Watchtowers on a high-security
facility near what is believed to be a 're-education camp' where mostly Muslim
ethnic minorities are detained in China's Xinjiang region. It is estimated that
1-2 million people are detained in such camps. (Photo: AFP)
reports have emerged about the extent of the crackdown by Chinese authorities
against Muslim Uyghurs in the central region of Xinjiang after a leaked
internal Communist Party document was obtained by German media.
And on Feb.
21 Amnesty International released case studies showing how China is
systematically harassing Uyghurs and other Chinese Muslim minorities overseas.
leaked document, known as the “Qaraqash Document” or “Qaraqash List” in
reference to the Xinjiang town referred to in the document, shows that
detainees were put into what China described as “re-education systems” for
offenses related to common religious practices such as growing a beard or
wearing a veil.
describes how authorities are using advanced surveillance techniques — millions
of cameras are installed across Xinjiang — to track “every face, every family
and every movement” of Muslim-minority Uyghurs, Deutsche Welle said.
people have been incarcerated for applying for a passport and not leaving the
country and even having too many children in violation of China’s One Child
policy, even though most ethnic minorities had traditionally been excluded and
the policy has since been relaxed.
Qaraqash Document provides confirmation of the veracity of eyewitness and
survivor testimony, especially the reasons for detention, the systematic
reliance on guilt by association to deprive individuals of their liberty, and
the sorting of detainees into “standard,” “strict” and “maximum” detention
protocols, according to a report by the Uyghur Human Rights Project.
confirms local implementation of key features of the intensive and brutal
Uyghur crisis, particularly the regular use of the Integrated Joint Operations
Platform for surveillance and control, the “Becoming Family” program as a tool
for identifying Uyghurs who should be detained, and identification and harsh
punishment of “two-faced” officials deemed to have betrayed the Communist Party
after being appointed to serve it
shouldn't really ask about what the Chinese government says is happening: we
now have enough evidence," said Amnesty International's East Asia director
about Amnesty’s case studies, Patrick Poon, its China researcher, said: “These
chilling accounts from Uyghurs living abroad illustrate how the far-reaching
shadow of repression against Muslims from China extends far beyond its borders.
Uyghurs and members of other minorities flee persecution in Xinjiang, they are
not safe. The Chinese government will find ways to reach them, to intimidate
them and, ultimately, attempt to bring them back to face a grim fate —
including by pressuring other governments to return them.”
analyzed information from about 400 Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Uzbeks and members of
other predominantly Muslim ethnic groups living in 22 countries across five
continents between September 2018 and September 2019.
leaked internal documents showed how the campaign against Uyghurs in Xinjiang,
which began in earnest following July 2009 sectarian riots, has been stepped up
under the leadership of Xi Jinping.
the Chinese president called for a "struggle against terrorism,
infiltration and separatism" in Xinjiang. The documents showed how
Xinjiang party secretary Chen Quanguo ordered local officials to "round up
everyone who should be rounded up" after taking charge of the region in
of the 21st century’s first mass concentration camps began shortly afterwards
and various estimates from rights groups, helped by satellite imagery, have
estimated that 1-2 million people have been interned.
countries who rely on Chinese trade and investment, including much of the
Muslim world, have either remained silent or been guarded in their comments
about the camps where more than 100 people have been documented to have died
and where torture and rape have been reported to be commonplace.
are fears that the Covid-19 virus may take hold in the camps after a rise in
prison infections elsewhere in China.
official figures have shown fewer than 100 people infected in Xinjiang and one
death, the World Uyghur Congress said it was very concerned "that if
measures are not taken to further limit the spread of this virus, it could
rapidly infect large numbers of people" in the region.
Headline: Document confirms brutal treatment of Uyghurs in China
Source: The UCA News