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Islam and Pluralism ( 25 Jun 2014, NewAgeIslam.Com)

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Have We Muslims Forgotten the Pious Promise Made by Prophet Muhammad to Christians?



By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi, New Age Islam

26 June 2014

Muslims killing Christians in all Muslim-majority countries of the world seems to have become the norm. The latest in the series is the news of Al-Shabab killing 48 Christians in a Kenyan village as they watched the World Cup. But this is happening everywhere and in all sorts of circumstances. In Muslim-majority countries where radical Muslims are not killing Christians, they are banning use of the pre-Islamic word Allah for them, as if it has now become their monopoly.

Those who see these dangerous radicals merely as a law and order problem should explain the rationale behind the mindless act of violence and wanton killing by the terror goons who went door to door asking residents if they were Muslim or spoke Somali - and shot them dead if their answer was 'no'. Nothing could be more appalling and ideologically lethal than the brutal incident of human killing inspired by an obnoxious religious zeal. One could gauge the gravity of this ideological fanaticism by what a mourning Christian woman, Anne Gathigi, a victim of the incident was quoted as saying: “They came to our house at around 8pm and asked us in Swahili whether we were Muslims. My husband told them we were Christians and they shot him in the head and chest.”

So, the fanatics choked them to death simply because they were Christians. Clearly, being a Christian is tantamount to deserving death in their radical view and brainwashed mind. Even Muslims who didn’t subscribe to their view and could not speak Somali were left dead. There is no room at all for co-existence with other religions or even other Islamic sects in the Wahabi-Takfiri narrative of Islam.

I am particularly more distressed with their brazen violation and distortion of the true Islamic behaviour with Christians as epitomised by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). I wonder what category of hell the Prophet pbuh would have suggested for the Al-Shabab killers of Christians, had he been a witness to their atrocities today. Obviously, the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) who is reported to have said that "anyone who kills a non-Muslim citizen will not smell the fragrance of paradise" (Nasai) must have taken an uncompromising stand against today’s self-styled Jihadists, warning them with devastating punishment in hell.  Speaking generally about all non-Muslims living in an Islamic country, the Prophet said: "He who hurts a dhimmi (non-Muslim citizen of Muslim state) hurts me and he who hurts me annoys Allah." (Reported by Imam Tabrani) The Prophet also declared: "Whoever hurts a non-Muslim, I am his adversary, and I shall be an adversary to him on the Day of Rising." (Reported by Al Khateeb). Another Hadith report quotes him as having said, "On the Day of Resurrection I shall dispute with anyone who oppresses a person from among the non-Muslims, or infringes on his right, or puts a responsibility on him which is beyond his capacity or takes something from him against his will." (Reported by Abu Dawood)

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who repeatedly and clearly ensured the protection of the rights of the People of the Book (Jews and Christians) as well as other Ahl al-Zimmah (non-Muslim citizens of Islamic state) was particularly more concerned about the Christian citizens of his state. During his lifetime, in Arabia, Christians were protected even against foreign invading enemies.

Once, a delegation from St. Catherine’s Monastery came to the Prophet (pbuh) requesting his protection. He granted them a charter of rights, which went down in the Islamic history as a glorious example of protection of human rights and respect for religious minorities. We Muslims today seem to have completely forgotten the pious promise that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) made to the Christians of his time. Let’s us recall that and make a firm commitment to spread it far and wide:  

"This is a message from Muhammad ibn Abdullah, as a covenant to those who adopt Christianity, near and far, we are with them. Verily I, the servants, the helpers, and my followers defend them, because Christians are my citizens; and by Allah! I hold out against anything that displeases them. No compulsion is to be on them. Neither are their judges to be removed from their jobs nor their monks from their monasteries. No one is to destroy a house of their religion, to damage it, or to carry anything from it to the Muslims' houses. Should anyone take any of these, he would spoil God's covenant and disobey His Prophet. Verily, they are my allies and have my secure charter against all that they hate. No one is to force them to travel or to oblige them to fight. The Muslims are to fight for them. If a female Christian is married to a Muslim, it is not to take place without her approval. She is not to be prevented from visiting her church to pray. Their churches are to be respected. They are neither to be prevented from repairing them nor the sacredness of their covenants. No one of Muslims is to disobey the covenant till the Last Day." (Source:

Going by the above declaration by the Prophet, the recent targeted attack on Christians in Kenya should be strongly denounced as completely and brazenly anti-Islamic. It is high time Muslim leaders across the world openly decry these vicious anti-Islamic and inhuman acts and ensure that such grave violations of Islam are not repeated anywhere. Muslim countries should impose strict and exemplary punishments on those who do not honour the rights of non-Muslims to life, freedom and religion. Any individual or group who indulges in such a heinous crime should be seen as the biggest enemy of Islam and humanity, and particularly if they ironically do so in the name of Islam. How long will we remain silent onlookers at the brazen violation of the peaceful and pluralistic Prophetic messages in the Muslim countries by the extremists peddling hatred, inciting violence and intolerance? It is time we take cognizance of this sorry state of affairs and do something uncompromising. Because if we didn’t, we will see more and more modern Muslim minds confused, radicalised and brainwashed into ideologies of hatred. We must give up hoping that they will develop moderate understanding of Islam by themselves delving deeper into its literature, because neither they have time to do it, nor the Islamic literature is interpreted in way that can help them out.

The only solution is to keep them abreast of the peaceful and pluralistic messages of Islam. We have to tell them, repeatedly and clearly, that Islam calls for co-existence rather than clash of civilisations or mutual demonization of faiths. Plainly, we need to indoctrinate them into believing that coexistence is the very basis of Islam with its deep roots in the Prophetic teachings and traditions. The more tolerant a Muslim is towards others, the more pious and pure he is in his faith and creed. Conforming to the spirit of this universal message of the Prophet (pbuh), Muslims need to relook at their attitudes towards non-Muslim brethren with open mind and heart.

Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background. He has graduated from a leading Islamic seminary of India, Jamia Amjadia Rizvia (Mau, U.P.), acquired Diploma in Qur'anic Arabic from Al-Jamiat ul Islamia, Faizabad, U.P., and Certificate in Uloom ul Hadith from Al-Azhar Institute of Islamic Studies, Badaun, U.P. He has also graduated in Arabic (Hons.) and is pursuing his M. A. in Comparative Religion from Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.



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  1. Dear Faheem Qadri ,Thank you very much, indeed, for you spirited comment. I particularly endorse your views expressed in these words: what is more alarming is that the government in these Muslim majority countries where acts of heinous crime and wanton killings are indiscriminately happening is not serious to take the bulls by the horns.the only cut and dried solution to this problem is to wipe the jihadis out from the surface for good.
    By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi 28/06/2014 00:23:37
  2. having read this beautiful article it seems that Islam is the most peace-loving and pluralistic religion in the world with its radical and fanatic followers unfortunately .i wonder what kind of Islam these bloody self-styled jihadis want to establish where no space for coexistence, humanity, peace and respect for other religions exists.what is more alarming is that the government in these Muslim majority countries where acts of heinous crime and wanton killings are indiscriminately happening is not serious to take the bulls by the horns.the only cut and dried solution to this problem is to wipe the jihadis out from the surface for good.i am saying this because the pain i feel when Islam is questioned and harshly criticized by my classmates others is indescribable.for mainstream Muslims, it has again become a big challenge to defend Islam and themselves, not to speak of spreading it. 
    By Faheem Qadri 27/06/2014 10:01:02
  3. "Live and let live," must be our universal motto.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin 26/06/2014 14:23:24
  4. may be the prophet had a soft corner for christians on account of his uncle being a staunch christian to his last, but still very protective of the prophet. if i am not mistaken, the prophet's first wife also was a convert from christianity.

    on the other hand he is supposed to have ordered the jews to be driven out of the peninsula. that makes it rather tricky, because if one has to follow sunnah, one has refuse to accommodate the jews.
    By hats off! 26/06/2014 06:08:48
  5. What a fantastic article and what a way of writing! I think we should continue to keep on spreading Islamic teachings that are for peace, coexistence, love, moral, spiritual and ethical development. No matter how many enemies of Islam come to be barriers in our way. (May God Almighty give you a long life to serve society and save you from all devils)
    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث 26/06/2014 04:53:14