Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury
to a report published by Britain’s Ministry of Justice, radicalized Muslims are
controlling the prisons thus giving jihadist indoctrination to others. The
report was based on a research titled ‘Exploring the Nature of Muslim Groups
and Related Gang Activity in Three High Security Prisons: Findings from
Qualitative Research’ which was conducted by Beverly Powis Ministry of Justice
Louise Dixon Victoria University of Wellington and Jessica Woodhams University
of Birmingham said, “The few UK studies exploring prison gangs suggest there is
some gang presence but perhaps not to the same extent as that found in the US,
where prison gangs are highly structured and organized with considerable
control over the prison. Research in an English high-security prison showed
that Muslim gangs, formed for criminal purposes, can present both a management
challenge due to criminal behaviour and also sometimes through the risk of
“The study found the main prisoner group to be a large, diverse group of
prisoners who connected through shared Muslim faith. Respondents were
questioned on the presence of other prisoner groups but none were considered to
be as dominant or significant when compared to the Muslim group”.
further said, “Membership offered many supportive benefits including
friendship, support, and religious familiarity. A small number of prisoners
within the group were perceived by those interviewed to be operating as a gang
under the guise of religion and were reported to cause a significant management
issue at each establishment. The gang had clearly defined membership roles
including leaders, recruiters, enforcers, followers, and foot-soldiers.
Violence, bullying, and intimidation were prevalent with the gang, using
religion as an excuse to victimize others. The gang was perceived to be
responsible for the circulation of the majority of the contraband goods in the
establishments. Motivations for joining the gang were varied but centred on
criminality, safety, fear, protection, and power”.
studies have observed a rise in Islamist gangs in Western prisons (Neumann,
2010; Hamm, 2009), which has raised concerns about the influence that these
gangs may have over other prisoners, especially where those convicted of
extremist offenses are instrumental in gang recruitment and leadership. The
links between prison gangs and Islamist extremist offenders have been
acknowledged as a possible mechanism for transmitting extremist ideologies,
although how this occurs remains poorly understood (Decker & Pyrooz, 2015).
Alarming Spread of Radical Islam:
to the report findings, staff and prisoners spoke about the significant
presence of a Muslim prisoner group at each establishment, which was usually
referred to as the Muslim ‘brotherhood’. The group was considered to dominate
the prisons in numbers and influence. In fact, this was the only group
mentioned by staff and prisoners; they did not consider there to be any other
significant groups of prisoners. A minority of staff referred to very small
groups of prisoners who had formed along geographical lines, and groups of
travellers, but their numbers were considered too small and their associations
too loose to be identified as a group, especially when compared to the
brotherhood. The Muslim brotherhood was reported to be a heterogeneous grouping
of individuals with different characteristics, behaviours, and reasons for
belonging. The majority wanted to practice their faith peacefully and become
more immersed in the scriptures of Islam as a framework to elicit change in
their life and to cope with custody. The brotherhood allowed them to surround
themselves with like-minded individuals with whom they had a common interest
learned from the report that the Muslim brotherhood offered prisoners who felt
alone a family, especially those who were new to prison or vulnerable.
It was also
widely discussed that a small group of Muslim prisoners was operating as a gang
under the guise of religion. They were embedded within the wider Muslim
brotherhood but, unlike the brotherhood, they had little interest in the faith
but saw membership of the gang as an opportunity to be anti-authority, violent
brotherhood controlled all of the criminal activity in the prison system which
included contraband, smuggling, and extortion.
Muslims account for only 15 percent of the overall UK prison population, one
might reasonably wonder how so small a group was able to dominate. Should
authorities have seen this coming?
Inmates Who Want To Denounce Islam:
to Patrick Dunleavy, former Deputy Inspector General for New York State
Department of Corrections, the leadership expanded from a single cell block, to
a particular prison, and to the prison system as a whole. Muslim gang leaders
were able to communicate from prison to prison even so far as to order a hit on
an inmate who had transferred to a different facility. If any of the Muslim
inmates want to denounce Islam, s/he will immediately face numerous forms of
intimidations including stabbing thus becoming totally helpless.
jihadist groups such as Al Qaeda or Islamic State do not see the British
prisons as any obstacle in spreading jihadist indoctrination. In most cases,
prisons are viewed as an opportunity for those jihadist outfits to organize and
expand. Under such circumstances, individuals like Anjem Choudary or John
Walker Lindh, who never renounced their radical Islamic ideology despite years
incarcerated, will continue to negatively influence the Muslim inmate
Funding Such Radicalization Of Prison Inmates?
there are several Muslim donors who are contributing a certain amount of money
to the “noble cause” of recruitment and radicalization of the prison inmates.
Those donors generally pay the monthly on a monthly basis through the family
members of the leaders of such radicalization program inside prison.
Only in the
month of Ramadan in May 2019, an ISIS-funder who has been living in the United
Kingdom since 2009 under Visa Tier-1 had contributed over forty thousand
to information, Md. Shahid Uddin Khan has sent the amount through his daughter
Parisa Pinaz Khan, who met several families of the prisoners and handed over
the donation money.
Khan’s elder daughter barrister Shehtaz Munasi Khan, who is a university mate
of London’s mayor Sadiq Khan, has been coordinating legal support to the
imprisoned jihadist and radical Muslims.
Md. Shahid Uddin Khan has established an organization named ‘Astha’ (faith)
with the objective of establishing ‘Khilafah’ (Caliphate) by replacing secular
government in Britain and other parts of the world, including Sweden, the
United States, Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh.
In Prison Is A Global Problem
Islam and jihadist indoctrination have been spreading like bonfire in most of
the prisons in the world, including Bangladesh, China, Russia, India, Nepal,
the Middle East, Indonesia, the Philippines, the United Kingdom, Canada,
Australia, the United States, etc.
Bangladesh, prison inmates belonging to Jamaat ul Mujahedin Bangladesh (JMB),
Hizbut Tahrir, Harkat ul Jihad, Jamaat e Islami, Hizbut Towhid, Ansar Al Islam,
etc, are spreading radical Islam and jihadist indoctrination amongst the fellow
prisoners. It was even reported in the media that sitting inside the prison,
these jihadist groups also are collecting arms and explosives through their
contacts outside the prison.
agencies at total dark:
agencies in the respective nations are totally ignorant or willingly leaving a
blind eye to this extremely important issue, which again is a matter of grave
concern. Unless the matter is addressed with due diligence forthwith, possibly
the prisons will ultimately turn into jihadist launch-pads in the near future.
Source: The Weekly Blitz