A Realistic Collective Strategy for both Pakistan and India to Prevent Terrorism
By Maj Gen Kulwant Singh, Dr John Hagelin and Dr David Leffler
"[AJK President] Raja Zulqarnain Khan said that India should desist from its negative approach of blame games against Pakistan. He said both Pakistan and India should immediately adopt a collective strategy to root out and combat the menace of terrorism." -- "AJK President urges India to be realistic,"
Pakistan Observer 15 December 2008
"India has to have positive counter-terrorism methods so that we can end terrorism once for all. If evil minds combine, good minds have to cooperate and combat them." -- Former President APJ Abdul Kalam,
Press Trust of India 2 December 2008
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." -- Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)
The attack by gunmen on Mumbai’s landmarks and hotels shows that the armed forces of India, despite their advanced technologies and valiant efforts, are still struggling to eliminate violent extremism and cannot guarantee peace for the nation. Pakistan's military is in the same situation. For instance, over 50 people were killed in September when a truck bomb exploded, gutting the Marriott hotel in Islamabad.
Clearly, a new counter-terrorism strategy is badly needed in both countries.
Violent extremism is a human problem requiring human solutions. The underlying cause of extremist social violence is accumulated social stress. Therefore, to protect their nations effectively, the armed forces of both India and Pakistan need first to reduce the collective societal stress in their nations.
A new technology of defence now exists that can accomplish this goal. It is based upon the latest discoveries in the fields of physics, neuroscience, and physiology. Ultimately, it is based on the discovery of the unified field of all the laws of nature -- the most fundamental and powerful level of nature’s dynamics. Extensive research has confirmed its effectiveness. This new technology is easily applied, highly cost-effective, and can prevent disruption and attack from within the country or outside the country.
This approach is known today as the Invincible Defence Technology (IDT). It has its roots in ancient technologies of consciousness, revived in modern times by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi as a non-religious approach to peace. These technologies of consciousness directly access and harness the unified field on the deepest level of human experience -- pure consciousness itself. Extensive scientific research indicates that this approach reduces collective societal stress, eliminates extremism and thereby snuffs out war and terrorism. Over the past three decades it has been quietly and successfully used by members of many faiths to defuse and eliminate conflict.
The approach involves the creation of large groups of peace-creating experts practicing Invincible Defence Technology together. A Prevention Wing of the Military consisting of approximately 2% to 3% of the military of each country could easily achieve this goal. These special units in both countries would be trained in the technologies of consciousness revived by Maharishi -- the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi programs -- and would practice these techniques in large groups, twice a day.
Extensive research shows that the size of the group needed to reduce social stress in a given population should exceed the square root of 1% of the population size. India would there need to train approximately 3,350 soldiers and Pakistan approximately 1,288 soldiers as IDT experts.
Studies show that when the required threshold of IDT experts is crossed, crime rates go down in the affected population, quality of life indices go up, and terrorism and war abate. Scientists refer to this phenomenon as the Maharishi Effect in honour of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, who first predicted it. As an example of this effect, in 1993 a two-month Maharishi Effect intervention was implemented in Washington, DC, the capital city of the US. Predictions of specific drops in crime and other indices were lodged in advance with government leaders and newspapers. An independent Project Review Board approved the research protocol. The findings showed that crime fell 24 percent below expected levels when the group size reached its maximum. Temperature, weekend effects, and previous trends in the data failed to account for these changes. The study was published in Social Indicators Research (1999, vol. 47, 153-201).
Over 50 studies have shown that IDT works. The causal mechanism has been postulated to be a field effect of consciousness -- a spill-over effect on the level of the unified field from the peace-creating group into the larger population. On this basis, a study in the Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality (2005, vol. 17, #1, pp. 339-373) additionally offers a proposed explanation of causality in biological terms. Research conducted on the powerful neurotransmitter serotonin shows that it produces feelings of contentment, happiness and even euphoria. Low levels of serotonin, according to research, correlate with violence, aggression, and poor emotional moods. The IDT study showed that higher numbers of IDT experts correlated with a marked increase in serotonin production among other community members. These results were statistically significant and followed the attendance figures in the IDT group. This finding offers a plausible neurophysiologic mechanism to explain reduced hostility and aggression in society at large.
The Maharishi Effect has also been documented on a worldwide scale in a study published in the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation (2003, vol. 36, #1-4, 283-302) using data provided by the Rand Corporation. When large assemblies of IDT experts exceeded the Maharishi Effect threshold for the world during the years 1983-1985, terrorism decreased globally 72%, international conflict decreased 33%, and violence within nations was reduced without intrusion by other governments.
In the 1990s, the military in Mozambique used IDT to end its civil war. Today, The Netherlands, Bolivia, Colombia, Trinidad and Tobago, and Peru have enough practitioners of IDT to create the Maharishi Effect. The United States of America is close to achieving the requisite number of IDT experts through its Invincible America Assembly in Fairfield, Iowa. And a group large enough to have a global effect is planned for India. But these are all civilian groups, and most require financial support.
Since the militaries of Pakistan and India are funded by their governments and their personnel are paid to perform their duties and protect their nations, IDT groups in both militaries would not be subject to fluctuations of donors, jobs, student graduations, and optional activities. They would be permanent peace-creating groups for their nations.
The armed forces of Pakistan and India are responsible for protecting their respective countries, and are obligated to thoroughly examine realistic, scientifically proven methods for ending war and terrorism. IDT is such a method. Therefore, we feel it is the duty of the militaries of India and Pakistan to each create a Prevention Wing of the Military and make their nations truly invincible. It is the most realistic collective strategy for their good minds to cooperate and to root out and combat the menace of terrorism.
About the Authors:
Maj Gen (Retd) Kulwant Singh, UYSM, PhD leads an international group of generals and defence experts that advocates Invincible Defence Technology.
John Hagelin, PhD is the Director of the Institute of Science, Technology and Public Policy (ISTPP), an organization in the United States that advocates prevention-oriented technologies. He is a Harvard-trained quantum physicist who won the prestigious Kilby Award, and appeared in the feature films The Secret and What the Bleep Do We Know?
David Leffler, PhD, a United States Air Force veteran, is the Executive Director of the Centre for Advanced Military Science (CAMS) at ISTPP. <www.StrongMilitary.org
A proven enlightened counter-measure
26/10/2008 11:45:00 AM GMT
The Department of Defence is obligated to examine realistic methods for ending war and terrorism.
By Dr. David Leffler
Attention: Secretary Gates
"Enlightened counter-measures we take today will bolster the internal strength of vulnerable states so they will not harbour violent networks seeking to launch the next attack," DoD Secretary Gates said during a speech at the U.S. Institute of Peace. Gates is right. However, rather than start from scratch during these dangerous times a proven scientifically validated counter-measure is needed.
Despite its advanced technology and valiant efforts, the DoD and its allies struggle to eliminate violent extremism. Violent extremism is a human problem requiring human solutions. The underlying cause of extremist social violence is accumulated social stress.
Therefore, to eliminate such social problems, the DoD and its allies need to reduce collective societal stress.
Extensive scientific research indicates that the best way to reduce collective societal stress, eliminate extremism and thereby snuff out war and terrorism, is to adopt an ancient strategy. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi has revived the ancient Vedic technology of Invincible Defence Technology (IDT) in a non-religious manner. It has been quietly and successfully used by members of many faiths to eliminate conflict in the past.
Prevention Wings of the Military consisting of 3% of the military could ideally achieve this goal. These special units would be trained in the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi programs. They would practice them in large groups, twice a day in the vulnerable states.
Extensive research shows that the group size needed to reduce social stress depends on population size. It needs to be at least the square root of 1% of the population.
To calculate this number, multiply the population size by 0.01, and then take the square root of this number. For instance, the U.S. population is approximately 305 million. 305,200,000 x 0.01 = 3,052,000. The square root of 3,052,000 is approximately 1,747, so a group of at least 1,747 IDT experts is needed. The group size needed globally is currently about 8,126. Studies show that when these thresholds are crossed, the "Maharishi Effect" (ME) takes place.
Crime goes down, quality of life indices go up, war and terrorism abate. For instance, an ME intervention was studied in the U.S. capital in 1993. Predictions were lodged in advance with government leaders and newspapers. An independent Project Review Board approved the research protocol. Crime fell 23 percent below the predicted level when the group size reached its maximum. Temperature, weekend effects, or previous trends in the data failed to account for changes. Social Indicators Research published the results.
Over 50 studies have shown that IDT works. The causal mechanism for IDT is not completely understood. However, a Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality study offers a proposed explanation of causality of IDT in biological terms. Research conducted on the powerful neurotransmitter serotonin shows that it produces feelings of contentment, happiness and even euphoria. Low levels of serotonin, according to research, correlate with violence, aggression, and poor emotional moods.
The IDT study showed that higher numbers of IDT experts correlated with other community members having a marked increase in serotonin production. These results were statistically significant and followed the attendance figures. This offers a plausible neurophysiologic mechanism to explain reduced hostility and aggression in society at large.
The ME has also been documented world-wide in a study published in the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation using data provided by the Rand Corporation. When large assemblies of IDT experts exceeded the ME threshold for the world during the years 1983-1985, deaths due to terrorism globally decreased 72%, international conflict decreased 33%, and violence was reduced in other nations without intrusion by other governments.
The military in Mozambique used IDT to end its civil war in the 1990s. Today, Holland, Bolivia, Colombia, Trinidad, and Peru have enough practitioners of the TM-Sidhi program to create the ME. The U.S. is close to achieving the requisite number of IDT experts through the Invincible America Assembly in Fairfield, IA. And India is working on a global project. These are all civilian groups. The pilot project in Mozambique dissolved after the UN broke up the military as part of the civil war treaty.
High school students, who will graduate and move on, make up the bulk of the practitioners in Colombia. Limited economic opportunities in Iowa have hindered the development of the U.S. group. Long term civilian groups may not be reliable.
The DoD is responsible for protecting the U.S., and is obligated to thoroughly examine realistic, scientifically-proven methods for ending war and terrorism.
Since the DoD is funded and its personnel are paid to perform their duties, it is not subject to the fluctuations of donors, jobs, graduations, and optional activities. Military members are paid to protect the nation. Ultimately, it is the DoD's duty to build a Prevention Wing of the Military.
A paradigm shift is taking place in the U.S. military. According to the 2007 strategy announced by the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard: "We believe that preventing wars is as important as winning wars." This is the biggest revision of naval strategy in 25 years, focusing more on humanitarian missions and improving international cooperation. From the Army side, COL Brian Rees authored an IDT research paper entitled "The Applications of Strategic Stress Management [SSM] in Winning the Peace."
The U.S. Army War College paper concluded "SSM has demonstrated efficacy when addressing the nefarious activities of criminals and terrorists, as well as the legal violence of combatants." COL Rees has given presentations to the Proteus Management Group at the Army War College and Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S. about how IDT could prevent the collective stress responsible for war and terrorism.
-- Dr. David Leffler, an eight-year US Air Force veteran, is now the Executive Director at the Centre for Advanced Military Science (CAMS), www.StrongMilitary.org, an organization that advocates prevention-oriented technologies in the military.
AJK President urges India to be realistic
Mirpur—AJK President Raja Zulqarnain Khan has said that whenever Kashmir issue becomes the focus of the global attention, India weaves a new story to highjack the world support for the early peaceful resolution of the lingering Kashmir conflict.
“India shall have to adopt a realistic approach to resolve the issues including Kashmir dispute instead of creating issues for the sake of emergence of peace in true perspective in the region”, the President said while talking to various public representative delegations here Monday.
Raja Zulqarnain Khan asked India to refrain from framing baseless allegations against Pakistan. He urged New Delhi to bring about positive change in its behaviour towards Islamabad to establish cordial relations and collective strategy for combating terrorism besides focusing to resolve all long standing issues including Kashmir.
Raja Zulqarnain Khan said that India should desist from its negative approach of blame games against Pakistan. He said both Pakistan and India should immediately adopt a collective strategy to root out and combat the menace of terrorism.
The AJK President said that the positive role of Pakistan in the war against terrorism was exceptionally important and it was always acknowledged by the international community including U.S-like super powers. The President strongly condemned the multiple blasts in Indian Mumbai city describing it the most cowardly act of terrorism. He said that Pakistan herself was the only country on the globe who was suffering the terrorism of worst nature. He said that India should accept the ground realities and should focus for redressing its internal crises caused by continued community tension and unrest in that country. He said blame game should be avoided from since the leveling of blames during last 61 years have bore no fruit.
The AJK President said that a stringent joint strategy should be adopted to eliminate the terrorists and their activities since terrorism was the global issue and Pakistan was performing the front-line role to fight against terrorism and so far our country has suffered a massive loss of men and material in the war against terrorism, he added.
India, Raja Zulqarnain said, had always been dagger drawn to resort to a greater harm to Pakistan. He said New Delhi was indulging in an abortive attempt to mislead the world community by imposing baseless allegations against Pakistan without any strong evidence to divert the attention of the world community of the urgency of the early peaceful resolution of Kashmir conflict. He said that the world support for resolution of Kashmir issue was not being digested by India and to divert the world attention. The New Delhi has started going through mean tactics by launching a negative propaganda campaign against Pakistan.
Referring to the ongoing phased sham elections drama in occupied Kashmir, the AJK President said that by boycotting the socalled elections people of occupied Jammu & Kashmir have once against proved that they only want the plebiscite in the light of United Nations resolutions and not the elections to decide about their destiny.
Referring to the continued aggressive Indian posture, Raja Zulqarnain Khan said that 1. 50 crore people of Jammu & Kashmir living either side of the line of control and rest of the world and the top peaks of Kashmir are all enough to make the defence of inch-after-inch of Pakistan in case of any aggression to its frontiers since they are the invincible defence of the country, he added.
Very nice.......I'm sure it will help many people.....job without office
The editorials above are based on Appendix C of the 254-page US government-sponsored report "55 Trends Now Shaping the Future of Terrorism." See: http://www.carlisle.army.mil/proteus/docs/55-terror.pdf .
If readers require more background information about Invincible Defence Technology (IDT), they can read an online version of this Appendix with hyperlinks referencing the sources, including US Army War College papers about IDT. http://www.DavidLeffler.com/terrorism-trends.html
Because the Appendix was published in a US government report, its contents are in the public domain and cannot be copyrighted. For this reason, everyone is free to reprint it or the editorials published above.
The following academic papers may also be useful:
Colonel Brian M. Rees (2 May 2007). "The Application of Strategic Stress Management in Winning the Peace." US Army War College Program Research Paper,
Available online at:http://www.InvincibleMilitary.org/rees/Col_Rees_Masters_Paper.htm
Dr. David R. Leffler (in press; abstract appears in Session 6, p. 44 of the conference proceedings). A New Role for the Military: Preventing Enemies from Arising—Reviving an Ancient Approach to Peace. In the proceedings of the "International Sociological Association Research Committee 01 Seoul National University & Korea Military Academy International Conference on Armed Forces & Conflict Resolution in a Globalized World." July 14 - 17, 2008, Seoul, Korea. Also presented at KIDA, the Korea Institute of Defense Analyses. Available online at: http://www.DavidLeffler.com/preventing-enemies.html
I also recently spoke about IDT at the "5th Annual Countering IEDs - Assessing the IED [Improvised Explosive Devices] Threat and its Evolution on the Battlefield and in the Homeland" conference on at the Westin in the Washington, DC, City Center. See: http://www.marcusevans.com/html/speaker.asp?eventID=14427&SectorID=33&pageID=1
The title of my talk was “Invincible Defense Technology (IDT) as a Means to Prevent the Implementation of IEDs.”
Lastly, other publications related to India such as Defence India, Defence Talk, India Defence, India Defence Consultants, Frontier India Strategic & Defence, IndianArmedForces.com, Indian Strategic Review, Security and Political Risk Analysis (SAPRA) Bulletin, and The Tribune have also published articles on this topic. Links to these articles are available at: http://www.DavidLeffler.com/worldwide.html#India
David R. Leffler, Ph.D.Executive DirectorCenter for Advanced Military Science (CAMS)http://www.StrongMilitary.org