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Islamic Ideology (11 Feb 2019 NewAgeIslam.Com)

The Importance of Understanding Correctly, the Attributes of Allah – Divine Will, Justice and Mercy – Part One

By Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

11 February 2019

Allah is the sole source of all knowledge of what is right and what is wrong or what is moral and what is immoral. If we wish to master this knowledge perfectly, it is essential that we orient ourselves perfectly to receive this knowledge. The orientation is by gaining a perfect understanding of the nature of Allah or of all His attributes. Misunderstanding of any attribute leads to a wrong understanding of His Book, of right and wrong, and this is the way Satan misleads and deprives us of becoming perfect Muslim. The text of the Quran is preserved and protected from corruption but not the understanding of it.

This is not about memorising the 99 names of Allah but knowing the 99 attributes of Allah or of fully comprehending the nature or zaat of Allah. The attributes of Allah are best understood by a person who has understood the Quran without a single contradiction and without treating any verse as abrogated. Such a person has completely and perfectly understood the nature of Allah.

Divine Will

 Islamic scholars have no problem with the contradictions their interpretations create because they think that Allah is free to contradict Himself because “He does what He wills” and this is proof of His omnipotence that he is not bound by any rule. By creating this misunderstanding of Allah’s attribute of His Will and Omnipotence, Satan has succeeded in making people worship the attribute of ‘whimsicalness’ which is Satan’s attribute and not Allah’s.

Allah certainly does what He wills but He has willed the rule of law and the law of perfect causality and He has also willed that he will never change His ways or change His command/word once it is issued. The Sign that the Qur’an is from Allah is that it is a Book without a single contradiction and if you are given a Book saying that it is from Allah and if that Book has even a single contradiction, throw it into the face of Satan because such a Book cannot be from Allah. While the Book is from Allah, our scholars, by their misinterpretations which create contradictions, have made it into a Book from Satan!

The Quran is a simple Book, easy to understand and without crookedness. All that is required is that we take its straight forward literal meaning. It is scholarship that puts a spin on every verse and misinterprets which is why the hadith which says that the scholars will be among the foremost who will be flung into Hell sounds true. The scholars put their spin because they misunderstand the attributes of Allah.

The Attribute of Al-Adl (The Just)

Take the attribute of justice. Is Allah just if those born into “Muslim” families have an edge over those born into families that practice polytheism? Some of our revered scholars of the past have said that some people are predestined to go to Heaven, while others are predestined to go to Hell or Allah has created some for Heaven and others for Hell. This obviously sounds whimsical and arbitrary which they explain away by saying “Allah wills what He wills”. They get both the attributes wrong.

 The answer any reasonable person will give is that justice demands that persons born into any faith should have an equal chance of gaining Heaven/Hell, but Muslims will not voice this opinion, because it is drilled into their heads that non-Muslims are Kafir and they will all go to Hell, and what they see is that people born into a faith, remain in the same faith. Those who change their faith are a small number.

 Those who seek an unambiguous answer from the Quran on this question, will find an answer, but those who firmly believe otherwise, will remain blind and deaf to the clear answer. This is because we have not even learnt to trust the word of Allah and read it without our mind cluttered with pre-conceived notions. The reading therefore does not benefit us. For more on the subject, read:

 Does Allah Provide A Level Playing Field To All The People?

 The Muslims, in general, are far from correctly comprehending the most important attributes of Allah. They may worship only one God, but this God is partial to them, which is not an attribute of the Rabb-ul-Alameen who is Al 'Adl or perfectly just, but the attribute of the gods of the polytheists. So, how can a polytheist be at a disadvantage vis-à-vis a Muslim, whose concept of his God is defective to the extent that he attributes to Allah, the same quality of partiality, which is what makes the many gods of the polytheists so very attractive to them?

If the Muslims correctly understand this attribute, they will then know that they are not in any way superior to any other people except by virtue of their good deeds. Their attitude to the ‘other’ changes dramatically for the better. We are then open to what is good in them and appreciate it.

Does Hell contradict the Attribute of Mercy?

If there was no Hell would the world have been a better place? Allah is the epitome of morality or what maximizes good. Hell is also a part of His Mercy therefore without which there would have been more oppression, injustice and misery in this world. The description of Hell Fire in the Quran is that it is a great continuous torment.

(4:56) The Kafaru, We shall soon cast into the Fire: as often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the penalty: for Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.

If the warning of Punishment in Hell wasn’t a Mercy, Allah wouldn’t have said:

(55:37) When the sky is rent asunder, and it becomes red like ointment:

(38) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

(39) On that Day no question will be asked of man or Jinn as to his sin.

(40) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

(41) (For) the sinners will be known by their marks: and they will be seized by their forelocks and their feet.

(42) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

(43) This is the Hell which the Sinners deny:

(44) In its midst and in the midst of boiling hot water will they wander round!

(45) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

Our capacity for both good and evil is dependent upon the autonomy or free will that Allah has granted us. Without autonomy, we would have been like animals without choice for either good or evil and lived in accordance with our instincts. There would have been no need for either Heaven or Hell then. The question then is:

Was Allah Unjust in Creating Adam and Favouring His Progeny Over All His Creation?


If the Hell had been made less painful, then the Heaven would have been made less pleasant, and our autonomy curtailed to decrease our potential for both good and evil. Allah finds the perfect balance. There is both infinite divine wisdom and mercy in the creation of Hell and making it what it is, without which there wouldn’t have been Heaven either, and the freedom to choose our path. Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

This article is in three parts and is followed by discussion on:

The Divine attributes of Kalam, Al-Alim, Al-Qadeer, Al-Muqtadi in the next part and in the third part with:

Pre-destination and the question -Was Muhammad (pbuh) pre-destined to be the seal of the Prophets?

Naseer Ahmed is an Engineering graduate from IIT Kanpur and is an independent IT consultant after having served in both the Public and Private sector in responsible positions for over three decades. He is a frequent contributor to NewAgeIslam.com

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/naseer-ahmed,-new-age-islam/the-importance-of-understanding-correctly,-the-attributes-of-allah-–-divine-will,-justice-and-mercy-–-part-one/d/117713

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  • Naseer sb. repeats his blind mantra once again! He thinks raising legitimate questions about some verses makes one an apostate! If the only way you can defend Islam is by calling others apostates, you are not a fit person to defend Islam.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/22/2019 12:43:31 PM

  • GM sb,

    Anyone who says that even one verse from the Quran is not a revelation from Allah is a disbeliever in Allah, the Quran and the Prophet. If he was a believer before then he is an apostate after expressing such doubt. Let me therefore repeat the excellent advice that you yourself gave to Rational six years back. 

    Someone who has left Islam should not pretend that he is seeking answers to some questions. You are an apostate. Act like one. You have every right to be an apostate. Join the company of other apostates and have a good time. Your forays in this forum have had the sole purpose of being disruptive, derisive and rude. That's why you were called "a wolf in the garb of a sheep, a snake in the sleeve, or more".

    Once you become a believer once again and respectfully seek clarification to your doubts, I will respond. As it is, I don't wish to waste my time on apostates 

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/22/2019 5:09:04 AM

  • Naseer sb., the dishonest interlocutor, wants us to forget that he has repeatedly  supported verses in which God asks some people to kill other people! Instead of asking himself how can God, the most gracious and the most merciful, ever do such a thing, he blindly supports it just because a verse says so. Does he ever ask himself how such a verse got into our Holy Book?  No, he would much rather ascribe partisan and violent characteristics to Almighty God Himself! God did not put a seal on Naseer sb.'s heart. He did it himself.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/21/2019 12:16:06 PM

  • The hypocritical liar that GM sb is, he blames me for the discussion on war which he himself initiated! It is he who is obsessed with what God should  or should not do rather than take the word of Allah in the Quran.
    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/20/2019 10:13:27 PM

  • Naseer sb. is now trying to lay on me all the sins of American imperialism! I wonder what he will think of next! 

    His theology has become so entwined with God's commands for just wars that he can never extricate himself from it.  He can never see God as the font of love and harmony.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/20/2019 1:04:02 PM

  • Ghulam Uncle Sam the hypocrite, does not want God to have a say because by the standards of God, all the undeclared wars waged by the US are unjust wars of oppression. 

    Who else but God can define a just war? Who else but God gives the criterion of right and wrong? This is for the believers but not for the disbelievers and the apostates and the enemies of God, They would like to take God out of everything they do.

    The Principles of War from the Quran

    The dumb literalist does not know the difference between the "Charter for the  Citizens" which is the ten commandments, and God's command to fight just wars to every ruler Prophet through the ages (including Moses) against any oppressor to protect any oppressed.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/19/2019 10:51:25 PM

  • Naseer sb. seems to be losing his sanity. The Indian Army will kill those who attack India, but the question is 'would God ask either Indians or Pakistanis to kill each other'? Doesn't he understand anything?

    Now that he has lost all arguments, he has started a personal hate war against me, either calling me an apostate or attacking my residence in the U.S.! This guy with no shame and no useful message wants to be a preacher of Islam!

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/19/2019 9:23:43 AM

  • The Indian security people have killed the master mind of the dastardly Pulwana terrorist attack in an encounter. Are they wrong in doing so Mr dumb literalist? Don't you think they have done the right thing?

    I cannot imagine a greater hypocrite than a person emigrating to the US for personal again when that country is responsible for waging undeclared war on 70 countries since WWII, and having killed millions for no reason except to maintain its hegemony and help its industry!

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/18/2019 10:25:54 PM

  • Who is more  "deaf, dumb and blind" than a blind literalist?

    Men will always kill each other, but let us keep God out of it.

    Killing for "just cause" and waging war for "just cause" sound like good phrases, but who determines what is a "just cause"? Al Qaeda? ISIS? The Talibans? Naseer saab?

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/18/2019 1:27:55 PM

  • Don't turn yourself "deaf, dumb and blind" and blame Allah for it.  

    Even the modern state does not give a right to its citizens to kill another but kills for just cause. It also wages wars.

    We do not mistake a Charter for the Citizens as a charter for the state but you are of a different kind - dumb literalism is your forte.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/18/2019 12:06:53 AM

  • Moses may have fought wars but it was God who said, "Thou shalt not kill." 
    If a verse depicts God as asking people to kill other people, we should question its authenticity.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin Faruki - 2/17/2019 12:56:40 PM

  • The ten commandments is a Charter for the Ordinary men. It is not for the rulers. For the ruler it is:

    (17:33) Nor take life - which Allah has made sacred - except for just cause

    You deliberately turn yourself "deaf, dumb and blind" and refuse to see for yourself that Moses fought just wars. Just do a search and see passages from several Books of scriptures of the wars fought by Moses.

    Now ask yourself who has made you "deaf, dumb and blind"? Is it Allah or yourself? 

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/16/2019 11:06:20 PM

  • He said,  "Thou shalt not kill." This was followed by a full stop. Men will always have just or unjust reasons for killing but I cannot see God cheering on one side in a battle asking them to kill.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/16/2019 12:54:04 PM

  • Did He also say "let the oppressors kill the oppressed"? Or did He say fight/kill the oppressors until there is no more oppression?

    By Naseer Ahmed - 2/16/2019 1:46:19 AM

  • Allah dislikes the fact that the unjust practice their injustice and the oppressors their oppression, but He also clearly commanded Moses, "Thou shalt not kill."
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 2/15/2019 12:49:34 PM

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