in Hyderabad on November 8 to issue the “biggest ever fatwa” against terrorism. Organised by the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind, the country’s largest Islamic body, the meet will have muftis from all states condemning the propaganda that “regards terrorism as synonymous with jihad”. The Jamiat, along with the Dar-ul Uloom Deoband, India’s oldest Islamic seminary, had issued a similar fatwa on May 31, the first of its kind in the country. “The first fatwa was signed by only three muftis. This one will be signed by 6,000 muftis, which means the impact of this will be much larger and deeper,” Jamiat leader Maulana Mahmood Madani told reporters. had welcomed the previous fatwa against terror, asked for introspection and suggested the need for going beyond statements and looking into deeper issues that inhibit Indian Muslims’ full integration into the Indian society.  -- Sultan Shahin, Editor, New Ager Islam


6000 muftis to slap fatwa against terror


New Delhi, Nov. 3: Six thousand Muslim clerics are set to gather in Hyderabad on November 8 to issue the “biggest ever fatwa” against terror. Organised by the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind, the country’s largest Islamic body, the meet will have muftis from all states condemning the propaganda that “regards terrorism as synonymous with jihad”.


The Jamiat, along with the Dar-ul Uloom Deoband, India’s oldest Islamic seminary, had issued a similar fatwa on May 31, the first of its kind in the country.

“The first fatwa was signed by only three muftis. This one will be signed by 6,000 muftis, which means the impact of this will be much larger and deeper,” Jamiat leader Maulana Mahmood Madani said.

The move comes in the wake of arrests of several Muslim youths in connection with a spate of recent blasts.

“We want to tell the whole world that Muslims are much better in India than in any other country despite certain shortcomings. Muslims elsewhere or here should have no confusion about that. This is the message we want to convey,” said Madani. The Jamiat also plans to set up counselling centres in every district for Muslim youths who may “easily get carried away by sinister campaigns”.

Stressing its moderate position, Madani said: “It’s easy to spark hatred. But it will take years to calm it down.”

The November 8 meet will also issue a public declaration demanding a “strict anti-communal violence law”, uniform treatment of riot victims, reservation on the basis of population and implementation of the Ranganatha Mishra commission report that has recommended Scheduled Caste status for Dalit Muslims and Christians. Wary of the alleged “pro-American tilt” of the UPA government, the Jamiat will ask the Centre to come clean on its stand on Palestine and Iraq. “The blatant pro-American position taken by the government of late is being viewed by the community with suspicion. The government will have to make its position clear,” said Madani. Despite the accusation, the meeting should allow the Congress to breathe a sigh of relief. It has been facing flak from almost all leading Muslim groups for “targeting the community in the name of terror”. Some have even equated the Congress with the BJP, saying the parties were “two sides of the same coin”. But the Jamiat said it still had faith in the Congress’s secular credentials. “The Jamiat doesn’t endorse comparing the Congress with the BJP. The Congress, despite its many shortcomings, is considered a secular party by most Muslims,” Madani said.


Can Ulema save Muslims from Radical Islamism?  We urgently need to introspect

By Sultan Shahin

We hope the request has been heeded and the present meet will lead to some genuine introspection. The ulema must come forward with visionary guidance for the Muslim community that will help them deal with their own inadequacies and enable them to lead the country on a path of harmony and prosperity rather than remain a community of whiners and grievance-mongers as our leaders have turned us into. It is this whining and constant grievance mongering and spinning of conspiracy theories that is also leading our youth on the path of terrorism. Let us recognise that and act to stem the tide. Blaming others is easy, but let us choose the difficult path of setting our own house in order and setting an example before the country.


Indian Muslims have shown they stand against terrorism, but do the ulema have the necessary vision to save them from the ever-expanding web of radical Islamism that is spawning terrorism across the country? How can we complain against our intelligence agencies discriminating against us, as the ulema in Deoband did so vociferously, if we support the massive discrimination routinely practiced against Hindus and Christians and Jews in Muslim lands? In the eyes of Islam stopping people from praying in the worship places of their choice is the worst possible crime. How come when we are in a minority we want all the human and religious rights, but the moment we are a majority of even 51 percent in some country, we declare the country to be Islamic where other religions have little right. What in Allah’s name is Islamic about this attitude, asks Sultan Shahin in this widely reproduced and circulated essay.

Can Ulema save Muslims from Radical Islamism?

By Sultan Shahin

Deoband: Nudged by persistent and growing identification of Islam and Muslims with terrorism at the national as well as global levels since September 9, 2001, Indian Muslim clerics of all hues finally came together to pronounce an unequivocal fatwa against terrorism of all kinds. In an event organised by Dau-ul-Uloom, Deoband, 6,000, heads of madrassas from across the country along with the heads of organisations sponsoring their institutions, joined hands despite their sectarian differences to say with one voice that terrorism of all kinds was against the peaceful principles of Islam and to exhort Muslims to stay away from such dastardly activities as in Islam even the killing of just one innocent person amounted to the killing entire humanity.

The sleepy town of Deoband, 140 kms east of Delhi, famous around the world primarily for hosting this premier Muslim religious educational institution, the Darul Uloom, came alive on February 25, with tens of thousands of Muslims, clerics and ordinary souls, streaming in from all over the country, to support the historic anti-terrorism declaration that the Muslim religious community was about to make in a rare display of unity across the otherwise widening sectarian divide. The Deobandis, Bareilwis, Wahhabis, Ahl-e-Hadees, in short the Sunnis of all hues were all there. The Shias had already participated in another get-together organised by Jamia-ul-ulema for the same purpose in Delhi over a year ago at a smaller level.

What exactly they said is important and needs to be quoted at some length before one tries to judge its significance. The Declaration announced: "This All India Anti-Terrorism Conference attended by the representatives of all Muslim schools of thought organised by Rabta Madaris Islamiah Arabia (Islamic Madrasas Association), Darul Uloom Deoband, condemns all kinds of violence and terrorism in the strongest possible terms."

As a prelude to this declaration, the convention stated: "Islam is the religion of mercy for all humanity. It is the fountainhead of eternal peace, tranquillity, security. Islam has given so much importance to human beings that it regards the killing of a single person the killing of entire humanity, without differentiation based on creed and caste. Its teaching of peace encompasses all humanity. Islam has taught its followers to treat all mankind with equality, mercy, tolerance, justice. Islam sternly condemns all kinds of oppression, violence and terrorism. It has regarded oppression, mischief, rioting and murdering among severest sins and crimes."

All schools of thought

More significant than this and indicative of the mood and inspiration of the conference was this exhortation: "Moreover, this All India anti-Terrorism Conference attended by the representatives of all schools of thought appeal to all Muslims to continue, as they always did in the past, their loyalty towards the dear motherland and love and respect towards humanity. It appeals to them to fully understand the present alarming situation, the gravity and intensity of the time, and feel the pulse of the present world so that they might not be employed as tools of evils by anti-Islamic or anti-national forces. It appeals to them to live with dignity and pride being faithful to the country, to keep full trust in their leadership"

Stressing the same point, Maulana Marghoobur Rahman said in his presidential address: "Love of ones land is a part of our faith, and so, we, the members of the madrasahs, disapprove of any attack on our motherland and we will work against any terrorism in the country."

Admirable sentiments indeed! And need of the hour. Statements and exhortations like this have been made in the past, and even by the same people who were present on the dais in the convention. But never before had they come together as representatives and heads of their organisations to say the same things jointly and repeatedly in their speeches that continued throughout the day in front of a gathering of several hundred thousand Muslims who hold them in high esteem. That this would have an impact on the thinking of the entire community goes without saying. Regardless of the ulemas varying and indeterminate levels of scholarship, the vast Muslim masses, many of them illiterate and uneducated, do look up to them for guidance in matters of religious interpretations. That Islam is opposed to killings of innocents is no news to any Muslim, howsoever ignorant, but that he could get involved in terrorist events even by default, just because he was not careful or alert enough, is something he does need to be told and who better to tell him this than the ulema he trusts in matters of faith.

Intelligence reports

Based on intelligence reports, National Security Adviser M K Narayanan has pointed out several times that hundreds of terrorist sleeper cells lie dormant in various parts of the country, presumably deeply buried as ordinary people living in Muslim localities. These or some of these could be activated at any time of their choice by forces inimical to Indias national integrity and jealous of and hostile to our secular practices. It would require a truly alert Muslim community, more than any other section of the country to thwart their ambitions.

Listening to speeches after speeches in the day-long conference, I could not fathom if the ulema fully appreciate the danger Indian Muslims face from the cult of global Jihad that goes in the name of Islam, in fact calls itself true Islam or real Islam and considers those who are not with it as expendable. It cannot be easy for a Muslim to go to a mosque and blow himself up along with scores of other innocent religious-minded and practicing Muslims who had gathered in a mosque for prayers.

If this is happening with sickening regularity in the land that was a part of our own country not too long ago, it would be foolish for us to consider ourselves immune from the fast-spreading contagion. Such events were unimaginable even in Pakistan until the 1980s. In fact it is only in the last decade or so that it has become routine. I recall visiting Islamabad in early 19990s and listening to people there talking about the killing of an Imam of a small local mosque with shock and disbelief. I visited the offices of Sipah-e-Sahaba in Karachi and spent an evening in an atmosphere of pleasant bonhomie with likeable people, without even gathering a hint that soon they were going to become known as remorseless killers. Clearly it doesnt take long for things to change when vested interests start misusing ideology to turn genial people into monsters.

Whether or not the ulema at Deoband and other Indian seminaries realise this, Jihadism is an ideology in its own right. It has nothing to do with Islam, as the ulema pointed out, quoting chapter and verse from the Holy Quran and Sayings of the Prophet (peace be upon him). But it approaches Muslims in the garb of true Islam. It misinterprets the verses of Holy Quran and concocts Hadees (Saying of the Prophet) to prove its point and entice the unwary. A fabricated Hadees may appear ridiculous to the knowledgeable but present that to a gullible, trusting Muslim who loves the Prophet more than his life and it may affect him differently.

Ulema must answer: Is Jihad against India superior or is this a fabricated Hadees?

One Kashmiri Jihadi organisation, for instance, quotes a so-called Hadees, according to which the Prophet called the Jihad against India as more worthwhile (afzal) than any other Jihad. Now anyone who knows anything about Islam, the Prophet, the demands of the times he lived in, or who has read the most highly regarded Bukhari or Muslim compilations of Hadees, in which the Prophet is said to have mentioned India only once in an entirely different context, would immediately dismiss this as ridiculous, but apparently there are some who are not doing so.

There is evidence that some of our youth are beginning to get radicalised under the onslaught of this global Jihadist cult. Let us hope that the ulema are aware of this and their exhortation would have a salutary effect. There clearly is need for more such conferences in different parts of the country. But the ulema will do well to confine themselves to the subject of terrorism and its dangers to the Muslim community and to the need for alerting the Muslim populace to enable them to face the Jihadi onslaught which clearly is going on at a subterranean level. Grievance-mongering, government-bashing, even Sangh-whacking, a favourite pastime of many of our leaders and even ulema, can wait for another occasion.

Saving Muslims from radical Islamism

Major political parties and the media have done well to welcome and applaud Daul Uloom Deobands latest effort to protect Muslims from radical Islams endeavour to wean them away from their traditional moderate stance. Though individual scholars from Deoband as well as other groups that were present there have been saying much the same thing in almost the same words for quite some time, this is the first time that institutions and organisations like Darul Uloom Deoband, Jamiat-ul-Ulema, Jamaat-e-Islami, Ajmer Sharif, Ahl-e-Hadees, etc. have come together to denounce terrorism in very clear terms and call it against the postulates of Islam.

Without detracting from the wisdom and significance of the ulemas (Islamic scholars) latest endeavour, however, I would like to make a few quick points.

While the media, particularly print, and the mainstream political parties have done well to highlight the main message, the ulema themselves did not maintain their focus on the historic and ground-breaking work they were doing. Any one who attended the conference can be excused for thinking that this was no more than a run of the mill conference that Muslims periodically hold to air their grievances against the government of the day and demand fair and equitable treatment. Several ulema managed to fire themselves up with their rhetoric against the discrimination Muslims face from intelligence agencies and security services hardly a suitable tenor for a session that was billed as a seminar and an occasion for introspection and brainstorming.

As a result, at least some of the message got lost and others got distorted. For instance, very few newspapers have reported that the seminaries have now decided to maintain their finances in good order and transparency. They will now be able to tell how much money they are getting, from where and how this is being spent. As private organisations they are not obliged to do so. But they have decided to respond to frequent allegations of financial irregularity and funding from abroad. The ulema get plenty of other opportunities to rail against the government and communal forces of Hindutva. But for several ulema, denouncing terrorism as unislamic was just a necessary chore. They revelled in the opportunity to denounce and challenge those who trouble Muslims and hurt their religious sentiments.

Introspection completely missing!

Introspection was completely missing. While the ulema complained bitterly, for instance, about Talibanism being ascribed to Deobandi teachings and stressed that it was not so, no thought was given to the question as to why was Talibanism considered Deobandi or what could Deoband do in terms of changing its curriculum to distinguish itself from the Pakistani Deobandi schools.

To give a concrete example, the Taliban or Al-Qaeda version of Islam is clearly distorting the theory and practice of Jihad in Islam. Jihad has a much wider significance in Islam, but in the sense of Qital (fighting) that too in defence, it was permitted to Muslims 14 years after the advent of Islam and God explained and gave reasons for this landmark permission in Surah 22 verse 39 in these words: "If God did not check one set of people by means of another there would surely have been pulled down temples, churches, synagogues and mosques in which the name of God is commemorated in abundant measure. God will certainly aid those who aid His (cause)"

In his exegesis, A Yusuf Ali, one of the best known and revered translators and interpreters of the Holy Quran says: This was the first occasion on which fighting in self-defence-was permitted. (22.39) 2817. To allow a righteous people to fight against a ferocious and mischief-loving people was fully justified. But the justification was far greater here, when the little Muslim community was not only fighting for its own existence against the Makkan Quraish, but for the very existence of the Faith in the One True God. It affected not the faith of one peculiar people. The principle involved was that of all worship, Jewish or Christian as well as Muslim, and of all foundations built for pious uses. (22.40)"

It is thus the religious duty of the Muslims to fight to protect the Faith and worship houses of all religions. But while we Indian Muslims are mourning the demolition of one mosque 15 years ago, do we shed any tears, even make a single statement bemoaning the routine destruction of temples in Pakistan and Bangladesh. And this while India is the only major non-Muslim majority country where not only there is no discrimination in our right to build and run tens of thousands of mosques and madrassas but also the Muslims are allowed to run their personal life in accordance with their understanding of their religious laws. Does the fact concern us that Saudi Arabia does not allow the tens of thousands of Christians and Hindus living there the human right to worship in their own churches and temples, even though the Quran asks us to fight on their behalf for that particular right?

Religious duty to protest injustices against minorities in Muslim lands

Have we ever done our religious duty to protest these injustices? No, in fact the one Muslim lady, Taslima Nasreen, who protested in Bangladesh and highlighted the plight of Hindus, has become a hate figure for us. She should have been our hero. She is doing what the religious leaders should have been doing. Instead we love to persecute her. Our political and religious leaders try to beat her physically and we either applaud or keep quiet.

How can we complain against our intelligence agencies discriminating against us, as the ulema in Deoband did so vociferously, if we support the massive discrimination routinely practiced against Hindus and Christians and Jews in Muslim lands? In the eyes of Islam stopping people from praying in the worship places of their choice is the worst possible crime. How come when we are in a minority we want all the human and religious rights, but the moment we are a majority of even 51 percent in some country, we declare the country to be Islamic where other religions have little right. What in Allahs name is Islamic about this attitude?

Our Ulema should be different from Taliban

There are many such questions on which the ulema would do well to deliberate and come up with answers that distinguish them from the Taliban and al-Qaida. If they dont, nothing can stop the world from associating Deoband and other religious seminaries from the terrorist organisations that are spreading murder, mayhem and chaos in the world.

Ulema need to rethink some fundamental questions

Obviously, Ulema need to rethink some fundamental questions guiding Muslim-Hindu relationship. But the question is: Do they have the necessary vision to save Muslims from complete marginalisation?

i dont mind repeating myself in saying that Deoband has certainly made a noble effort to discredit Taliban and al-Qaeda theories and practices that link Islam with terrorist acts. That even Jamaat-e-Islami was a party to the Deoband Declaration agasint Terrorism is particularly heartening. Alongside Syed Qutub of Egypt, the J-e-I founder-ideologue Abul Ala Maudoodi is considered one of the two gurus of present-day Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism. Similarly significant is the presence and approval of Ahl-e-Hadees and other Salafi sects. Barailvi schools that represent the overwhelming majority of Muslims in the sub-continent are in any case more inclusive and broadminded. So the supporting message of the Sajjada Nasheen of Ajmer Sharif was no surprise at all. It was a great sight, watching the ulema (Islamic scholars) of different sects sitting together on the same dais and not denouncing each other as Kafir.

Rethink some very fundamental religious issues

However, this is not enough and by itself it will not provide the Muslims with much relief. The ulema in India have to rethink some very fundamental religious issues that govern Muslims relationship with the majority Hindu community. Take for instance the question of whether Muslims should treat Hindus as Ahl-e-Kitab (People of the Book, i.e. followers of one of the 1,24,000 prophets who came prior to Prophet Mohammad, peace be upon him) or Kafir (deniers of the existence of God). The first Arab Muslim general to deal with Indian Hindus was Mohammad bin Qasim, who is something of a revered figure for many Muslims. When he conquered Sindh the question of Muslim-Hindu relationship arose for the first time. A committee of ulema then decided that Hindus should be treated as Ahle-e-Kitab, as they largely believe in the oneness of God, treat their idols as a way to reaching God rather than gods by themselves and their scriptures have unmistakable passages which are almost identical to the teachings of the Quran. Obviously Hindu avatars have to be treated as Gods messengers who brought the message of God just as other Islamic prophets have, though it could not have been preserved fully due to the antiquity of their period and the lack of facilities in those ancient times.

Why treat Hindus as semi-Ahle-Kitab?

Muslims are asked to have close social relations with all Ahl-e-Kitab. But that did not happen in the case of Hindus despite the religious verdict. Probably an Arab sense of racial superiority completely unislamic by all accounts came in the way. (By the way it is this Arab racism and its confrontation with Persian sense of superiority over Arab Bedouins that is also responsible for the bitter Shia-Sunni divide.) So they developed a system in which while they would make friends with, sit together and dine with Hindus, they would not allow inter-marriages, although Islam allows Muslims to have marital relationship with communities that come under the category of Ahl-e-Kitab, with the life-partners maintaining their separate religious identity, belief and practice. So the ulema have basically devised for Hindus a new category of semi-Ahl-e-Kitab something that has no sanction in the Quran or Hadees. In this they would allow Muslims to maintain close social relations with Hindus but not allow them to go for marital relationship.

And Christians as full Ahl-e-Kitab?

Like the class of ulema itself which has no sanction in Islam, this category of semi-Ahl-e-Kitab is an innovation that has done much damage to the Muslims. The excuse is that Hindus engage in idolatry despite their scriptures calling for non-duality (advaita) or unity of God. But if that is such a major or even relevant issue, how and why do they treat Christians as full Ahl-e-Kitab, though Christians treat Jesus Christ (peace be upon him) as the son of God, which amounts to ascribing physical attributes to God, and actually worship idols of Jesus and Mother Mary.

Not that one has any problem with treating Christians as full Ahl-e-Kitab. As a matter of fact almost all the people in the world are indeed Ahl-e-Kitab. The Holy Quran tell us that many prophets have been sent before Prophet Mohammad to all corners of the world and no prophet was sent without revelations (which are later collected as in the case of Quran as a Book). Arabia was probably the only part of the world where there were people who could be called Kafir as they had not yet been blessed with a Prophet till then and that is why the last Prophet was sent there. So in a religious sense the Muslims should stop calling any community Kafir and start using the word Kafir as Urdu poets do to describe their beloveds.

Many similar fundamental questions that the ulema need to resolve

There are many similar fundamental questions that the ulema need to resolve if they want to lead the community to a peaceful and prosperous life in the country and the world. The holding of this anti-terrorism convention and the presence of such a diverse group shows that the Muslim religious leadership has indeed got the message that the Muslims are quite worried at the drift of events that are alienating them from other communities in India as elsewhere. Deep and sincere introspection and broadmindedness is called for.

Extricate Islam from Arab follies, prejudices and racial supremacism

One of the most important and urgent requirement would be to extricate Islam from Arab follies, prejudices and racial supremacism. We Indian Muslims must realise that we are the inheritors of a glorious 5,000-year old civilisation. There is no reason why we should go by the interpretation of Arab Bedouins and desert tribes who had no history of any intellectual or artistic pursuit beyond writing some romantic poetry. I am not trying to replace Arab racial supremacism with an Indian one. We have no problem accepting the message of God coming to us through any voice box. Prophet Mohammad was an exemplary person the like of which the world has never seen. He was a spiritual master who rose to the position of a Prophet and at the same time a consummate statesman who remains unmatched in history. This is acknowledged by many objective observers of world history from all communities. So we accept the Muslim holy book without any reservation or prejudice.

But why should we also accept as Islamic the way Arabs ran their politics after massacring the entire family of the Prophet is beyond my comprehension. How can we allow ourselves to be guided by the interpretations of a people who accepted Yazid, the killer of the Prophets family as a Khalifa and allowed him to found dynastic politics in Islam whose USP is equality of all souls and no superiority of one person over another on any ground except that of piety. Barring some exceptionally gifted individuals Arabs continue to be mired in pre-Islamic Jahiliya (age of ignorance) despite 1400 years of interaction with Islam. This is not at all to belittle any community or race. But we Muslims tend to forget our glorious heritage. If we need to develop our understanding of core Islamic values like, say, unity of God, where do we go? Of course, to our ancient Islamic scriptures and writings that we Muslims tend to dismiss simply as Hindu religious literature.

The Quran does not elaborate and explain many essential points presumably for the simple reason that it has all been done before and those books are available. If you want to use your intellect, as per the repeated advice of the Quran, to understand wahdaniat, oneness of God, for instance, there would be no better pace to go than what are now known merely as Hindu scriptures, though they are as much our scriptures as theirs. Our history did not begin with Mohammad bin Qasim as the world history did not begin with the advent of Prophet Mohammad, though many Muslims tend to behave as if that were the case. We were a very advanced people much before that. We have been blessed with many prophets before Prophet Mohammad and Islam asks us to give them the same respect as we accord to our beloved Prophet.

While Deoband 2008 gives us hope, one cannot but wonder if the ulema indeed have the necessary vision to lead the community at such a sensitive juncture. We will have to engage in some tough debates and take some hard decisions, if we are to save our community from total marginalisation in the country and the world, at least partly caused by the ulema’s own ill-conceived decisions flouting the spirit of Islam.

Please also see:


Text of the Deoband Declaration

The following is the text of the Deoband Declaration at All India Anti-Terrorism Conference organized by Rabta Madaris Islamiah (Islamic Madrasas Association):

Darul Uloom Deoband, on 17 Safar 1429 H = 25 February 2008 Monday

Chaired by: Hazrat Maulana Marghoobur Rahman Sahib,

Mohtamim Darul Uloom Deoband & President of Islamic Madrasas Association, Darul Uloom Deoband

Islam is the religion of mercy for all humanity. It is the fountainhead of eternal peace, tranquility, security. Islam has given so much importance to human beings that it regards the killing of a single person the of killing the entire humanity, without differentiation based on creed and caste. Its teaching of peace encompasses all humanity. Islam has taught its followers to treat all mankind with equality, mercy, tolerance, justice. Islam sternly condemns all kinds of oppression, violence and terrorism. It has regarded oppression, mischief, rioting and murdering among severest sins and crimes.

This All India Anti-Terrorism Conference attended by the representatives of all Muslim schools of thought organised by Rabta Madaris Islamiah Arabia (Islamic Madrasas Association), Darul Uloom Deoband condemns all kinds of violence and terrorism in the strongest possible terms. The Conference expresses its deep concern and agony on the present global and national alarming conditions in which most of the nations are adopting such an attitude against their citizens especially Muslims to appease the tyrant and colonial master of the West, which cannot be justified in any way. It is a matter of greater concern that the internal and external policies of our country are getting heavily influenced by these forces. Their aggression, barbarism and state-sponsored terrorism not only in Palestine, Iraq and Afghanistan but also in Bosnia and various South American countries have surpassed all the records known to human history. Contrary to it, our great nation has always been known for impartiality and its moral and spiritual values. Now the situation has worsened so far that every Indian Muslim especially those associated with madrasas, who are innocent with good record of characters, are always gripped by the fear that they might be trapped by the administrative machinery anytime. And, today countless number of innocent Muslims are spending their lives behind the bars and are forced to bear many intolerable tortures. And, those spreading terror, attacking police stations, killing the police in broad daylight and showing illegal arms are roaming about freely with no effective and preventive steps being taken by the government to check their acts of terrorism and violence. This partial attitude has put a big question mark on the secular character of the government posing great threats to the country. Therefore, this All India Anti-Terrorism Conference strongly condemns this attitude and expresses its deep concern on this partiality of government officials and declares its continuous joint struggles for domination of law, justice and secular system.

This conference strongly demands the Indian Government to curb those maligning the madrasas and Muslims. The administrative machinery should be demanded to conduct impartial investigations in activities disturbing public peace in the country and to punish only those found guilty. It also demands to free the accused if he is found innocent and punish severely those officials who accused him of crimes of terrorism. No person of any particular community should be suspected without solid reasons. In short, the government agencies must fulfil their duty justly without any prejudice and bias so that real peace and security may prevail in the country.

This All India Anti-Terrorism Conference appeals to all intellectuals, writers and media persons to independently and honestly analyze the national and international affairs and avoid to biased and partial attitudes.

Moreover, this All India anti-Terrorism Conference attended by the representatives of all schools of thought appeal to all Muslims to continue, as they always did in the past, their loyalty towards the dear motherland and love and respect towards humanity. It appeals to them to fully understand the present alarming situation, the gravity and intensity of the time, and feel the pulse of the present world so that they might not be employed as tools of evils by anti-Islamic or anti-national forces. It peals to them to live with dignity and pride being faithful to the country, to keep full trust on their leadership, render full support to Islamic madarsas which are valuable assets of the Muslim Ummah, spend their lives in the country following Islamic Shariah and teachings with full confidence. They should always remember that most important things are Islam and practicing it, and, hence, their prime focus should be on enriching their lives with good deeds and noble manners as, in fact, worldly situations deteriorate because of non-practice of Islamic teachings.

Need for holding state-wise conferences against terrorism.

This meeting of working committee of All India madarsas association feels necessary to hold state-wise conferences as it held this grand conference in view of the existing situations. The present situation of the country demands the joint and constant efforts being made to denounce terrorism, biased and discriminatory attitudes of the government against the Muslim community. It needs such conferences to be held in the major places of all the states. This meeting appeals to Darul Uloom Deoband to act as a leader in this direction.

Issued by: Central office, Islamic Madrasas Association

Please also see:


Other reports and interview with Maulana Mahmood madani

Muslim clerics to gather for brainstorming in Hyderabad

Nov 6th, 2008 | By Sindh Today

New Delhi, Nov 6 (IANS) From the shootout in Delhi’s Jamia Nagar to Palestine, thousands of Muslim clerics will discuss an entire gamut of issues facing the community at a two-day conference over the weekend in Hyderabad.

Many participants Thursday boarded a special train, Sheikh-Ul-Hind express, also known as the train for national integration and peace, from the Uttar Pradesh town of Deoband for Hyderabad to attend the Ijlaas-e-aam (congregation of all) on Saturday and Sunday.

The meeting, to be attended by representatives of all prominent Muslim organisations, has been called by the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind.

“It is in line with the tradition of the Jamiat that this call has been given to discuss the issues related to the community. Prominent among them are terrorism and profiling of Muslims done in the name of terrorism,’ said Qari Usman of the 150-year-old Darul Uloom seminary in Deoband.

Other issues that will be discussed are the implementation of the Sachar Committee report (which dealt with the social, economic and educational status of Muslims), the Ranganathan Mishra committee report (which recommended reservation for Muslims in education and employment) and some international issues like Palestine and Iraq, he added.

The Sep 19 shootout in Jamia Nagar — in which two suspected terrorists that police said were behind the Delhi serial blasts were killed along with a police officer — and the demand for a judicial probe could also be included in the resolutions adopted at the two-day meet.

Conferences like these are the best way to attract the attention of the government towards the problems of the community, said Mujtaba Farooq, general secretary of the Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. India is home to the third largest Muslim population after Indonesia and Pakistan.

This would put the pressure on the ‘government to take necessary steps to address the issues’.

There have been similar congregations held recently.

On Oct 14, the Shahi Imam, or chief cleric, of the Jama Masjid in Delhi called an all India meeting in the wake of the Jamia Nagar incident.

In May, about 15,000 Muslims from across the country gathered at Delhi’s Ramlila grounds to take a pledge to fight terrorism.

Before that, in February, a major congregation of Muslim clerics was held by the Darul Uloom seminary in Deoband, where a fatwa condemning terrorism was issued.

‘Deoband has a history of being a nationalist seminary. This can be judged from the fact that its first graduate Maulana Mahmood Hasan established a government in exile in Kabul with Raja Mahender Pratap during India’s struggle for independence. The (special) train is to send the message of peace as well from the community,’ said Qari Usman.


Jamiat demands riot Act

KV Ramana

Thursday, November 06, 2008 02:46 IST

Islamic body wants Centre to deal sternly with those indulging in rioting

The Jamiat-Ulama-i-Hind is concerned over continuing communal violence across the country and is all set to demand a separate Act to deal with those indulging in communal riots. The Jamiat's national conference in Hyderabad, on November 8 and 9, will take up such issues apart from those related to the community, Jamiat-Ulama-i-Hind leader and Rajya Sabha MP Maulana Mehmood Madni told KV Ramana. Excerpts:

The Jamiat has been talking about national integration for quite some time. What does it want?
Communal violence is the key issue for us as there are forces that are trying to divide the country. People are being beaten up, driven away and burnt. This is of concern.

Can you be specific?
We are seeing people trying to terrorise whole communities on the basis of region they come from, be it Bihar, Bengal, North or South India. Issues like Maratha and non-Maratha are coming up. The government should deal with this situation firmly and there is a need for a comprehensive Act to punish such people who indulge in communal violence. 

You mean Raj Thackeray should be booked under terror Acts ?
No. I am not naming anyone. But, they should be dealt with firmly. Though people like you say that terrorism has no religion, don’t you think the accused are always identified with a religion? Our stand is clear. There are some insane people who indulge in some acts and they should not be linked to any religion. Hindus are peace-loving and so are Muslims. Ideologically they can never become supporters of any terrorist act. The insane should not be seen as belonging to any religion.

What about the cross-border terrorism?
It’s the government’s duty to deal with cross-border terrorism. If it is not doing its duty, it’s their failure. Terrorism is one subject that can be dealt only through a holistic approach. Every stakeholder should be involved in the process. 

alking about national integration, do you see some threat to the fabric now?
Yes. Some people are trying to disturb it.

What are the issues that form your agenda for Jamiat’s conference in Hyderabad on November 8 & 9?
There are many. Focus will be on national integration, communal harmony and on opposing terrorism. There will be a public meeting as part of the conference on the last day (Nov 9). Shri Shri Ravi Shankar will be the chief guest and Swami Agnivesh is attending. We have invited prominent leaders from all communities to address the congregation on the issue of national integration and challenge of terrorism and communalism. Leaders of other Muslim organisations such as Jama’at-e-Islami Hind and All India Muslim Personal Law Board have assured their participation. We are also running a special train, Shaikhul Hind National Integration and Peace Express, from Deoband to Hyderabad. 

What are you expecting from the conference?
This platform would help integrate the people of the country. After holding discussion with various organisations and eminent people, we will design a declaration.




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Jamsheed Basha, Chennai, India


How many of the Muslims and Hindu organisations believed when I first raised the issue of possible emergence of Hindu terrorism as an answer to Islamic jihad? Not many were willing to buy that story. But it is true. Do you think that the militant among the Hindus would ever keep quite when the Muslims youth, though misguided, were on rampage with their series of bombing in city after city? It was not to be. There was a growing disenchantment and anger among the Hindus particularly the militant organisations like VHP and Bajrang Dal, known militant faces of the Safron Brigade, against serial bombing and killing of he innocent people.

The world woke up to know that it was true when Sadhavi was first arrested for her alleged role in the Melagoan blast. The ATS of Mumbai police looked into this angle when six prayer going Muslims were killed when they were about to break their Ramazan fast in Melagoan. This town and Modasa was chosen by the militants because it was largely inhabited by Muslims. The blasts were shrouded in mystry as earlier there were blasts in Delhi at the same time. The attention was easily diverted to Indian Mujahideen, who were until then carrying out the blasts and two of their accomplices were killed in Batla House encounter near New Delhi. The suspicion grew, when more people were arrested including a Hindu Lt. Colonel and possibilities of other military personnel involved has not been altogether ruled out.

Hindu terror has finally arrived openly for the first time.  The arrest and subsequent interrogation of Sadhvi Pragya Singh, an Army officer and others for their alleged involvement in the Malegaon blasts of 2008 indicate the growing involvement of rightwing Hindu activists in terror acts.

While the concept of 'Hindu terror acts' was relatively new, the fact remains that the first signs of Hindu terror came to the fore as way back as 2006, when a bomb went off while bombs  were being  assembled in a Hindu activist's house in Nanded, Maharashtra. But the  police refused to look into this angle for they had no inlink to it and according to them they were not in their radar. The matter was hushed up. Had they taken notice of it and made arrests as they did now, the subsequent blasts would have been averted.

During a narco-analysis test carried on those arrested in that incident, confessed and threw more light on how some Hindus decided to execute terror strikes, their modus operandi and the source of funding. Two of the accused have spelt out in detail the reason for them taking the terror path, and investigating officers say the causes were very similar to the one being attached to the recent Malegaon blasts.

Manoharrao Pande, one of the accused in the case, said they were trained in handling explosive devices. He also said one of the persons, Himanshu Pande, who died while assembling the explosives, was a master at it. He said all terror attacks that occurred in the Marathwada region, including in Jalna, Purnea and Parbhani, were planned by Himanshu.

The explosives, he said, were stored in a gym and the same was brought by Himanshu from Pune. Like Muslim terrorists were receiving funds from Saudis,
some Hindu groups mobilised funds from locals. Pande said they had collected Rs 45,000 for making bombs and a minor part of this amount came from the money earned by the gym. He also mentioned that some right wing Hindu outfits and local political leaders supported them.

Another accused in the same case, Bhanurao Vithalrao Choudhary, during his narco-analysis test spelt out the motive behind carrying out terror strikes in the country. He said the bomb that exploded by accident in Nanded was actually meant to target a mosque at Aurangabad the next day. He, too, mentioned Himanshu, saying the latter was the one who told them they needed to fight Muslim terror.

Choudhary said Himanshu was perturbed by the fact that underworld don Dawood Ibrahim  had got away unpunished and hence revenge had to be exacted. According to Himanshu, Dawood was responsible for the Gateway of India blast in 2003 which killed many. Sanjay said the motive behind the attacks that were planned by them was to safeguard Hindutva by targeting the Muslim population in the country.

Aleem Faizee, social activist working for the Malegaon blast victims, said during investigation the police recovered a map depicting the Aurangabad mosque. Worse, the cops also found fake beards and Muslim outfits. The intention was to plant bombs under the guise of a Muslim to mislead investigators into believing that the bombs were planted by Muslims.

Interestingly, the statements given by some of the accused arrested in connection with the recent Delhi  blasts mentions that their leader, Riyaz Bhatkal, had told them the blasts were being undertaken only to avenge the Mecca Masjid blasts which, he believed, were undertaken by some Hindu outfits to shift the blame on Muslims.

According to Faizee the recent developments in the Malegaon case and the revelations by the two accused raised a doubt regarding the perpetrators behind various other blasts that rocked the country. It is now clear that there was considerable scope for the rise of Hindu terrorism as an answer to Muslim terrorism. All along police has been suspecting the hand of Muslim youth in each and every blast as they were quick to make some arrests hours after the blast. This in fact emboldened the Hindu activists, as they felt that they can carry out any attack without being caught or noticed by the public/police since the entire blame would go to Indian Mujahideen. The greatest mistake done by the police was to look the other way when two of the Hindu activists were killed while they were assembling bombs in a house in Nandad, Maharastra. When pressed, the police argued that the Hindus activists were not in their radar for the present. Now the whole or majority of the blasts in Ahmedabad and subsequent recovery of unexploded bombs in large numbers in Surat and elsewhere point to the involvement of Hindu activists. There is every possibility of greater conspiracy against Muslims, taking advantage of the so called Indian Mujahideen owning responsibilities one after another. According to Faizee, the blasts that need to be probed are: Parbhani blasts of November 21, 2003.Jalna blasts of August 27, 2004. Jama Masjid blast in Delhi on April 14, 2006,  Mecca Masjid blast, May 18, 2007, Ajmer blasts, October 11, 2007.  Modasa blast,  September 29, 2008. Malegaon blast, September 8, 2008.An impartial investigation into some of the earlier blasts would reveal that there were other players than Muslims involved in these blasts.

Muslims writers, politicians, writers and journalists of repute have been counselling the Muslims about the danger associated with the youth of their community being involved in the serial blasts. These writers have been quoting extensively from the Holy Quran and hadits that Islam does not teaches voilence and that voilence begets violence. True it was but the recent revelation of Hindus involvement and the Hindu outfits working in tandem would put all these writers on the back foot as they now have to eat back their words. Here I am not trying to justify or support the dastardly acts of violence carried out recently. It was horrifying experience and the killing and mouning of the innocent does not in any way justified whatsoever may be the reason and cause. Since, the mood and involvement of the Hindu activists have been made now after the arrests of Sadhvi, it is now upto the Muslims intellegentsia to press for inter-religious dialogue so that such recurrance of violence or blasts could be averted. Mere condemnation of terror or issue of a joint fatwa would not help but an action to dissuade youth from joining the radical organisations that was responsible for misguiding the youth of the Muslim community. The local vigilant committee in each and every Mohalla mosque is necessary to drive away these jamats from preaching such radical views. It is the duty cast upon each and every Muslim parent to see that their youth are given modern education, whether boys or girls and they are dissuaded from joining such radical groups. Charity begins at home indeed.

Aamir Mughal


Dear Sir,

For kind perusal,

Terrorism: Theirs and Ours By Eqbal Ahmad

(A Presentation at the University of Colorado, Boulder, October 12, 1998)

In the 1930s and 1940s, the Jewish underground in Palestine was described as “TERRORIST.”  Then new things happened. By 1942, the Holocaust was occurring, and a certain liberal sympathy with the Jewish people had built up in the Western world. At that point, the terrorists of Palestine, who were Zionists, suddenly started to be described, by 1944-45, as “freedom fighters.” At least two Israeli Prime Ministers, including Menachem Begin, have actually, you can find in the books and posters with their pictures, saying “Terrorists, Reward This Much.” The highest reward I have noted so far was 100,000 British pounds on the head of Menachem Begin, the terrorist


Islam and Politics

Religion in Politics [Dawn, 31 January 1999]

Profile of the Religious Right [Dawn, 7 March 1999]

Book Review: Kanan Makiya, Cruelty and Silence:War, Tyranny, Uprising, and the Arab World [The Nation, 9 August 1993]

Islam and Politics [The Islamic Impact, eds. Y. Haddad, B. Haines and E. Findly, Syracuse University Press, 1984]



Hindu Terrorism / No one speaks about it ----  2,50,000 Muslims killed in kashmir mostly young innocent men. Killed inside  their homes / on the roads / in army camps / in indian jails .

Govt records show only 35000 dead.

Thousands of people Missing , no where abouts  .. Govt is tight lipped ..  Imunity to Army & police for killing Kashmiri Muslims.   No cases filed, Thousands of Displaced kashmiri people for fear of being killed & economic Crush reasons caused by the Indian arms & the politicians.  

A sense of fear is among every kashmiri who lives there.

One retaliation from a muslim is terrorism. & if a generation of innocent people is wiped by the govt it is accepted world wide & in this largest democracy as a Love towards Muslims. & muslims like Shahin sahib give a full lecture on  terrorism. Every rebellion has been considered terrorism .

Why are muslims joining terrorism in India--

Take a look since 1947 --Roits against muslims which shows ultimate hate & barbarism & after that no action from the Govt & the law enforcing agencies against the roiters, but after the roits arresting & torturing  thousands of muslim youth for stone pelting who try to save themselves & their families from the roiters. with no security people are bound to take actions which they deem fit can protect them.

Hasan Iqbal

Except for the likes of Osama Bin Laden and his supporters; and people like Dr.Zakir Naik who endorse his ideology with statements like "Every Muslim should be a terrorist" and  "If Osama is terrorising America I am with him",  Muslims by and large the world over have always condemned terrorism in all its forms, be it the torturing and killing of his own people by Saddam Hussein and the use of chemical weapons against the Kurds or the killing of innocent Iraqis at the hands of the American troops now in Iraq.

Terrorism is different from Jihad. Islam has been the one of the biggest victims of terrorism in the form of Yazid 1400 years back, when he fought against and killed Imam Husain, the beloved grandson of Prohet Muhammad (SAW), in the battle of Karbala. The difference between Jihad and Terrorism is the same as that between the ideologies of Imam Husain and Yazid respectively.

It's nice for Muslims to get together and issue a fatwa against terrorism. It's however not enough. Inorder to send a clear signal to the world community, Muslims need to explicitly oppose and disassociate themselves from all those practicing, preaching and promoting the radical Islamic ideology of the Osamas and the Naiks of this age, we live in. Only then will we be taken seriously. Fatwas and statements alone will not suffice.

Aamir Mughal

Dear Sultan Sahab,

How about starting a thread/discussion on this????????

The Rajinder Sachar Committee finds that the Muslim community in India is deprived and neglected, and makes far-reaching recommendations. MUKHTAR KHAN/AP

Poor Muslims of India & Rajinder Sachar Report - 1

Poor Muslims of India & Rajinder Sachar Report - 2

JUSTICE RAJINDER SACHAR, who headed the committee.


Rajindar Sachar was the Chief Justice of High Court of Delhi

Sach kahte hain Sachar [Right said Sachar]

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