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Islamic Ideology (11 Oct 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

As Human Beings Muslims And Non-Muslims Are Equally Honourable In The Eyes Of Quran, Any Discrimination Against Any Religious Group Is Criminal

By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

11 October 2019

The Quran accords all human beings with equal honour. “Certainly,We have honoured the Children of Adam. We carry them on the land and the sea, and have made provision of good things for them, and have conferred upon them an appropriate excellence over most of those whom We have created” (Quran: 17:70)

This verse implies that all the Children of Adam are honourable. It is an undeniable truth for most religious people that all human beings are the Children of Adam (peace be upon him). This is also a fact that all Muslims and Non-Muslims are included in the list of human beings. All this leads to the general Muslim belief that, in accordance with the Quran, both Muslims and non-Muslims, as human beings, are equally respectable.

God Almighty has honoured all the human beings by blessing them with numerous attributes and authority over other creatures. The attributes given uniquely to human beings include their powers of intellect, insight into good and evil, ability to think and know God Almighty, extraordinary knowledge and other worldly blessings that the animals or other creatures have not been similarly blessed with.

There lies a very spiritual message in this verse (17:70)—that which demands us that we respect all human beings equally not because they perform good deeds or commit evil deeds, but because they are human beings. If they commit evil, their actions will be deemed evil and if they are accountable to God Almighty, they will be so for their evil actions. Similarly, if they perform good deeds, they will gain their actual reward from God Almighty alone.

A person may be a Kafir (disbeliever), Momin (believer) Mushrik (polytheist), Muwahhid (monotheist), Fasiq (sinner), Zaalim (oppressor), liar, traitor, cheater, thief, honest, black, white, Dalit, Brahaman, Ansari, Sheikh, Sayyid or Pathan and whatsoever. However at the same time, he is a human being. He deserves respect as being human being.

The Quran calls all human beings to avoid kufr, shirk, fisq, oppression, dishonesty, theft, treachery, disloyalty and all such acts disliked by God Almighty. It is the personal responsibility of each individual to refrain from such acts. Despite that, this cannot be said that the perpetrators of these acts are excluded from those whom God Almighty has blessed with honour and respect. The reason is thatthey are still human beings and Children of Adam (peace be upon him).  

No matter whether a person’s belief or action is good or bad, he will be accountable only to his God for his or her deeds. Others will not be responsible for his actions. The Quran declares this point very clearly, “Whoever receives guidance, receives it for (the benefit of) his own soul and whoever goes astray does so for his own loss. And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. And never would We punish until We sent a Messenger (to give warning)” (17:15).

This verse brings together several themes that are generally invoked throughout the Quran that the consequences of a person’s moral actions and the state of his guidance or misguidance devolve upon himself. The clause “no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another” means that nobody will be punished for the evil deeds of another but all will bear the consequences of their own deeds (cf. 6:164, 35:18, 39:7). Though some may misguide others, the burden of the sins perpetrated by those who are thus misguided will still be borne by themselves. Nevertheless some verses warn that those who misguide others will bear an additional burden (cf. 7:38, 37:32-33, 16:25).

A person may be greater in rank because of his pious beliefs and deeds, as God Almighty says, “The most honoured of you with Allah is the one who is the most pious”(49:13- see also, 16:97, 65:11, 98:8). However it does not mean that those who are not pious do not deserve the honour of being human beings- the honour of "walaqad karramna bani Adam" given in the verse 17:70. Thus they still deserve respect, good treatment and all other rights enshrined in the Islamic Sharia, such as peace, harmony, sympathy, benevolence, forgiveness, justness and so on.    

A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar), with a Sufi-Sunni background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator. He has also done B.A (Hons.) in Arabic, M.A. in Arabic and M.A in English from JMI, New Delhi. He is Interested in Islamic Sciences; Theology, Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Hadith and Islamic mysticism (Tasawwuf).

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/ghulam-ghaus-siddiqi,-new-age-islam/as-human-beings-muslims-and-non-muslims-are-equally-honourable-in-the-eyes-of-quran,-any-discrimination-against-any-religious-group-is-criminal/d/119969

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  • Today our people of knowledge try to make Islam difficult for common people. They can practice difficult parts of Taqwa but for they should not expect the same for the common people.
    The beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) always instructed to make Islam easy to practice. Hazrat Abu Burda is reported to have said, “When the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him sent Hazrat Muaadh bin Jabal to Yemen, he said,
    “Make things easy and do not make things difficult. Give glad tidings and do not repel people. Cooperate with each other and do not become divided”. This hadith is Muttafaq alaihi, that is, both Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim have mentioned this hadith in their respective Sahih. 
    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 11/29/2019 10:32:40 PM

  • When the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent Hazrat Muaadh ibn Jabal to Yemen, he instructed him not to wrong or oppress anyone, even if they are non-Muslims, because Allah always responds to the supplication of the oppressed.
    Hazrat Anas ibn Malik reported that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
    اتَّقُوا دَعْوَةَ الْمَظْلُومِ وَإِنْ كَانَ كَافِرًا فَإِنَّهُ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا حِجَابٌ
    “Beware of the supplication of the oppressed, even if he is a disbeliever (kaafir), for there is no screen between it and Allah.” (Musnad Ahmad 12140, Grade: Sahih)
    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 11/29/2019 10:16:31 PM

  • Hafiz Sherazi wrote a very beautiful Persian couplet to describe attributes of Sufis,
    ہر کہ خواہد گوبیا وہر کہ خواہد گو برو
    گیر دار وحاجت دربان ایں درگاہ نیست
    This implies that the people of different classes, religions, castes, races used to attend the meeting with Sufis and Mashaikh who treated their visitors kindly and lovingly.
    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 11/29/2019 10:07:14 PM

  • Sufis gained true understanding of love towards both God Almighty as well as human beings. They maintained both rights; huququllah and huququlibad. Thus they were the truly religious people.

    Hazrat Baba Fariduddin often used to say to his visitors, “May Allah Almighty give you pain?!” People would be surprised and ask themselves, “what sort of supplication (dua) is this?”. Hazrat Nizamuddin interprets his Sufi Master’s statement, saying “now it is evident. What he meant by that supplication is that unless you experience the pain of separation from Allah Almighty, you cannot experience an intense love for Him”

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 11/29/2019 10:05:07 PM

  • Baba Fariduddin Ganj-i-Shakr (may Allah be pleased with him) always tried to bring contentment to people’s hearts. His close disciple Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia narrates,
    بہ خدمت شیخ الاسلام فرید الدین کاردی خدمتی آورد ، شیخ آں کرد بدو باز داد وگفت : بر من کرد میار ید سوزن آرید کہ کرد آں است قطع است وسوزن آں است پیوست
    This Persian writing refers to an interesting event of Hazrat Fariduddin. Once Baba Farid refused a gift of a knife saying, “Bring me instead a needle, because the knife is an instrument for cutting whereas the needle is for sewing together”. (Fawaidul Fawad, vol. 5, p. 384, Majlis 4).
     By this remarks, Baba Farid meant that he does not break the people’s hearts apart, but rather he connects their hearts together.  
    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 11/29/2019 9:53:58 PM

  • @Arshad sb, 
    you can hate his crime of zina, but you should not hate him for his being a human being. That is it! 

    By GGS - 11/29/2019 9:25:46 PM

  • Hazrat Sheikh Ahmad Yahya Maneri in his ‘Maktoobate Sadi’ has shed light on love for human beings in details. In particular his 46th discourse implies that, men are born to love all other human beings and not to let their natural instincts be deprived of good deeds. If there is any difference, of more prominence, between human beings and other creatures, it is of the instinct of humanity, which distinguishes them from other creatures. So if there is no trace of love in any human being, it means he has lost his natural instinct.     

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 11/29/2019 9:23:51 PM

  • All are respectful, fasiq, zalim, liar, cheater, thief, (thank God zani is left)
    By Arshad - 10/14/2019 2:57:39 AM

  • When Quran 10:19 mentions one single community, it implies people have to live in unity and accept each other and this phrase does not imply dawah is not necessary.  Even if you would refer to the dictionary, the phrase, one single community, it can never mean the exemption of dawah.  In other words, when dawah is exercised, if people still insist not to believe in God, we still accept them to be as one single community instead of annihilating them.
    When Quran 10:19 mentions Muslims have to treat people in one single community, it refers to how the way that common people have to deal with each other and it does not apply specifically to the inequality of status among prophets that Allah sent.  All have to accept common people as, women and men to be one single community instead of creating division and to treat them unfairly.  Even if after dawah, none of the people would believe in Allah, Muslims must accept them to be with them as one single community instead of persecuting them or even draw a line of distinction with them, to condemn them as second class of people.

    By zuma - 10/12/2019 3:08:45 PM

  • Any morally sound assertions in the name of Islam are very hurtful to Hats Off. He wants us to hold on to old shibboleths so that he can continue his hate war against Islam!

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/12/2019 12:35:56 PM

  • would this then imply that dawah is actually unnecessary?
    things are not so simple that simple solutions will suffice.
    other muslims will respond by a guarded silence, "moderate" ones will generally blurt out nonsensical politically correct noises.
    as usual you will have ended up making another assertion - that is all. just an assertion. not a proof of any rigour.
    By hats off! - 10/12/2019 2:34:45 AM

  • But when you say Quran accords equal status to all prophets he becomes an extremists.
    By Arshad - 10/11/2019 9:48:51 PM

  • Quran 5:32 forbids killing innocent people.  The following is the extract:
    Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) - 5:32
    مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَن قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَلَقَدْ جَاء تْهُمْ رُسُلُنَا بِالبَيِّنَاتِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنْهُم بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فِي الأَرْضِ لَمُسْرِفُونَ (5:32)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Min ajli thalika katabna AAala banee israeela annahu man qatala nafsan bighayri nafsin aw fasadin fee alardi fakaannama qatala alnnasa jameeAAan waman ahyaha fakaannama ahya alnnasa jameeAAan walaqad jaa thum rusuluna bialbayyinati thumma inna katheeran minhum baAAda thalika fee alardi lamusrifoona
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Children of Israel] [Homicide] [Kabah]
    5:32 (Asad) Because of this did We ordain unto the children of Israel that if anyone slays a human being-unless it be [in punishment] for murder or for spreading corruption on earth-it shall be as though he had slain all mankind; whereas, if anyone saves a life, it shall be as though he had saved the lives of all mankind. [40] And, indeed, there came unto them [41] Our apostles with all evidence of the truth: yet, behold, notwithstanding all this, many of them go on committing all manner of excesses on earth. [42] -
    The phrase, if anyone slays a human being..as though he had slain all mankind, here implies Quran forbids Muslims to kill.  Yet Muslim extremists in Kenya and Egypt use weapons act contrarily against the words of Quran to use weapons to annhilate those who are non-Muslims.  The worse is some annihilate Christians who have been treated as the people of Scripture.  They act contrarily against the words of Quran and Hadith.
    The extract below from Quran demands all mankinds to be good and be lawful instead of following Satan's footsteps to do evil:
    Al-Baqara (The Cow) - 2:168  [read in context]
    يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ كُلُواْ مِمَّا فِي الأَرْضِ حَلاَلاً طَيِّباً وَلاَ تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ (2:168)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Ya ayyuha alnnasu kuloo mimma fee alardi halalan tayyiban wala tattabiAAoo khutuwati alshshaytani innahu lakum AAaduwwun mubeenun
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Food] [Satan:do not follow or obey or worship]
    O mankind! Partake of what is lawful and good on earth, and follow not Satan's footsteps: for, verily, he is your open foe, - 2:168 (Asad)
    The phrase, O mankind..partake of what is lawful, here implies Muslim extremists have to be law-abiding people.  Yet Muslim extremists go against the command from Quran to stir up their hatred against their governors to act unlawful to their countries, i.e. vandalising cars, properties, go against their governors and etc.  The phrase, O mankind..Partake..good on earth and follow not Satan's footsteps, here implies Muslims have to be good citizens on earth instead of turning up to be the followers of Satan to kill innocent people and to do whatever evil on earth.
    The extract below mentions all mankinds are as one single community:
    Al-Baqara (The Cow) - 2:213  [read in context]
    كَانَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَبَعَثَ اللّهُ النَّبِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَأَنزَلَ مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فِيمَا اخْتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ فِيهِ إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوهُ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ فَهَدَى اللّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لِمَا اخْتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِهِ وَاللّهُ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاء إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ (2:213)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Kana alnnasu ommatan wahidatan fabaAAatha Allahu alnnabiyyeena mubashshireena wamunthireena waanzala maAAahumu alkitaba bialhaqqi liyahkuma bayna alnnasi feema ikhtalafoo feehi wama ikhtalafa feehi illa allatheena ootoohu min baAAdi ma jaathumu albayyinatu baghyan baynahum fahada Allahu allatheena amanoo lima ikhtalafoo feehi mina alhaqqi biithnihi waAllahu yahdee man yashao ila siratin mustaqeemin
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah:guides whom He will] [Allah's help] [Mankind:unity of] [Messengers] [People of the Book:differed among themselves] [Qur'an:revelation of] [Straight way (or path)]
    ALL mankind were once one single community; [then they began to differ - ] whereupon God raised up the prophets as heralds of glad tidings and as warners, and through them bestowed revelation from on high, setting forth the truth, so that it might decide between people with regard to all on which they had come to hold divergent views. [197] Yet none other than the selfsame people who had been granted this [revelation] began, out of mutual jealousy, to disagree about its meaning after all evidence of the truth had come unto them. But God guided the believers unto the truth about which, by His leave, they had disagreed: for God guides onto a straight way him that wills [to be guided]. [198] - 2:213 (Asad) -
    The phrase, ALL mankind were once one single community, here implies all mankind in the world has been treated as one single community.  The subsequent phrase, [then they began to differ..], here implies people start to make division by themselves even though all mankind were as one single community.  The phrase, they began to differ] whereupon God raised up the prophets, here implies the reason for God to raise prophets  is the division made by people.  In other words, God would not raise prophets if people are united.  As people differ themselves instead of uniting themselves, it causes God to raise prophets for their unity.  Yet Muslim extremists create havoc to destroy non-Muslims to make distinction from them with them.  Their act contradicts the words of Quran since Quran wishes all mankind to be in one single community and yet Muslim extremists promotes division and hatred and to destroy unity among mankind.
    The same is in Quran 10:19 that Quran treats all mankind to be one single community.  The following is the extract:
    Yunus (Jonah) - 10:19  [read in context]
    وَمَا كَانَ النَّاسُ إِلاَّ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَاخْتَلَفُواْ وَلَوْلاَ كَلِمَةٌ سَبَقَتْ مِن رَّبِّكَ لَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ فِيمَا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ (10:19)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Wama kana alnnasu illa ommata wahidatan faikhtalafoo walawla kalimatun sabaqat min rabbika laqudiya baynahum feema feehi yakhtalifoona
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Mankind:unity of]
    AND [know that] all mankind were once but one single community, and only later did they begin to hold divergent views. [28] And had it not been for a decree- that had already gone forth from thy Sustainer, all their differences would indeed have been settled [from the outset]. [29] - 10:19 (Asad)
    The same is in Quran 11:118:
     -Hud (The Prophet Hud) - 11:118  [read in context]
    وَلَوْ شَاء رَبُّكَ لَجَعَلَ النَّاسَ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَلاَ يَزَالُونَ مُخْتَلِفِينَ (11:118)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Walaw shaa rabbuka lajaAAala alnnasa ommatan wahidatan wala yazaloona mukhtalifeena
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Mankind:unity of]
    And had thy Sustainer so willed, He could surely have made all mankind one single community: but [He willed it otherwise, and so] they continue to hold divergent views' [150] - 11:118 (Asad) -   
    As all the above verses support God treats all mankind to be one single community, can Muslims create division between men and women to treat women as lower class people as if they are not in one single community?  Can Muslims treat non-Muslims to be lower class of people as if they are not one single community?  As Quran promotes unity in the society, all mankind should be treated as one single community with respect.  As Quran treats all mankind to be one single community, Quran demands Muslims to free slaves, since it demands them to respect them as they belong to one single community.
    Quran 3:4 below mentions God is a avenger to those who deny his message.  The following is the extract:
    Al-Imran (The Family of Imran) - 3:4  [read in context]
    مِن قَبْلُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَأَنزَلَ الْفُرْقَانَ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِآيَاتِ اللّهِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ وَاللّهُ عَزِيزٌ ذُو انتِقَامٍ (3:4)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Min qablu hudan lilnnasi waanzala alfurqana inna allatheena kafaroo biayati Allahi lahum AAathabun shadeedun waAllahu AAazeezun thoo intiqamin
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah's attributes:Lord of Retribution] [Criterion] [Faith:rejecters of] [Gospel] [Tawrah (the Law)]
    aforetime, as a guidance unto mankind, and it is He who has bestowed [upon man] the standard by which to discern the true from the false. [4] Behold, as for those who are bent on denying God's messages - grievous suffering awaits them: for God is almighty, an avenger of evil. - 3:4 (Asad) -
    The phrase, a guidance unto mankind..He who has bestowed, here implies Allah gives guidance to mankind to follow.  The subsequent phrase, those who are bent on denying God's messages, here can mean those people who are bent not to obey the words of Quran and to deny his message.  Thus, it can refer to Muslim extremists who are bent on denying his message to rebel against his words by doing contrarily against him.  The subsequent phrase, for God is almighty..an avenger of evil, here implies God will be the avenger of the evil that they do to the contradiction of Quran.
    By zuma - 10/11/2019 5:43:36 PM

  • Ghaus sb. understands the true spirit of the Quran.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/11/2019 11:59:42 AM

  • You are doing very good work to reform Muslim community. I liked your writings especially based on refutation which you do against Jihaadiest Theology and terror narratives. 
    By Austin - 10/11/2019 3:14:28 AM

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