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Books and Documents

Islamic History

Maududi Was More Interested In Politics than Academics: Early History Of Islam Needs Fresh Appraisal — IX
M Aamer Sarfraz

Maududi made an impressive start at Dar-ul-Islam as he prepared a curriculum, published a Journal, and gathered an inspired faculty. Maududi’s task was to establish an academic and research centre to prepare a community of competent scholars to produce works of outstanding quality on Islam. He instead went about making it a nerve centre of political ‘Islamic revival’ in India, through an ideal religious community, providing leaders and laying the foundation for a religious movement....

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The Shackles of Organised Clergy Put Islam A Hostage: Early History of Muslims Needs Fresh Appraisal — VII
M Aamer Sarfraz

Allama Iqbal’s guide to reviving Islam is ingenious. He believed that the Quran is the only reality in Islam. And to understand true Islam one does not need anything except the Quran; and to understand Quran, one does not need anything except the Quran because, according to God, it explains itself. Since, similar to a great poetry, the Quran is untranslatable, its real meaning can only be established by ascertaining the meaning of the ‘key words’ in the Quran which carry invariable concepts within them….

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How Islam Changed As A Result Of Magian Machinations Is A Long Story: Early Muslim History Needs Fresh Appraisal — VI
M Aamer Sarfraz

The loop of this intrigue was completed through the explanation or exegesis (Tafseer) of the Quran. All three strands of this scheme were shaped into an entrenched doctrine and anyone attempting to disagree with the officially recognised version or Imam of his time or deviate from this ‘established’ tradition later was persecuted by the authorities and shoved outside the pale of Islam by the debauch clergy. All conspiracy was put into motion by highly intelligent and skilled Magian ‘coverts’ with intentional or insightless support from their royal patrons, corrupt clergy, and pertinent assistance from other religions.

Read Part Five Here

Muslim History Which Has Reached Us through Magians and Their Allies Has Bizarre Contradictions: Early Muslim History Needs Fresh Appraisal — V
M Aamer Sarfraz

Islam is not a new religion. It was not promulgated because people were not praying, fasting or giving charity. It came to revive the same message brought by other messengers of God with minor additions due to human cognitive development. It was about equality, justice, fair distribution of wealth and establishing a direct relationship of God and man (through Quran). However, this did not suit the political and religious establishment because they wanted to subjugate the masses and become self-decreed intermediaries to God....

Read the Part One Here

An Elaborate Conspiracy Steered By the Magian Nobility: Early Muslim History Needs Fresh Appraisal — IV
M Aamer Sarfraz

The Asawirah struck again in 40 AH when Hazrat Ali was leading a prayer in Kufa. A Magian, Jamshed Khorasani, aka Ibn-e-Muljim, stabbed him with a double-edged dagger. Hazrat Ali died three days later. Then Jaban bin Hormuzan, son of the mastermind behind Hazrat Umar’s assassination, made an unsuccessful attempt on Hazrat Hasan’s life in 46 AH. Hazrat Hasan was poisoned but other accounts suggest that he died of tuberculosis in 49 AH...

Read Part Three Here

 

When it was time to pray, Sophronius offered ?Umar a space in the church for the Muslims to pray, but ?Umar refused out of fear that doing so would possibly endanger the status of the church, as future generations of Muslims may have taken that site as a permanent place of worship. Instead, according to some narrations, the Muslims cleared a space outside the church and performed their prayer there. Other narrations suggest the Muslims prayed at the site of al-Aqsa instead, a short distance away....

Ahadith Which Had No Basis in the Quran Became A Source of Innovations: Early Muslim History Needs Fresh Appraisal — III
M Aamer Sarfraz

Ahadith also creatively opened the door of ‘lesser-Wahi’ to ambitious individuals who were not messengers of Allah. Similar to other religions, this licence inspired many to become saints and mystics, and others to claim ‘Prophethood’ especially when Muslim fortunes were in decline. Most of the latter were suitably treated by the relevant authorities but some went on to carve out new religions and followers for themselves. I met one notable aspirant, kept in a high security jail in Faisalabad, a couple of years ago. He was definitely mentally ill....

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Read the Part Two Here

Neither Allah nor Prophet Muhammad (SAW) Instructed That Ahadith May Be Recorded: Early Muslim History Needs Fresh Appraisal — II
M Aamer Sarfraz

We can argue whether Ahadith can be a reliable source for writing history (or jurisprudence). But that would just be what Muslims have been doing all these years, and then they accuse non-Muslim (and Muslim) historians and writers of insulting their beliefs or having an agenda against Islam. The way things are unfolding in the world at the moment; this situation is only going to get worse.

Read the Part One Here

Muslim Historians Have Made A Mockery of Islamic History by Filling It with Fabrications: Early Muslim History Needs Fresh Appraisal — I
M Aamer Sarfraz

It is a fact that very few original sources that could shed light on early Islam are available now-a-days. Some of it is due to natural calamities, but most of it is due to multi-pronged conspiracies unleashed against Islam from the day it was promulgated. Except Quran, as verified once again by an original copy found in Birmingham Museum, not a lot of significant material seems to be available in its original form or as artefacts. The situation is so serious that some scholars in the West are now questioning the reality of Islam by insinuating that it was created retrospectively by caliph Abd al-Malik and others....

 

Amidst the double-dealing mentioned, the British were having yet another conversation about Muslim lands. The powerful World Zionist Organization (WZO), established in 1897 by Theodor Herzl, was set up with the primary goal of establishing a homeland for Jewish people in Palestine. Jews across Europe were facing increasing anti-Semitism and hence there were growing calls from within to establish their own state....

 

Prophetic Medicine: Honey Mentioned In the Holy Qur’an as A Universal Remedy
Amal Al-Sibai

Have you ever wondered why honey comes in many different colors? Honey’s color can vary from a very faint, clear color to golden, to darker amber, and even black. Bees fly around collecting nectar from various flowers and bring it back to their hive where they make the honey. A single honeybee travels anywhere between 6 km and 20 km per day to collect nectar....

 

Islamic History Is Full Of Instances Where Legal Pluralism Was the Norm
Yasser Latif Hamdani

Greatest scientists from the History of Islam, including Rhazes or Al Razi and Avicenna or Ibn-e-Sina, who are taught as part of the curriculum, were outright agnostics or even atheists. Yet their scientific contributions were celebrated by early Muslims because academia and scholarship was always championed in Islam. The Islamic civilization was the epitome of tolerance and acceptance in the world...

 

There is a considerate need for revisiting Shah-e-Hamadan’s religious philosophy for he not only followed Islam by letter and spirit but also openly advocated moral values of Islam and its principles. Philosophy is an inquiry for truth conducted by philosophers to know the right way and attitude of life. It is a witness to the fact that the rise and fall of civilizations is a matter of how they consider their religious philosophy together with social, cultural, political, and economic factors.,,,

 

Many of us are unfortunately completely unaware of the events which occurred from 1914 onwards, and the lasting drastic impact these have had in shaping the Muslim world as we know it today. From the dismantling of the Ottoman Caliphate, to the occupation of Palestine and all the way up to today; it is important to be aware of certain key moments in history in order to understand why the Ummah finds itself in its current position....

 

The History of the Interconnection between Peaceful Sufi Spirituality and Political Aspirations of India and Central Asia Can Be Traced Back To Ancient Times
Raziuddin Aquil

Before Sufism and before Islamisation, variants of Buddhism had a significant presence in early medieval Central Asia. When Sufis adopted popular practices of Islam, they appropriated many Buddhist beliefs and practices as well, besides replicating monasteries with simpler khanqahs of their own. Shared beliefs included aspects such as notions of God and truth, bodily practices,commonality between yoga and Sufism, belief in the unity of existence, and respect for diversity. The key terms include tauhid, wahdat-ul-wujud, wahdat-us-shuhud, ekeshwarwad and Advaita philosophy.....

 

Islamic reformer: Ali Suavi a theologian
Ali Suavi

Though he had no official madrasah diploma, Suavi had raised himself as a Muslim scholar. His preaching touched people and he managed to collect a popular audience at the mosque. Namik Kemal approached him after listening to his preaching. The famous Fuat Pasha is also said to have attended. As his popularity and his influence over people grew rapidly, the government showed close interest in Suavi....

 

Emirati sites like Awd Al Tawbah, Jumeirah and Kush were undoubtedly provincial by comparison with Baghdad, Damascus or Cairo. Yet as Al Muqaddasi reminds us: “Although the towns of the Arabian Peninsula are small, they have the full reputation of towns.” Provincial they may have been but isolated they were not. The Emirates can be shown to have fully participated in and actively contributed to the golden age of Islam....

 
Palmyra: A Changing Townscape
Emanuele E. Intagliata

Palmyra:  A Changing Townscape
Emanuele E. Intagliata

Based on a reassessment of published reports and unpublished archival data from past archaeological excavations and surveys, along with a large corpus of Latin, ancient Greek, Syrian, and Arabic written sources, the project has so far managed to shed new light on the fate of Palmyra. It appears that the events of 272/273 CE marked an important watershed for the history of the city....

 

But analysts have noted that the initiative involves political risk, as the project could very well rankle the kingdom’s Wahhabi establishment that has long dominated the nation. Wahhabism is a rigid strain of Sunni Islam that emerged in Saudi Arabia some 250 years ago. Adherents of this creed regard the veneration of objects—especially those that predate the emergence of the Prophet Mohammed—as idolatry. As such, they advocate neglecting these sites or destroying them altogether....

How a Rising Canada Shaped the Fall of The Last Muslim Empire
Hassam Munir

Many of the earliest Muslims in Canada were immigrants from the Ottoman Empire, but the two states are not known have any significant diplomatic relations between them. The Ottoman dynasty had already ruled for more than 500 years before Canada was created in 1867, and they preferred to deal directly with Britain, Canada’s “mother country”. This continued through the First World War—but with an interesting plot twist at the end....

 

The Destruction of Mecca: the Middle East’s Largest Building Project Has Effaced 1,400 Years of Islamic History

Critics call this Islamic Maoism. Out went the city’s heterogeneous mix of Maliki, Shafii and Zaydi rites; in came homogenisation under the Wahhabi creed. Alongside the black and white dress they forced on women and men respectively, the new tribal rulers reshaped the urban environment, stripping away the past. They replaced the four pulpits at the foot of the Kaaba, one for each of Sunni Islam’s schools, with a single one, exclusively for Wahhabi preachers. ....

 

Reflections on the History and Memory of Andalusian and Ottoman Religious Belonging
Jeremy F. Walton

In Spain especially, Islam and al-Andalus have maintained an ambivalent relationship to national identity as a simultaneous source of disdain and pride. Spanish historians and politicians of a variety of ideological stripes have faced a vexing question: How to incorporate, and even celebrate, the accomplishments of a long era of Iberian history against which “Spain” itself has achieved definition? How to honour the Battle of Covadonga while also admiring the Alhambra?...

 

Marvelling At Egypt's Historic Civilization, Man-Made Structures
Anand and Madhura Katti

Egyptian Museum with repositories of more than 120,000 artefacts seemed like an essential prerequisite to learn about the country’s historic civilization before heading to its popular monuments. Precious exhibits like the Mummies, Sarcophagi, the famous Tutankhamun’s treasure and the boy king’s golden death mask, ancient JEWELERY and pottery made it easier to connect to the land. ...

Revealing the Muslim World’s ‘Forgotten’ Role in European History
Nabila Pathan

"A common story has developed throughout history that Muslims have not played a pivotal role in shaping European culture. The exhibition strives to re-orientate that misconception. It's not about a triumph of one religion over another. Instead, it's about seeking parity - that Islam like its Jewish and Christian counterparts, has contributed to European culture."...

 

From Bulleh Shah and Shah Hussain to Amir Khusro, same-sex references abound in Islamic poetry
Haroon Khalid

Bulleh Shah of course had pre-modern notions of sexuality and religion. For him the rigid categories between religion, gender and sexuality did not exist. For example in the following verses he has no scruples in incorporating a Hindu deity into his Muslim ethos, blurring the distinction between Muslim and Hindu concept of God.

 
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  • Ghau sb. says, "My suggestion for the Muslim world is that Muslim scholars should solve the problem of such muslims leaving the religion, rather than going ...
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  • The question of interpretation would arise only when the text is not clear. For you to take one such interpretation and call it "the ...
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  • Naseer sb.,Nobody should be forced to fight in a war which is sectarian. Why should polytheists fight a war in the cause of monotheism? ...
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  • Sultan Shahin sahib, You know it well. It is popular view that since the early days of Islam the Muslim ummah have held the view that Muslims ...
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  • Things are clear now. The Arabic lines quoted in my previous comment imply that there are conflicting reports about Ahkam Al-Quran being the book of Ibn ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Naseer Saheb, you are right, there are two ibn-e-Arabis. One Mohiyuddin and another Abu Bakr. Mohiyuddin is the mystic Ibn-e-Arabi who is considered Sheikhul Akbar.  But the ...
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  • The tafsir by Muhiyddin Muhammad Ibn Arabi is simply called "Tafsir Ibn Arabi". The tafsir by Abu Bakr Ibn al-'Arabi is called "Ahkam ul Quran.I have not ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Please have a look at this which talks about reality of Tafsir attributed to Ibn Arabi Abu Bakr. There are conflicting reports. Anyway, the tafsir of ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Ahkam al-Quran 4 Volumes - Hardcover – 2008 by Ibn al-Arabi. Abu Bakr https://www.amazon.co.uk/Ahkam-al-Quran-4-Volumes/dp/B00DTAQPE8
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  • Naseer sb, How have you come to know that I am “apparently mistaking one for the other”? From where have you learnt that Ahkam al-Quran belongs to ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • There are two different Ibn Al-Arabi. Ghaus sb is apparently mistaking one for the other. The Maliki scholar who wrote ahkam ul Quran Abu Bakr Ibn ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Does anybody talk about interpreting a text book no matter on what subject? Why do we not talk about interpreting text books? If it ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Ghaus Sb,If you have the original quote him and tell us what he says.If you say Ibn-Arabi didn't say it, leave him and respond ...
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  • GM sb,Ask those people whether they would have preferred paying zakat and compulsory military duty for all able bodied males instead of Jiziya and ...
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  • @Naseer sb, You did not quote the original text of Ibn Arabi from Ahkam Al-Quran.
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  • GM sb the hypocritical apostate, heaps calumny on the Quran by misquoting it. If he has anything meaningful to say on the subject he ...
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  • Ghaus Sb,   The events as per the Quran, the instructions as per the Quran and every act of the Prophet (pbuh) is in accordance with the ...
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  • Ghaus Sb,Ibn Al-Arabi is not the only one who quotes the cited hadith to say that the polytheists had no option but to accept ...
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  • @Kaniz Fatma, The hadith “I have been commanded to fight the people [some specific people] until they say there is no god but Allah” was specifically meant ...
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  • I have no interest in interpretations. I am only concerned with the meaning. I have my methodology to ascertain the correct meaning of every ...
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