By Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam
2 October 2015
Is there any other duty of greater
importance in the sight of Allah than rendering perfect (secular) justice in all
matters? Let us examine the evidence.
(3:18) There is no god but He: That is the
witness of Allah (Shahedullah), His angels, and those endued with knowledge,
standing firm on justice. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, the
The above verse can also be read as: Those
endued with knowledge about God, His Oneness, His Exalted Power and Wisdom,
provide proof or evidence of such knowledge (witness) by standing firm on
(4:135) O ye who
believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah
(Shuhadalillah), even as against
yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or
poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest
ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah
is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
What is stressed in the verse above is
perfect secular justice disregarding every other consideration as witnesses to
Allah from whom nothing is hidden – not even the innermost thoughts, desires,
prejudices, rancour, love or hatred for those being judged.
There is a slight variation in 5:8 where
the term could easily have been Shuhadalillah but the term Shuhadabilqist has
been used and the context is again rendering exemplary justice standing out
firmly for Allah.
(5:8) O ye who
believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing
(Shuhadabilqist), and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to
wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah.
For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
It is made amply clear that justice cannot
be comprised for any extraneous consideration and must be rendered in a manner
that can be justified to Allah from whom nothing is hidden regarding your
motives or the facts of the case and in turn providing evidence (witness) of
your submission to Allah and His divine attributes of Oneness, Exalted Power
The attribute of Oneness make all equal in
the sight of Allah which must be reflected while rendering justice. The
reminder of Allah’s attribute of Absolute Power helps to resist the pull of
every other extraneous consideration. ‘Justice’ rendered by allowing extraneous
consideration to influence is oppression.
The opposite of justice is oppression and an oppressor witnesses or
provides evidence of evil or Iblis/Satan. Rendering perfect justice provides
evidence of Allah and His attributes as well as of the judge’s submission to
such a deity.
The attribute of Wisdom requires rendering
justice tempered with compassion since Allah has inscribed for Himself the rule
of mercy. The rule of mercy makes the objective of justice promoting the
greater good of the society while protecting the rights of the individual.
The word Shuhada (witness) has been used in
the normal sense of witness otherwise in the rest of the Quran except in one
(3:140) If a wound
hath touched you, be sure a similar wound hath touched the others. Such days
(of varying fortunes) We give to men and men by turns: that Allah may know
those that believe, and that He may take to Himself from your ranks Shuhada
(witnesses to Truth). And Allah loveth not those that do wrong.
We understand from the verse that apart
from rendering exemplary secular justice, a person provides proof of being a
true believer by remaining constant in his devotion and dedication all through
the days of varying fortunes which test his faith to the limit. Many of the
translators have translated Shuhada in this verse to mean a “martyr” but clearly
this is not what is meant. A wounded person’s faith is tested to a greater
degree than that of the slain. The verse only talks about how a true believer
gets separated from those who are found to waver when trouble afflicts them.
What about the "martyrs" then?
The Quran does not use the word "shaheed" or a grammatical variation
for the martyrs. There are other verses that explicitly talk about those killed
in the cause of Allah but the word Shuhada or Shaheed has not been used and may
not be used since such usage distorts the meaning of the Quran.
Those who fight in the cause of Allah and
are slain are rewarded, but they have not been called either Shaheed or
Shuhada. This may be because fighting is not a normal state but a duty only
under exceptional circumstances. Also, there could be other reasons for which
people fight such as the love of booty or women, glory, hatred or an escape
from the tribulations of life. Thus being slain even in a just war does not by
itself provide proof of the person’s intention and motives. In any case,
contrary to popular usage and perceptions, the Quran does not use the term
“Shaheed” for the slain.
A true believer, worthy of being called a
witness to Allah and a witness to the people about the attributes of Allah is
therefore a person who renders perfect secular justice and one who remains
constant through all his trials and tribulations. These are therefore the
defining characteristics of a Muslim.
If the highest virtue that provides
evidence of being a Muslim (witness submission to Allah) is standing firm for
secular justice, then what is its opposite that provides proof of a
contumacious rejecter of the “truth” (kafir)?
The opposite of standing firm for justice is the oppression of people in
ordained against the oppressors until justice and faith in Allah prevail, for
tumult and oppression is worse than slaughter. But if they cease their
oppression cease your fighting against them. (2:191 to 193)
The highest virtue or act of faith in Allah
and His divine attributes is rendering perfect justice and the most obvious
sign of a contumacious rejecter of Allah is an oppressor.
Again, contrary to popular perception,
fighting in the cause of Allah is restricted to ending oppression in any form
where the faith of the oppressor and the oppressed are irrelevant. This is
covered in greater detail in my article:
Much Discussed and Debated Medinian Verses Relating To Fighting
So shouldn’t rendering justice be called
the central pillar or pole of Islam and the remaining five pillars, the outer
pillars or the outer poles of the tent? Remove the central pole and the tent
collapses taking down the remaining five poles also. The five pillars of Islam
are no less important because the central pole cannot stand by itself either.
The five pillars however only provide the necessary hygiene factors and what is
central to Islam that defines a true Muslim who is both a witness to Allah and
witness to the people of the divine attributes of Allah to whom he submits, is
the quality of justice he renders and upholds. An oppressor is simply a
contumacious rejecter of Allah and His attributes and a representative of
Naseer Ahmed is an Engineering graduate from IIT Kanpur and is an
independent IT consultant after having served in both the Public and Private
sector in responsible positions for over three decades. He is a frequent
contributor to NewAgeIslam.com.
O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing
(Shuhadabilqist), and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to
wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is
well-acquainted with all that ye do.”
I don't understand, what is the role of fear, when God love us
more than our Mother.
As much I know when I was in love with a girl when I was 19, whom I
did not see her yet. I used to fear if she would not talk to me over phone,
what I will do, that was my stupidity, but I learnt one thing that when you
love someone then only you fear to him or her. The same rule is applicable for
God also, I tried hard to fear God but I couldn’t, so I have decided to do some
king of wrong things then I would feel fear to him again I fail to fear him,
not exactly may be I used to fear little.
But when I started struggling for making my carrier and even I was
trying to forget my first stupid but useful love. Gradually I developed my
skills the same way my love and fear from God developed.
Even now I am unable to decide which is much stronger, love or
fear, or else i fear due to love?
one more thing, their is no any power exist who can make me fear excluding Supernatural power.
Not to associate anything with
To be Kind (ihsan) to one’s
Not to kill one’s children on
account of poverty
Shun all forms of abomination
(fawahishah) - whether open or secret
Not to kill any person as God
has forbidden this - except when lawful
Not to manipulate the property
of an orphan before his full maturity - except for its betterment
To give full measure and use
Not to burden a human being
beyond his capacity
To uphold justice (fa‘dilu)
even if it concerns a relative.
Summary of the Prophet’s Last Sermon
The importance of justice is also clear from the Prophet’s
Duties, Obligations And Justice
Life and property of every person is made sacrosanct.
Honour your trusts and return what you owe to others
Harm no one
Neither should you inflict iniquity on others nor suffer it.
Be just to each other.
Honour your mutual rights
Piety and Good deeds is the sole criteria to rank people.
All people are otherwise equal irrespective of race, colour etc.
The Five Basics Of Islam
Worship ALLAH, say your five daily prayers (Salah),
fast during the month ofRamadan,
and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
Need To Remain United
The Muslims constitute a single botherhood.
Remember, one day you will appear before ALLAH and answer
your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am
Source of Guidance
I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my example, the SUNNAH and if you follow these you will never go
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others
and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better
than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O ALLAH, that I have
conveyed your message to your people".