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Refuting ISIS Magazine ‘Voice of Hind' on What It Calls The ‘Disease of Indian Nationalism:’ ISIS should Know India Is Muslims' Beloved Homeland


By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

 

23 May 2020

 

The first online edition of India-specific propaganda magazine ‘Voice of Hind’ dedicates an entire page to highlight the “disease of nationalism”. The objective of this propaganda magazine is to provoke and recruit Indian Muslims against their own homeland. This is not just a matter of rejecting this objective by calling it Un-Islamic but as a part of Muslim community it is our collective responsibility to refute the whimsical arguments of this anti-national objective as well. This magazine is published by a pro-ISIS group through its Al-Qitaal Media Centre of Junudul Khilafah al-Hind.


Describing nationalism as ‘disease’ and ‘transgression’, the pro-ISIS group says, “And there is no doubt that the call to nationalism is a call to ’Asabiyyah (partisanship and party spirit) and it is a call to becoming angry for the sake of ’Asabiyyah and fighting for ’Asabiyyah. And there is no doubt also, that the call to nationalism is a call to transgression, pride and arrogance, since nationalism is not a divinely revealed way of life which prevents its people from oppression and proud boasting.  Rather it is an ideology from the time of Jahiliyyah which leads its people to boasting about it and having ’Asabiyyah for it even if they are the oppressors and the others are the oppressed!” (Voice of Hind, 1st issue, p.8)

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The pro-ISIS group does not mention the source of this anti-national ideology. However, one can find it out that this entire quotation was taken from the article “The Evils of Nationalism” written by Sheikh Abdul Aziz Ibn Baaz, a prominent Saudi Wahhabi scholar and published in ‘Nuqdul Qawmiyyatul Arabia (pp.39-44). This again shows that the idea of anti-nationalism is inspired by radical Wahhabism. 

 

To support this anti-national ideology, the pro-ISIS group quotes one hadith that in fact does not support anti-nationalism. In this refutation of ISIS, we will analyse that hadith and check how Islam deals with the idea of nationalism and how it can rebut anti-national ideology in the context of India.

 

Nationalism is a sentiment pursuing objectives associated with national interests. Nationalism in Indian context is based on patriotism, pluralism, diversity and common national characteristics that bind Indian population with the feeling of unity and brotherhood for the sake of achieving national interests. The notion of Indian nationalism that can be rightly understood through the constitutional rights given to Indian citizens regardless of differences in religion, faith, culture and race. There is no place for compulsion in terms of religion. Each individual has equal opportunity to practice religion, grow in spirituality, advance in terms of career and other necessities of life. Any act of oppression and injustice committed towards any Indian individual is punishable in the Indian court of Justice, the disloyalty of which is also an act against Indian nationalism.

 

This is the intrinsic notion associated with Indian nationalism that definitely does not go against Islam at all, if we talk about it from an Islamic perspective. Therefore, the understanding of the pro-ISIS group, with regard to Indian nationalism, is flawed and that the call to Indian nationalism is not the call to transgression and arrogance. The following are some evidences taken from the Quran and Ahadith that make this point very clear.

 

A part of Indian nationalism is patriotism substantially supported by Islam. India where a Muslim is endowed with religious rights, security, liberty and freedom is a beloved place for him. For Muslims, India is a country where they freely bow down before God Almighty in five-time prayers and have freedom to devote all their time to worship Allah Almighty and obey the Sunnah of their Prophet (peace be upon him). These are the religious rights given to Muslims, which make them embrace patriotism.

 

The indications of patriotism are mentioned in the Quran, Ahadith and their commentaries. According to a hadith, whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) came back from journeys, he used to see the wall of Makkah with love. In the commentary of this hadith, Imam Asqalani and Imam Aaini etc have written that this hadith justifies patriotism or love towards country. Additionally, jurists (Fuqaha), saints (Auliya), the wise (hukama), and Muslim authors have expressed their affection for their respective homelands. A number of Ulama have written books on patriotism, for instance, “Al-Hunain ilal Awtan (Love towards the homeland)” authored by Jahiz.

 

It is narrated by Hazrat Anas that “whenever the Prophet (peace be upon him) returned from a journey and observed the walls of Medina, he would make his Mount go fast, and if he was on an animal (i.e. a horse), he would make it gallop because of his love for Medina” (Bukhari, 1886, Book 29, Hadith 20).

 

The same hadith is also mentioned in Jami al-Tirmidhi. In the commentary of this hadith, Allama Ibn Hajar Asqalani says, “This hadith is evidence of the virtue of Madina and permissibility of love to country/Hubbul Watan” (Fathul Bari commentary on Sahih Bukhari, Arabic version 3/621). Allama Aini has also made the same interpretation of this hadith. (Please see, Umdatul Qari –commentary on Sahih Bukhari 10/135)

 

Mulla Ali Qari, in his book “Mirqatul Mafatih (commentary of Hadith book – Mishkatul Masabih)”, says, “Being away from the homeland is one of the most painful situations”. Allama Ibn Jawzi says in his book “Muthir Al-Gharam Al-Sakin Ilá Ashraf Al-Amakin p.75”, “homelands are always beloved”. Imam Abu Nuwaim said in “Hilyatul Awliya 7/380”, “Being away from the homeland was the most painful experience of all that I felt”.

 

Patriotism is a tendency which naturally resides in citizens and increases when they continuously feel secure and have full freedom to practice their religious rituals. This tendency is a part of Indian nationalism. Then how can the call to Indian nationalism be the call of transgression?!!

 

Another part of Indian nationalism is pluralism. The Quranic verses are the calls from God Almighty towards all mankind for believing in one God, His books, prophets, angels and the Hereafter. God Almighty know that there would be division among His creatures in the sense that some would believe Him and some would disbelieve Him. He kept faith as a matter of free will and heart, as force cannot establish faith in one’s heart. The Quran makes this point very clear that since the faith of Islam is clear for all mankind, “There is no compulsion in [matters of] Religion” (2:257).

 

The mankind are not united in one faith and one culture, yet they are encouraged to know one another through a humane ethos. The Quran says, “O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” (49:13). Here we get the idea of pluralism which can also be derived from a number of other Quranic verses such as 5:48, 11:118, 22:67 and 30:22.

Allah Almighty says, “Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To Allah is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.” (5:48)

“And if your Lord had willed, He could have made mankind one community; but they will not cease to differ.” (11:118)

“For every religion We have appointed rites which they perform. So, [O Muhammad], let the disbelievers not contend with you over the matter but invite them to your Lord. Indeed, you are upon straight guidance.” (22:67)

“And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your languages and your colors. Indeed in that are signs for those of knowledge.” (30:22)

 

 The Quranic message on pluralism and diversity was also implemented through the Charter of Medina formulated by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). This Charter brought together different ethnic and religious communities, granting them equal rights and responsibilities. The treaty made with the Christian monks of Najran for the protection of monastery and freedom of religion was one of the examples of testimony to pluralism.

 

It is clear now that Islam encourages pluralism and that Indian nationalism involves pluralism which gives equal opportunity to each Indian citizen for knowing each other and residing peacefully despite differences.  Then how can the call to Indian nationalism be the call to transgression?! The Pro-ISIS group must change its baseless claim and stop calling Indian nationalism a ‘transgression’, otherwise it is a transgression to call what is not transgression a ‘transgression.’

 

A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar), with a Sufi-Sunni background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator. He has also done B.A (Hons.) in Arabic, M.A. in Arabic and M.A in English from JMI, New Delhi. He is Interested in Islamic Sciences; Theology, Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Hadith and Islamic mysticism (Tasawwuf).

 

URL: https://newageislam.com/radical-islamism-and-jihad/ghulam-ghaus-siddiqi,-new-age-islam/refuting-isis-magazine-‘voice-of-hind--on-what-it-calls-the-‘disease-of-indian-nationalism-’-isis-should-know-india-is-muslims--beloved-homeland/d/121933

 

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  1. Subhan Allah, good refutation
    By Abdul Karim Misbahi 23/06/2020 23:04:36
  2. Nationalism or patriotism is not forbidden because it is not declared so by Allah Almighty and His beloved Prophet peace be upon him.

    Allah Almighty says in the Quran, “And say not what your tongues tell falsely, this is lawful and this is unlawful so that you may forge a lie against Allah. No doubt those who forge lies against Allah they will not prosper”

    This verse asks the people not to declare things lawful and unlawful according to their own fancy. Everything provided by Allah Almighty is lawful, besides those which Allah and His beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) have declared unlawful. From this verse we also learn that declaring anything forbidden without any proof is a lie against Allah Almighty. Those who say that the Niaz of Meelad Sharif and food of Fatiha are forbidden without any proof are liars. All these are permissible because Allah Almighty and His beloved Prophet had not declared them as unlawful. The holy Prophet is reported to have said that lawful is that which is declared as such by Allah Almighty while forbidden is that which is declared so by Allah Almighty and where silence is maintained that is allowed.

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي 17/06/2020 03:29:14
  3. The translators of Islamic terms, jurisprudential or theological, often ecounter many lexical gaps that hinder the process of smooth translation. He finds himself in a dire need of employing required strategies to address problems related to translations.

    Arabic-english dictionaries have contributed to the complexity of religious translation as they give either inaccurate equivalents or ones with pejorative connotations. For example, Hans Wehr, a bilingual dictionary (Arabic-English) cites the meaning of jihad as fight, battle, holy war (against the infidels, as a religious duty). This dictionary restricts the deep religious sense of this term to an exlusively military sense notwithstanding that it has more than this restricted meaning as in the Prophet’s ahadith ‘the true jihad is against self-whims’ which refers to self-discipline and combating the soul’s vanity, and ‘the greater jihad is to utter a just word before a tyrant ruler’ which calls for telling the truth regardless of consequences.   

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي 16/06/2020 22:36:04
  4. Hats off, "until whole of religion is for allah"
    is a part of divine speech. the right of preaching religion is present in democratic laws but what is more important that one should not take this path of preaching in forceful or violent ways. everyone is preaching today. 
    as for the message of islam, internet has made it accessible to everyone arond the world and the question is now whether or not it is still obligatory on preachers to preach islam.
    it was said that the preaching was obligatory on preachers in the early days of islam only for those who has not got any invitation of islam but now every individual nearly knows about islam that it invites entire humanity. it should be left up to people's will, that is, there should no compulsion in inviting them. as for endeavour to invite them towards the path of Allah in peaceful manner, there is no problem with that.  
    after bearing up continious persecutions by Makkan pagans, fighting against filthy people was allowed for the early Muslims. But when they fought, fought it for the cause of their Religion called Islam.  this is how interpreted the part of the verse "until the whole religion becomes for Allah"  
    By GGS 13/06/2020 06:44:46
  5. friendship with non-muslims is not allowed as one verse is frequently quoted in this context. would the author like to comment on the verse 3:118
    “O you who have believed, do not take as intimates those other than yourselves” (3:118)
    By Ahmad Mousalli 13/06/2020 06:28:16