Books and Documents

Islam and Pluralism (17 Nov 2008 NewAgeIslam.Com)



By DR. Z. HAQ 

  There Never Was A People Without A Warner (Prophet)

Qur'an 35:24

Verily we have sent thee (Muhammad) in truth as a bearer of glad tidings and as a warner: And there never were a people without a warner having lived among them (in the past).

Qur'an 16:36 for we assuredly sent amongst every People an apostle (with the Command) "Serve Allah and eschew Evil": Of the people were some whom Allah guided and some on whom Error became inevitably (established). So travel through the earth and see what was the end of those who denied (the Truth).


Qur'an 4:164 And Messengers (Prophets who received revealed books) We have mentioned unto thee (Muhammad) before And Messengers We have not mentioned unto thee; And Allah spoke directly unto Moses. These verses of the Holy Qur’an testify that Allah (the One True God) has sent prophets to every people. Therefore, it is not surprising to Muslims to find prophecies about the Last Prophet, Muhammad (s), in previously revealed scriptures. Moreover, Allah had taken covenant with the Prophets to believe and help future Prophets of Allah, as indicated by the verse quoted below.


                                   Allah's Covenant with Prophets

Qur'an 3:81-82

Behold! Allah took the covenant of the Prophets saying:

"I give you a Book and Wisdom; then comes to you an Apostle confirming what is with you; do ye believe him and render him help."

Allah said: "Do ye agree and take this My Covenant as binding on you?"

They said: "We agree." He said: "Then bear witness and I am with you among the witnesses." If any turn back after this they are perverted transgressors.

                      A Brief Introduction to Hindu Scriptures

The Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and Brahmanas Granth are the four sacred books in Hindu religion. The last one is a commentary on the Vedas, but it is considered as a revealed book. These books are in Sanskrit, the sacred language of the Hindus. The Vedas are divided into four books: Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sam Veda and Atharva Veda. Of these, the first three books are considered the more ancient books, and the Rig Veda is the oldest of them. The Rig Veda was compiled in three long and different periods. Opinions greatly differ as to the date of compilation or revelation of the four Vedas. Swami Daya Nand, founder of the Arya Samaj, holds the opinion that the Vedas were revealed 1.3 billion years ago, while others (Hindu scholars and orientalists) hold the opinion that they are not more than four thousand years old. Analysis of the Vedas reveal differences in the accounts of the places where these books were revealed and the Rishis (Prophets) to whom these scriptures were given. Nevertheless, the Vedas are the most authentic scriptures of the Hindus.

The Upanishads are considered next to the Vedas in order of superiority and authenticity. However, some Pandits consider the Upanishads to be superior to the Vedas primarily from the internal evidence found in the Upanishads. Next in authenticity to the Upanishads are the Puranas. The Puranas are the most widely read of all Hindu Scriptures, as these are easily available (the Vedas are difficult to find). The compiler of the Puranas is Maha Rishi Vyasa, and he arranged the Puranas in eighteen volumes. These books contain the history of the creation of the universe, the history of the early Aryan people, and life stories of the divines and deities of the Hindus. The Puranas were either revealed simultaneously with the Vedas or some time before. The sanctity and reverence of the Puranas is admitted and recognized in all the authentic books of the Hindus.

For a long time, the Hindu Scriptures were primarily in the hands of Pandits and a small group of men who had learned Sanskrit (The majority of the Hindu population knew Hindi and could comprehend only a smattering of Sanskrit words). Sir William Jones, who was a Judge and founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal, learned Sanskrit in the last decade of the Eighteenth century. He was instrumental in generating interest in Sanskrit and Hindu Scriptures in Europe, and it was due to his efforts that the Hindu scriptures were translated into English.

In 1935, Dr. Pran Nath published an article in the Times of India that showed that the Rig Veda contains events of the Babylonian and Egyptian kings and their wars. Further, he showed that one-fifth of the Rig Veda is derived from the Babylonian Scriptures. From a Muslim perspective, it is likely that the Hindus were given a revealed book or books that contained description and struggles of Allah’s Prophets sent previously to other peoples. It is also possible that commentaries written about them were incorporated later and became a part of the revealed books.

There are a number of examples of these in Hindu scriptures. The Atharva Veda is also known as ‘Brahma Veda’ or in its meaning as the Devine Knowledge. An Analysis of the Vedas reveal that ‘Brahma’ is actually Abraham, where the initial letter A in Abraham is moved to the end making it Brahma. This analysis is accurate when one writes the two words in Arabic script, a language close to that spoken by Prophet Abraham. Similarly, Abraham’s first wife Sarah is mentioned in the Vedas as Saraswati, and Prophet Nuh (Noah of The Flood) is mentioned as Manuh or Manu. Some Pundits consider Atharva Veda as the Book of Abraham. Prophets Ismail (Ishmael) and Ishaq (Isaac) are named Atharva and Angira, respectively, in the Vedas.

Table 1





Manu, Manuh




                                            Background to Prophecies

It is well known that the Hindus love hero worship, and it is reasonable to assume that over a long period of time the high regard and reverence for some Prophets led to some of them considered as god or God. Further, it is likely that the Book of Abraham and those of other Prophets contained prophecies about the Last Prophet, Muhammad (s). Muslim historians of India hold the opinion that the graves of Prophets Sheesh and Ayyub (Job) are in Ayodhya, in the province of Uttar Pradesh, India. In ancient times, Ayodhya was known as Khosla according to Shatpath Brahmanas.

Some Pundits have now begun to reject the Puranas simply because they find in them many prophecies and vivid signs of the truth of Prophet Muhammad. A case has been made that the present Puranas are not the same collection that Vedas refer to and the real books were lost. Nevertheless, this contention is not correct. It is impossible that all the Puranas which were so widely read and keenly studied, could have fallen in oblivion and totally wiped out, whereas the Vedas, which only a few could read and understand, remained intact until now.

Another argument against the prophecies is that these were added to the Puranas at a later date. Nevertheless, this argument is also without a basis. Such a well-known book, in vast circulation and read at appointed times in prayers, cannot be easily tampered with. Moreover, all the Pandits and the learned divines of the Hindus could not have conspired and secretly added these prophecies to the Puranas. The strangest thing is that the corruption is made in favor of the Prophet and against their own religion.

All major books of the Hindus prophesy about Prophet Mohammad. In addition to many of his qualities, his life events, Abraham, Ka'bah, Bakkah (Makkah) and Arabia, the prophecies mention his name as Mahamad, Mamah, and Ahmad. The name Mahamad appears in the Puranas, Mamah in Kuntap Sukt (in Atharva Veda) and Ahmad in Sama Veda. Many different classifications as to the degree of importance of the Vedas have been made. For example, in Shatpath it is stated that Sama Veda is the essence of all the Vedas. At another place in Taitttriya Brahmana, it is stated that “This world was created from Brahma, the Vaishas were created from the mantras of the Rig Veda, the Kashtriyas were created from Yajur Veda and Brahmans were created from Sama Veda.”

Prophecy In The Puranas

The compiler of the Puranas, Mahrishi Vyasa, is highly honoured among the Hindus as a great rishi and learned person. He was a pious and God fearing man. He also wrote the Gita and the Maha Bharat. Among the eighteen volumes of the Puranas is one by the title ‘Bhavishya Puran,’ literally meaning future events. The Hindus regard it as the Word of God. The prophecy containing Prophet Muhammad by name is found in Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3, Verse 5.

Before the English translation is presented, a note on the word Malechha that appears in the first part of verse 5 is in order. The word Malechha means a man belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language. This word is now used to degrade people meaning unclean or even worse. Its usage varies and depends on who is using it and for whom. Sir William Jones had great difficulty in recruiting a Pundit to teach him Sanskrit because he was considered unclean (Malechha). It was only after the direct intervention of Maharaja (King) Shiv Chandra that Pundit Ram Lochna agreed to teach him Sanskrit.

It is not known when this word began to be used in the derogatory sense, whether before the advent of Prophet Muhammad (s), after the conversion of Hindu King Chakrawati Farmas (of Malabar, located on the southwest coast of India) to Islam during the lifetime of the Prophet, soon after the arrival of Muslims in India (711 CE) or sometime later. Mahrishi Vyasa, the compiler of the Puranas, has defined a wise Malechha as “a man of good actions, sharp intellect, spiritual eminence, and showing reverence to the deity (God).

Many Sanskrit words have borrowed from Arabic and Hebrew with a slight change as was shown in the examples of Brahma, Saraswati and Manu, and as indicated in Table 2 below. It appears that this word is derived from the Hebrew word Ma-Hekha ( ), which means thy brethren (e.g., And he (Ishmael) shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. Genesis 16:12; i.e., Ismaelites are the brethren of the Israelites). In the context of Biblical scriptures this word meant a descendant of Prophet Ismail (Ishmael), and it is well known that Muhammad (s) is a descendant of Prophet Ismail through his second son Kedar. Those who can read Arabic Script can easily see that a mistake in separating Ma from Hekha will produce a single word ‘Malhekha,’ and when adapted in another tongue like Sanskrit might sound like Malechha.


    The Sanskrit text and translation of Verse 5 of Bhavishya Puran, Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3 are given below. (The boxed area in the Sanskrit text identifies the word Mahamad or Mohammad). 

A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad...

The translation of Verses 5-27 (Sanskrit text of the Puranas, Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3) is presented below from the work of Dr. Vidyarthi.

“A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad. Raja (Bhoj) after giving this Mahadev Arab (of angelic disposition) a bath in the 'Panchgavya' and the Ganges water, (i.e. purging him of all sins) offered him the presents of his sincere devotion and showing him all reverence said, 'I make obeisance to thee.' 'O Ye! the pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia, Ye have collected a great force to kill the Devil and you yourself have been protected from the malechha opponents (idol worshipers, pagans).' ‘O Ye! the image of the Most Pious God the biggest Lord, I am a slave to thee, take me as one lying on thy feet.'

“The Malechhas have spoiled the well-known land of the Arabs. Arya Dharma is not to be found in that country. Before also there appeared a misguided fiend whom I had killed [note: e.g., Abraha Al-Ashram, the Abyssinian viceroy of Yemen, who attacked Mecca]; he has now again appeared being sent by a powerful enemy. To show these enemies the right path and to give them guidance the well-known Mahamad (Mohammad), who has been given by me the epithet of Brahma is busy in bringing the Pishachas to the right path. O Raja! You need not go to the land of the foolish Pishachas, you will be purified through my kindness even where you are. At night, he of the angelic disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise of a Pishacha said to Raja Bhoj, "O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been made to prevail over all religions, but according to the commandments of ‘Ashwar Parmatma (God, Supreme Spirit), I shall enforce the strong creed of the meat-eaters. My follower will be a man circumcised, without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a revolution, announcing call for prayer and will be eating all lawful things. He will eat all sorts of animals except swine. They will not seek purification from the holy shrubs, but will be purified through warfare. Because of their fighting the irreligious nations, they will be known as Musalmans (Muslims). I shall be the originator of this religion of the meat-eating nation."

                               More Prophecies In Hindu Scriptures

The Vedas contain many prophecies about Prophet Muhammad. Some European and Hindu translators of the Vedas have removed the name referring to the Prophet, while others have tried to explain away the mantras (verses) on his life events, Ka’bah, Makkah, Medinah, Arabia, and other events using the terminology of the Hindus, such as purification rituals, and lands and rivers in India. Some mantras containing prophecies are inter-mixed with explanatory phrases, and it may be that these were commentaries and explanatory notes on the prophecies, which later became a part of the prophecy.

Several prophecies are found in Atharva Veda: (1) XX: 21, Mantras 6, 7, and 9, (2) XX: 137, Mantras 7 through 9, and (3) X: 2, Mantras 26, 27, 29, 30, and 32. Similarly, in Rig Veda, additional prophecies are found in: (1) VII: 96, Mantras 13 through 16, and (2) I: 53, Mantras 6 and 9. Finally, a prophecy is found in Sama Veda III: 10, Mantra 1. These are a sample of many prophecies. The serious reader may want to refer to scholarly work of Dr. A.H. Vidyarthi, entitled “Mohammad in World Scriptures,” 1990. This book explains the Hindu terminology used in the Mantras and the meaning and usage of certain words and phrases from within the Vedas and other Hindu Scriptures.

 No Compulsion In Religion

Qur'an 2:256
There is no compulsion in religion.
The right direction is henceforth distinct from error.

And he who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm handhold which will never break.
Allah is Hearer, Knower.

Allah: Allah is the proper name of the One True God, creator and sustainer of the universe, who does not have a partner or associate, and He did not beget nor was He begotten. The word Allah is used by the Arab Christians and Jews for The God (Eloh-im in Hebrew; 'Allaha' in Aramaic, the mother tongue of Jesus). The word Allah does not have a plural or gender.

pbuh: Peace Be Upon Him. This expression is used for all Prophets of Allah. Abbreviations derived from Arabic words are (s) and (as).

ra: Radiallahu Anhu (May Allah be pleased with him).

1. Abdul Haq Vidyarthi, "Muhammad in World Scriptures," Adam Publishers, 1990. (includes chapters on Zoroastrian and Hindu Scriptures)
2. A.H.Vidyarthi and U. Ali, "Muhammad in Parsi, Hindu & Buddhist Scriptures," IB.

 (Copyright 1990, 1997, All Rights Reserved)

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/prophet-muhammad-in-hindu-scriptures---/d/991


  • Dear all Readers

    My aim was never to hurt anyone's feelings or break any one's heart, but i felt there should be all types of answers to the comments posted by the editor , including mine. I have not taken any serious note about the comments against me. If my words hurt anyone's feelings or break any one's heart, i am sorry for that & take all my comments back except those where i say that Quran is relevant till eternity. not because of the fear of being procecuted by any human, but because of the fear of Allah, i dont want to bring his anger upon me by hurting someone's feelings or breaking their heart. I might be right or wrong about my ideas , but i must not write degraded comments about any person or any country as all of this is the creation of Allah. I say sorry to all the readers for hurting their sentiments, and from now onwards will not write any comments on this site.

    Sorry again to ever one & Goodbe 

    By Fayaz -

  • RE:I am a bit confused. The verses of the Noble Quran have clearly stated about Allah having sent warner to all people. But then, the Prophet of  Islam (blessings and peace be on Him) has as far as I know talked about and recognised as the People with Scriptures - only Christians & Jews & the fire but not certainly Hindus! [Habib]

    Dear Habib Sahab,

    After the conquest of Sindh, Muhammad Bin Qasim wrote a letter to Hajjaj Bin Yousuf narrating that the local population of Sindh didn't want to fight and want to live in peace but they are not people of scripture like Jews and Christian. Hajjaj Bin Yousuf replied accept the Jizya from them and give them safety and peace and allow them to worship in Temples and allow them to worship Idols. Treat them like Fire Worshippers of Persia who were given Safety and Security after the collection of Jizya

    [Reference: Mu'jam al-Buldan by al-Bilazari , Chachnama by by Muhammad Ali bin Hamid bin Abu Bakr Kufi]

    Hindus and other nations can also be People of Scripture [though we dont know about their Revealed Scripture for sure] because Allah says

    ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????????

    [YUNUS (JONAH) Chapter 10 - Verse 47]

    Interpretation fo the meaning:

    And for every nation there is a messenger. And when their messenger cometh (on the Day of Judgment) it will be judged between them fairly, and they will not be wronged.

    ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????

    [FATIR (THE ANGELS, ORIGNATOR) Chapter 35 - Verse 24]

    Interpretation of the meaning:

    Lo! We have sent thee with the Truth, a bearer of glad tidings and a warner; and there is not a nation but a warner hath passed among them.

    ???????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????????????

    [AN-NAHL (THE BEE) Chapter 16 - Verse 36]

    Interpretation of the meaning:

    And verily We have raised in every nation a messenger, (proclaiming) : Serve Allah and shun false gods. Then some of them (there were) whom Allah guided, and some of them (there were) upon whom error had just hold. Do but travel in the land and see the nature of the consequence for the deniers!

    This article might answer your question!

    Politicisation of Cow by Mubarak Ali

    [PhD (on Mughal Period, India) from Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany]

    D.N. Jha, Professor of History, at Delhi University wrote a book on the attitude of beef eating in early India and proved on the basis of religious and historical evidence that the early Indians slaughtered cow on religious occasion and consumed beef. Sacredness of cow evolved with the passage of time as a result of its utility in an agricultural society whereupon people started to venerate it and attached a religious sanctity to it. The book created such an uproar against the author that the government provided a guard to protect him.

    The issue of cow slaughter appeared as a religious issue the Saltanat period when the Muslims, who were beefeaters, slaughtered cow for their consumption in their daily life as well as on festival occasions. As political power was in their hand, there was little protest against this practice. However during the rule of Muhammad Tughluq (1325-1351), Ibn Battuta, the North African traveler, who visited India reports about a communal clash on cow slaughter in which the enraged Hindu mob sewed those who were involved in slaughter and burnt them alive. When Babur(1526-1530) conquered India and, in spite of his short rule, realized the importance and sacredness of cow in the Indian society, instructed his son Humayun in his testament that: ”It is incumbent that religious bigotries should be wiped off the table of heart, and justice meted out to each religion according to its own tenets. Specially, abstain from sacrifice of cow as this would tend to win the
    hearts of the people of Hindustan.”

    Akbar (1556-1605), following his liberal religious policy not only exempted the Hindus from Jizya but also prohibited slaughter of cow in order not to injure religious feelings of his subject. However, those elements that opposed Akbar’s religious policy of toleration made attempt to assert the Muslim domination by violating Hindu beliefs. Ahmad Sirhindi was one of them. Opposing Akbar and his reforms he declared that sacrifice of cow in India was an important pillar of Shariat and the Muslim were obliged to perform it. In this way he wanted to assert the Muslim domination over the Hindus by intervening religion into politics. Though the majority of Muslim remained aloof from his exhortation but his teachings influenced minority of extremists who continued their efforts to put it in practice.

    Though Jahangir(1605- 1627) followed his father’s liberal policy but in one case he tried to appease the feelings of orthodox elements at his court. After the conquest of Kangrah when he visited the place according to him: “On the 24th of the month I went to pay a visit to the fortress, and I gave orders that the kazi, the Chief Justice, and other learned in the law of Islam, should accompany me and perform the ceremonies required by our religion. After passing over half a kos, we mounted to the fort, and then by the grace of God prayers were said, the khutba was read, a cow was killed, and other things were done…”

    Shivaji who fought against the Mughals, after achieving independence, he is described as proclaiming: “ We are Hindus and the rightful lords of the realm. It is not proper for us to witness cow slaughter and the oppressions of Brahmans.” Thus, cow no longer remained a religious but also became a political issue. During the eighteenth century when the power of the Mughals declined, slaughter of cow continued in dominated Muslim areas but where they were in minority they refrained to do it. During 1857,when the war was going on against the British, Bahadur Shah Zafar(1837-1858) to keep the unity of the Hindus and Muslim issued a proclamation banning slaughter of cow. However, during the British rule the practice of slaughter of cow assumed officially as they were beefeaters and the Muslim under the protection of government continued the practice of sacrificing it.

    In the late nineteenth century when there were reform movements in the Hindu society as well as to search roots for an identity, cow emerged as a symbol and cow protection societies were organized on large scale. According D.N.Jha: cow became a tool of mass political mobilization when the organized Hindu cow protection movement beginning with the Sikh Kuka(or Namdhari)sect in the Punjab around 1870 and later strengthened by the foundation of the first Gorakhshini Sabha in in 1882 by Dayannada Saraswati made this animal the symbol to unite a wide ranging people and challenging the Muslim practice of its slaughter.

    Since then, on the issue of slaughter of cow a number of communal riots erupted which resulted in large number of casualties on both sides. Jha points out that the major riots took place in 1880sand 1890s. In 1893, in Azamgarh district there was a communal riot on slaughter of cow and more than one hindered people were killed in different parts of country. In 1912-13,Ayudhya witness the bloody riots and in 1917, Shahabad was affected by communal clashes. So, by that time, cow had become the symbol of the Hindu identity and assumed the status of ‘gao mata’ (cow mother), protection of mother became a religious duty of the Hindus .On the other hand, the Muslim asserted their religious right to sacrifice cow. Especially on ‘Bqr d’, the second important festival after ‘Id al Fitr.

    There is interesting lesson to learn from history. In a multi-religious and multi-culture society, people have to understand and respect religious and cultural sensibilities of others and compromise with the existing practices to keep harmony and toleration in society. We can very well understand that when emotions are mobilized, people refuse to act logically and sensibly. The outcome usually is disastrous for a society.




    By Aamir Mughal -

  • I am a bit confused. The verses of the Noble Quran have clearly stated about Allah having sent warner to all people. But then, the Prophet of  Islam (blessings and peace be on Him) has as far as I know talked about and recognised as the People with Scriptures - only Christians & Jews & the fire but not certainly Hindus! As such matrimonial alliances with the daughter of these people are permitted to the muslims without conversion process. No such provision are seen for hindus. The current form is so corrupt

    It is true the Vedic definition of Almighty perfectly matches the monotheism. But in todays hindu culture of praying to just about every thing is an enormous distortion. As Dr Zakir Naik has rightly pointed out that today Hindus say every thing is God instead of  Islamic (or monotheist doctorin ) that every thing is of  God .

    It may be mentioned here that even the Romans had many Gods like Hindus but once they came accross the logic and the superior concept of monotheism - discarded the practises of  idol worship. However in case of Hindus - the pity is - they  are as devoted as ever in their ignorant practises of worshipping every thing that might look big, useful and mighty - forgetting Almighty. .


    By HABIB -



    In the series of articles on this subject, we shall seek to find similarities or common ground between two major religions of the world: Hinduism and Islam. The approach adopted in this work is based on the following verse of the Glorious Qur’an: Surah Ali Imran Chapter 3 Verse 64:

     Say “O People Of the Book! Come to common terms As between us and you: That we worship none but Allah; That we associate no partners with Him; That we erect not, From among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than Allah.” If then they turn back, Say ye: “Bear witness That we (at least) Are Muslims (bowing To Allah’s Will).’(Al Qur’an 3:64)




    CONCEPT OF GOD IN ISLAM The Qur’an too propounds monotheism. So you will find similarities between Hinduism and Islam even in the concept of God.


    Concept of Angels in Hinduism and in Islam

    We shall now examine the belief in angels of God in these two major religions and study if there are similarities.




    Messengers in Islam


    Messengers or Prophets of Almighty God are persons chosen by Almighty God to communicate His message to the people.


    Messengers were sent to every nation


    a.   To every people (was sent) A Messenger: when their Messenger Comes (before them), the matter Will be judged between them With justice, and they Will not be wronged. (Al Qur’an 10:47)


    b.   For We assuredly sent Amongst every people a messenger (with the command), “Serve

    Allah and eschew Evil”: Of the people were some whom Allah guided, and some On whom Error became Inevitably (established). So travel Through the earth, and see What was the end of those

    Who denied (the Truth). (Al Qur’an 16:36)


    b.     And there never was A people, without a warner Having lived among them (In the past).

    (Al Qur’an 35:24)


    c.      And to every people a guide. (Al Qur’an 13:7)






    Muhammad (pbuh) prophesied in Bhavishya Purana:


    According to Bhavishya Purana in the Pratisarag Parv III, Khand 3, Adhyay 3 Shalokas 10 to 27 Maharishi Vyas has prophesied:


    “The Malechha have spoiled the well-known land of the Arabs. Arya Dharma is not to be found in the country. Before also there appeared a misguided fiend whom I had killed; he has now again appeared being sent by a powerful enemy. To show these enemies the right path and to give them guidance the well-known Mohamad (Mohammad) who has been given by me, the epithet of Brahma, is busy in bringing the ‘Pishachas’ to the right path. O Raja, you need not go to the land of the foolish Pishachas, you will be purified through my kindness even where you are. At night, he of the angelic disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise of a pischacha said to Raja Bhoj, O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been made to prevail over all religions, but according to the commandments of Ishwar Parmatama, I shall enforce the strong creed of the meat eaters. My followers will be men circumcised, without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a revolution announcing Adhan (call for prayer) and will be eating all lawful things. He will eat all sorts of animals except swine. They will not seek purification from the holy shrubs, but will be purified through warfare. On account of their fighting the irreligious nations, they will be known as Musalmaans. I shall be the originator of this religion of the meat-eating nation.”















    By Aamir Mughal -

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