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Books and Documents

Islamic Ideology

The purpose of His authority is: so that He may continue to provide provisions for nourishment and development to all. In this single assertion, significant Islamic principles are established: An Islamic system should be firmly rooted. ...

 

Given widespread confounding of Islam with Islamism/Political Islam (Al-Islam Al-Siyasi– terms now widely used by Muslim Ulama, historians and political theorists), few points  to be noted for broad characterization of it, reviewing the debate and explaining why the latter fails to convince the best of traditional and modern scholarship...

Who are the Momineen and the Muslimeen?
Who are the Momineen and the Muslimeen?
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

The purpose of a moral code is to restrain man from indulging in pleasure seeking activities that harm the society or self, and encourage making sacrifices for the good of society, while allowing seeking pleasure which is good for self and society and avoiding pain which is harmful to self without any benefit to the society. The moral code from religion enabled us to develop trust in strangers through shared values from religion and cooperate in large numbers without which we may not have survived as a species...

In one of his comments, Mr. Sultan Shahin, Founding Editor of New Age Islam writes, “Even Sayyid Qutb was inspired by Maulana Maududi’s work on Hakimiyyah and his concept of Iqamat e Deen as an essential religious duty for Muslims. He used terms like Taghut and Jahiliyah too, which have both become very popular in Islamist extremist circles. He forced the secular modern state of Pakistan to say Shahada through the objectives resolution that was largely a fruit of his writings. He considered Irtidad (apostasy) as treason because he considers Islam as a State. For him Islam and State are synonymous. He became so influential that even a Shia society like Iran converted its state to Islam. Never before Pakistan and Iran has there been a tradition in Islamic history of calling a state Islamic. Now this demand is being made even in Malaysia and Indonesia quite vigorously”....

Islamic banks practise both forms. In case of individual agreements, an Islamic bank provides finance to a commercial venture run by a person or a company on the basis of profit sharing....

Some people ask: why do you call the militants like ISIS, Taliban and other like-minded groups anti-Islamic, while they base their militancy on what is often considered a popular classical ruling of abrogation which demonstrates that the war-related instructions from God in later Madani verses have replaced and abrogated Makki verses which initially debarred Muslims from fighting?  A plain answer is: the classical ruling of abrogation, as my rigorous study of classical texts reveal, does not accept this consideration. There are many differences on this subject; each needs to be explained in its appropriate context....

Related Articles:

 “An Enlightening Commentary on the War Related Quranic Verses- Part-1 on 2:190”

Rights of Non-Muslims Living In Minority – Part 1 – Freedom of Religion

Rights of Non-Muslims Living In Minority – Part 2 – Protection of Their Lives

“Wahhabi is the guiding ideology behind modern Islamist terrorism. In the late 18th century a violently intolerant re-interpretation of Islam took root in the Arabian Desert. Its followers became known after their founder (Sheikh Muhammad Najdi ibn Abd-al Wahhab), as Wahhabi. The creed was then exported to India and its north-west frontier Afghanistan.”...

Thus the perfect guidance of the Qur’ān isn’t limited to a particular facet in life nor to a particular era, and so whoever returns to the Qur’ān when wanting to fulfil a worldly or a hereafter-based objective, not only will the Qur’ān show him the way, but will guide such a person to the best of ways....

The Meaning of Islam and Muslim
The Meaning of Islam and Muslim
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

Acceptance is however based on trust or faith and to indicate both trust/faith and acceptance is to acknowledge a relationship of peace and friendship rather than hostility.  Salam used as a greeting may have initially indicated only acceptance and trust and over a period acquired the meaning of “peace” since acceptance and trust leads to peace. Now, after centuries of peace and among friends and relatives, it is interpreted as a prayer of peace for the one greeted as our minds are no longer suspicious of the other....

The prophetic mission of Muhammad (pbuh), and the revelation of the Quran came at a time when the moral principles from religion had permeated society and the people had realized from the empirical evidence, the benefits of having followed the moral principles. This obviated the need for compulsion in religion as the truth of the religion was clear from error. This was a major break from all the previous scriptures, and for the first time, the Qur’an proclaims “Let there be no compulsion in religion, for the Truth stands out clear from error”. This is in stark contrast to the previous scriptures where both compulsion in religion and killing and or subjugation by enslavement of those who rejected the religion was commanded.....

 All the scriptures are from Allah, and there isn’t even an implied criticism of any scriptures or the people following those scriptures. What makes one people superior to another, is their adherence to moral principles and their integrity, and not any real or imagined superiority of their religion or scriptures. In this respect, many Muslims scholars have correctly remarked, that Islam is to be found more among the Jews and the Christians than among Muslims....

Blasphemy laws continue to be on the statute books, for instance, in Pakistan. Salman Taseer, the liberal Governor of Punjab was murdered merely because he showed compassion for a Christian lady wrongly accused of blasphemy and asked for the repeal of the blasphemy law. On the basis of this law, religious minorities can be arbitrarily accused of blasphemy and killed, either by a lynch mob or by the judiciary. No evidence is required, as that would allegedly amount to accusers being asked to blaspheme the Prophet again. Similarly, attacks on minority Hindu, Christian, Shias and Ahmadis continue under different legislations. Pakistani laws prohibit the Ahmadis from identifying themselves as Muslims.

It’s time the Council found some way to see that the countries that agree to its covenants also practice it.

Such anti-minority legislations not only violate the UN Resolution, but also Islam’s primary scripture. The Holy Quran does not prescribe any punishment for blasphemy. Nor does it permit any one to declare others kafir. It clearly says: La Ikraha fid Deen, (There can be no compulsion in religion). (Chapter 2: verse 256).

If not the UN Charter, Muslim countries should at least follow their own primary scripture, the Holy Quran.....

This is exactly when the verse 33:40 was revealed in 5 AH, during or after the Battle of the Trench, saying that Muhammad was the seal of the Prophets. Before this, if the Mushrikin had agreed to desist from religious persecution and agreed not to hinder Muslims from the path of Allah, it would have been back to 109:6 “To you be your religion and to me mine” and peaceful co-existence which may or may not have lasted. If peace had lasted the lifetime of the Prophet, then he would not have been the seal of the prophets since the Deen would have remained incomplete....

The “sword of Islam” did not convert all the non-Muslim minorities in Muslim countries.  In India, where Muslims ruled for 800 years, they are still a minority.  In the U.S.A., Islam is the fastest growing religion and has over six million followers....

“There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion”  (Quran 2:256)...

The Quran has all the properties of a Book produced by Allah and is therefore created. Only Allah is uncreated, and the rest are His creation. This debate of created/uncreated began when the Mutazilla or the Rationalists began to argue that the Quran is created according to and is defined by its historical context and must therefore change with the times. The response to this was that it is uncreated and therefore unchangeable....

Is This the Islam of Prophet Mohammad, a Blessing to Mankind?
Sultan Shahin, Founding Editor, New Age Islam
Is This the Islam of Prophet Mohammad, a Blessing to Mankind?
Sultan Shahin, Founding Editor, New Age Islam

So it is good that Sufi ulema, under attack from Wahhabi militants, are coming out to denounce the Salafi understanding of Islam. But is this enough? Do they not need to ask why it’s Salafis who are winning this ideological war? Have Sufi ulema been able to bring back to the Sufi fold even a single Islamist terrorist? After all, all the terrorists of today, at least from the South Asian and African Sahel region were part of a Sufism-oriented Islam until recently. Wahhabism existed mainly in the Arab regions. There were very few Salafis anywhere else. Easy availability of petrodollars for the propagation of Salafism has certainly played an important role. But can money alone bring about this kind of transformation? Why is the Sufi counter-narrative not effective enough to make a difference?

Writing in this space, almost exactly a year ago, I had made an earnest appeal to the Sufi Ulema and Mashaikh gathering in Delhi for an international conference. I had asked them to go beyond the usual shibboleths and utilse this great opportunity to consider this most urgent question: why is the Sufi focus on positives of Islam not working? The more Sufis and other moderate Muslims denounce terrorism, the more followers this Satanic ideology finds. I had pointed out the basic reason behind this conundrum: the radical theology of violence and exclusion and the current theology of consensus of all ulema, including Sufi ulema, are by and large one and the same. Any differences are cosmetic...

Mr. President,

Even17 years after 9/11, terrorism in the name of Islam is nowhere near its end. Yet, all that one hears from Muslim leaders is rhetoric against Islamist terrorism. No concrete action has been taken to cleanse the Islamic theology of totalitarianism, xenophobia, intolerance and a historical urge to expand the land of Islam through offensive Jihad. One would think that at least Sufi Muslims, who have been for long a victim of Jihadism, an offshoot of neo-Khwarij Salafism, would introspect and look into their own theology and purify it from elements of political Islam.

This may sound strange to some. For, Sufism has been identified as the antidote to Jihadism. But we must also understand that Sufi theologians too have been votaries of Islamic world domination. The strangest thing that is happening now is that rather than cleansing their theology of traces of political Islam, sections of Sufi Muslims are actually engaged in what can be called a Wahhabisation of Sufism. The inclusive doctrine of Wahdatul Wujood (unity of being) has been replaced by exclusivist doctrine of Wahdatul Shuhood (unity of perception). Enlightening Sufi books teaching mysticism, ethics and morality have been taken out of the courses of study from Sufi madrasas and women are being barred from visitation of shrines.

I would like to appeal to Muslim governments represented in the Council to introspect and cleanse the Islamic theology of elements of totalitarianism and offensive Jihad for world domination. There are war-time instructions in Islamic scriptures that should not be considered applicable to us Muslims today in the 21st century. Instead, what even earliest Sufi and Salafi theologians have said is that one so-called sword verse alone has abrogated 124 early verses of Quran preaching peace and pluralism....

The word ‘jihad’ is nowhere used in the Quran to mean war in the sense of launching an offensive warfare of aggression. It is used rather to mean “struggle”. The action most consistently exhorted in the Quran is the exercise of patience (Amal-As-Sabr). The Prophet Muhammad, in fact did battle only three times in his entire life, and the period of his involvement in these battles did not total more than one and a half days....

 

Be self-aware and conscious of your surroundings, peers, and the environment you are in so that all are conducive to allowing your spiritual and intellectual growth. It will not be easy...

Scholars of Islam must bear in mind that the precepts of God’s religion must remain pure and unaltered. No scholar, jurist or Hadith doctor has the authority to make people liable for a directive for which the Almighty has not made them liable....

On Abrogation
On Abrogation
Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

Therefore, all the verses in the previous scriptures that are for fighting against nations simply because the people are “godless”, are abrogated as this is no longer a justifiable reason. The punishments for apostasy, heresy are also not found in the Quran and therefore abrogated. The punishment for adultery is reduced from stoning to death to a hundred lashes. The punishment for homosexuality is undefined and can be reduced to strong social disapproval disallowing only open, brazen and wanton acts. ...

Leading Muslim thinkers in the twentieth century from Iqbal to Maulana Azad to Ali Shariati all had recourse to this political use of religion. In fact, religion has been influentially appropriated for the cause of liberation and anti-colonialism across the world...

 

Despite those latter Bedouins taking part in nothing of this, they felt that their Islām deserved the appreciation of the Messenger (Sall Allāhu ‘Alayhī wa Sallam), forgetting that it is them that ought to have shown gratitude to Allāh for His inimitable gift that came to them on a silver platter in far more comfortable days...

Never can one decapitate an American contractor in Baghdad as retaliation for the American invasion of Iraq. Never can one wrong be rectified with another wrong....

So Iblis sees the light of God shining through woman and can see how men will succumb to lust. But … Rumi invites men to see women for who they really are rather than as sex objects....

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  • is there an "agreed upon Qur'an?" or alternatively why are two "moderate" muslims are unable to come to a common ground?'
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  • Throw the entire Arabic Literatures into the Arabian Sea. Peace will prevail. Arabic literatures are poisionous. Any attempt to gloss over is useless.
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