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Middle East Press (18 May 2017 NewAgeIslam.Com)



How Shakespeare’s Muslims Are Challenging Britain’s Great Divide: New Age Islam's Selection, 18 May 2017





New Age Islam Edit Bureau

18 May 2017

How Shakespeare’s Muslims Are Challenging Britain’s Great Divide

By Remona Aly

The Slippery Slope of Revolutionary Politics: Will Hamas Be another Fatah?

By Ramzy Baroud

Women’s Sports and the Shoura

By Dr. Fowziya Al-Bakr

Sports — One Way of Uniting Muslims and Changing Perceptions

By Maha Akeel

Does Macron Bring A New Dawn For Liberal Democracy?

By Dr. Azeem Ibrahim

Ransomware Hackers Are Controlling The World

By Mashari Althaydi

Compiled By New Age Islam Edit Bureau

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How Shakespeare’s Muslims Are Challenging Britain’s Great Divide

By Remona Aly

17 May 2017

What it that makes you most hopeful is, I was asked recently. I hesitated. And I didn't want to hesitate. But I was recovering from a ghastly drum roll of media headlines comprising terror attacks, war, fear, hate crimes, and division.

As the world has become more polarized, it often feels like the cycle is getting more vicious.

Yet this painful, reductionist wheel of the human experience is a limitation that I choose not to accept. Without hesitation.

The moments when I feel most alive, when I feel most human, is through the universal and limitless prism of artistic and cultural expression. Most of all when it speaks to my own beliefs and heritage as a British Muslim who draws on multiple identities, whether that is ethnically Indian, symbolically Arab, spiritually Persian, or culturally British.

This notion is analogous to the figure of Saint George, who held Palestinian, Turkish, and Greek heritage - yet he has been embraced as the patron saint of England since the 14th century. One could argue he is the perfect symbol for 21st century Britain, but I wonder how Saint George would fare if he came to these shores today. Some might fly the English flag of welcome; others might use it to cast him out.

Things are never simple, yet this complexity is also integral to our stories. Muslim communities have undergone profound upheavals, particularly in the past 15 years.

Unending questions around integration, belonging, identity, and loyalty, have circled Muslims like a ring of fire. They have struggled with the challenges of puritanical interpretations of Islamic scriptures, they’ve been beset by socio-economic deprivation - nearly half of UK Muslims live in deprived areas in the country, and they can often face hostile public attitudes that see them as the eternal outsiders - 62% of Britons think rising numbers of Muslims in the UK ‘weaken’ the national identity.

The answer is not to retreat into the shadows, but to stride through the fire – to boldly challenge, explore, and broaden that very identity through a creative channel.

This week, Othello, the popular play by the national poet-playwright Shakespeare, is being revisited in a new production by the English Touring Theatre, this time with a strong nod to Othello’s Muslim identity.

Using the play as an entry point of vigorous debate and discussion, the Othello Project explores the question of ‘the Other’ in light of the current climate of right wing populism through a series of surrounding events. Podcasts, photography, and spoken word performances inspired by the 17th century play are designed to navigate modern Muslim perspectives on assimilation, prejudice, and identity.

The Othello Project, which takes place this Saturday, thus uses a traditional English play to confront our modern challenges around growing faith and ethnic divides – and in the process brings together a powerful, eclectic fusion of the diversity inherent to British culture.

The project is being supported by a newly launched programming fund called Amal, which supports Muslim cultures and arts, including storytelling, visual arts, theatre, poetry, music, dance and film. Amal’s vision is one that enables, celebrates and champions the rich mosaic of Muslim cultures in Britain – with a view to explore how art and culture bring us together and highlight the values that unite us all, no matter what our religious beliefs or ethnic backgrounds.

Art Is Our Oxygen

A rising young Muslim filmmaker from London tells me how thrilled he is that Amal exists. “Finally”, he says, “it’s what we’ve been waiting for”.

He, like so many artists, struggles with financial setbacks and the lack of opportunities, leaving a heavy lid on artistic imagination. But initiatives like Amal can lift it, and open the way for these artists to enrich, redefine and evolve the British cultural landscape.

Cultures and arts are the key to changing the stifling rhetoric that exists around Muslims – because the Muslim experience isn’t limited to Niqab bans, Muslim bans, extremism, immigration or Sharia penalties.

Art is our oxygen. It enables us to wander the inner chambers of the human condition – for each hallway, window, and staircase reveals a different dimension, a new insight into arguably the most fascinating and most misunderstood faith group in the world.

If, as Shakespeare says, all the world’s a stage, then I believe there are many storytellers waiting for their stage entrance. They no longer need to wait in the sidelines. The light can finally fall on their exceptional stories, ones that challenge the status quo, that fire up the imagination, and celebrate the complex beauty of humanity.

In our diversity, there is so much to explore, so much promise – because it is only in accepting and celebrating our differences, that we can discover our common ground.

This is what fills me with hope.

Source: english.alarabiya.net/en/views/news/middle-east/2017/05/17/How-Shakespeare-s-Muslims-are-challenging-Britain-s-great-divide.html

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The Slippery Slope of Revolutionary Politics: Will Hamas Be another Fatah?

By Ramzy Baroud

18 May 2017

Hamas has recently released a new Charter. Despite obvious contradictions and attempts at finding balances within the region’s increasingly tight political margin, the new document is far savvier than its old Charter of 1988.

Following the announcement of the new Charter, the soon-to-depart Hamas’ leader, Khaled Meshaal, conducted several high profile media interviews, explaining the evolution in Hamas’ political discourse.

In a televised interview with CNN, Meshaal called on US President, Donald Trump, to seize a “historic opportunity” for peace. He said that Trump has a “greater threshold for boldness”, thus is able to pressure Israel and “find an equitable solution for the Palestinian people.”

It is not the first time that Hamas has called upon a US president to change his country’s divisive political approach to Palestine and to pressure Israel. But unlike previous calls to former President Barack Obama, for example, Hamas’ ‘plea’ this time is far less confrontational.

“This is a plea from me to the Trump administration - the new American administration,” Meshaal told CNN. “Break out from the wrong approaches of the past and which did not arrive at a result. And perhaps to grab the opportunity presented by Hamas’ document.”

Trump is due to visit Israel on May 22, and is expected, aside from declaring his unconditional support for the Jewish state, to propose an ‘ultimate deal.’

While many Palestinians are not impressed, the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah is still counting on American political validation and financial support to survive.

However, seeing Hamas joining the official Palestinian chorus, pleading and imploring Trump to be fairer than his predecessors is quite an interesting shift in both attitude and style.

The Hamas leadership is keen to assure its supporters that the shift is in language only, and that its old values are still strongly guarded. But this might not be the case.

The Old and the New

Undoubtedly, Hamas’ first Charter, which was released to the public in August 1988, a few months after the formation of Hamas - itself a creation from the outcome of the Palestinian Uprising of December 1987, which saw the killing of thousands of Palestinians, mostly stone throwing children - reflected a degree of intellectual dearth and political naïveté.

It called on Palestinians to confront the Israeli occupation army, seeking “martyrdom, or victory”, and derided Arab rulers and armies for their apathy in the face of ‘grave crimes by the Jews’ against the Palestinians.

At the time, the Hamas leadership was a grassroots composition, made up almost entirely of Palestinian refugees.

While Hamas founders attributed their ideology to the Muslim Brotherhood Movement, their politics was formulated inside Palestinian refugee camps and Israeli prisons.

Although Hamas desired to be part of a larger regional dynamic, it was mostly the outcome of a unique Palestinian experience.

The language of Hamas’ first Charter reflected serious political immaturity, lack of true vision and an underestimation of their future appeal.

However, it also reflected a degree of sincerity, accurately depicting a rising popular tide that was discontented with Fatah’s domination of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

Fatah, and other PLO factions, became increasingly disengaged from Palestinian reality after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982.

The 1987 Intifada reflected popular frustration, both with the Israeli military occupation and the failure, corruption and irrelevance of the PLO.

Thus, the formation of Hamas during that specific period of Palestinian history cannot be understood independently from the Intifada, which introduced a new generation of Palestinian movements, leaders and grassroots organizations.

Due to its emphasis on Islamic (vs. national) identity, Hamas developed in parallel, rarely converging with other national groups in the West Bank and Gaza.

Towards the end of the Intifada, the factions clashed, inflicting violence towards fellow Palestinians. Internal strife exhausted the Intifada from within, as much as it was mercilessly beaten by Israeli occupation soldiers from without.

The signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993, but especially the failure of the accords and the so-called ‘peace process’ to meet the minimum expectations of the Palestinian people, gave Hamas another impetus.

Since the period of ‘peace’ saw the expansion of illegal Jewish settlements, the number of illegal settlers doubling and the loss of more Palestinian land, Hamas’ popularity continued to rise.

Meanwhile, the PLO was sidelined to make room for the Palestinian Authority. Established in 1994, the PA was a direct outcome of Oslo. Its leaders were not leaders of the Intifada, but mostly wealthy Fatah returnees from Arab capitals abroad.

The late Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, understood the need to maintain a semblance of balance in his treatment of Palestinian opposition forces. Despite tremendous Israel-US pressure to crack down on the ‘infrastructure of terrorism’, he understood that suppressing Hamas and others could hasten his party’s eroding popularity.

Soon after his passing, local Palestinian elections - in which Hamas participated for the first time - changed the political power dynamics in Palestine. Hamas won the majority of seats in the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC).

Hamas’ election victory in 2006 prompted a western boycott, massive Israeli crackdown on the movement and clashes between Hamas and Fatah. Ultimately, Gaza was placed under siege, and several Israeli wars killed thousands of Palestinians.

Search for Alternatives

During the last ten years, Hamas has been forced to seek alternatives. It was forced out of the trenches to govern and economically manage one of the most impoverished regions on earth.

The siege became the status quo. Attempts by some European powers to talk to Hamas were always met by strong Israeli-American-PA rejection.

Hamas’ old Charter was often used to silence voices that called for ending Hamas’ isolation, along with the Gaza siege. Taken out of its historical context, Hamas’ Charter read like an archaic treatise, devoid of any political wisdom.

On May 1, Hamas introduced the new Charter, entitled: “A Document of General Principles and Policies.”

The new Charter makes no reference to the Muslim Brotherhood. Instead, it realigns Hamas’ political outlook to fit somewhere between national and Islamic sentiments.

It consents to the idea of establishing a Palestinian state per the June 1967 border, although insists on the Palestinian people’s legal and moral claim to all of historic Palestine.

It rejects the Oslo agreements, but speaks of the PA as a fact of life; it supports all forms of resistance, but insists on armed resistance as a right of any occupied nation.

Expectedly, It Does Not Recognize Israel.

Hamas’ new Charter seems like a scrupulously cautious attempt at finding political balances. The outcome is a document that is - although it can be understood in the region’s new political context - a frenzied departure from the past.

Hamas of 1988 may have seemed unrefined and lacking savvy, but its creation was a direct expression of a real, existing sentiment of many Palestinians. Hamas of 2017 is much more stately and careful in both words and actions, yet it is adrift in new space that is governed by Arab money, regional and international politics and the pressure of ten years under siege and war.

The current conventional wisdom among Hamas leaders is that a balance is still possible, where political pragmatism and armed struggle can go hand in hand. In fact, the future of the movement, and its brand of politics and resistance will be determined by the outcome of this dialectics.

However, it behoves Hamas to carefully study the political journey of its rivals in Fatah. The latter’s ideology was a blend of nationalism and religion. At times, it too tried to strike the right balance, but failed.

Nearly 47 years ago, Fatah leaders modelled their revolutionary movement after the guerrilla war and resistance in Algeria, which eventually dislodged bloody French colonialism.

Before the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993, Fatah still argued that armed struggle could go hand in hand with the so-called ‘peace process.’

Even today, Fatah’s popular rallies still utilize the language of yesteryear although, in reality, neither the ‘peace process’ delivered the coveted peace, nor is armed struggle – or any form of centralized resistance – part of the official Fatah strategy.

One can find clear similarities by comparing the experiences of Fatah and Hamas. Perhaps unwittingly, Hamas seems to slowly adopt Fatah’s past legacy.

What ordinary Palestinians found appealing about Hamas in the past was its ability to articulate a Palestinian position, however amateurish it was, independent from American pressures and Arab influences.

In fact, this is what many Palestinians also found appealing about Fatah in the 1960s.

Hamas is slowly, but decidedly losing that quality, as Fatah already did. If the movement continues on this path it could soon find itself reliving Fatah’s past, which sent Palestinians into years of political disarray and self-defeating internal conflict.

Source: english.alarabiya.net/en/views/news/middle-east/2017/05/18/The-slippery-slope-of-revolutionary-politics-Will-Hamas-be-another-Fatah-.html

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Women’s Sports and the Shoura

By Dr. Fowziya Al-Bakr

May 18, 2017

SAUDI women started taking part in sports as early as the 1960s when they played football, basketball and volleyball. The year 2006 witnessed the opening of the first private sports academy for women in Jeddah. There are 26 women’s sports clubs across the Kingdom, which promote various sporting activities, including horse riding and football.

Women’s sports clubs have sprung up in the length and breadth of Saudi Arabia in recent years. Most of them are not licensed and charge exorbitant fees. It will be difficult for women having limited income to pay the annual subscriptions, which has reached as high as SR14,000, for joining these clubs.

While working in Boston, which is believed to be an expensive city to live in the US, the annual fee I paid to a sports club was just $60 while the fee for joining a yoga club did not exceed $20 a month.

We need sports like water and air because taking part in sports will strengthen our physical and psychological health. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “ The most beloved of people according to Allah is he who brings most benefit to people, and the most beloved of deeds according to Allah the Mighty, the Magnificent, is that you bring happiness to a fellow Muslim….”

Is there anything better than sports in inducing happiness to people. Scientific researches without exception have stressed the high impact of doing exercise on mental health apart from its physical benefits. The website of Healthline says: “Regular exercise can boost your confidence and improve your self-esteem. As your strength, skills and stamina increase through playing sports your self-image would improve as well.”

Team sports such as football, baseball and basketball are training grounds for leadership traits. Regular physical activity helps keep your key mental skills sharp as you age. This includes critical thinking, learning and good judgment. Exercise reduces the level of stress hormones and stimulates production of endorphins, which are natural mood lifters.

It also enhances self-confidence as a result of a balanced lifestyle and preservation of physical health and will reduce health problems such as obesity and exhaustion, which is widespread in our society.

It goes without saying that sports activities are the cornerstone of the Kingdom’s Vision 2030, which envisions four out of 10 Saudi men and women as active athletes.

A study conducted by the obesity chair at King Saud University shows that one-third of Saudi society (70 percent of men and 75 percent of women) suffers from obesity.

More than 80 percent of type-2 diabetic patients in the Kingdom are obese. Saudi Arabia has been ranked third globally by World Health Organization in obesity prevalence. A study conducted by the executive bureau of the GCC Health Council showed that obesity-related deaths in the Kingdom reached 20,000 annually. It has been reported that more than 3.5 million Saudi children suffer from obesity.

Obesity has hit about 36 percent of Saudi population. Moreover, cases of heart diseases, hypertension and diabetes and heart blockage are growing among children due to excessive weight gain.

Moreover, the sports sector is a big industry, which is expected to offer limitless job opportunities for women if they are given proper education and training.

We don’t have accurate figures of women’s sports clubs in the Kingdom and many of them do not possess any license. The Sports Authority has allowed opening of sports clubs for women. Our universities and educational institutions should organize physical exercise programs for female students.

There is no intellectual and cultural justification for rejecting a proposal made by some women Shoura Council members to establish physical education colleges for girls. I believe that we have to convert some chairs in the consultative council that obstruct progress into a museum.

We hope that the young Saudi men and women would take up important social issues to expedite reforms and make greater achievements, like the successes achieved by the country’s young leadership.

Source: saudigazette.com.sa/opinion/local-viewpoint/womens-sports-shoura/

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Sports — One Way of Uniting Muslims and Changing Perceptions

By Maha Akeel

18 May 2017

I had the pleasure of attending the opening ceremony of the 4th Islamic Solidarity Games, or the Olympics of the Muslim world, held in Baku, the capital of the Republic of Azerbaijan, on May 12. It was a spectacular and awesome show that mixed the past and present in a wonderful display of music, dance, fireworks and a laser show.

The show followed a theme of togetherness in the Islamic world, which was reiterated in the speeches by the Azerbaijani First Lady, Vice President and Chairperson of the Organizing Committee of the Games Mehriban Aliyeva, and by Secretary-General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation Dr. Yousef Al-Othaimeen. “Our Games will send a message beyond the borders of Azerbaijan, that solidarity is our strength,” said Mehriban Aliyeva.

The secretary-general stated that the magnificent Games will contribute to the promotion of sports in the OIC countries and support youth in the Islamic world, as well as inter-cultural and inter-civilisational dialogue, and propagate knowledge of Islamic values globally through sports. Indeed, the feeling of excitement reverberating through the stadium, especially as the athletes from 54 OIC countries participating in the Games were parading to the cheers of spectators, was stirring.

It was an uplifting feeling mixed with pride and joy. I was particularly happy to see a female Saudi athlete as part of the Saudi team. Yes, the Islamic games included female athletes competing in different sports. Unlike the usual depressing, frightening news we hear and read about coming from the Muslim world, these Games were a breath of fresh air. It was nice to see athletes from Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Palestine and Yemen participating. Not that they did not participate in the Olympics or other international sports competitions, but it was reassuring to see them in a world-class event in a Muslim country.

Our youth need such messages of hope and togetherness. They represent around 60 percent of the Muslim population; their energy, creativity and enthusiasm should be harnessed for building nations, developing societies and leading toward peace, prosperity and creativity. Leaving them to be manipulated by destructive ideologies, devoured by emptiness, and frustrated by corruption and mismanagement is a sure way to more anger, emigration and terrorism.

Today, unfortunately, simply saying the word Islam or Muslim conjures up negative images of conflicts, terrorism, extremism, oppression, poverty, backwardness, illiteracy, disease, famine and corruption. Only few glimpses of positive achievements and successes are ever in the spotlight. As much as we would like to blame the media for focusing on the negative and ignoring the positive, because bad news makes news, we still have to shoulder our own responsibility in changing these images into positive.

The Muslim world has an image problem and it needs to organize more events like the Islamic Solidarity Games. The potential for cultural events are enormous with the rich heritage, arts and literature of the Muslim world, not to mention science, innovation and medicine. People-to-people contact and communication is the best way to change perceptions and win hearts and minds. In other words, the Muslim world needs to use its soft power.

However, the Muslim world covers wide and extremely diverse parts of the world, and the perception and knowledge gap about each individual country or region is huge, from the overall positive to the mostly negative and everything in between on each issue, whether development, women, education, religion, democracy, human rights, science and research. So a one approach fits all would not work. Nevertheless, this diversity itself is a bonus because it negates the stereotypical image or perception of Islam and Muslims. This rich diversity is what the Muslim world needs to project, and it was in full display in Baku at the Islamic Solidarity Games.

Source; arabnews.com/node/1101076

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Does Macron Bring A New Dawn For Liberal Democracy?

By Dr. Azeem Ibrahim

17 May 2017

When Emmanuel Macron won an emphatic victory in the French presidential election the other week, the entire liberal establishment of Europe breathed a sigh of relief. If the Austrian presidential and the Dutch parliamentary elections hinted that we may have hit peak nationalist populism in the West, Macron’s victory seems like a decisive turnaround. We still have the German election coming up in the autumn, but the risks there seem minimal. The most likely scenario there is that Merkel wins the Chancellorship again – not a bad outcome. An unlikely victory for the SPD’s Martin Schultz, the main contender, would make Macron’s proposed European renewal and resurgence even more probable.

At least, this is the optimistic scenario for the future of liberal democracy in the West. And there are reasons to be optimistic. Perversely, the main reason to be optimistic is, in fact, Macron’s popularity – or to be more specific, lack thereof.

There is no doubt that his movement, France en Marche, was driven by a large cadre of true believers. Among the educated urban classes, Macron’s mix of social liberalism and economic centrism is wildly popular, just as it was for Tony Blair in Britain two decades ago. But in France, just as in Britain today, that demographic is decidedly a minority. It continues to be disproportionally influential, but there as here, its influence is waning. Many, if not the majority, of people who voted for Macron did not do so out of enthusiasm for his policy positions. They did so holding their noses.

And that is extremely good news. In Britain, some would argue that brand of liberalism, bolstered by the man’s personal popularity, was tarnished by Blair’s failures over Iraq. The backlash from some in the Labour party against it has been overly aggressive. But in France, people largely did not vote for Macron, or for his brand of liberalism. They voted for the moral soul of the French Republic. The decision before them was whether they stood for the liberal, democratic Republic they grew up in, or whether they preferred a populist system with a leader in the mould of Putin, Trump or Erdogan. And they have voted emphatically in favour of the Republic.

Don’t Get Too Comfortable

But we must also be cautious. A 66% vote in favour of the old liberal order seems like a comfortable margin, but it is significantly smaller than the 82% from 2002, when Jacques Chirac defeated Marine Le Pen’s father, Jean-Marie. The direction of travel is still worrying. And while in France the old Republic still has a comfortable margin, it does not have unlimited time to deliver the goods. And in other European countries, that margin is much smaller.

What is heartening is that Macron seems to understand this. His calls for the renewal of the French Republic and the ‘historic reconstruction’ of Europe are exactly what is needed. Unless these institutions start delivering for their people, and are seen to be delivering for their people, they are living on borrowed time. France needs a more flexible, dynamic and inclusive economy. Europe needs substantially better economic governance: governance that is accountable at the level of the entire Union, and not beholden to the electoral calculus of leaders in the Capitals, notably Berlin. Both of these issues require significant institutional overhauls.

The question now is whether Macron can deliver. He has the political will, but he will need to bring the French Assembly and the governments of the other European countries along with him. And that is no small task for a man of relatively little experience. Merkel has an open ear, at least for now. But whether she will move with him remains to be seen. Whether Poland and Hungary can also be brought along for the ride will be even more interesting to see.

All in all, with Macron, European liberal democracy at least has a credible analysis of what has gone wrong over the past decade and an injection of energy towards creating solid solutions. But now the hard work begins. And it will be years before we can say for sure whether liberal democracy in Europe is back on sure footing, or whether Emmanuel Macron was but a false dawn.

Source: english.alarabiya.net/en/views/news/middle-east/2017/05/17/Does-Macron-bring-a-new-dawn-for-liberal-democracy-.html

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Ransomware Hackers Are Controlling the World

By Mashari Althaydi

17 May 2017

The ransomware virus which targeted the accounts and services of global companies and governmental institutions in several countries was a horrible attack that’s extremely dangerous and that has several significances.

According to some estimates, the victims of this cyber attack are more than 200,000 in 150 countries in Asia and Europe. The European Interpol said it was an unprecedented attack.

Banks, airliner companies, internet service providers, commercial companies and governmental institutions were all in a state of alert following the attack.

According to some experts, the cyber attack may even target smart home technologies in addition to targeting smart phones and laptops.

The aim of these cyber attacks is clear. The virus seizes your data, and if you pay the required ransom, you will be given a password to retrieve your data.

A British young man foiled the ransomware virus but what’s funny is that few years ago, when he was still a teenager, he was suspended from school after being accused of hacking.

Dutch spy chief Rob Bertholee recently warned during a cyber security conference in The Hague that today no one can completely protect anyone from cyber threats, and he warned of another digital dangerous attack.

Bertholee highlighted how cyber attacks targeted Saudi Arabia’s Aramco in 2012 and how three years later Ukrainian electricity companies were hacked leading to a massive blackout for several hours.

One of the interesting points he noted is that although the internet provided the world with comprehensive infrastructure that had major benefits, such as facilitating communication and the transfer of information, it also had disastrous disadvantages.

A Weapon

Technological development has made things easier but it’s a weapon that you can use and that can also be used against you. It helped facilitate general services and put an end to paperwork and bureaucratic stamps as everything has now become digital. This is very easy and simple but it can also be very dangerous and serious.

Imagine if the entire world is under the control of a mysterious gang. Some said that angry North Korea is behind the recent ransomware attack. Before that, it was said the Russians were behind hacking the French and American elections.

The world’s submission to the internet is terrifying. Internet is indispensable when it comes to public services, airliners’ bookings, hospitalization, banking and many other sectors. Therefore spending and investing in electronic security has become part of national or rather global security.

The Internet has a window overlooking heaven and another overlooking hell. God bless the days of simplicity.

Source: english.alarabiya.net/en/views/news/middle-east/2017/05/17/Ransomware-hackers-are-controlling-the-world.html

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