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Books and Documents

Islam and Tolerance

A Half-Victory for Tolerance in Indonesia

Ahok’s opponents seem to have concluded that the surest path to victory is to pander to the sectarians. Both Mr Baswedan and Mr Yudhoyono attended dawn prayers with Mr Shihab at the latest rally, even though moderate Muslim groups had told their members to stay away. Mr Baswedan, who was once feted as a model of tolerance, also gave a speech at FPI’s headquarters in January alongside Mr Shihab, who has twice been convicted of hate speech and used to be shunned by mainstream politicians....

 

We need to take a hard look at our Blasphemy Law and discuss whether, as a society, we want to have a law that allows the imposition of a majority’s subjective religious right at the expense of others’ basic rights with little or no limitation, and a society whose culture of rightful subjective imposition is unchallenged and unmoderated. Hopefully, the answer is no....

 

A number of new factors, however, are contributing to an increasingly intolerant trend. One has been the rise of Salafism, a conservative, often puritanical, movement within Sunni Islam originating mainly from Saudi Arabia. In Southeast Asia, despite certain differences, the term is frequently used interchangeably with Wahhabism, a branch of the Islam often associated with ISIS and Al-Qaeda....

 

Religious Extremism and Intolerance in Pakistan
Malik Muhammad Ashraf

Pakistan has become hostage to the self-proclaimed righteous guardians of the religious tenets as interpreted by them against the spirit of Islam, which believes in building social harmony, peace and protection of the minorities living in an Islamic country.….

 

In Pakistan, Voices of Tolerance Are Clamouring To Be Heard Amid the Dominant Extremist Rhetoric
Haroon Khalid

At least in the popular imagination, Sindhi culture is seen as the last vestige of religious and cultural syncretism that was once spread all over Pakistan, including Jhang. For example, Jhule Lal, a deity of the Sindhi community, is revered by Muslims and Hindus alike. Lal Shahbaz Qalandar a Muslim mystic who tapped into Shaivistic asceticism and translated it into a Muslim ethos...

Politics, Plurality and Inter-Group Relations in Indonesia: Strengthening Tolerance
Jeremy Menchik

Indonesia’s plural legal system is similar to those of India, Switzerland, Canada, Belgium and Spain in providing a mixture of individual and collective forms of recognition. Indonesia’s mass Islamic organisations are similar to those of Senegal, Egypt, and Turkey as well as to mass Christian organisations in Northern Europe and Latin America….

 

Indonesia’s Blasphemy Laws

The use of blasphemy laws is linked to rising religious intolerance. In recent years hard-line Islamists have become increasingly assertive, railing against deviants, heretics and their ilk. Muslim parties in parliament have pushed laws against alcohol, pornography and sexual minorities. Yet it is not at all clear that these moves have widespread support….

 

Death of Debate: Unfortunate That Intolerance Is Considered A Characteristic That the Holy Quran Teaches
Durdana Najam

Our entire religious discourse revolves around worshiping the name of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) rather than following in his footprints. The whole life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was an epitome of tolerance, and that too with everyone including the non-believers. Not everyone embraced Islam neither was it required of the scheme of God when Islam was revealed. ....

Bringing Religious Intolerance Down to Earth: The Case of the Sunni-Shia Schism
Louay Fatoohi

The issue of whether ‘Alī or Abū Bakr should have succeeded the Prophet is completely historical and absolutely irrelevant to our world today. Any attempt to use it to take a view on today’s world is an attempt to manipulate history to serve present interests and/or to take the world 14 centuries back in time. In both cases, it is ultimately about exercising power and control. There is nothing godly or religious about playing out this difference of the past in today’s world......

Religious Tolerance: Muslims Must Stop Being Provoked By Allegations of Blasphemy, Instead, Recognise Efforts of the Occident to Bridge the Gap through Interfaith Harmony
S M Hali

Islam lays great emphasis on religious tolerance but currently, it is at its lowest in many Muslim societies. Islamic State’s (IS's) destruction of churches and massacre of members of the Shia faith has also tarnished the image of Islam. In Pakistan too, certain segments of society show a lack of tolerance towards other sects of Islam and other religious and ethnic minorities....

There is Zero Tolerance for Hate Speech in Pakistan, Even If You are a Cleric!
Zara Hafeez

In Pakistan, stirring religious hatred is unlawful. The law clearly states that any act or speech which instigates sectarian odium, whether inadvertently or wilfully, can lead up to a possible prison sentence for nearly seven years. Yet, there are hundreds of these clerics on the loose, who incite hatred every day....

 
Bangladesh: Freedom and Death
S. Binodkumar Singh

Bangladesh: Freedom and Death
S. Binodkumar Singh

"Al-Qaeda in Indian Sub-Continent (AQIS) is taking responsibility of killing Ananta Bijoy." AQIS, in another message posted on justpaste.it declared: "We want to say to atheist bloggers! We don't forget and we will not forget others who insult our beloved Prophet Muhammad and Allah. Another file closed! Stay tuned for next target....

 

You can Never Kill Ideas: An Anonymous Blogger on the Deaths of Secularists in Bangladesh
Ananda Bijoy Das

Ananda Bijoy Das was killed just two days ago in Sylhet, Bangladesh for simply saying, writing and expressing his opinions. Bangladesh had a strong secular tradition which is now being eroded. I was always proud of the fact that Bangladesh hadn't fallen to the scourge of Islamic fundamentalism….

 

Why Secular Expression is Being Killed in Bangladesh, One Blogger at a Time
K. Anis Ahmed

In the long and ongoing contest between an intolerant conception of Islam and a rationalist idea of what it means to be Bengali Muslim, the bloggers sadly are not the first victims. Sceptics, including prominent literary figures like Daud Haider in the 1970s and Taslima Nasreen in the 1990s, have faced strong Islamist backlash and have had to leave the country for good....

 

Is Bangladesh Following Pakistan Into Extremism?
Ananda Bijoy Das

The group have been marked for death by Hefazat-e-Islam, quite an effective arm of Jamaat-e-Islami, the religious-political organisation that wants Bangladesh to become like Pakistan, the country it broke away from. Ananda Bijoy Das has been hacked to death, meeting the same fate. He was walking out of his home in Sylhet when four people chased him and clobbered his head with machetes....

 

The Former Head of Germany’s Anti-Islam PEGIDA Movement Says ‘Sorry’ to Muslims
Rick Noack

She continued to condemn the mainstream media who continue to "severely criticize Muslims and their religion" and to use them as scapegoats. Ironically, during her time with PEGIDA, Oertel had condemned the media for not being critical enough of Islam, immigration and the rising numbers of asylum seekers in Germany....

In conversations with scholars, many pinpointed the frailty of institutions and economies compared to those of other world powers as the source of intolerance in the Arab world. “We are weak,” says Mohamed Farag, a journalist from a Muslim family who describes himself as agnostic. “We need something to protect ourselves from the outside world and Islam is the only option we have....

 
Religious Tolerance in Islam
Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi

The Prophet of Islam faced much difficulty and opposition in his own birth- place, the city of Mecca. He was eventually forced to migrate to Medina. But in spite of all the oppo­sition and even physical torture that his followers suffered in Mecca, Prophet Muhammad always approached the unbelievers of Mecca with tolerance....

 

Islam Does Not Preach Intolerance
Md. Asadullah Khan

Devout Muslims are always shocked to hear that the name of their faith, which means submission to Allah, can summon up such images of violence. Despite all the past visions of Saracens battling Crusaders, today's confrontations, as we see, is not a devotional conflict but a clash between perceptions of reality....

 

Bangladesh, historically a country of sedate Muslims who, more or less, believed, till recently, in peaceful coexistence of many faiths and many beliefs, has started losing the collective tolerance bit by bit....

 

Because I am a Pakistani
Sajeer Shaikh

Every religion preaches forgiveness, but there comes a time when forgiveness is no longer the answer. There is no room for forgiveness, as far as justice is concerned. The finger that pulls the trigger and the hand that throws the acid or grips the knife must be cut....

 

A Letter Concerning Muslim Toleration
Mustafa Akyol

Over the past decade, headlines from the Middle East have reintroduced Westerners to terms from centuries past. “Heresy,” “blasphemy,” “apostasy” — these are some of the charges that the radical Salafist group known as the Islamic State invokes when it executes its enemies, sometimes by crucifying or burning them alive. Some Muslim governments, including United States allies, also mete out harsh punishments for similar offenses. The liberal blogger Raif Badawi was publicly flogged in Saudi Arabia last month on a charge of heresy, which he allegedly committed by criticizing the oppressive Saudi religious establishment.

Rising Intolerance in Indonesia
Ahmad Sueady

Indonesia’s religion problem is part of a broader regional trend. In nearby Brunei, the government has banned at least eight “deviant” religions and fines schools for teaching any non-Islamic religious subjects. Similarly, Malaysia has banned 56 “deviant” interpretations of Islam, including Ahmaddiyah, Islamailiah, Shi'a, and Bahai. In Myanmar, the government has dealt harshly with Rohingya Muslims and Buddhist religious leaders……

 

In Islam, tolerance is to respect the religious difference though not approving it. Concretely, for instance it is like this that although Islam prohibits drinking for Muslims, it allows its non-Muslims community to consume it if their religion does not forbid doing so. Islam’s attitude towards non-Muslim is, “for you is your faith, and for me my faith” (109:6). Islam is completely against forced conversion. The Holy Quran states, “There is no compulsion in faith. The correct way has become distinct from erroneous”… (2:256). Islam even proscribes reviling the deities of other religions…..

 

Islam's Tolerance of Religious Minorities
Syed Farid Alatas

The Ottoman Empire (1299-1023) went beyond tolerance and accepted non-Muslim minorities, granting them protection and religious freedoms. By the 16th century, the Ottomans established control over large parts of Europe, ruling over large Christian populations. Sultan Mehmed developed a system in which each religious community, or millet, elected its own leader and enforced its own religious laws. Orthodox Christians constituted a millet; the Jews another. A proper approach to the interpretation of Quranic texts, involving a correct contextual understanding of its meanings, and the study of Islamic history, will reveal that tolerance and acceptance of non-Muslim minorities were the norm…..

 
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NEW COMMENTS

  • I agree with Arshad ji's observations. We need to nurture tolerance and harmony. Education can go a long way in this journey. '
    ( By Meera )
  • To Abdullah. Rather than condemning what Muslim did in Ghodhra you are trying to creat Consperisay theory....
    ( By Aayina )
  • Pakistani authorities need to take a comprehensive approach to shutting down all Islamist militant groups that operate from Pakistani territory, not just those that ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Neither Dhamal nor religious syncretism mean anything to fanatics who would kill worshippers at a shrine......
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off, Wild and unsupported speculations cannot be called analysis. Accusing me of supporting the felicitation....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Arshad Sb: The Muslims are not the problems, these extremists whose ideology is against the spirit of Islam, are the problems. All the Muslims in ...
    ( By Raihan Nezami )
  • There are some learned souls, refuting the radical narrative. Please view this clip....
    ( By Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi )
  • many facebook posts and twitter feeds also condemn dhamal. not just the ISIS. to keep a balance, they also condemned the blast with "yes-but" syllogism. ....
    ( By hats off! )
  • there is much wisdom in what arshad says'
    ( By ok )
  • If  mere ' BEEF"  is such a sensitive issue, perhaps the beef-eating citizens  could be persuaded to stop the practice in the interest of HARMONY. ....
    ( By ahmed41 )
  • if  >100 have been killed { as a reprisal } without any process of the law ,   will this not trigger further  acts of inter-muslim ...
    ( By ahmed41 )
  • Oh i forgot you have just started reading state of muslims. '
    ( By A. Thakur )
  • Indee the Prophet is mercy personified but radical groups from among wahhabis are in a bid to remove what you Muslims think about your beloved ...
    ( By A. Thakur )
  • You are a Muslim. then according to you, you are also a problem, but to me you are more than a problem. you are against ...
    ( By A. Thakur )
  • the source of information about mahmud ghaznawi is wrong. Radical Hindu groups are presenting wrong information ...
    ( By A. Thakur )
  • obviously you have to grow up quite a lot. every event is generally analysed on the basis of tracing its beneficiaries...
    ( By hats off! )
  • False and fanciful claims of scientific advances make people look foolish. Two years ago, when the Indian Science Congress.....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off, I would expect such wild and unsupported speculations only from someone with an axe to grind.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Aayina: I do not read the comments of Hats off type fake people as replying to them is promoting them, silence will frustrate them or ...
    ( By Abdullah )
  • Aayina: You should take some lessons from Ghazni, Ghori, of today The Sanghis and Bhajpayees...
    ( By Abdullah )
  • Reply to Royal: First what happened wasn't Libyan people revolt it was invasion by European power NATO & USA Libyan people's were deluded, the end result ...
    ( By Anwar El soussi )
  • Petty Muslim never acknlowelge others contribution with it origin of  names just put it on their names, look at now westerners what they are doing ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • A true commentators like Abdulla should than explain why Mouhmmad Gazani was looting, what muslimism this Kings were showing when they were keeping Harem, he ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • Aayina,  The world today is governed by International Law to which all countries are signatories. Territorial acquisitions through war and conquests are no longer legal. ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • it looks like the blasts in last couple of days in pakistan are coming at a very convenient time as far as MNS is concerned.....
    ( By hats off! )
  • Alternate Link:..
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The fake commentators like Hats off and Aayina are intentionally just diluting the historical facts as a theological plan of RSS and SHANGHIS to conceal the real ...
    ( By Abdullah )
  • No reputable scholar or historian has accused any civilization of plagiarism. A child learns from its environment and a child of today is very much different ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Muhammad's Sword by Uri Avnery, a Jewish atheist....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • It is a very sad state of affairs. Sharif is not honest when he said “The past few days have been very hard and my ...
    ( By Royalj )
  • Can Nasser Ahmed explain when Muslim gains by sword it political, reason of those kings or badshah in history, and when Muslim get oppressed   ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • EarlynMuslim showed remarkable plagrisim and every bit of knowledge became either Muslim scientist knowledge or Islamic Sceince.....
    ( By Aayina )
  • Hats Off, Muslim historians exaggerated the exploits of their masters to curry favor with...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • What a beautiful faith of peace.'
    ( By U.p. Ojha )
  • All Muslim bros pl see and we will work peace for all. Be indian muslim and all are requested to follow ....
    ( By Kolipaka Sudeep Kumar )
  • Good to know about Musawah and its excellent work. Thanks!
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Savage animals are far better than ISIS and the Talibanis.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The concept of balance or mezan is beyond those who lack balance and veer to the extreme. The phenomena behind physical events are either understood in ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The early Muslims showed remarkable open-mindedness to every source of knowledge and were quick learners who assimilated the existing knowledge and expanded on it.....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • As far as the scriptures are concerned, kafir does not mean non-Muslim. The consequences in this world and the Hereafter are only for the kafaru ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )