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Islamic Ideology (28 Oct 2013 NewAgeIslam.Com)


Reconciliation: A Qur'anic Message to Extremist Muslim Ideologues to Stop Provoking Wars and A Way to Restore Peace and Harmony

 

 By Ghulam Ghaus, New Age Islam

October 28, 2013

Today the Muslim world is in the clutches of disastrous war, mutual conflict and bloodshed over trifles. Muslim individuals are prone to quarrels. Shia-Sunni unrest is at its peak particularly in Iraq, Syria and Pakistan. The death toll only in Syria has mounted to more than 110,000 including children, women and elderly people. Every other day we listen to the news of fatal suicide attacks perpetrated or purported by extremist Wahhabi-Salafi ideologues in Muslim countries. Innocent people are being charred to death under undue pressure of schism between Shias and Sunnis.  At such a turbulent time, we badly need to foster reconciliation to restore peace. We should not only restore peace and harmony but also get the reward from God the Almighty. The holy Quran says to the Muslim Ummah:

"So have Taqwa (fear and obedience) of Allah and reconcile the differences between yourselves."[Al-Qur'an 8:1]

"Indeed the Believers are but brothers. Therefore reconcile the differences between your brothers, and fear Allah so that you may receive mercy." [Al-Qur'an 49:10]

"When two parties of the Believers fight each other, then make reconciliation between them." [Al-Qur'an 49:9]

“Most of their discussions do not contain any good, except of the one who enjoins charity or goodness or peace-making among people; whoever does that to seek the pleasure of Allah – We shall soon give him a great reward” (Surah Nisa: 114)

It is clear from the verses above that reconciliation is greatly valued in Islamic teachings. The reconciliation-loving person is blessed with the mercy of Allah. In terms of social wellbeing, it is of paramount importance. It brings mutual hostility and grudge to an end paving the way to the establishment of peace and harmony in society.

One can easily evaluate the great importance that Islam attaches to reconciliation by reflecting on the permissibility of telling a lie in Islam with intent to reconcile between two warring persons or groups. While Islam strictly forbids lying, it allows one to tell a lie for the sake of reconciliation. In fact, Islam does not declare such a person a liar.

 It was narrated by Umme Kulthum bint ‘Uqbah that she heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “He is not a liar who brings about reconciliation among people, conveys good words and says good things.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

For example, if the husband and wife have hostility against each other, and someone with the intention of reconciling, says to either of them, “you abhor your husband or wife whereas he/she speaks so well of you”, it is absolutely allowed in Islam, though, in actuality, it is a lie. Such lies are permitted in Islam to restore love and peace among the two warring persons or groups.

It is narrated by Asma’ bint Yazid that The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: "Lies are not appropriate except in three cases: 1) When a man speaks to his wife to please her, 2) Telling lies at times of war, 3) Lying in order to bring about reconciliation between people” (Tirmizi Shareef: Chapter Albir Wassilah)

 It is narrated by Abu Hurayrah (ra) that the Messenger of Allah said: The gates of Paradise will be opened on Mondays and on Thursdays, and every servant [of God] who associates nothing with God will be forgiven, except for the man who has a grudge against his brother. [About them] it will be said: Delay these two until they are reconciled; delay these two until they are reconciled. (Hadith Qudsi 20, Sunan Abu Dawood part 2 page 217)

Allah's Messenger peace be upon him said: "Shall I not inform you of something that is greater in degree than (optional) fasting, charity and prayer?" They said: Indeed inform us. So he said: "It is reconciling the people. For indeed causing corruption between them is the shaver!" (Sunan Abu Dawood part 2 page 217)

Today if we introspect ourselves, we find that our social behaviour goes much against the above Hadith. When a man fights his kith and kin over a trivial matter, the belligerent people abruptly come to add fuel to the fire. No one cares about restoring love and rebuilding peace among them. Had this perverse attitude not been in our society, our houses would have been in complete peace and tranquillity.

If we are really human beings in the true sense we should do the acts that behove our existence. Similarly, to become a true Muslim, it is obligatory to abide by the Islamic commandments of peace and reconciliation. Besides, we ought to abstain from all evils; mutual abhorrence both outwardly and inwardly. Only then Allah the Almighty will be pleased with us. After we have got a glimpse of the holy prophet’s life, we should now feel impelled to promote the virtue of reconciliation. Because we learnt that our prophet pbuh used to prefer reconciliation in every walk of life. He not only practised it by himself but also instructed Muslims to adopt this noble attitude.

How can we forget the peace treaty of Hudaibiyah? At that time too, the prophet reconciled even between the pagans of Arab, let alone Muslims. One should remember that the prophet pbuh had not less power than the pagans but even then he preferred none other than peace treaty.

There were three events of reconciliation that took place in the treaty of Hudaibiyah. The first was when the prophet pbuh was sitting in Hudaibiyah with fifteen hundred people. They went there with the intention of performing Umrah. But Meccans did not allow them to enter Mecca for Umra. Finally they agreed to a resolution that there will be no war for ten years between the governments of Mecca and Medina. Hazrat Ali (ra) wrote down the treaty with the name of Allah (Bismillah hir Rehman nir Raheem). The Meccan representatives objected and said “we want the treaty not to be labelled with “the name of Allah the most merciful and gracious”, but you can write Bismika Allah Humma (with your name O’ Allah)”. The holy Prophet pbuh asked Ali (ra) to delete these words and write according to their wish. Hazrat Ali (ra) said “O’ the prophet of Allah (pbuh) how can I delete these words”? The Holy prophet (pbuh) ordered him to delete so that the other party may feel happy and treaty of peace could be accomplished.

The second was when Hazrat Ali (ra) wrote: “Muhammad, the messenger of Allah (pbuh)”. The representatives of Mecca again refused to accept Muhammad (pbuh) as the messenger of Allah the Almighty. They said if we had accepted you as the messenger of God we would never have fought against you. They wanted Hazrat Ali (ra) to cut it too and write down Muhammad Bin Abdullah (pbuh). The Holy Prophet (pbuh) asked Ali (r.a) to delete these words and write Muhammad Bin Abdullah (pbuh). This was the time when tears came in the eyes of Hazrat Ali (ra). When Hazrat Ali (ra) could not muster courage to cut the words, the Prophet (pbuh) took the papers of treaty from his hands and he cut the words “the prophet of Allah” by himself and wrote Muhammad Bin Abdullah in a bid to establish peace and avoid violence. The Prophet (pbuh) said, “By cutting these words, my prophethood is not going to be cancelled”. Thus he (PBUH) accepted their objection just for the sake of peace in Arabian Peninsula.

The third event of reconciliation took place when it was agreed upon that if a non-Muslim goes to Medina to seek exile, the state of Medina would have no right to give him exile and he should be sent back to Mecca. On the other hand, if somebody comes from Medina to Makkah and seeks exile, he will not be sent back.  This was absolutely a shocking condition that made the eyes of all companions wet with tears. But the holy prophet (pbuh) accepted this condition just for the sake of peace and reconciliation. (For the relevant Hadith, see Muslim Shareef part 12, page 111 to 112)

The peace treaty of Hudaibiyah benefitted Muslims a lot. Those kings and lofty people, who had resisted Islam before, witnessed that the prophet pbuh and his companions were not oppressors but rather they were the oppressed ones. The prophet pbuh endured stiff opposition and continued persecution including the serious injury caused by the stones that street boys had hurled on him in Taif. The aggressive pagans used to lay thorns in the ways of the prophet pbuh. He tolerated pain and sufferings even during his Salah (prayer). Sometimes he used to be forcibly stopped from worshipping God Almighty. Despite all that, the prophet kept patience and taught his companions to maintain peace and order.

Thus he continued to spread the message of the holy Quran: “And help one another in righteousness and piety - and do not help one another in sin and injustice” (Surah Maidah verse: 2)

During the battle of Khaibar, when the prophet had won the war, he could do everything. But in place of retaliation, the prophet pbuh reconciled with his rivals and handed over their land to them. This was the unprecedented example of blessing in the entire history of humankind.

Today, we need to bring these aspects of the prophet’s life into our focus and emulate these glaring examples of reconciliation in our daily practical life. If we do it, our society will be safe from plenty of evils. The pressing need of the time is to reconcile in the religious matters so that the Islamic message of peace could reach every nook and corner of the world.

One frequently asked question is why there is fierce fighting in Muslim countries while Islam is a religion of peace. Similarly, why there is Muslim extremism and intolerance growing against Muslims themselves, let alone non-Muslims. The answer is that many Muslims have turned a blind eye to the true version of Islam. They have totally become dependent on Wahhabi-Salafi extremist ideologues, regardless of the fact that Salafi-Wahhabi ideologies are antithetical to the nature of Islam. Islam seeks to establish peace and reconciliation in place of war. It is such extremist Wahhabi-minded Muslims who bring this religion into disrepute by their wrong practical presentation of it. If they start introspecting and reconciling, there will be no fighting and no civil war in the Muslim world.

Alas, while we have no problem reconciling with people for economic benefits, when it comes to matters of religion, we are not willing to do the same duty with love and peace. Why so, when it is evident from the holy Quran and Hadith that there should be reconciliation, mutual harmony and peace in all aspects of life. Religion is synonymous with goodwill for others. We should remember that there is no use of religion without peace and reconciliation.

A regular columnist for New Age Islam, Ghulam Ghaus is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background. He has completed the classical Islamic sciences from a Delhi-based Sufi Islamic seminary Jamia Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Zakir Nagar, New Delhi with specialization in Tafseer, Hadith and Arabic. He completed his Alimiat and Fazilat respectively from Jamia Warsia Arabic College, Lucknow and Jamia Manzar- e- Islam, Bareilly, U.P. He has graduated in Arabic Hons. from Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/ghulam-ghaus,-new-age-islam/reconciliation--a-qur-anic-message-to-extremist-muslim-ideologues-to-stop-provoking-wars-and-a-way-to-restore-peace-and-harmony/d/14186

 




TOTAL COMMENTS:-   16


  • Dear  Gholam Ghaus

    Time has come to call a spade a spade. How long are the peace loving Muslims bear the burden of the terrorists you euphemistically call 'extremists'. I have referred to them as modern kharijites and Qaramites in my joint authenticated publication of 2009 and have just posted a call to issue fatwas to declare them as such. They are like terrorist apostates in the guise of extremist Muslims. I look forward to have your comments on the article please.

     

    By muhammad yunus - 10/30/2013 9:14:04 AM



  • Dear Muhammad Yunus sb,  I endorse when you say to Mr Moderate "As you know may be a hundred thousand Muslim boys in India go to madrassas named after Ibn Taimiyya - but probably not one read any politically charged work of this great Imam".
    I know many of such students who are moderate, peace loving and treat every one with love and no exception. But it is also true that when some of them go through Ibn Taimiyya and Abdul Wahhab's extremist ideologies, they too become extremists.

    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 10/30/2013 8:27:57 AM



  • every one is showing more than his scholarship. you are showing yours, ghulam ghauss his scholarship. hats off, rational muhammad yunus, harsh, are not less than your scholarship. 
    any way your point is taken. Thanks Yunus bhai.

    By Moderate - 10/30/2013 8:18:50 AM



  • Dear Moderate,

    If you talk about 'wahabi,radical scholars who use islam for meeting their needs. common muslims are being brainwashed by such radicals,' I take your point. I took your sweeping remark literally.
     
    As you know may be a hundred thousand Muslim boys in India go to madrassas named after Ibn Taimiyya - but probably not one read any politically charged work of this great Imam. [I call him great because that is how is regarded by the majority of Muslims and do want to enter into controversies by debating about a pious person who died some seven centuries ago.] I am afraid the same may be somewhat true of common Wahabis who may never have read the book you quoted.  

    Anyway, your point is taken, but you should not make sweeping remarks that may hurt any community. 

    By muhammad yunus - 10/30/2013 7:56:11 AM



  • @ mubashir
    do not echo, please speak slowly. on this site echo does not sound here you can only write but not echo!  cheers!

    By Vivek - 10/30/2013 7:49:54 AM



  • Thanks mr yunus  for writing "this verse is suggestive of the brotherhood of all believers in one God (mu’minun)" and ghulam ghaus sb for suggesting "  The aggressive pagans used to lay thorns in the ways of the prophet pbuh. He tolerated pain and sufferings even during his Salah (prayer). Sometimes he used to be forcibly stopped from worshipping God Almighty. Despite all that, the prophet kept patience and taught his companions to maintain peace and order.
    By Moderate - 10/30/2013 7:45:58 AM




  • INTERPRETATION OF THE VERSE 49:10

    Dear Moderate,

    Your interpretation of the verse conflating 'mumin' with only 'muslims' is restrictive.

    My duly authenticated joint publication tables the following interpretation which is in line with the interpretive translation of Muhammad Assad (accessible on line) the most acclaimed and intensively researched in the tafsir literature of this era.
    " Muslim scholars often cite this verse to claim a brotherhood of all Muslims, though strictly speaking, this verse is suggestive of the brotherhood of all believers in one God (mu’minun). However, the Qur’anic universal notion of Islam (root – SLM) and taqwa as reviewed in the preceding chapters (Ch. 7 and 8) and its pronouncements relating to (i) racial divergence, (ii) religious tolerance, (iii) plurality of faiths and (iv) the divine criteria of judgment, as explored below clearly and conclusively indicate its vision of a brotherhood of entire humanity - who are collectively appointed as God’s deputy on earth."

    PS. If you are reading Yusuf Ali, read the verse in conjunction with 49:13, which expands the notion of brotherhood across to all humanity.

    By muhammad yunus - 10/30/2013 7:30:34 AM



  • I am not talking about laymen wahabis but wahabi leaders and radical scholars who use islam to for meeting their needs. common muslims are being brainwashed by such radicals. muslims are allowed to enter haram shareef but can not send salam to prophet and can not invoke prayers by tawssul of prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam. every moderate muslim will forget his moderation if he enters haram shareef or masjid nabawi and once they are beaten by missionaries when sending peace to prophet in a manner the muslims do in india; standing towards a little right from qibla direction.
    By Moderate - 10/30/2013 7:29:07 AM



  • Dear Yunus!
    You should read Kitabuttawheed where Abdul Wahhab has made Muslims Mushrekeen. To prove it, he has given references from the Quran.

    By Moderate - 10/30/2013 7:03:45 AM



  • You are right Mr Moderate. These Wahabi extremist people should take a lesson from the life of the prophet peace be upon him who maintained peace despite being oppressed. 
    He epitomized the peace treaty of Hudaibiyah for all of us. Those kings and lofty people, who had resisted Islam before, witnessed that the prophet pbuh and his companions were not oppressors but rather they were the oppressed ones. The prophet pbuh endured stiff opposition and continued persecution including the serious injury caused by the stones that street boys had hurled on him in Taif. The aggressive pagans used to lay thorns in the ways of the prophet pbuh. He tolerated pain and sufferings even during his Salah (prayer). Sometimes he used to be forcibly stopped from worshipping God Almighty. Despite all that, the prophet kept patience and taught his companions to maintain peace and order.


    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 10/30/2013 6:58:03 AM



  • Dear Moderate!

    How do you say this: "the Wahabi Muslims consider non-Wahabi Muslims to be apostates and Mushrekeen. Not only that, they even kill the Muslims whom they do not consider Muslims."

    Why do you slap the alleged attitude of a small extremist section of Wahabis on the whole Wahabi community. Have not any of  relations eve visited the land of the Wahabis to perform the hajj or watched a live Hajj on TV. You statement is highly prejudicial and amounts to hate speech and you should ask the Editor of this website to withdraw it.

    By muhammad yunus - 10/30/2013 6:51:34 AM



  • "Indeed the Believers are but brothers. Therefore reconcile the differences between your brothers, and fear Allah so that you may receive mercy." [Al-Qur'an 49:10]
    This verse is very clear to Muslims like me but unlike the Wahabi Muslims who consider non-Wahabi Muslims to be apostates and Mushrekeen. Not only that, they even kill the Muslims whom they do not consider Muslims.


    By Moderate - 10/30/2013 6:42:15 AM



  • I echo Mr Ghulam Mohiyuddin's sentiments about making peace and reconciliation.

    As for hadith, Javed Ghamdi explains below what the term "Sahih" really means when it comes to authenticity, wiping out the common perception which ends up taking hadith as true as the Quran. Problem with hadith is that it is extensively used by all sides including Taliban and Salafis and Sufis Barelvis and Wahabis to prove their points. Each sect finds some material in it to justify it's interpretation of Islam including the Ahmedis who claim to be the real and only true Muslims !!

    What does Sahih really means when it comes to aHadees? Javed Ghamdi explains:

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzfQmsm9AR8&feature=related



    By Mubashir - 10/29/2013 6:39:29 AM



  • Dear Muhammad Yunus Saheb, You have exposed the crux of Hadith sciences in a beautiful way. “Unfortunately many liberal or rather all the critics of Ahadith fail to understand that the word 'Sahih' simplistically translated as authentic only guarantees that the narrators and transmitters of Ahadith in each generation stretching back to the Prophet's era were pious men. It does not authenticate the 'Matn' as far is its compatibility with the Qur'anic message or technical viability goes”.
    When such critics and even many Muslims find Saheeh or Ghair Saheeh Hadiths, they think the Hadiths are incorrect or correct, referring them to the text of Hadiths, and not to the Isnad ‘narrators and transmitters of Hadith. Consequently, they disbelieve or believe the texts of Hadith.
    They are unknown to the five requirements of Hadith to be considered sound (Sahih) as follows:
    (1)          A connected Isnaad (chain) of narrators: Nobody narrates from their teacher's teacher, for example; everybody met in person and heard directly from the person who narrated to them.
    (2)          All narrators are known, trustworthy, and righteous: They don't commit major sins in public. We know them (their biography), i.e. it's not "someone named X told me ..."
    (3)          Precision and Accuracy of Narrators: All the narrators in the chain are known to have strong memories and narrate accurately.
    (4)          Doesn't Conflict Known Hadith: If there's one hadith that conflicts a well-known larger body of hadith, it can become rejected.
    (5)          No Hidden Defects: This is a technical requirement, and refers to tadlees (subtly hiding who you are narrating the Hadith from) among other things.
    If the Hadith has all the five requirements mentioned above, it will be considered ‘Sahih’. So, the authenticity of the Hadith depends on the chains of narrators. Having known to this, the critics should not criticize the text (Matan) of Hadith which refers to the sayings, actions or characteristics of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), or his concurrence with others action.
    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 10/29/2013 12:28:15 AM



  • Dear Ghulam Ghaus Sb,

    It is a good and theologically sound and irrefutable article as far as its caption goes. You have quoted relevant Qur'anic verses as your primary arguments and illustrated them with fitting Ahadith. This is precisely how the Hadith sciences must be used. Unfortunately many liberal or rather all the critics of Ahadith fail to understand that the word 'Sahih' simplistically translated as authentic only guarantees that the narrators and transmitters of Ahadith in each generation stretching back to the Prophet's era were pious men. It does not authenticate the 'Matn' as far is its compatibility with the Qur'anic message or technical viability goes. In this anti-Hadith environment it is reassuring to see you illustrating the concise verses of the Qur'an with appropriate Ahadith that echoes your erudition in traditional as well as Qur'anic scholarship.

    Coming to point, there are four key issues confounding, dividing, demonizing and tearing apart Muslim communities and bearing on the theme of the article:

    1. Sectarian division.

    2. Resurgence of Kharijite ideology

    3. Democratization of Islam

    4. Globalization and complexity of human society.

    I have addressed the first three in my following articles that you might have read:

    Call to Global Muslim Communities – Inciters of Sectarian or Communal Violence May Stand 'Kafir’ In the Divine Court and Criminal on Earth

    http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-sectarianism/a-call-to-global-muslim-communities-–-inciters-of-sectarian-or-communal-violence-may-stand--kafir’-in-the-divine-court-and-criminal-on-earth/d/11975

    Call for international Fatwas to declare the terrorists who advocate wanton killing of innocent people in the name of Islam as ‘Terrorist Apostates’, like the Kharijites of early Islam.

    http://www.newageislam.com/islam,terrorism-and-jihad/call-for-international-fatwas-to-declare-the-terrorists-who-advocate-wanton-killing-of-innocent-people-in-the-name-of-islam-as-‘terrorist-apostates’,-like-the-kharijites-of-early-islam/d/14090

     Universal Dimensions of the Qur'an and Historic Specificity of Islam's Theological Sciences

    http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/universal-dimensions-of-the-qur-an-and-historic-specificity-of-islam-s-theological-sciences/d/12106

      - The third article was presented at an international conference on democratization of the Arab / Muslim world.

    Feel free to post your comments and to challenge any of my premise after reading them closely for I am answerable to God and therefore I am going to defend each of my statement. But lest i made an error in judgment as mortals are prone to, I always welcome objective criticism. This is how we must move forward or else we will go round and round within the closed Islamic theological domains and reduce Islam to a regional and static faith.


    By muhammad yunus - 10/28/2013 7:58:15 PM



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