By S. Arshad, New Age Islam
26 September 2019
The Quran accords equal status to all the prophets. It mentions the names of prominent prophets and gives an account of their life and also of hardships and opposition they endured in the propagation of the message of Tauheed (oneness of God). Though the Quran was revealed to Prophet Mohammad (pbuh), it does not talk about the Prophet puh and the Muslims alone. It also speaks about his predecessors. The Quran even has Surahs named after previous prophets Hadhrat Yousuf (A.S) and Hadhrat Abraham a s. and Mariam (A.S).(Mother Mary). Apart from it, important events of the lives of other prophets like Hadhrat Musa (A.S) (Moses), Hadhrat Isa (A.S) (Jesus), Hadhrat Ibrahim (A.S), Hadhrat Luth (A.S). (Lot), Hadhrat Shoaib (A.S) ,Hadhrat Yunus (A.S) Hadhrat Saleh (A.S). have also been mentioned in the Quran. Names of some other prophets have been mentioned cursorily.
The purpose behind this is that the Quran maintains that all the prophets were sent by God with the same message (Tauheed) and so all the nations of the prophets were brethren. Thus the Quran wanted to bind all theistic nations together so that all these nations lived in harmony.
However, this mention of prophets in the Quran was not one-sided affair. Since Prophet Mohammad was also a prophet and the last in the series of messengers, it was necessary that his name should be mentioned in all the previous scriptures so that the nations preceding him could be aware of him and when he came they would recognize him and obey him. This was necessary to make the circle complete.
Therefore, God gave glad tidings of the advent of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) in almost all the revealed books and scriptures. As the faith of a Muslim is not complete without the faith in all the other prophets, in the same way, the faith of the People of the Book is not complete with the faith in the prophethood of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). The belief in all the Prophets from Hadhrat Adam a.s. to Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) is the mark of a true believer.
Let's, therefore find out what the previous scriptures say about the Advent of Hadhrat Mohammad (p uh).
The ancient sacred scripture of Hindus, Atharva Veda written in Sanskrit speaks of the Advent of Hadhrat Mohammad pbuh. Here is the passage:
"O people, listen this emphatically. The man of praise (Mohammad) will be raised among the people. We take the emigrant in our shelter from sixty thousand and ninety enemies whose conveyance are twenty camels and she camels, whose loftiness of position touches the heavens and lowers it.
(Atharva Veda, Khanda 20, Sukta 127, Mantra 1-3)
In another Hindu scripture Bhavisya Puran, the adve t of Hadhrat Mohammad is mentioned in the following passage:
"A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking a foreign language) will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad. Raja (Bhoj) after giving this mahadeo Arab (Arab of angelic disposition) a bath in the panch gavya and the gances water offered him the presents of his sincere devotion and showing him all reverence said,"I make obeisance to thee. O ye! The pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia, you have collected a great force to kill the devil and you yourself have been protected from the malechha opponents. O ye the image of the most pious God, the biggest Lord, I am a slave to thee, take me as one lying on thy feet "(Bhavisya Puran Parv 3, Khand 3 Adhyay 3, Shloka 5-8)
Songs of Solomon, a part of Torah, contains the following prophecy:
"Hikko Mamittadin vikullo Mohamadin zehdudi vezem Rani Yapus Halam.
(Songs of Solomon:5:16)
(His mouth is most sweet: yes he is Mohammad, altogether lovely. This is my beloved and this is my friend, O daughter of Jerusalem).
The ancient religious script of Persia, Zand Avesta contains the prophecy in the following words:
"The Persian should sink so low in morality; a man will be born in Arabia whose followers will upset their throne, their religion and everything. The mighty stiff-necked of Persia will be overpowered. The house which was built (Kaaba) and in which idols were placed will be purged off idols and people will say their prayers facing towards it. His followers will capture the towns of Persia, Taus and Balkh and other big places round about. People will embroil with one another. The wise men of Persia and others will join his followers."
The prophecy about Prophet Mohammad pbuh in the Old Testament is given in following words:
"The Lord, thy God will raise upon thee a prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren. Like unto me, unto him ye shall harken."
(Deut XVIII: 15)
"I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and I will put my words in his mouth and he shall speak them all that I command him "
In the above passages, the phrase 'thy brethren' means the Ishmailites because Hadhrat Mohammad pbuh belonged to the generation of Hadhrat Ismail (A.S)
In the New Testament, the prophecies about the Advent of the prophet of Islam are presented rather in detail. Following are the passages in which Jesus makes the prophecy:
"If you love me you will keep my commitments. And I will pray the father and he shall give you another Parakletos (comforter) that he may be with you forever. But the comforter which is the spirit of Truth whom the father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I said unto you "(John:14-15).
"Nevertheless, I tell you the truth. It is expedient for you that I go away, for if I go not away, the comforter, (Parakletos) will not come unto you. And he, when he is come, will convict the world in respect of sin, and of righteousness and of judgment. I have yet many things to say unto you but you cannot bear them now. Howbeit, when he, the spirit of Truth is come, he shall guide you unto all the truth, for he shall not speak from himself but what things so ever he shall hear shall he speak and he shall declare unto you the things that are to come."(John: 16:7)
The Bible of Barnabas, considered the most authentic of the copies of Bible, contains detailed narrations about Hadhrat Mohammad pbuh in the same way as detailed accounts of previous prophets are contained in the holy Quran. There is a narration about prophet Mohammad pbuh and Hadhrat Adam a.s. in Gospel of Barnabas which is very popular among Muslims and Islamic preachers mention the narration during Meelad with much fervour without telling the audience that the narration is taken from Bible, the sacred book of Christians. The narration runs thus:
"Then God gave his soul to man while all the holy angels sang:"Blessed be thy holy name, God our Lord."
Adam, having sprung up upon his feet, saw in the air a writing that shone like the Sun which said: "There is only one God; Mohammad is the messenger of God."(La Ilaha Illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah). Whereupon he opened his mouth and said: "I thank thee O Lord My God hast deigned to create me, but tell me, I pray thee, what meaneth the message of these words:"Mohammad is the messenger of God". Have there been another man before me?
Then said God:"Be thou welcome, o my servant Adam.I tell that thou art the first man whom I have created. And he whom thou have seen mentioned is your son, who shall come unto the world many years hence and shall be my messenger, for whom I have created all things, who shall give light to the world when he shall come; whose soul was set in celestial splendour sixty thousand years before I made anything.”
Adam besought God saying, "Lord, grant me this writing upon the nails of the fingers of my hands.." Then God gave to the first man upon his thumbs that writing: upon the thumbnail of the right hand it said: “There is only one God" and upon the thumbnail od the left it said, "Mohammad is messenger of God." Then with fatherly affection, the first man kissed those words and rubbed his eyes and said, "Blessed be that day when thou shall come to the world."(Gospel of Barnabas:39)
There is another narration about Hadhrat Adam (A.S). and Prophet Mohammad pbuh in the Gospel of Barnabas:
"Then said God, "Depart, cursed one from my presence!" Then Satan departed, wherein God said to Adam Eve who were both weeping, "Go ye forth from Paradise, and do penance, and let not your hope fail, for I will send your son in such wise that your seed shall lift the Dominion of Satan from off the human race, for he who shall come, my messenger, to him I will give all things."
God hid himself and angel Michael drove them forth from paradise. Whereupon turning him round saw written above the gate, "There is only one God, Mohammad is his messenger." Whereupon weeping he said, "May it be pleasing to God, my son, that thou come quickly and draw us out of misery."(Gospel of Barnabas: 41)
On another occasion, Jesus foretells the advent of Prophet pbuh and tells his followers the sign of the last prophet.
“Jesus answered: “Let not your heart be troubled, neither be ye fearful, for I have not created you but God our creator who hath created you. As for me I am now come to the world to prepare the way for the messenger of God, who shall bring salvation to the world. But beware that ye be not deceived, for many false prophets shall come who shall take my words and contaminate my gospel. “
The above mentioned passages quoted from famous religious scriptures present ample prophecies about the advent of Prophet Mohammad pbuh sometimes mentioning only his clear signs and sometimes mentioning his name. This proves that the religious scriptures were revealed by God and taught the worship of one Supreme Creator and all the followers of the prophets were brethren to each other.
S. Arshad is a regular columnist for NewAgeIslam.com
New Age Islam, Islam Online, Islamic Website, African Muslim News, Arab World News, South Asia News, Indian Muslim News, World Muslim News, Women in Islam, Islamic Feminism, Arab Women, Women In Arab, Islamophobia in America, Muslim Women in West, Islam Women and Feminism