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Islamic Q and A (05 Nov 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Is Taqiyya Used to Deceive Non-Muslims?

By Kaniz Fatma, New Age Islam

05 November 2019

The word ‘Taqaiyyya’ literally means ‘fear, caution, carefulness, guarding against danger, or wariness. In Islamic terminology, the term refers to a precautionary denial of religious belief in cases of potential persecution, constraint and when there is a possibility of harm.

However, Taqaiyya has become commonplace in social media and journalistic discourse, particularly since 9/11, because Muslims claim that Islam is a religion of peace and Jihad is mainly a struggle against one’s own evil desires, whereas non-Muslims can see that many Muslims are engaged in killing each other as well as non-Muslims in several parts of the world. They also see that when the leader of so-called Islamic State “Khalifa” al-Baghdadi and his followers said that “Islam has never been a religion of peace, not even for a day; it has always been a religion of war,” Muslim ulema and media remained largely silent,as if they agreed with him. It has also become easy now, in the present internet age to get acquainted with Islamic history which is strewn with episodes of war and atrocities of all sorts.

Muslim hereditary kings that wore the religious garb of being a Khalifa engaged in brutal atrocities of all kinds on their own people as well as others. Non-Muslims today can also read classical theological books in which Jihad is described as a fight against infidels who refuse to accept Islam. So, when Muslims claim that Islam is a religion of peace and Jihad is mainly against one’s own nafs or negative ego, non-Muslims take it as an example of Taqaiya. 

This, however, is not the case. Muslims speak from their heart. They are saying only what they have been taught in their homes and schools. They are saying only what they believe in, regardless of what militant Jihadis may be saying and doing.

Let’s now see in some detail what Taqiyya stands for; it’s history, meaning and usage.

Taqaiyya is mostly practiced by Shias when they are subject to persecutions or compulsion. Taqaiyyya, though not so much common among Sunnis, is permitted under certain conditions such as threats to life, loss of property; while martyrdom in such cases is more honourable.

The studies of Islamic traditions suggest that Taqaiyya is agreed upon by scholars of several schools of thought in Islam. Sunnis restrict it to deal with non-Muslim persecutors and when under compulsion and persecution, while Shia scholars also justify it to deal with Sunni Majority Muslims and other necessary issues.

Sunni scholars allow Taqaiyya only under utmost compulsion and when there is fear of persecution. A popular exegete of the Quran Al-Tabari comments, “if anyone is compelled and professes unbelief with his tongue, while his heart contradicts him, in order to escape his enemies, no blame falls on him because God takes his servants as their hearts believe” (also quoted in the Encyclopaedia of Islam, 134)  

Imam Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad Al-Ghazali writes in his masterpiece and the most authoritative book on Islam, IhyaUlum Al Din(“The Revival of the Religious Sciences”), “safeguarding of a Muslim’s life is a mandatory obligation that must be observed and that lying is permissible only when the shedding of a Muslim’s blood is at stake”.

But after the 9/11 attacks, a blame is often made by writers and commentators on social websites and in mainstream media that Muslims use Taqaiyyato deceive non-Muslims for the objective of expanding their religion. This is mainly a misunderstanding of the word Taqaiyyya.

The Orientalist Stefan Jakob Wimmer explains that Taqaiyya is not a tool to deceive non-Muslims and spread Islam but instead a defensive mechanism to save one’s life when it is in great danger, such as Muslims' lives during the Reconquista. Similar views are shown by Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen from the University of Copenhagen. (Wikipedia)

To sum up, Taqaiyyamay be exercised under utmost conditions of persecutions or life-threatening situations but it is not allowed for Muslims to deceive non-Muslims in any other interactions. The use of Taqaiyya for expanding the religion of Islam is incompatible with Islamic objectives, as it corrupts the soul of Islam based on submission, truth, mental and spiritual purity. Islam teaches Muslims to be straightforward in their dealings with others, both Muslims and non-Muslims. The Quran clearly condemns the acts of lying and deception in several verses;

“...then He will judge between us in truth. And He is the Knowing Judge” (30:26). At a place, the Quran terms ‘lying’ a disease of the heart which gets worse if left uncorrected, “In their hearts is disease, so Allah has increased their disease: and for them is a painful punishment because they habitually used to lie” (2:10), “Allah does not one who is a transgressor and a liar” (40:28), “This is the Day when the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness..”.

Such teachings of the Quran make it incumbent upon us not to deceive anyone by lying or cunning, then how can Taqaiyya be allowed to deceive non-Muslims?!

Non-Muslims should understand that Muslims are speaking from their heart when they make claims of peace and a permanent struggle against one’s own evil desires that they have to wage as Jihad. However, people must distinguish between Islam and Muslims. Islam is one thing and Muslims quite another. This is actually the case with all religions and philosophies. Christianly is a region of forgiveness and turning the other cheek, but Christians are the only people to have used atom bombs on peaceful citizens of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, not to speak of killing six million Jews in the Holocaust and innumerable pogroms, massacres, genocides and atrocities of all sorts. Can we blame Christianity for these atrocities? I suppose not. Same is the case with teachings of Islam and the practices of Muslims. Muslims do not practise Taqaiyya, except in extreme cases of persecution and only to save their lives.

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  • Islam is not a religion of peace. The watered down version of islam taught by corrupt scholars will teach that islam is a religion of peace. Salaam means peace and we follow Islam and not salaam.
    Shariah meaning of Islam, to fully submit to the command of Allah, not to commit shirk and to disassociate from those who commit shirk.
    By Irshad - 11/19/2019 12:20:39 AM

  • Next joke plz.
    Entire Islam is based on lying deceiving and doing jihad with non muslims
    By Abhay Kumar - 11/8/2019 10:42:08 AM

  • Some might deceive women to turn up to join Islam and yet Quran supports Allah demands those who can self surrender to him.
    Al-Imran (The Family of Imran) - 3:19  [read in context]
    إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ اللّهِ الإِسْلاَمُ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ الَّذِينَ أُوْتُواْ الْكِتَابَ إِلاَّ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِآيَاتِ اللّهِ فَإِنَّ اللّهِ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ (3:19)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Inna alddeena AAinda Allahi alislamu wama ikhtalafa allatheena ootoo alkitaba illa min baAAdi ma jaahumu alAAilmu baghyan baynahum waman yakfur biayati Allahi fainna Allaha sareeAAu alhisabi
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Allah's attributes:Swift in taking account] [Islam] [Knowledge] [People of the Book:differed among themselves]
    Behold, the only [true] religion in the sight of God is [man's] self-surrender unto Him; and those who were vouchsafed revelation aforetime [12] took, out of mutual jealousy, to divergent views [on this point] only after knowledge [thereof] had come unto them. [13] But as for him who denies the truth of God's messages - behold, God is swift in reckoning! - 3:19 (Asad) - 
    The phrase, the only true religion in the sight of God is man's self-surrender unto him, here implies God only recognise a religion if the people can self-surrender to him.  Even if one might use Taqiyya to force women to join Islam and turn up that they proceed to mosque and are reluctant to serve God and unwilling to self-surrender to him, it defeats the purpose, since God does not accept them in joining religion. 
    Thus, Taqiyyq is not the source to bring people to God.  Even worse, it causes God not to recognise them as joining religion.
    By zuma - 11/6/2019 1:47:18 AM

  • How can there be jihad against self, when Allah says that all the good work done by mushreeks for pilgrims of Mecca does not matter, only worshipping Allah is all that matters
    By Satishb - 11/6/2019 12:48:00 AM

  • Examples of Taqiyya with Hindus
    2) This one is the biggest lie of Muslims to Hindus worst than even love Jihad.
    What is this one?j
    Indian Muslims stayed in India because they choose secular values  but if you see their actions and behaviour exactly like Pakistan, want everything separate
    Some of the effects on Hindus and compromise Hindus have to do.
    A)  This so called secular Muslims stayed in India will. not allow any Hindu pilgrims Yatra from their place.
    B) Have to compromise on Friday on business as Secular Muslims cannot change thier Jumma Namaz on Sunday, Rmeber Sunday is not even Hindu relgious important day, but to Harrash other community is the main target.
    C)Always talk of Dalits but since last  70 years has produce situation like Dalit(Oppresed brhamins), but their humanity only works politically so spread the relgion.
    D)The secular Indian Muslims never said anything about Asian premium paid to Arab world,i it was jaziya of the Mordern day to polytheist, Arabic petrol had made huge role in lagging progress of India.
    E) in 80 Islam was in danger in India that was the card, now bullying by victim victim game, never seen Muslims group talking victimisation of Hindu Kashmiri pandits.
    By Aayina - 11/5/2019 9:49:35 PM

  • Examples of Taqyyya with Hindus
    1) Muslims Men uses Plural values of Hindus when they  want decive the girl ,  when they get Married and convert her they use India constitution as scape goat that there is freedom to follow relgion.
    Same they have started in western world
    By Aayina - 11/5/2019 9:34:05 PM

  • It's simple to understand Taqquiya when sweet word of Muslims and action of Muslims ( especially Muslims men)does not match  its Taqqiya, no need to have such Article.
    By Aayina - 11/5/2019 9:11:16 PM

  • Self-survival strategies are common to all mankind and need no religious designation.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 11/5/2019 11:13:17 AM

  • Quran 3:161 does not support Taqiyya.  The following is the extract:
    Al-Imran (The Family of Imran) - 3:161  [read in context]
    وَمَا كَانَ لِنَبِيٍّ أَن يَغُلَّ وَمَن يَغْلُلْ يَأْتِ بِمَا غَلَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ثُمَّ تُوَفَّى كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لاَ يُظْلَمُونَ (3:161)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Wama kana linabiyyin an yaghulla waman yaghlul yati bima ghalla yawma alqiyamati thumma tuwaffa kullu nafsin ma kasabat wahum la yuthlamoona
    Topics discussed in this Verse:
    [Day of judgment]
    AND IT IS not conceivable that a prophet should deceive [123] - since he who deceives shall be faced with his deceit on the Day of Resurrection, when every human being shall be repaid in full for whatever he has done, and none shall be wronged. - 3:161 (Asad) -
    The phrase, he who deceives shall be faced with his deceit on the Day of Resurrection..when every human being shall be repaid in full for whatever he has done, here can means he who deceives or he who tell lies shall be faced the consequence of lie on the Day of Resurrection, when every human being shall be repaid whatever thing wrong he did on earth.  In other words, those who did evil in lying shall be repaid evil in return.  Thus, the entire verse discourages Taqiyya.  Yet Muslim extremists twist the word of Quran to support Taqiyya, i.e. lying.  The way they practise entirely contradicts the word of Quran.  Even their Sharia law also promotes it.  As Sharia law promotes Taiqiyya, it proves that Sharia law is human made law that none should rely on it.
    Quran 2:39 condemns those who twist the word of Quran and lie to others to hell.
    Al-Baqara (The Cow) - 2:39  [read in context]
    وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرواْ وَكَذَّبُواْ بِآيَاتِنَا أُولَـئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ (2:39)
    Basit -   Hussari -   Minshawi -  f
    Waallatheena kafaroo wakaththaboo biayatina olaika ashabu alnnari hum feehakhalidoona
    but those who are bent on denying the truth and giving the lie to Our messages - they are destined for the fire, and therein shall they abide. - 2:39 (Asad) -
    The phrase, those who are bent on denying the truth, here refers to those who like to twist the truth to lie to others.    The phrase, giving the lie to Our messages, here implies those who lie to others about God's message in order to deceive other to come to God.  The phrase, they are destined for the fire, here implies those who intend to tell Taqiyya and lies to others will have the destiny to hell.  Yet Sharia law promotes Taqiyya.  As Sharia law promotes Taqiyya and yet Quran discourages lie, it implies that Sharia law is human made law, since Sharia law contradicts against the word of Quran.
    By zuma - 11/5/2019 8:09:34 AM

  • If Muslims practice Taqiyya to save their lives from persecutions, this act should not be termed deception. 
    By GGS - 11/5/2019 2:22:33 AM

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