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Islamic Q and A (09 Mar 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Terror Attacks in a Nuclear Age – Jihad or Transgression? Global Muslim Community Should Introspect

By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

09 March 2019

Let us Muslims explore all ghastly terror attacks perpetrated by terror outfits all around the globe and weigh up all limits set by Allah Almighty in clear terms. Several years of exploration have pushed me to pick out a firm resolution to believe, to the fullest surety, that the terror outfits committing crimes in the name of Jihad and Islam are transgressors.

Unlike the sword-fighting age wherein Jihad was initiated for repelling religious persecutions but with some terms and limits set by Allah Almighty and His beloved Prophet (peace be upon him), this twenty first century is the age of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction. In the days of sword-wielding warriors, Jihad-related conditions and limits could be maintained, but now in the age of WMDs, IEDs, Drones, etc, it is impossible for warriors to escape from transgression.

The Islamic concept of Jihad is classified into two parts: Jihad by fighting and Jihad by Nafs (inner spiritual struggle). Jihad by Nafs as a striking feature of Taqwa that can be performed anywhere. But Jihad by fighting, as you know, is the responsibility of Islamic governments. In this case, Only an Islamic administration can declare Jihad by fighting in a bid to defend its territory and civilians including Muslims and Non-Muslims, to fight against terrorism, violence, oppression and any other sort of persecution. Meanwhile the government will have to compulsorily explore the all-round war-related condition and ensure itself that Jihad by fighting in defence will surely not turn out to be an act of transgression.

We are living in modern democratic countries which constitutionally guarantee religious freedom and security. Jihad by fighting should not be applied in such democratic countries. What we can do here is wage Jihad by Nafs (Jihad al-Nafs) which renders inner spiritual struggle against personal evil desires, ideas, lust, anger, lies, cunning, deceit, fraudulent behaviour, prejudice, growing extremism and desire of retaliation. Indeed, the practice of Jihad by Nafs gives us spiritual power to retain peace of mind and enables us to have patience and perseverance when facing the unwanted consequences of political, religious or worldly clashes.

As for another concept of Islamic Jihad, that is, Jihad by fighting which intrinsically aims at defending religious rights and security of life under the banner of Islamic governance on the declaration of an Islamic government; this can’t be waged in this nuclear age for several reasons; the most important one of which is transgression.

All knowledgeable people know that doing anything beyond the war-related terms and limits set by Allah Almighty and His beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) is known as an act of transgression. The Arabic word repeatedly used in the Quran and Sunnah to render transgression is i'tida and its derivative mu'taddin or mu’taddun rendered in English as transgressors.

The Quran and Sunnah have strictly called their believers to refrain from transgression in several issues including war. Let us sincerely and deeply study some of the relevant passages.

Allah Almighty says, “Do not exceed the limits; and Allah does not like the transgressors” (2:190).

This command of God Almighty, as per majority of classical Islamic scholars, is Muhkam and not abrogated (mansukh). They use this Divine command to discuss the usual rules of war, such as the prohibition against killing women, children, old people, monks, hermits, the chronically ill and peasants etc.

Hazrat Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “The phrase “do not exceed the limits” renders “do not kill women, children, old men, or those who offer peace and restrain their hand. If you do that, you will have transgressed against them”. (Jamiul Bayan, vol. 2, p. 110-111, printed at Beirut Darul Ma’rifa)    

Whenever the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) dispatched a commander of an army, he would exhort him personally to fear Allah and prohibited against transgression, killing of children, mutilation and treachery. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawud etc)

Hazrat Abu Bakar al-Siddiq used to instruct the army soldiers, “kill neither a child, nor a woman, nor an aged man. Bring no harm to the trees, nor burn them with fire, especially those which are fruitful. Slay not any of the enemy’s flock, save for your food. You are likely to pass by people who have devoted their lives to monastic services; leave them alone” (Muwatta Imam Malik p. 466)

Let us see more Quranic verses in which Allah Almighty has commanded Muslims to refrain from transgression.

“Do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors” (5:87)

“Pray to your Lord crying humbly, and softly; indeed He does not love the transgressors.” (7:55)

“We seal over the hearts of the transgressors” (10:74)

“...they returned towards Allah’s wrath; that was because they disbelieved in Allah’s signs and wrongfully martyred the Prophets; that was for their disobedience and transgression” (2:61)

“And you had already known about those who transgressed among you concerning the sabbath, and We said to them, "Be apes, despised” (2:65)

“O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered - the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything; then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment.” (2:178)

“.... These are the limits of Allah, so do not transgress them. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah - it is those who are the wrongdoers” (2:229).

The full verse specifically deals with issues of divorce (talaq) but like other verses this verse has also a general application to render that one should not transgress the limits of Allah in any issue.

“...And when you divorce women and they have [nearly] fulfilled their term, either retain them according to acceptable terms or release them according to acceptable terms, and do not keep them, intending harm, to transgress [against them]. And whoever does that has certainly wronged himself” (2:231)

“And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and transgresses His limits - He will put him into the Fire to abide eternally therein, and he will have a humiliating punishment” (4:14)

“...And do not let the hatred of a people for having obstructed you from al-Masjid al-Haram lead you to transgress. And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty” (5:2)

Let us stop here and spend more time on this verse to take Divine guidance which commands us to cooperate in righteousness and refrain from cooperating in transgression and aggression. The believers are commanded not to transgress even against the people who have hatred against them.

“And you see many of them hastening into sin and aggression and the devouring of [what is] unlawful. How wretched is what they have been doing.” (5:62)

“O People who Believe! Do not forbid the pure things, which Allah has made lawful for you, and do not cross the limits; indeed Allah dislikes the transgressors.” (5:87)

“And indeed do many lead [others] astray through their [own] inclinations without knowledge. Indeed, your Lord - He is most knowing of the transgressors.” (6:119)

“In respect of the believers, they do not keep regard for any relations nor any pacts; it is they who are the rebels.” (9:10)

“..Whoever crosses Allah’s limits has indeed wronged himself” (65:1)

We have observed massive destruction and heavy casualties in Syria and Iraq in wake of repeated brutal war and attacks. The killers and the peaceful civilians killed as a result of terror and anti-terror attacks were from among those who called themselves Muslims. The killers used Islamic titles to punish their “enemies” and took the state law in hands and caused excessive transgression. Both the countries are still in hot water and it will take them years to come back to peace, tranquillity and stability.

Almost all Muslims today find themselves looked upon with suspicion and distrust by their fellow citizens. They want to cry out and tell the world that they are not terrorists and that those who commit terror attacks are not part of them. It is extremely hard to have patience when we hear or read the speeches or words which blame Islam for violence, terrorism and destruction. But we will have to have patience, come what may, as the credit of creating such an unbearable situation goes to those who used our Islamic titles and appearances, causing havoc and transgression. This gave non-Muslims a justification to see us with eyes of suspicion. The deep feeling of Islamic faith and light lies within us and only we can understand it well. Without being offended we just need to do some effective work in this ground, for example, share the peace-objective of Islam not just with such non-Muslims but primarily in a bid to correct those Muslim youth who fall prey to wrong understanding of Islam. If we fail to do anything as such, at least we should live our life with patience and peace of mind, leaving everything up to the Divine Power (Qudrat).

Many modern Muslims make fun of Sufism (Islamic mysticism) in this age, on the basis of their theology or their understanding of Sharia. They see and present Islamic mysticism or Sufis away from the Quran and Sunnah. But this is not the case; Sufis understood well the spirit of Islam as well as the need of the age. They understood well how Islam was used by rulers for achieving their nefarious and unjust ambitions. They had sensed the changing phase of time well and therefore they presented Islam through their Taqwa and Jihad by Nafs (inner spiritual struggle).

It is a great dishonesty to claim that Sufis had no idea of Islamic Sharia including theology and Jurisprudence. In fact, they understood Islamic Sharia with its core essence under the silsila or patronage of spiritual masters, like Sarkar Ghaus-e-Azam Abdul Qadir Jeelani, Hazrat Maulana Rumi, Hazrat Shams Tabrez, Hazrat Ibn Arabi, Hazrat Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti, Hazrat Khawaja Qutubuddin, Khawaja Nizamuddin to name a few. All of these divines were not only the masters of theology and jurisprudence but also of Islamic mysticism. Taking the training of both Shariat and Tariqat, they attained an understanding of Haqiqat. Apart from gaining depth of Shariat and Tariqat and better understanding of their respective age, they walked on the path of non-transgression that attracted millions of people across the world towards Islam and its beauty.

We are missing pious spiritual masters in this nuclear and internet age; however you should look for them and try to attain under their patronage the exact understanding of Islam which will definitely fill your mind with power of peace, patience, perseverance and guidance leading to salvation. Besides, we can have either of the options; keep away from all politics of war being committed in the name of Islam and Jihad or come forward to support the initiative towards peace and winning the hearts of the people, declaring that any war waged in this nuclear age of various WMDs will turn out to be nothing but transgression – which Allah Almighty, the Lord of the universe, does not like at all. 

A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar), with a Sufi-Sunni background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator. He has also done B.A (Hons.) in Arabic, M.A. in Arabic and M.A in English from JMI, New Delhi. He is Interested in Islamic Sciences; Theology, Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Hadith and Islamic mysticism (Tasawwuf).

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  • I shall look forward to your article, Arshad saheb.
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/11/2019 12:37:24 PM

  • محترم عبد الرحمن صاحب !  آپ کے تبصرے کا بہت بہت  شکریہ۔ لیکن اس منکسر المزاج شخص پر یہ جملہ کہنا مناسب نہیں۔

    جن لوگوں کو علم کی ا ب ت سے واسطہ ہی نہیں ، نہ ہی ان لوگوں نے علم وادب کی خاطر کسی طبیب حاذق کے پاس زانوئے تلمذ اختیار کیا ، ان کے نصیب میں سوائے کم ظرفی اور نافہمی کے اور کیا ۔یہ تو اللہ تعالی کا کرم ہے جس کے ساتھ بھلائی کا ارادہ فرمائے اسے دین کی اچھی سمجھ (فقہ ) عطا کرتا ہے ۔اللہ رب العزت کی بارگاہ میں دعا گو ہوں کہ ہمیں دین کی صحیح سمجھ عطا فرمائے ! آمین بجاہ سید المرسلین صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم

    یہ لوگ جو اعتراضات کی دم پکڑے ہوئے ہیں وہ ناسمجھ ہیں  اور ناسمجھوں کی رعایت کردینا خیر کا حصہ ہے ۔ان کے سوالات کو بغور سمجھیں تو ان کی ذہنی  وعلمی اور معاملہ فہمی کی کیفیات کا اندازہ ہوتا ہے ۔

    آپ خود ذی شعور اور بالغ النظر ہیں ۔فرائض وواجبات اور سنن ومستحبات کے اصول وضوابط تو دور کی بات ہے انہیں یہ تک معلوم نہیں کہ فرض اعتقادی ، فرض عملی ، واجب اعتقادی اور واجب عملی میں کیا فرق ہے ۔ایک چیز فرض اعتقادی تو ہو سکتی ہے لیکن جب فرض عملی کسی اصول و ضوابط  وغیرہا سے مشروط ہو اور چند شرائط کا کسی وجہ سے فقدان ہو تو کوئی مسئلہ فرض اعتقادی تو رہ سکتا ہے لیکن چونکہ عدم شرائط عملیہ کی وجہ سے اس فرض عملی کا نفاذ بصورت عدم شرائط عملیہ ممکن نہیں اس وجہ سے وہ مسئلہ اگرچہ فرض عملی ہے لیکن اس کے شکلیں درست نہیں اور پھر یہ کسی صورت جائز نہیں کہ بلا ضرورت شرعیہ اس کے نفاذ کے لیے حدود کی خلاف ورزی کی جائے ۔

    مقاصد شریعہ کا اہم مقصد لوگوں کو وقت اور حاجت پیش نظر صحیح  راستہ بیان کرنا ہے تاکہ ان کے  دین ، جان ، مال ، آبرو ، عزت کی حفاظت کا لائحہ عمل تیار کیا جا سکے ۔ لیکن ہم چونکہ دیکھتے ہیں کہ آج کے اس زمانے میں علم وعمل کے بڑھتے فقدان کی وجہ سے لوگوں نے خود شریعت پر افترا کرنا شروع کر دیا ہے ، عدم صحت فہم دین کے نتیجے میں کبھی یہ لوگ قرآن کی آیات پر تاویلات فاسدہ ، کبھی سنن کی آبرو پر زبان دراز ، کبھی ائمہ کرام پر دروغ گوئی اور کبھی کچھ تو کچھ ۔ ان کے اپنی فہم وعقل کی عمارت بالکل بے بنیاد اینٹوں پر کھڑی ہے جو صرف ایک ہوا کے جھونکے کا مقابلہ نہ کر سکے گا ۔

    انہیں علم کی تعریف سمجھ نہیں اگر انٹرنیٹ پر پڑھ بھی لیں تو اس سے زیادہ نہیں جاننے کی کوشش کریں گے کہ علم شئی کی صورت ذہنیہ کا نام علم  ۔ یقین کیا چیز ہوتی ہے ، علم یقین کہاں سے حاصل ہوتا ہے ؟ قرآن وسنت کے الفاظ کس طرح یقینی علم کا درجہ دیتے ہیں اور کس طرح ہم اپنی عدم قدرت کے سبب علم ظنی حاصل کرتے ہیں ۔ اللہ کا فضل وکرم ہو ان ائمہ پر جنہوں نے اپنی کوششوں سے ہمارے سامنے مسائل کو  کلیات وجزئیات  کے ساتھ بیان کیا کہ ہم سمجھتے ہیں کہ ان کے بیان کردہ کلیات وجزئیات ہر دور کے مسائل کے حل کے لیے مناسب ہیں۔

    بحث ومباحثہ ان سے کی جائے جو معاملہ فہم ہو اور جو یقینا علم دوست ہوں جن کا مقصد اس کے بر عکس ہو انہیں ان کے حال پر چھوڑ دینا چاہیے کیونکہ ایسے لوگ اپنے زعم میں ‘‘مفتی ’’ بنے ہوئے ہیں۔

    استغفر اللہ ربی من کل ذنب

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 3/11/2019 4:47:03 AM

  • Arshad and Raja Saheban! 

    آپ ابھی بہت بچے ہو غلام غوث بھائی کی  علمی ذہانت  ودور اندیشی کے سامنے!

    راجا صاحب !

    پاکستان میں ماڈل ٹاون میں کچھ سرکاری ملازموں نے عوام پر حملہ کیا تو اس وقت آپ کا جہاد کہاں تھا، کیوں پاکستان کے خلاف آپ نے بغاوت نہیں کی؟؟؟

    پاکستان میں  آپ کے دیوبندی طالبانی ٹولوں نے اسکول کے بچوں کو بے رحمی سے قتل کر دیا ، کیا یہ آپ کا جہاد تھا؟ یہ کون سا ظلم مسلمان بچوں نے کیا تھا کہ آپ کے ٹولوں نے جہاد بنا دیا ؟؟؟

    عراق میں تباہی وبربادی کس چیز کے نام پر ہوئی ، کیا یہ جہاد تھا؟؟؟

    علمائے کرام کا قتل عام کیا گیا ، کیونکہ انہوں نے اسے جہاد ماننے سے انکار کر دیا تھا ؟؟

    بلا اعلان  آپ کے ٹولوں نے ہندوستان کے فوجیوں پر حملہ کر دیا کیا یہ آپ کا جہاد تھا ۔؟؟

    ملک شام میں سر عام قتل و خوں کی سوغات لیکر آنے والے آپ کے ہمجولی وہابی ٹولوں نے پورے ملک میں خون بہایا، کیا یہی جہاد تھا؟؟

    شرم نہیں آتی جب جہاد کی غلط تعبیرات وتشریحات پیش کرکے امت مسلمہ کی پریشانی کا باعث بنتے  ہو ۔۔۔اسی لیے تو مارے مارے پھرتے ہو ۔۔۔ذلت تمہارے ہاتھ آتی ہے ۔۔۔۔۔جب جہاد کی غلط تشریحات  اور شریعت پر افترا کروگے تو ایسے ہی ذلت وخواری ہاتھ آئے گی ۔۔۔۔؟؟؟

    اس جمہوری ملک میں مسلمانوں نے آئین ہند کے تحت امن وسلامتی کے ساتھ رہنے کا وعدہ کیا ہے اور جو کوئی بھی بغاوت کرکے مسلمانوں کر جہاد کے نام پر اکسائے یا بھڑکائے وہ یقینا جہاد نہیں بلکہ دہشت گردی ہے ۔

    رہی بات فلسطین اور کشمیر کی تو تمہارے جہادی ٹولوں نے سوائے مصیبت کا باعث بننے کے اور کیا کر لیاہے ؟؟؟؟؟  تمہارا  وہابی دیوبندی مودودی جماعتی ٹولہ وہاں مسلمانوں  کو کس چیز کی تعلیم دیتا ہے پہلے ان کے عقائد ومعمولات کو بدلتا ہے پھر انہیں فدائین حملہ کرنے پر اکساتا ہے جبکہ تمہارے مولوی سیاست کی روٹی سینکتا ہے ۔۔۔۔۔

    تمہارا مولوی ٹولہ خود اس وقت مودی بھکت بنا ہوا ہے ، کبھی کانگریس بھکت تو کبھی کچھ ۔۔۔۔موقعہ پرستی تمہارا نصیبہ ہے ۔۔

    جب سعودی حکام سے پیسے وصولنا ہو تو پکے وہابی بن جانا  اور جب ہندوستان میں عوام کو بیوقوف بنانا ہو تو پکے دیوبندی بن جانا ۔۔۔

    اس مضمون میں بہت اچھا مشورہ ہے ۔۔۔جہاد کا تصور قرآن کا پاک تصور ہے جسے تم جیسے گرو گھنٹال اپنی ناپاک حرکتوں سے گندا نہیں کر سکتے !  
    By Abd Rahman - 3/11/2019 3:37:08 AM

  • once a deobandi mulla said,
    'jihad means to kill all kuffar and mushrikin'. I started fearing the moment i would meet with any deobandi to be killed as I was among 'kuffar' according to his definition.
    but i have known now mulla was wrong.
    The author explains
    This command of God Almighty, as per majority of classical Islamic scholars, is Muhkam and not abrogated (mansukh). They use this Divine command to discuss the usual rules of war, such as the prohibition against killing women, children, old people, monks, hermits, the chronically ill and peasants etc.
    Hazrat Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “The phrase “do not exceed the limits” renders “do not kill women, children, old men, or those who offer peace and restrain their hand. If you do that, you will have transgressed against them”. (Jamiul Bayan, vol. 2, p. 110-111, printed at Beirut Darul Ma’rifa) "
    This is sensible explanation.
    All wars leading to casualties and transgression can't be called jihad.
    Such voices should come from within.
    Thank you for sharing this article with me.
    By Lawrence - 3/11/2019 3:03:43 AM

  • Undoubtedly Islam prefers peace and has given good policies for attaining interfaith harmony at global level.

    By Kaniz Fatma - 3/10/2019 11:24:33 PM

  • One dhabawalla said a very scholarly thing that people knew that they could chnage the Quran to suit their ideology, they played with hadith concocting new hadiths. But now we can see that our ulema have invented the theory of abrogation presuming that this or that hadith is abrogated. Not only that they also say that this verse is replaced by that verse though the Quran does not mentioned such things. And people like ghulam ghaus go in length to explain these 'abrogated' verses.
    To Ghulam Mohiyuddin sab, the Quran in one verse says that when two groups of Muslims are fighting Muslims should make peace between them or resolve their difference but if one group does not agree and continues to transgress agaisnt the other presumably the weaker group, Muslims should collectively fight the aggressive or militant group so that it can be made to surrender or leave its aggressive ideas. It means Quran asks allow Muslims to use force when there is transgression on earth and injustice is ended irrespective of whether the group is Muslim or non=Muslim. But in no verse the Quran asks Muslims to use force to spread Islam or to spread the message of Quran. I have pointed out this one article which may soon be published by NAI.

    By arshad - 3/10/2019 10:50:14 PM

  • Nice article, dear.
    I still remember those days when you used to teach in JHNA. Your art of teaching and explanation is still being missed by its students.
    Hope you are doing well and presenting true voice of Islam among the people. 

    By Harith Sohail - 3/10/2019 10:29:40 PM

  • The writer seems completely oriented and tasked to negate Islamic Jehad unsuccessfully in the context of Quran and Sunnah. Teaching the oppressed muslims the lesson of slavery while explaining jihad. The writer has defined jihad as terrorism in the wrong context of transgression and transgressors. A man of Islamic faith can not tolerate the plight of kashmiri muslims subjected to state terrorism of RSS governed India. Why are the muslims of Kashmir being denied the right of self determination? Why have the philistines subjugated in their own land and subjected to Israeli oppression and suppression? What about Rohingia muslims? The writer's version of interpretation of Islamic Jehad does not reflect the true spirit of Islam and article is aimed to build public opinion against the teachings of Islam but in vain. 
    By raja - 3/10/2019 9:29:19 PM

  • Instead of being obsessed with "abrogations" as Naseer sb. is, we must positively assert what we really believe in. For example, we should say, "There is no such thing as a holy war," or, "There is no such thing as  kuffar."

    While we continue to parrot pious words, we have never gone to fight a jihad, nor shall we ever go to fight a jihad. We have never hated any kafir, nor shall we ever hate a kafir. So when we write scholarly articles on jihad or kuffar, we are facilitating the heinous deeds of ISIS, Al Qaeda and the Taliban, who do not understand the finer distinctions that we try to make in the articles that we write.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/10/2019 12:45:11 PM

  • Arshad is right. Not only by their exegetes, but even GGS has not denied the hadith of Taif that apparently allows endangering the lives of the entire population of Taif including women, children, sick, old people etc. because the hadith is saheeh and found in all the six books. He however, conveniently omits it here because he knows no one will point it out. These articles therefore while well meaning, are pointless as the fundamental issues remain unaddressed.

    The very idea of abrogation reduces every argument to an opinion unless the theory of abrogation of any verse of the Quran is completely rejected. What A considers as Muhkam, B may consider as abrogated. Who is the authority to decide for all what is abrogated and what is not? These Islamic scholars have reduced Islam to a farce and anyone can conveniently consider any verse as abrogated or Muhkam. The Quran came down heavily on the Mushrikin for playing around with the number of months in a year adding or not adding a thirteenth month according to their convenience and here the Muslims play around with all the verses of the Quran!

    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/10/2019 6:34:53 AM

  • yes fine message. modern day fighting can be called war but not jihad. 
    By Faiz Ahmad - 3/10/2019 12:27:08 AM

  • Whatever the subject, Hats Off is always ready with his anti-Islam hate diatribes!
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/9/2019 11:44:02 PM

  • The writer's approach is simplistice. Transgression is defined by different people differently. the jihadist define transgression according to their own standards. Killing children women and non-Muslims non combatant is not transgression to them according to their own exegetes. Jihad does not mean killing or fighting for deen. The Quran means to struggle peacefully in spreading the message of deen. Jihad has been misinterpreted. and jihad is not one of the five pillars of Islam tauheed, namaz roza zakat and hajj are the five pillars of Islam. militant organisations make qital or war a basic tenet of Islam.
    Also the writer speaks in first person as if he is some authority on Islam. "I think so" I have found so" I have come to the conclusion that" etc etc.

    By arshad - 3/9/2019 10:43:50 PM

  • why did the prophet threaten khusrau into accepting islam if there is no compulsion in religion?
    why did they send a brutal warrior to attack persia when it did not invade or attack the arabian caravan raiders?
    and by the why is so difficult for muslims to "understand" "true" islam?
    what is true islam anyway?

    By hats off! - 3/9/2019 5:09:19 PM

  • Who defines "limits" and who defines "transgressions"? I have long maintained that we should make concepts like "Jihad" obsolete. Let wars be instruments of state, not of religions.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/9/2019 1:13:43 PM

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