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Books and Documents

Islam and Pluralism

Understanding Islam in the Context of Interfaith Harmony
Waris Mazhari

For Muslims to become a force for peace and goodness in the world, they simply have to rethink several deep-rooted traditional views regarding relations between Muslims of different schools of thought and between Muslims and people of other faiths, engage in practical efforts to promote intra-Muslim and inter-faith dialogue, understanding and harmony, and recover and highlight, including through practical efforts, the message of peace that is basic to the Quran and that exemplified the life of the Prophet Muhammad. ....

Pluralism In Peril: Is Indonesia's Religious Tolerance Under Threat?
Jewel Topsfield

The mayor told fishermen they had been deceived into not voting for him by his opponents who cited verse 51 from the fifth Sura, or chapter, of the Koran, al-Maida. Some Muslims interpret al-Maida as a prohibition on Muslims living under the leadership of a non-Muslim. Others say the scripture should be understood in its context – a time of war – and not interpreted literally.....

 
Religious Pluralism is God’s Will
Rabbi Allen S. Maller, New Age Islam

This means that religious pluralism is the will of God. Yet for centuries many believers in one God have chided and depreciated each other’s religions and some believers have even resorted to forced conversions, expulsions and inquisitions. Monotheists all pray to the same God and all prophets of monotheistic faiths are inspired by the same God.....

The Little-Known Story of the Islamic Christmas Tree
Mariam Sheikh Hakim

What many Muslims don’t reflect on (or know about) is the concept of an Islamic Christmas tree. What I mean by this is the tree featured in the Quranic account of Jesus’ birth in chapter Mary (Surah 19). In this narrative, Jesus is born under a tree, which is an integral part of the Islamic “nativity scene” and story. This is an Islamic Christmas tree of sorts; a tree that can be used to remind us of the story of Jesus’ birth....

Reflections on Relations between Muslims and Others
Waris Mazhari

Interpreting certain Quranic verses in a very wrong way, several so-called Ulema wrongly argue that Muslims must not have friendly love in their hearts for people of other faiths. This is a really very wrong claim and has no sanction in the Quran, if the Quran is understood properly....

Islam Is Not Intolerant Of Other Religions
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan

One of his companions said, ‘O Prophet, it was a funeral procession of a Jew!’ meaning that he should not demonstrate such respect for a non-Muslim. The Prophet replied: ‘Alaisat Nafsan’: ‘Was he not a human being?’ This ‘humanitarian’ outlook was typical of the Prophet’s vision of life. He was able to see everyone basically as a human being.....

Lessons From The Hadith ‘All Creatures Are [Like] A Family Of God…’
Sheima Salam Sumer

“Nowhere in the Quran is changing people’s religion given as a cause for waging war. The Qur’an gives a clear instruction that there is no compulsion in religion (Quran 2:256). It states that people will remain different (Quran 11:118), they will always have different religions and ways and this is an unalterable fact (Quran 5:48) – God tells the Prophet that most people will not believe ‘even if you are eager that they should’ (Quran 12:103).”....

 

Sufis have been important examples for such travellers. The cosmopolitan character of the scriptural languages that they learned was responsible for the development of an illuminating exchange between them and the native speakers. Ibn Batuta, the Moroccan traveler who roamed from Tangier to the extreme southern parts of the known world, has conceptualized the cosmopolitan utility of the Arabic language, as he could even serve as a judge in the royal court of Muhammad bin Tughlaq in India during the 14th century CE. The ability he possessed in many languages (he is often credited with learning fifteen languages) helped him to engage in dialogue with different cultures. It is said that he even learned Sanskrit during his stay in India.....

 

Plurality of prophets and multiplicity of revelations reflect a divine will. The Prophets of all revealed religions are brothers and there is no difference between them with regard to the message. Muslims are obliged to believe in them all....

 

Prophet Muhammad Stood For Humanity in Medina, While ISIS Tries To Destroy It
Craig Considine

In the year 622CE, the Prophet produced the Medina Charter, also known as the Constitution of Medina, which contained the rights and responsibilities of the Muslims, Jews and other tribal communities in Medina. As the head of state, Muhammad guaranteed all citizens of the city the rights of freedom of religion and freedom of conscience. Moreover, Muhammad’s constitution did not treat Jews as a monolithic entity; he recognised and respected their ethnic and cultural diversities....

The tolerance and coexistence that reigned for so long in the Arab and Muslim world does not belong to the past, it remains an essential element of our future and of our identity as Arabs and Muslims. History offers not only a record of events, but also a warning of past mistakes and a repository of noble examples and concepts to be emulated. As Arabs and Muslims, we must strive for who we want to be and we must remind the world of the noble values of our ancestors in matters of tolerance and coexistence....

 

Religious minorities, Balanche said, are the "first victims" of this conflict. 40% of Syria's Christians, he reported, already have already left the country, while Alawites are withdrawing to Alawite-majority areas in the west of the country and the Druze do likewise in the south. Overall, Balanche concluded, "I'm very pessimistic about the future of religious diversity in this area."

 

Root causes of violent extremism include injustices, poverty in urban areas; religious and political hate-speeches; distorted information about religion; degradation of resources such as land and water; marginalization; hopelessness; crises of identity and belonging, especially among young people. Radicalisation and violent extremism are misuses of religion and cannot be justified by misquoting and misinterpreting sacred scriptures.

Pluralism and the Najran Christians: How Prophet Muhammad Went Beyond Tolerance
Craig Considine

The visit of the Christians of Narjan to the city of Medina in 631CE is perhaps the most important noted interfaith interaction between Christians and Prophet Muhammad. At this time Muhammad had sent letters to different communities and their leaders, encouraging them to embrace Islam. In the case of the Narjans, who lived near Yemen, about 450 miles south of Medina, the Prophet sent Khaled ibn al-Walid and Ali ibn Abi Talib to deliver the letter....

When Hindus wrote in Persian
Raziuddin Aquil

There was a time in India’s medieval and early modern history when some of the finest masterpieces in Hindi were written by Muslims and some of the most fascinating Persian compositions were produced by Hindus. ....

 
Muslims Celebrate Jesus
Hesham Hassaballa

Muslims Celebrate Jesus
Hesham Hassaballa

The story of the birth of Jesus, which is the entire reason for Christmas, is located in two major passages in the Quran, one of which states: Lo! The angels said: "O Mary! Behold, God sends thee the glad tiding, through a word from Him, [of a son] who shall become known as the Christ Jesus, son of Mary, of great honor in this world and in the life to come, and [shall be] of those who are drawn near unto God. And he shall speak unto men in his cradle, and as a grown man, and shall be of the righteous." (3:45-46).

A Muslim's Christmas Message
Kashif N. Chaudhry

"Christians are my citizens, and by God, I hold out against anything that displeases them. No compulsion is to be on them. Neither are their judges to be removed from their jobs nor their monks from their monasteries. No one is to destroy a house of their religion, to damage it, or to carry anything from it to the Muslims' houses.

 

Some Muslim leaders have expressed "grave concerns" over the Study Qur'an, a recent translation and commentary of the Qur'an because of its promotion of salvific pluralism and universalism. Such Muslim leaders promote exclusivism and supremacism and also bully fellow Muslims, who uphold inclusive values, through social ostracism. Preaching of such strong views has led to the immense persecution of Ahmadi Muslims in Pakistan and the marginalization of LGBT Muslims. Indeed, taking this exclusivism to its logical conclusion, groups like ISIS and the Taliban execute fellow Muslims with the approval of their own conscience….

In Indonesia, the country with the world’s largest Muslim population, this Ramayana ballet, performed in the Javanese style—a finessed form, associated with slow and deliberate movements—has been running continuously since 1961. In 2012, it was anointed by the Guinness Book as the most continuously staged performance in the world.  In Indonesia, the Ramayana ballet has been running continuously since 1961.

 

Merry Christmas from My Muslim Family to Yours -- Whatever Your Religion (Or Not)
Sumbul Ali-Karamali

In Africa, many parts of which contain Muslim and Christian populations, Muslims often join in Christmas festivities; in Senegal, which is nearly 95% Muslim, as well as in Muslim-majority Gambia, Muslims and Christians celebrate each other's holidays. The mosque in Dakar sports Christmas lights during the season. In Sri Lanka, the major Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, and Christian holidays are public holidays.

 

Do Muslims Celebrate Christmas?
Sajdah Nubee

Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. The Qur'an venerates both Jesus and Virgin Mary by sharing their story of Jesus' miraculous birth, his special gift of speaking from the cradle, and his ability to perform miracles with the help of God. Muslims believe that his mother Mary is one of the greatest women to ever live, and a chapter of the Qur'an is devoted to her. ...

 

World's First Combined Mosque-Synagogue-Church To Be Built In Berlin
Adele Peters

A church which was built in the middle of Berlin in the 13th century and destroyed in World War II, is likely to be rebuilt as the world’s first all-in-one church-mosque-synagogue, called the House of One.

Though the property belongs to the church, authorities hope to build a sacred spaces for Jews, Muslims, and Christians, rather than just a chapel.

Aga Khan at Harvard: Islam and the Cosmopolitan Ethic in a Fragmented World
Samreen Hooda

So let us too try to understand and learn from the difference between these two voices. One, the self-declared Islamic state, attacked innocent people at a European soccer match in Paris on Friday. Another, His Highness the Aga Khan, was a soccer player himself for Harvard's prestigious, championship-winning soccer team.

 

Hazro: A Small Pakistani Town of Mandirs and Gurdwaras
Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro

…It was during one of my expeditions that I traveled to a small town named Hazro - a tehsil of the Attock district, Punjab, and was instantly smitten.

Formerly a fortified town with four gates, Hazro is home to many temples, gurdwaras and havelis believed to have been built during the Sikh and British era.

 

Hagia Sophia: A Symbolic Bridge or Wedge?
Khaled Diab

If modern Turkey which has a reputation for secular tolerance and a tradition of moderate Islam converts this enormously significant monument into a mosque, what signal is this sending out to jihadists and other radicals....

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NEW COMMENTS

  • I agree with Arshad ji's observations. We need to nurture tolerance and harmony. Education can go a long way in this journey. '
    ( By Meera )
  • To Abdullah. Rather than condemning what Muslim did in Ghodhra you are trying to creat Consperisay theory....
    ( By Aayina )
  • Pakistani authorities need to take a comprehensive approach to shutting down all Islamist militant groups that operate from Pakistani territory, not just those that ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Neither Dhamal nor religious syncretism mean anything to fanatics who would kill worshippers at a shrine......
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off, Wild and unsupported speculations cannot be called analysis. Accusing me of supporting the felicitation....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Arshad Sb: The Muslims are not the problems, these extremists whose ideology is against the spirit of Islam, are the problems. All the Muslims in ...
    ( By Raihan Nezami )
  • There are some learned souls, refuting the radical narrative. Please view this clip....
    ( By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi )
  • many facebook posts and twitter feeds also condemn dhamal. not just the ISIS. to keep a balance, they also condemned the blast with "yes-but" syllogism. ....
    ( By hats off! )
  • there is much wisdom in what arshad says'
    ( By ok )
  • If  mere ' BEEF"  is such a sensitive issue, perhaps the beef-eating citizens  could be persuaded to stop the practice in the interest of HARMONY. ....
    ( By ahmed41 )
  • if  >100 have been killed { as a reprisal } without any process of the law ,   will this not trigger further  acts of inter-muslim ...
    ( By ahmed41 )
  • Oh i forgot you have just started reading state of muslims. '
    ( By A. Thakur )
  • Indee the Prophet is mercy personified but radical groups from among wahhabis are in a bid to remove what you Muslims think about your beloved ...
    ( By A. Thakur )
  • You are a Muslim. then according to you, you are also a problem, but to me you are more than a problem. you are against ...
    ( By A. Thakur )
  • the source of information about mahmud ghaznawi is wrong. Radical Hindu groups are presenting wrong information ...
    ( By A. Thakur )
  • obviously you have to grow up quite a lot. every event is generally analysed on the basis of tracing its beneficiaries...
    ( By hats off! )
  • False and fanciful claims of scientific advances make people look foolish. Two years ago, when the Indian Science Congress.....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off, I would expect such wild and unsupported speculations only from someone with an axe to grind.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Aayina: I do not read the comments of Hats off type fake people as replying to them is promoting them, silence will frustrate them or ...
    ( By Abdullah )
  • Aayina: You should take some lessons from Ghazni, Ghori, of today The Sanghis and Bhajpayees...
    ( By Abdullah )
  • Reply to Royal: First what happened wasn't Libyan people revolt it was invasion by European power NATO & USA Libyan people's were deluded, the end result ...
    ( By Anwar El soussi )
  • Petty Muslim never acknlowelge others contribution with it origin of  names just put it on their names, look at now westerners what they are doing ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • A true commentators like Abdulla should than explain why Mouhmmad Gazani was looting, what muslimism this Kings were showing when they were keeping Harem, he ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • Aayina,  The world today is governed by International Law to which all countries are signatories. Territorial acquisitions through war and conquests are no longer legal. ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • it looks like the blasts in last couple of days in pakistan are coming at a very convenient time as far as MNS is concerned.....
    ( By hats off! )
  • Alternate Link:..
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The fake commentators like Hats off and Aayina are intentionally just diluting the historical facts as a theological plan of RSS and SHANGHIS to conceal the real ...
    ( By Abdullah )
  • No reputable scholar or historian has accused any civilization of plagiarism. A child learns from its environment and a child of today is very much different ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Muhammad's Sword by Uri Avnery, a Jewish atheist....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • It is a very sad state of affairs. Sharif is not honest when he said “The past few days have been very hard and my ...
    ( By Royalj )
  • Can Nasser Ahmed explain when Muslim gains by sword it political, reason of those kings or badshah in history, and when Muslim get oppressed   ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • EarlynMuslim showed remarkable plagrisim and every bit of knowledge became either Muslim scientist knowledge or Islamic Sceince.....
    ( By Aayina )
  • Hats Off, Muslim historians exaggerated the exploits of their masters to curry favor with...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • What a beautiful faith of peace.'
    ( By U.p. Ojha )
  • All Muslim bros pl see and we will work peace for all. Be indian muslim and all are requested to follow ....
    ( By Kolipaka Sudeep Kumar )
  • Good to know about Musawah and its excellent work. Thanks!
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Savage animals are far better than ISIS and the Talibanis.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The concept of balance or mezan is beyond those who lack balance and veer to the extreme. The phenomena behind physical events are either understood in ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The early Muslims showed remarkable open-mindedness to every source of knowledge and were quick learners who assimilated the existing knowledge and expanded on it.....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • As far as the scriptures are concerned, kafir does not mean non-Muslim. The consequences in this world and the Hereafter are only for the kafaru ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )